Torit Mitra (September 4, 1956) is a noted Indian Bengali playwright and theatre director.He co-founded avante garde theatre company, Sansaptak in 1992 . He has written 35 plays, all staged by Sansaptak. After completing his graduation acquiring first class first position in Bachelor of Fine Arts in 1979 from Delhi College of Arts and receiving UNICEF Fellowship for Fine Arts, Torit Mitra started practicing painting professionally and became famous for his black and white drawings with political overtones, receiving many national and international awards, recognitions and found their way to national and international collections and archives. He was also aligned with the literary movement of the time.
India, also known as the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh largest country by area and with more than 1.3 billion people, it is the second most populous country as well as the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the northeast; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives, while its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.
Bengali, also known by its endonym Bangla, is an Indo-Aryan language primarily spoken by the Bengalis in South Asia. It is the official and most widely spoken language of Bangladesh and second most widely spoken of the 22 scheduled languages of India, behind Hindi.
A playwright or dramatist is a person who writes plays.
Initially he started working in Bengali amateur theatre groups as set designer and actor. Though at the age of 21 he became the youngest playwright and director of Bangla to receive an award in Delhi’s theatre arena, he was unhappy and dissatisfied by the practices in the Urban Bengali Theatre in Delhi.
It was 1992, when some of his theatre friends approached him, with zealous motivation, to build a group of their own. They all had a common goal, a new outlook to art of theatre, a new language, which would be their own. Eventually, a group for theatre was born and was named ‘SANSAPTAK’ which became the turning point for Delhi’s Bengali Theatre, as it was solely formed for the purpose of theatre.
Since 1982 to the present times, Torit Mitra has penned 34 plays; all staged under his Direction and Design, by SANSAPTAK and other groups. All his plays have been critically acclaimed and loved by audiences.
He has received Best Playwright and Best Director awards for several of his plays at national competitions and felicitated several times by receiving the Gunijon Sambardhana (Eminent Citizen Honor) for being the only prolific contemporary writer and director in Delhi for promoting progressive developments in Bangla Language, through his stories, poetry and contemporary plays by Chittaranjan Park Bangiya Samaj (Delhi), Chittaranjan Park Community (Delhi), Bangiya Samaj Karol Bagh (Delhi) and Aneek Theatre Group (Kolkata). His plays have been performed under his design and direction at international and national theatre festivals like Bharat Rang Mahotsav, Legends of India, International Ganga-Jamuna Festival, All India Short Play Festival, Delhi International Arts Festival, Bharatendu Natya Utsav, etc.
Bharat Rang Mahotsav (BRM) or the National Theatre Festival, established in 1999, is the annual theatre festival of National School of Drama (NSD), New Delhi, India's premier theatre training institute of Govt. of India. Founded to show case works of Indian theatre practitioners, it has grown over the year to attract international performers as well.
The Delhi International Arts Festival is an annual arts festival which takes place in Delhi, India. It presents artistic performances from around the world.
Three of his original Bengali plays have been published and a publication consisting four of his Hindi plays translated from his original Bengali plays is in process. Apart from plays, he has penned innumerable short stories, poems and articles, published and unpublished. A collection of his 14 best short stories has been recently published entitled ‘Abba Othoba Ekti Nidoya Shonsharer Galpo’ creating ripples in the Bengali community.
Girish Raghunath Karnad is an Indian actor, film director, Kannada writer, playwright and a Rhodes Scholar, who predominantly works in South Indian cinema and Bollywood. His rise as a playwright in the 1960s, marked the coming of age of modern Indian playwriting in Kannada, just as Badal Sarkar did in Bengali, Vijay Tendulkar in Marathi, and Mohan Rakesh in Hindi. He is a recipient of the 1998 Jnanpith Award, the highest literary honour conferred in India.
Sukumar Ray was a Bengali poet, story writer, playwright and editor from the Indian subcontinent, who is remembered mainly for his writings for the children. He was the son of children's story writer Upendrakishore Ray, the father of filmmaker Satyajit Ray and grandfather of filmmaker Sandip Ray. His creations such as the collection of poems Abol Tabol (Gibberish), novella HaJaBaRaLa, short story collection Pagla Dashu and play Chalachittachanchari are considered equal in stature to Alice in Wonderland. More than 80 years after his death, Ray remains one of the most popular of children's writers in Bengali literature.
