Todor Petrov

Last updated

The flag of the Republic of Macedonia between 1992 and 1995, bearing the Vergina Sun Flag of North Macedonia (1992-1995).svg
The flag of the Republic of Macedonia between 1992 and 1995, bearing the Vergina Sun

Todor Petrov was born on 19 March 1960 in Gevgelija. He finished his primary and high school in Gevgelija, then he attended the Ss. Cyril and Methodius University of Skopje where he earned a bachelor's degree in economics. [5]

In 1990, Petrov founded the World Macedonian Congress (WMC), a Macedonian diaspora organisation, [6] [7] and became its president. [2] [3] [5] [8] In 1990, during the first democratic elections Todor Petrov was elected as the Member of Parliament from Gevgelija. [9] He was one of three members of the Assembly elected as independent candidates. [10] [11] [6] During his four years as a member of the Assembly of the Republic of Macedonia, he made over 2000 amendments, which make him the biggest amendment proposer in the Assembly. In 1992, after the Republic of Macedonia became independent, Petrov successfully proposed the Vergina Sun symbol as the official flag of the country. [12] In the same year, the country displayed the symbol on its new flag. This lasted until 1995, when the Republic of Macedonia changed its flag as part of the Interim Accord with Greece.

Petrov used to be chairman of the weekly newspaper Makedonsko Sonce , where he promoted the Macedonian cause. [13]

In 2004, Todor Petrov and World Macedonian Congress initiated 2004 Macedonian autonomy referendum, against a government plan to change some administrative divisions which was a consequence of the Ohrid Agreement ending the 2001 insurgency. [14] The government proposal planned to reduce the number of municipalities from 123 to 84, giving greater representation to ethnic Albanians and turning the capital city of Skopje into a bilingual city. [15] [16] Four days before the vote, the United States announced they would start referring to the country as the Republic of Macedonia rather than the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, in a move said to strengthen the government position. [17] [18] Although 95% voted in favour of the change, the voter turnout of 27% was well below the 50% threshold, and the referendum was unsuccessful. [19]

In 2009, Todor Petrov applied to be a candidate of VMRO-DPMNE in the presidential election. [7] He was not able to secure his candidacy at the party's convention, and VMRO-DPMNE appointed Gjorge Ivanov as the party's presidential candidate, who later became President of the Republic of Macedonia.

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Politics of North Macedonia</span> Political system of North Macedonia

Politics in North Macedonia occur within the framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister is the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. The Economist Intelligence Unit rated North Macedonia a "flawed democracy" in 2022.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">VMRO-DPMNE</span> Macedonian political party

The Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization – Democratic Party for Macedonian National Unity, often simplified as VMRO-DPMNE, is a political party in North Macedonia and one of the two major parties in the country, the other being the Social Democratic Union of Macedonia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Liberal Party of Macedonia</span> Conservative-liberal political party in North Macedonia

The Liberal Party of Macedonia is a conservative-liberal political party in North Macedonia. The party was a member of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party but is no longer a member. It is currently led by Ivon Velickovski.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">President of North Macedonia</span> Head of state of North Macedonia

The President of the Republic of North Macedonia is the head of state of North Macedonia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">VMRO – People's Party</span> Macedonian political party

VMRO – People's Party, fully the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization – People's Party, is a national-conservative political party in North Macedonia, formed by the followers of the former Prime Minister Ljubčo Georgievski who split from the VMRO–DPMNE. The VMRO–NP was founded in Skopje on 4 July 2004. Vesna Janevska was elected as the party's first chairwoman.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nikola Gruevski</span> Sixth prime minister of North Macedonia

Nikola Gruevski is a former Macedonian politician who served as Prime Minister of Macedonia from 2006 until his resignation, which was caused by the 2016 Macedonian protests, and led the VMRO-DPMNE party from 2004 to 2017.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2004 Macedonian autonomy referendum</span>

An autonomy referendum was held in North Macedonia on 7 November 2004. Voters were asked whether they approved of overturning the municipal redistricting plans that gave greater autonomy to ethnic Albanians following the Ohrid Agreement that ended the 2001 conflict between ethnic Albanian militants and the predominantly ethnic Macedonian government forces. These had been changed to give ethnic Albanians greater control in districts where they had significant presence and gives local authorities greater control over education, health and development. It also reduced the number of municipalities from 123 to 84.

