Tog Wajaale

Last updated
Wajaale
Wajaale (Somali)
وجالَه (Arabic)
City
Tog wajaale town.jpg
Tog Wajaale local council logo.jpg
Somaliland Marodi Jeh location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Wajaale
Location in Somaliland
Somaliland location map (1).svg
Red pog.svg
Wajaale
Wajaale (Somaliland)
Ethiopia adm location map.svg
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Wajaale
Wajaale (Ethiopia)
Coordinates: 9°36′05″N43°20′10″E / 9.60139°N 43.33611°E / 9.60139; 43.33611
CountrySomaliland
Region Maroodi Jeex
District Gabiley District
Population
[1]
  Total70,450
Time zone UTC+3 (EAT)

Tog Wajaale (also known as Wajaale, Wajale, Tug Wajale, Togwajaale) is a city on the border of Somaliland and Ethiopia. [2] Tog Wajaale is the main border crossing for goods coming in and out of Somaliland, primarily from the port city of Berbera, Somaliland's main port. [3]

Contents

The settlements on the Ethiopian side of the border are called Togo Wuchale, Togo Chale, Wajaale, etc., and are located about 20 km southwest of Tog Wajaale in Somaliland.

Demographics

Wajaale's population was estimated at 10,000 in 1995 and 40,000 in 2012. The city is exclusively inhabited by people from the Somali ethnic group, with the Jibril Abokor sub divisions of the Sa'ad Musa subclan of the Habar Awal Isaaq, dominating both the town itself and the wider Wajaale district. [4] [5]

The report for 2022 estimates 70,450 people. [1]

According to the 2007 census conducted by the Central Statistical Agency of Ethiopia (CSA) the Ethiopian part of the town (Togo Wuchale) had a population of 14,438. [6]

Geography

Wajale is located the border of Somaliland and Ethiopia. [2] 92.8 km west of Hargeisa, the capital of Somaliland. It is in the south west of Kalabaydh town, on the west by the Awdal region, on the east by the Gabiley, Hargeisa City, and on the south by the Somali Region of Ethiopia.

Geographical coordinates are 9° 34' 0" North, 43° 29' 0" East

Education

Primary schools, Secondary schools and University education is available throughout the district.[5]

Primary schools

Secondary schools

Customs and Immigration

Somaliland entry stamp in Wajaale Somaliland entry stamp.jpg
Somaliland entry stamp in Wajaale

Since December 1985, refugees from Ethiopia have been taking refuge in Wajaale camps, reaching 45,000 as of April 1986. Seventy percent of the refugees were Oromo. [7]

In 2002, the World Health Organization listed 11 border towns in Somaliland, including Wajaale. Wajaale and Lawyacado are home to customs and immigration offices. [8]

In June 2009, the Ethiopian government closed the border at Wajaale. [9]

In January 2012, Human Right Watch criticized the Somaliland government for deporting political refugees from Ethiopia. [10]

In November 2012, the Immigration Headquarters was opened in Hargeisa to manage the four entry points into Somaliland: Hargeisa, Wajaale, Borama, and Berbera. [11]

In December 2012, an increase in illegal immigration to Ethiopia and other countries due to lack of jobs in Somaliland led to 200 young people being deported to Somaliland via Wajaale in the first 11 months of 2012. [12]

In December 2015, the Somaliland government arrested 200 illegal immigrants from Ethiopia in Wajaale. [13]

Transportation and Logistics

The road from Berbera to Ethiopia via Wajaale is called the Berbera corridor and is an important trade route for Ethiopia. [14] :18

In August 2011, it was announced that the Chinese oil company PetroTrans was planning to expand the port of Berbera to include a road to Wajaale for exports to Ethiopia. [15]

In December 2020, the Somaliland government's authorization of an Ethiopian logistics provider to transport vegetables directly to Hargeisa was denounced by Wajaale logistics, which has no logistics authority in Ethiopia, as a decision that would lead to unfair competition. [16]

As of November 2022, the road connecting Wajaale and Kalabaydh is under repair. [17]

Notable people

Recent history

Before Somali Civil War

Beginning in the early 1960s, a conflict between the Jibril Abokor of Isaaq and the Reer Nuur of Gadabursi occurred, which affected Wajaale. This conflict lasted for a long time in the areas inhabited by both clans, but reconciliation took place in Wajaale. [18]

In the 1964 Ethiopian-Somali War, fighting between Ethiopian and Somali forces occurred in Wajaale, largely destroying the town. [19] [20]

In January 1987, 10 international employees of Médecins Sans Frontières were kidnapped in Wajaale; they were released two weeks later. [21]

After the Declaration of Independence of Somaliland

In February 1997, UNICEF led discussions among the communities of Gabiley, Arabsiyo, and Wajaale on local health issues. [22]

When taxes on Somalis were raised in Ogaden, Ethiopia, the number of people migrating to the Somaliland border town of Wajaale surged, doubling its population. This led to a shortage of ballots for the 2002 Somaliland regional elections. [23]

In March 2008, the President of Somaliland announced the creation of six new regions and 14 new districts, with Wajaale becoming the Wajaale District of Gabiley region. [24] However, this classification was not approved by Parliament and did not take root.

In February 2009, a Kenyan convert from Islam was detained and assaulted by Wajaale border officials in Somaliland while attempting to enter Somaliland from Ethiopia. [25]

In April 2009, Wajaale was also affected by flooding in western Somaliland. [26]

In 2010, it was reported that HIV was prevalent along the Ethiopian to Somaliland roadway, centered in Wajaale. [27]

In June 2011, Ethiopian security forces arrested a Somaliland intelligence officer in Jijiga. This was seen as retaliation for the arrest of an Ethiopian plainclothes officer by Somaliland police in Wajaale. Security departments from both countries gathered in Wajaale for discussions to resolve this. [28]

In March 2012, it was reported that a well failed in Wajaale, resulting in a water shortage and the purchase of expensive water from Ethiopia. The population at this point is estimated at 40,000 and the water project in Wajaale will reportedly not be completed until 2015. [5]

In November 2013, the first lady of Somaliland opened an orphanage in Wajaale. [29]

In May 2014, police officers killed civilians protesting in Wajaale. [30]

In November 2014, a fire destroyed 20 homes in Wajaale. Residents protested that the government's response was inadequate. [31]

In November 2014, an earthquake occurred in Wajaale. [32]

In December 2017, a large fire broke out in Wajaale, destroying more than 90 stores. [33]

In August 2018, the Oromia-Somali clashes in Ethiopia destabilized the Somali region but kept calm in Wajaale, a Somaliland territory. [34]

Wajaale in 2020 Wajaale.jpg
Wajaale in 2020

In September 2020, a building under construction collapsed in Wajaale, killing four people. [35]

In April 2021, the Somaliland Minister of Finance visited Wajaale. [36] Around 2021, a new market was built in an area of 1,800 meters square, replacing the old one. [1]

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References

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