Toodyay Court House

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Old Toodyay Court House
Old Courthouse, Toodyay.JPG
Old Courthouse, Toodyay
Toodyay Court House
Alternative namesToodyay Shire Council Offices
General information
Architectural style Federation Free Classical
Address13–17 Fiennes Street
Town or city Toodyay
Coordinates 31°33′10″S116°27′58″E / 31.55287°S 116.465981°E / -31.55287; 116.465981 Coordinates: 31°33′10″S116°27′58″E / 31.55287°S 116.465981°E / -31.55287; 116.465981
Completed1896
Renovated1985
Design and construction
Architect George Temple-Poole (1897)
Architecture firm Public Works Department
Main contractorHerbert Parker (1897)
Renovating team
ArchitectD.M.B. Fitzhardinge (1985)
Renovating firmSpadaccini Bros., Northam (1985)
TypeState Registered Place
Designated24 October 2014
Reference no. 2560

The former Toodyay Court House in Toodyay, Western Australia has been used as municipal offices for Toodyay since the 1950s.

Contents

History

The main part of the building (designed by George Temple-Poole) was constructed in 1896 and opened in January 1897. It replaced the first courthouse on the site built in 1867 from plans by Richard Roach Jewell. The site had also been the location of a convict hiring depot; one of four established in the colony after convicts were introduced in 1850.

In 1902, after only 5 years of use, the last resident magistrate was withdrawn and the building was vacated. Many of the records that had been stored in the building were lost in the ensuing years. Surrounding buildings associated with the convict depot also declined, the old warders' quarters were demolished around 1931. [1] [2]

Toodyay Court House c1930 (At far right can be seen a section of the Toodyay Convict Depot Warder's Quarters, which were demolished around August 1931. ) 2007-10 Toodyay Court House c1930.tif
Toodyay Court House c1930 (At far right can be seen a section of the Toodyay Convict Depot Warder's Quarters, which were demolished around August 1931. )

In October 1956 the Under Secretary for Law (Mr Green) and Resident Magistrate, Northam (Keith Hamilton Hogg) met to discuss the restoration of the Court House after the Toodyay Health Inspector reported on the bad state of the building's drains. [4]

In 1957 the Minister for Works approved the proposal for the Crown Law Department and the Toodyay Road Board to share the use of the Toodyay Court House. Most of the projected cost estimates for renovations were to be shared between the Public Works Department (£750) and the Road Board (£150) with a total cost of £1,000. The Board would have a 10-year lease of the building (with a right of renewal) for £5 or £10 per annum. The Board later accepted the terms offered. [5]

In 1958 the Public Works Department let the contract to Mr Broderick for the removal of an old building adjacent to the Court House. This building, constructed in 1854 as the Toodyay Convict Depot Infirmary, was Toodyay's first public hospital. (The purpose built Newcastle Hospital replaced it in 1896.) The old building was then used as a drill room and store and later as the home of Norman Campbell until his death in May 1958. [6] [7] [8]

On 1 January 1959 the Toodyay Road Board moved into the restored Court House building. [9]

In 1985 additions were made to the eastern end of the building by Spadaccini Bros of Northam. [1] The tendered amount was $104,130 to add 120m2 of office space. English bond style brickwork was used to complement the original 1896 Court House.

Description

The building is a single storey building constructed of brick with a corrugated iron hipped roof in a Federation Free Classical style. The building sits upon a rendered plinth and has stuccoed archways, keystones and string courses with feature timber cornices.

Heritage value

The former Court House building was classified by the National Trust of Australia (WA) on 7 June 1977 and included on the Shire of Toodyay's Municipal Heritage Inventory on 27 August 1998. On 14 February 2003 it was placed on the permanent state heritage register. [10]

In 2010, an archaeological excavation of a 2-hectare (4.9-acre) site around and including the former court building revealed the foundations of the convict depot. [11] [12] The entire site was added to the state heritage register in June 2014. [13]

Related Research Articles

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The Royal Oak, Toodyay (1853–1860) former hotel in Toodyay, Western Australia

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Construction of the new Toodyay Convict Hiring Depot began in February 1852 and was completed by 1856. The depot was closed in 1872. The site chosen, Avon Location 110, was an area of Crown land measuring just over 45 acres (18 ha). It was situated approximately 3 miles (4.8 km) upstream from the site of the previous Toodyay Convict Hiring Depot (1851) located at the Toodyay townsite. The previous depot had only ever been a temporary arrangement born of necessity when accommodation was required at short notice. The new depot site was surveyed by Francis Thomas Gregory in 1852.

References

  1. 1 2 Hocking Planning & Architecture (2012), Municipal Inventory and Heritage List (PDF), Shire of Toodyay, pp. 334–336, retrieved 12 April 2018
  2. "COUNTRY NEWS". The West Australian . XLIX (9, 800). Western Australia. 25 November 1933. p. 7. Retrieved 28 December 2018 via National Library of Australia.
  3. Cromb, Alison (2010). The History of the Toodyay Convict Depot (1st ed.). Dianella, Western Australia: Alison Cromb. p. 129. ISBN   978-0-646-52963-9.
  4. Toodyay Road Board Minutes. 10 November 1956.Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. Toodyay Road Board Minutes. 11 May 1957, 8 June 1957, 20 July 1957.Check date values in: |date= (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. Living History. Shire of Toodyay.
  7. Cromb, Alison (2010). The History of the Toodyay Convict Depot. Alison Cromb. p. 108. ISBN   978-0-646-52963-9.
  8. Toodyay Road Board Minutes. 18 October 1958.Missing or empty |title= (help)
  9. notes by AJ Pedder, Sec. Road Board 1959.Missing or empty |title= (help)
  10. "Register of Heritage Places (Number 1943) Old Court House". Heritage Council of Western Australia. Archived from the original on 9 February 2012. Retrieved 19 June 2008.
  11. "Old Toodyay convict depot heritage listed". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 2 July 2014. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
  12. "Toodyay's convict past unearthed". oneperth.com.au. 1 July 2014. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
  13. "Toodyay Court House (fmr) and former Convict Depot Archaeological Sites". Heritage Council, State Heritage Office. 23 June 2014. Retrieved 2 July 2014.

Further reading