Paschimbanga Bangla Akademi, popularly known as Bangla Akademi, is the official regulatory body of the Bengali language in West Bengal. Modeled after Bangla Academy of Bangladesh and France’s Académie française, the Bangla Akademi was founded on May 20, 1986 in Kolkata to act as the official authority of the language and is entrusted with the responsibility of reforming Bengali spelling and grammar, compiling dictionaries, encyclopedias and terminologies and promoting Bengali language and culture in West Bengal. Though the Akademi has no enforcement power over their rules and regulations, yet they are widely accepted by the Governments of West Bengal and Tripura as well as a considerable number of private publishing houses and institutions like the Oxford University Press and the Ramakrishna Mission.
Chittaranjan Park (known as C.R. Park, is an affluent neighborhood in South Delhi, and home to a large Bengali community. It was established in the early 1960s under the name EPDP Colony or East Pakistan Displaced Persons Colony, and later renamed after the deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das in the 1980s. Nowadays it is considered among the posh localities in New Delhi Today due to a rise in the market price of its plots. Despite its growing cosmopolitan nature, it remains home to a large Bengali community, and is home to Kolkata-style street-food stalls, Bengali cuisine, fish markets, temples, and cultural centers. It hosts many festivities and cultural events. Durga Puja is the most celebrated festival here which boasts magnificent marquee. It is also home to ancient ghost stories, particularly affecting lonely women whose husbands go to Rajasthan, home to a huge variety of ghosts itself.
Indian theatre is one of the most ancient forms of Indo-European and Asian theatre and it features a detailed textual, sculptural, and dramatic effects. Like in the areas of music and dance, the Indian theatre is also defined by the dramatic performance defined by the concept of Natya, which is a Sanskrit word for drama but encompasses dramatic narrative, virtuostic dance, and music. Indian theatre exerted influence beyond its borders, reaching ancient China and other countries in the Far East.
Girish Chandra Ghosh was a Bengali musician, poet,hair designer, playwright, novelist, theatre director and actor. He was largely responsible for the golden age of Bengali theatre. He can be referred to as the Father of Bengali Theatre. He was a versatile genius, a scholar without having any formal educational background, an actor of repute and a mentor who brought up many actors and actresses, including Binodini Dasi.
Sombhu Mitra was an Indian film and stage actor, director, playwright, reciter and an Indian theatre personality, known especially for his involvement in Bengali theatre, where he is considered a pioneer. He remained associated with the Indian People's Theatre Association (IPTA) for a few years before founding the Bohurupee theatre group in Kolkata in 1948. He is most noted for films like Dharti Ke Lal (1946), Jagte Raho (1956), and his production of Rakta Karabi based on Rabindranath Tagore's play in 1954 and Chand Baniker Pala, his most noted play as a playwright.
Ratan Thiyam is an Indian playwright and theatre director, and the winner of Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in 1987, one of leading figures of the "theatre of roots" movement in Indian theatre, which started in the 1970s. Also known as Thiyam Nemai, Ratan Thiyam is known for writing and staging plays that use ancient Indian theatre traditions and forms in a contemporary context. A former painter, and proficient in direction, design, script and music, Thiyam is often considered one of leading contemporary theatre gurus.
Mohit Chattopadhyaya was a Bengali Indian playwright, screenwriter, dramatist and poet. He was a leading figure in modern Indian drama. Mohit Chottopadhya died on 12 April 2012. He had been suffering from cancer.
Badal Sircar, also known as Badal Sarkar, was an influential Indian dramatist and theatre director, most known for his anti-establishment plays during the Naxalite movement in the 1970s and taking theatre out of the proscenium and into public arena, when he transformed his own theatre company, Shatabdi' as a third theatre group. He wrote more than fifty plays of which Evam Indrajit, Basi Khabar, and Saari Raat are well known literary pieces. A pioneering figure in street theatre as well as in experimental and contemporary Bengali theatre with his egalitarian "Third Theatre", he prolifically wrote scripts for his Aanganmanch performances, and remains one of the most translated Indian playwrights. Though his early comedies were popular, it was his angst-ridden Evam Indrajit that became a landmark play in Indian theatre. Today, his rise as a prominent playwright in 1960s is seen as the coming of age of Modern Indian playwriting in Bengali, just as Vijay Tendulkar did it in Marathi, Mohan Rakesh in Hindi, and Girish Karnad in Kannada.
Selim Al Deen was a Bangladeshi playwright and theatre artist. He was the founder chairperson of the Department of Drama and Dramatics at Jahangirnagar University. He made significant contribution to Bengali drama.
