Tomb of Saint Nicholas

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Tomb of Saint Nicholas
St Nicholas' Tomb.jpg
Tombstone of a medieval cleric, popularly believed to depict Saint Nicholas
Ireland adm location map.svg
Archaeological site icon (red).svg
Shown within Ireland
Location County Kilkenny, Republic of Ireland
Coordinates 52°30′36″N7°10′08″W / 52.5100°N 7.1688°W / 52.5100; -7.1688 Coordinates: 52°30′36″N7°10′08″W / 52.5100°N 7.1688°W / 52.5100; -7.1688
Typeeffigy
Part of Newtown Jerpoint
History
MaterialStone
Foundedearly 14th century

The supposed tomb of Saint Nicholas is a slab effigy in low relief of an early 14th-century ecclesiastic popularly associated with Saint Nicholas of Myra in County Kilkenny, Ireland. [1] [2] While more probably a local priest from Jerpoint Abbey, [2] it lies in the medieval lost town of Newtown Jerpoint, just west of the Cistercian Jerpoint Abbey. [1]

Contents

It is located 2.0 miles (3.2 km) southwest of Thomastown in the grounds of the privately owned Jerpoint Park. St. Nicholas's Church and graveyard are in the town, where the earthly remains of St. Nicholas of Myra are said to be buried. Belmore House stands at the top of the town.

The memorial has been moved since 1839, and it has sustained damage from the fall of a tree. [1] [3] A conservation plan was developed by the Heritage Council in 2007. [4] In advance of conservation work in 2013, St Nicholas church and the tomb of St Nicholas were surveyed and modelled in 3D. [5]

History

View of St Nicholas Church from Belmore House St Nicholas Church.jpg
View of St Nicholas Church from Belmore House

The lost town of Newtown Jerpoint was founded by either Earl Marshall or Griffin Fitzwilliam in the 12th century [6] at the main crossing of the River Nore by a toll bridge, giving Jerpoint its name, meaning 'Nore bridge'. [7] It was a vibrant town, with about 27 dwellings, a court house, woollen mill, a tannery, a brewery, and reputedly 14 taverns. Newtown Jerpoint lasted at least into the 17th century, but eventually declined, perhaps from the loss of its bridge and the re-routing of the road. [6] Its visible remains and its proximity to one of Ireland's best-known and well-preserved Cistercian abbeys makes Newtown Jerpoint one of the most important sites in the study of medieval settlements in Ireland. [8] The ruins of St Nicholas's medieval parish church dates from the 12th to 13th century, with a late medieval rood gallery and a tower where the parish priest would have resided.

Belmore House was commissioned as a hunting lodge by Earl Belmore in the 18th century and designed by the Irish architect Sir Richard Morrison. [9] An extension of the house was planned as a square villa at the east end of the house with the rest of the house to become a service wing, but it was never built. [10] The Earl of Belmore's main residence was Castle Coole, in County Fermanagh.

Legends

The bones of St. Nicholas, who inspired the legend of Santa Claus, were believed to have been buried in Newtown Jerpoint in the 12th century. The grave's stone slab is carved with the image of a cleric with the heads of two knights behind each shoulder, said to be those of the two crusaders who, so the story goes, brought Nicholas's remains to Ireland. Evidence lends some credence to this tale as the Normans in Kilkenny were keen collectors of religious relics, and it is known that Norman knights participated in the Holy Land Crusades.

Churches dedicated to St. Nicholas

In a papal bull dated 1191, Pope Celestine III created the parish of St. Nicholas in Dublin. Other Irish churches in the Medieval Pale included Skryne, Dunsany and the Church of St. Nicholas Within, Dublin (i.e., within the city walls). After the Reformation, the latter church was rivalled by Church of St Nicholas Without, less than a kilometre away, and by the Roman Catholic Church of St Nicholas of Myra Without in nearby Francis Street.

Related Research Articles

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References

Notes

Sources

  • Oxford Archaeology (2007). "Newtown Jerpoint County Kilkenny Conservation Plan" (PDF). The Heritage Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 October 2016.
  • Barry, Terry (1998). "0Socio-economic Impacts of Irish Medieval Settlements" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 March 2012.</ref>
  • Rowan, Ann Martha (2016). "Co. Kilkenny, Belmore Lodge (Jerpoint)". dia.ie. Dictionary of Irish Architects.
  • "Belmore Papers (D3007)" (PDF). Public Records Office Northern Ireland. 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 August 2011.
  • "LiDAR at the Discovery Programme". discoveryprogramme.ie. 2011. Archived from the original on 30 September 2011.
  • Discovery Programme (2013). "Advancing Research in Irish Archaeology Annual Report 2013" (PDF). discoveryprogramme.ie. The Discovery Programme/Heritage Council.
  • Hunt, John (1974). Irish medieval figure sculpture, 1200-1600 : a study of Irish tombs with notes on costume and armour . Dublin: Irish University Press. ISBN   085667012X.
  • Murtagh, B (1997). "The Medieval Parish Church and Graveyard of St Nicholas, Newtown Jerpoint". Old Kilkenny Review. Kilkenny Archaeological Society (49): 118–129.