The World Macedonian Congress is a Macedonian diaspora organization based in Skopje. It presents itself as an organization fighting and demanding for more human rights to ethnic Macedonians on an international level, but is seen as a nationalist or ultranationalist organization by researchers. The organization was registered during the fall of communism, on 15 September 1990 by Todor Petrov, who is also the president of the organization.

North Macedonia does not recognize same-sex marriages or civil unions.

Ilija Dimovski is a former member of the Assembly of North Macedonia representing the city Veles from 2006 to 2020. Ilija Dimovski is a former spokesman of VMRO-DPMNE. He also was a member of the Legislative Committee, Deputy-Member of the Committee on Defence and Security, Chairman of the Committee on the Political System and Inter-Ethnic Relations, and Chairman of the Committee on Election and Appointment Issues. Ilija Dimovski is an active writer in the daily newspaper Dnevnik.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Saško Kedev</span> Macedonian politician

Prof. Dr Saško Kedev, also Sashko Kedev is a Macedonian politician and doctor of medical sciences. He is a member of the political party VMRO-DPMNE.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Skopje 2014</span> Macedonian infrastructure

Skopje 2014 was a project financed by the Macedonian government of the then-ruling nationalist party VMRO-DPMNE, with the official purpose of giving the capital Skopje a more classical appeal but designed more earthquake-proof. The project, officially announced in 2010, consisted mainly of the construction of colleges, museums and government buildings, as well as the erection of monuments depicting historical figures from the region of Macedonia. Around 20 buildings and over 40 monuments were to be constructed as part of the project.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2014 Macedonian general election</span>

General elections were held in the Republic of Macedonia in April 2014 to elect the President and members of parliament. The first round of the presidential elections were held on 13 April, with incumbent president Gjorge Ivanov finishing first with 53% of the vote. However, as he did not receive the support of 50% of all registered voters, a second round was held on 27 April, alongside parliamentary elections, with Ivanov and the ruling coalition led by VMRO-DPMNE claiming victory as Ivanov was elected president and the VMRO-DPMNE won 61 of the 123 seats in the Assembly.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cabinet of Nikola Gruevski IV</span>

The fourth Cabinet of Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski is the Republic of Macedonia Government cabinet announced on 19 June 2014. It is the 11th cabinet of the Republic of Macedonia. Gruevski's second cabinet was formed following the April 2014 election won by the right-wing VMRO-DPMNE.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Emil Dimitriev</span> Former Prime Minister of Macedonia

Emil Dimitriev is a Macedonian conservative politician, sociologist, and general secretary of the VMRO-DPMNE. He served as Prime Minister of Macedonia, following the resignation of Nikola Gruevski, from January 2016 to May 2017.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2016 Macedonian protests</span>

In April 2016, protests began in the Republic of Macedonia against the incumbent President Gjorge Ivanov and the government led by the interim Prime Minister Emil Dimitriev from the ruling VMRO-DPMNE party. Referred to by some as the Colorful Revolution, the protests started after the controversial decision by President Gjorge Ivanov to stop the investigation of former Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski and dozens of politicians who were allegedly involved in a wiretapping scandal. The demonstrations were organized by "Protestiram" and supported by a coalition led by the Social Democratic Union of Macedonia and other opposition parties, in addition to the newly formed Levica demanding that the government resign and be replaced by a transitional government and that the parliamentary elections planned for 5 June 2016 be cancelled, on the grounds that the conditions for free and transparent elections were not in place. The government and its supporters, who had organized pro-government rallies, maintained that the elections on June 5 were the only solution to the political crisis, with some observers blaming the opposition for creating a "Ukraine scenario" in Macedonia.