Nabendu Ghosh was an Indian author in Bengali literature, and screenwriter. He has written screenplays of classic Bollywood movies like, Sujata, Bandini, Devdas, Majhli Didi, Abhimaan and Teesri Kasam. He has written stories for movies like Baap Beti, Shatranj, Raja Jani. He has also acted briefly in Do Bigha Zameen, Teesri Kasam and Lukochuri. Later in his career, he directed four movies as well.
Premankur Atorthy was a novelist, journalist, and film director, born in Faridpur. He was involved in Hindi and Bengali cinema.
Shyamanand Jalan was an influential Kolkata-based Indian thespian, theatre director, and actor. He is credited for the renaissance period of modern Indian theatre and especially the Hindi theatre in Kolkata from the 1960s to 1980s. He was the first to perform modernist Mohan Rakesh, starting with his magnum opus Ashadh Ka Ek Din in 1960 and in the coming years bridged the gap between Hindi theatre and Bengali theatre, by mounting Hindi productions of works by Bengali playwrights, like Badal Sircar's Evam Indrajit (1968) and Pagla Ghora (1971), which in turn introduced Sircar to rest of the country. In 2005, he directed his first and only film Eashwar Mime Co., which was an adaptation of Dibyendu Palit's story, Mukhabhinoy, by Vijay Tendulkar.
Srijit Mukherji is an Indian Economist ,film director, actor, and screenwriter who predominantly works in Bengali cinema. He came to the limelight after directing his first feature film Autograph (2010) which was a critical and commercial success. He has made fourteen films, as of January 2019: Autograph, Baishe Srabon, Hemlock Society, Mishawr Rawhoshyo, Jaatishwar, Chotushkone, Nirbaak, Rajkahini, Zulfiqar, Begum Jaan ,Yeti Obhijaan,Uma,Ek Je Chhilo Raja ,Shahjahan Regency and his April Release Vinci Da. Many of his films have been screened at several film festivals.His Historical films have mostly garnered positive reviews from critics, and great audience response. His fifth film Jaatishwar won 4 national awards at India's 61st National Film Awards (2014). He has won the National Film Award for Best Director and Best Original Screenplay for his sixth film Chotushkone at India's 62nd National Film Awards. His eighth film Rajkahini became an official selection at 12 International Film Festivals including Indian Panorama at IFFI 2015, IFF of Kerala, IFF at Mumbai and Imagine India IFF at Madrid; and has also been remade into a Hindi film titled Begum Jaan starring Vidya Balan in 2017.
Khaled Choudhury was a theatre personality and artist of Bengal. He worked for various directors of both Bengali and Hindi plays, including Sombhu Mitra, Tripti Mitra, and Shyamanand Jalan in various capacities — creating the Stage, sets and costumes and later as Music Director. He is a bachelor. Presently, he resides in Kolkata, India. He has been awarded the Padma Bhushan for his contribution to theatre in India's Republic Day Honours List on 26 January 2012. He died on 30 April 2014 in Kolkata.
Tanima Sen is a Bengali film and television actress.
Kumar Roy (1926–2010) was a Bengali theatre actor, director and playwright. In 1983 he won the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award. He was associated with the group Bohurupee. In 1989 he directed the re-creation of the classic play Nabanna (1948). He was the President of the PashchimBanga Natya Akademi from 2006 till his death in 2010. Kumar Roy was also Professor of Drama at Rabindra Bharati University, Kolkata and Visiting Professor at Sangeet Bhavan, Visva-Bharati, Santiniketan.
Debesh Chattopadhyay or Debesh Chatterjee is an Indian Bengali film & theatre director and actor. He has also acted in a few Bengali films.
Anirban Bhattacharya is an Indian (Bengali) stage and film actor. He played lead roles in many popular theatre productions. His first successful theatre was Debi Sarpamasta, written by Manoj Mitra, directed by Debesh Chattopadhyay. His other notable works are Anthony Soudamini, Nagamandala, Jara Agun Lagay, Bisorjan, FM Mahanagar, Karu Basana, Awdyo Shesh Rajani, Athoi etc. In 2017, he got the Mahindra Excellence in Theatre Awards (META) as Best Actor in a Leading Role (Male) for Awdyo Shash Rajani. In 2015, he started his film career with the Zee Bangla telefim Kader Kuler Bou. He got fame for his character as Bishan Roy from the film Eagoler Chokh. For playing this role he picked up the Filmfare Awards East for Best Actor in a Supporting Role in 2017.