Trần Cao

Last updated

Trần Cảo (陳暠, d. after 1525) was an early 16th-century Vietnamese rebel leader. Cảo born in Dưỡng Chân, Thuỷ Đường (present day Thuỷ Nguyên, Hải Phòng). [1] [2]


Early life

Details of Cảo's early life are unknown except that he was a low-ranking mandarin of Lê Dynasty and he claimed himself the descendant of emperor Trần Thái Tông of Trần Dynasty and related with mother of Trần Thánh Tông, empress Quang Thục.

Trần Thái Tông was the first emperor of the Trần Dynasty, seated on the throne for 33 years (1226–58), being Grand Emperor for 19 years.

Trần Thánh Tông, given name Trần Hoảng (陳晃), was the second emperor of the Trần dynasty, reigning over Đại Việt from 1258 to 1278. After ceding the throne to his son Trần Nhân Tông, Thánh Tông held the title Retired Emperor from 1279 to his death in 1290. During the second and the third Mongol invasions of Đại Việt, the Retired Emperor Thánh Tông and the Emperor Nhân Tông were credited as the supreme commanders who led the nation to the final victories and as a result established a long period of peace and prosperity over the country. With his successful ruling in both military and civil matters, Trần Thánh Tông was considered as one of the greatest emperors of not only the Trần dynasty but also the whole dynastic era in the History of Vietnam.


In March 1516, Cảo proclaimed himself "Đế Thích giáng trần" ("incarnation of Śakra") and recruited fighters at Quynh Lam Pagoda in Đông Triều, a religious site reputed to have miraculous powers. After shaving their heads, he marched them unopposed, ten thousand strong, through the Kinh Bac districts of Que Duong and Tiên Du down to the plains of Gia Lâm to Từ Liêm in Sơn Tây Province. In May 1516, Cảo's force captured Thăng Long and forced emperor Lê Chiêu Tông flee to Tay Do. Thereafter, the Lê loyalists attacked and recaptured Thăng Long and made Cảo retreat back to his Hai Duong-Kinh Bac border stronghold. Then, a long war was resulted between the Lê loyalists and Cảo's rebels.

Śakra (Buddhism) deity

Śakra is the ruler of the Trāyastriṃśa Heaven according to Buddhist cosmology. He is also referred to by the title "Śakra, Lord of the Devas". The name Śakra "powerful" as an epithet of Indra is found in several verses of the Rigveda.

Đông Triều is a county-level town (Vietnam) of Quảng Ninh Province in the north-eastern region of Vietnam. As of 2015 the district had a population of 173,141. The district covers an area of 397.2155 km². The town capital lies at Đông Triều Ward.

Tiên Du is a rural district of Bắc Ninh Province in the Red River Delta region of Vietnam. As of 2003, the district had a population of 131,118. The district covers an area of 108 km². The district capital lies at Lim.

Before 1525, the year of Trần Cảo rebellion's ultimate defeat, Cảo unexpectedly gave his commanding post to his son, Tran Cung (or Tran Thang), and then became a monk. From this point on, no further information was recorded about Trần Cảo.

Related Research Articles

Dương Triệu Vũpronunciation (born January 1, 1984 in Cam Ranh, Vietnam) is the stage name of Tuấn Linh, a singer on the popular Vietnamese diaspora music show Paris By Night.

<i>Paris by Night 82</i>

Paris By Night 82: Tiếu Vương Hội is a Paris By Night program that was filmed at Studio 40 of the Canadian Broadcasting Centre in Toronto, Canada on Saturday, March 25, 2006. It is one of Thúy Nga's "private" shows, as in, limited seats are available, and some are only invited guests only.

Lệ Thủy District District in North Central Coast, Vietnam

Lệ Thủy is a district of Quảng Bình Province in the North Central Coast of Vietnam. The district borders Quảng Ninh District on the north, Vĩnh Linh District on the south, Laos on the west. Lệ Thủy central is 40 km south of the provincial capital Đồng Hới. The district government seat is Kiến Giang Township. The district area is 1420.52 km2, population: 140,804 (1998). Lệ Thủy District is home to Võ Nguyên Giáp and the family of Ngô Đình Diệm. Economy bases on agriculture, mainly rice culture. Mỹ Trạch massacre by French army happened here on 29 November 1947.

The Trần Cao rebellion in 1516 is the best documented rebellion in the Eastern of Đại Việt, another name for Việt Nam in the 16th century against the Lê dynasty led by Trần Cao and is regarded as the most important. It was the second rebellion led against the Le, following an uprising led by Trần Tuân in 1511.

<i>Paris by Night 89</i>

Paris By Night 89: In Korea is a Paris By Night program that was filmed at the Olympic Fencing Gymnasium at the Olympic Park in Seoul, South Korea on Sunday, July 1, 2007. It is Thúy Nga's first venture into Asia to tape a Paris By Night program. Thúy Nga chose to tape at South Korea, rather than any other country in Asia simply because of the popularity of Korean actors and singers to the Vietnamese community. The program is directed by a Korean director, Seounghyun Oh. It is Thúy Nga's fourth "Live" show.