Storming of the Macedonian Parliament, also known as Bloody Thursday occurred on 27 April 2017, when about 200 Macedonian nationalists stormed the Macedonian Parliament in reaction to the election of Talat Xhaferi, an ethnic Albanian, as Speaker of the Assembly of the Republic of Macedonia. It was the biggest attack in history on a Macedonian institution.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Talat Xhaferi</span> Macedonian politician

Talat Xhaferi is a Macedonian politician and the current Prime Minister of North Macedonia. He has previously served as the President of the Assembly of the Republic of North Macedonia from 2017 to 2024 and as Minister of Defense from 2013 to 2014.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hristijan Mickoski</span> Opposition leader of North Macedonia

Hristijan Mickoski is a Macedonian politician, university professor and president of VMRO-DPMNE. In 2016, he became the director of JSC "Power Plants of Macedonia", and in the period 2015—2017 he was energy advisor to the prime ministers Nikola Gruevski and Emil Dimitriev. As the sole candidate, he was elected leader of VMRO-DPMNE at the party's 16th congress in Valandovo.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Georgia–North Macedonia relations</span> Bilateral relations

Georgia–North Macedonia relations refers to the diplomatic relations between the Republic of Georgia and the Republic of North Macedonia.


  1. "Nationalists block NATO route from Macedonia". Chicago Tribune. 19 August 2001. Retrieved 5 April 2024.
  2. 1 2 "Bulgaria Reverts to Past Totalitarian Practices and Bans Macedonian and US Citizens from Attending Macedonian Commemorations". Macedonian Human Rights Movement International. 28 April 2010. Retrieved 15 January 2011.
  3. 1 2 "Two officers for one Todor Petrov". FOCUS News Agency Home / Скандал на деня. 7 May 2010. Archived from the original on 8 March 2012. Retrieved 15 January 2011.
  4. "Plus Info MK - News related to Todor Petrov". (in Macedonian). Retrieved 14 May 2017.
  5. 1 2 "Статут на СМК". 15 June 2013. Archived from the original on 15 June 2013. Retrieved 17 June 2022.
  6. 1 2 Cvete Koneska (2016). After Ethnic Conflict: Policy-making in Post-conflict Bosnia and Herzegovina and Macedonia. Routledge. p. 106. ISBN   9781317183976.
  7. 1 2 Zdravko Saveski; Artan Sadiku (December 2012). "The radical right in Macedonia" (PDF). Friedrich Ebert Stiftung. pp. 3–4. Retrieved 5 April 2024.
  8. ""Interview with Todor Petrov, President of WMC", Macedonian Sun, 18 January 2008" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 May 2008. Retrieved 11 June 2013.[ dead link ]
  9. "Petrov Todor 91". Retrieved 14 May 2017.
  10. "Official website of Macedonian Assembly". Archived from the original on 12 December 2013. Retrieved 14 May 2017.
  11. "Official website of State Election Commission of Macedonia" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 14 May 2017.
  12. "Државниот грб ќе се смени, за знамето не се разговарало". (in Macedonian). 13 December 2014. Retrieved 5 April 2024.
  13. Official website of Makedonsko Sonce Archived 29 June 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  14. Dimitar Bechev (2019). Historical Dictionary of North Macedonia (2nd ed.). Rowman & Littlefield. p. 308. ISBN   9781538119624.
  15. "TV Sitel (In Macedonian)". Archived from the original on 2 April 2013. Retrieved 14 May 2017.
  16. "Македония се готви за референдум против новото деление на страната". Mediapool. 23 August 2004. Retrieved 16 February 2023.
  17. "America Recognizes Macedonia by its Constitutional Name". 11 April 2004. Archived from the original on 29 October 2006. Retrieved 15 February 2023.
  18. "A narrow squeak". The Economist. 11 November 2004. Retrieved 14 May 2017.
  19. "IFES Election Guide - Elections: Macedonia Referendum Nov 7 2004". Retrieved 14 May 2017.
Todor Petrov
Todor Petrov.jpg
President of World Macedonian Congress
Assumed office
15 September 1990