<i>Paris by Night 92</i>

Paris By Night 92: Nhạc Yêu Cầu was filmed on May 10, 2008 and May 11, 2008 at Knott's Berry Farm, California. In an attempt to make the programs more diverse, Thúy Nga had encouraged the fans to send in their requests in the format of video clips. The requested songs can be done by an individual or a group of people.

<i>Paris by Night 91</i>

Paris By Night 91: Huế, Sài Gòn, Hà Nội is a Paris By Night program produced by Thúy Nga that was filmed at the Terrace Theater at the Long Beach Convention and Entertainment Center on January 12, 2008 and January 13, 2008.

<i>Paris by Night 79</i>

Paris By Night 79: Dreams is a Paris By Night program produced by Thúy Nga that was filmed at the San Jose Center for the Performing Arts, on August 20, 2005. The show was MC'ed by Nguyễn Ngọc Ngạn and Nguyễn Cao Kỳ Duyên.

<i>Paris by Night 78</i>

Paris By Night 78: Đường Xưa is a Paris By Night program produced by Thúy Nga that was filmed at the Canadian Broadcasting Centre Studio #40 in Toronto, Canada on June 11, 2005. The MC's were Nguyễn Ngọc Ngạn and Nguyễn Cao Kỳ Duyên. Seats are limited to a studio audience and is considered a private event.

Below is a list of Vietnamese exonyms for various cities and countries around the world. The list does not include Vietnamese-speaking areas and cities, including Vietnam itself. Cities in bold are the capital cities of their respective country. The Vietnamese exonym is after the name of the city in English. An asterisk [*] indicates a name that is still in common use. For the other countries or cities, Vietnamese people usually use the English names.

<i>Paris by Night 98</i>

Paris by Night 98: Fly With Us to Las Vegas is a Paris by Night program produced by Thúy Nga that was filmed at the Theatre for the Performing Arts in Planet Hollywood Resort & Casino and had a DVD release on December 10, 2009. The show was hosted by Nguyễn Ngọc Ngạn and Nguyễn Cao Kỳ Duyên.

<i>Paris by Night 100</i>

Paris By Night 100: Ghi Nhớ Một Chặng Đường is a Paris By Night program produced by Thúy Nga Productions that was filmed at the Planet Hollywood Theatre for the Performing Arts in Planet Hollywood Resort & Casino on July 3 & 4, 2010 and released DVD on October 7, 2010. The show was hosted by emcees Nguyễn Ngọc Ngạn and Nguyễn Cao Kỳ Duyên.

<i>Paris by Night 99</i>

Paris By Night 99 – Tôi Là Người Việt Nam is a Paris By Night program produced by Thúy Nga Productions that was filmed at Knott's Berry Farm on 16 and 17 January 2010 and released DVD from 8 April 2010. The show was hosted by Nguyễn Ngọc Ngạn, Nguyễn Cao Kỳ Duyên and Trinh Hoi.

Mạc Tuyên Tông Vietnamese king

Mạc Phúc Nguyên, also known as Mạc Tuyên Tông (莫宣宗), was an emperor of Vietnam's Mạc dynasty who reigned from 1546 to 1561.

Cards on the Table is a 1980s Vietnamese 35mm black and white film directed by Lê Hoàng Hoa in his art name Khôi Nguyên.

Farewell Summer is a 1992 Vietnamese 35mm romance film adapted from Nguyễn Đông Thức's 1992 novel of the same name. The film was produced by Giaiphong Film Studio and directed by Lê Hoàng Hoa.


  1. Keith Weller Taylor, John K. Whitmore Essays Into Vietnamese Pasts1995 Page 128 "However, in the Hong-thuan (1509-1516) and Quang-thieu (1516-1522) periods, the state fell into many troubles. . . . Men like Trần Cảo and Trinh Tuy tore up the countryside. This Lê king, Cung-hoang-de, promised to set matters right."
  2. Thien Do Vietnamese Supernaturalism: Views from the Southern Region 2012 Page 54 "In 1516. Trần Cảo led an uprising in support of his claim to be a descendant of a Trần king and also a reincarnation of the god Indra. His army managed to capture the capital briefly and forced the Lê king to flee south.145 Trần Cảo's first base ..."
Trần Trọng Kim Vietnamese Prime Minister

Trần Trọng Kim, courtesy name Lệ Thần, was a Vietnamese scholar and politician who served as the Prime Minister of the short-lived Empire of Vietnam, a state established with the support of Imperial Japan in 1945. This came after Japan had seized direct control of Vietnam from the Vichy French colonial forces during the Second World War. He was an uncle of Bui Diem.

Further reading

<i>Journal of Southeast Asian Studies</i> journal

The Journal of Southeast Asian Studies is a peer-reviewed academic journal covering scholarly studies on Southeast Asia. It publishes articles from a wide range of disciplines in the humanities and social sciences. The journal's extensive book review section includes works in Southeast Asian languages.

Digital object identifier Character string used as a permanent identifier for a digital object, in a format controlled by the International DOI Foundation

In computing, a Digital Object Identifier or DOI is a persistent identifier or handle used to uniquely identify objects, standardized by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). An implementation of the Handle System, DOIs are in wide use mainly to identify academic, professional, and government information, such as journal articles, research reports and data sets, and official publications though they also have been used to identify other types of information resources, such as commercial videos.