Trolleybuses in Stavanger

Last updated
Stavanger trolleybus
Overview
Locale Stavanger, Norway
Transit type Trolleybus
Number of lines2
Operation
Began operation26 October 1947
Operator(s) Stavanger Buss-Selskap

The Stavanger trolleybus system was the shortest trolleybus network in Norway, in both route length and time span. The system was opened on 26 October 1947 and closed on 11 January 1963. It was operated by Stavanger Buss-Selskap.

History

The first plans for public transport in Stavanger was launched in 1916 with plans for a tramway. Permission was given, and track and wires were bought, but in the end there wasn't enough money to build the system. In 1933 a plan for trolleybuses was made for Stavanger, in combination with diesel buses. But things came in the way, and it was not until after the end of World War II that the system was constructed. In 1947 the first line, Line 1, was opened from the city square to Hillevåg, a 3 km stretch. The line was equipped with wires in both directions, but a 2 km line to the depot was only equipped with one wire. On 26 June 1949 the system was supplemented with Line 2 that went between the city square and Våland, as a partial circle line. During the 1950s there were serious plans for a Line 3 to Tasta. Line 1 operated at a 10-minute headway while Line 2 had a 20-minute headway. [1]

The system was closed in the 1960s due to a new route policy of driving the buses through the city, a system that did not work well with the existing trolleybuses. Line 2 was closed in 1962 and on 11 January 1963 the last trolleybus was driven in Stavanger. The route change was originally to take place on 17 February but a national strike that lasted until 9 February resulted in trolley buses being taken out of service early. None of the five trolleybuses from Stavanger have been preserved. [1]

It was announced in 2016 that a new trolleybus system will open in the city in 2021. [2]

Related Research Articles

Trolleybus Electric bus that draws power from dual overhead wires

A trolleybus is an electric bus that draws power from dual overhead wires using spring-loaded trolley poles. Two wires, and two trolley poles, are required to complete the electrical circuit. This differs from a tram or streetcar, which normally uses the track as the return path, needing only one wire and one pole. They are also distinct from other kinds of electric buses, which usually rely on batteries. Power is most commonly supplied as 600-volt direct current, but there are exceptions.

Harvard station MBTA subway station in Harvard Square, Cambridge

Harvard station is a rapid transit and bus transfer station in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Located at Harvard Square, it serves the MBTA's Red Line subway system as well as MBTA buses. Harvard averaged 18,528 entries each weekday in FY2019, making it the third-busiest MBTA station after Downtown Crossing and South Station. It is also an important transfer point, with subway, bus, and trackless trolley (trolleybus) service all connecting at the station. Five of the fifteen key MBTA bus routes stop at the station.

Trolleybuses in Greater Boston

The Boston-area trolleybussystem forms part of the public transportation network serving Greater Boston in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. It opened on April 11, 1936, and since 1964 has been operated by the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA). It currently includes two physically isolated networks: one serving the towns of Cambridge, Belmont, and Watertown, the other – the Silver Line (Waterfront) – located in the city of Boston proper. Prior to 1964, several additional trolleybus lines were in operation in Boston proper. Measured by fleet size, the system was the third-largest trolleybus system in the United States at its peak, with only the Chicago and Atlanta systems having more trolleybuses than Boston's 463.

Gråkallen Line

The Gråkallen Line is an 8.8-kilometre (5.5 mi) suburban tram line located in Trondheim, Norway. As the only remaining part of the Trondheim Tramway, it runs from the city centre at St. Olav's Gate, via the suburban area Byåsen to Lian. It is designated Line 9, and is served by six Class 8 articulated trams. After the closure of the Arkhangelsk tramway in 2004, it became the world's northernmost tramway system.

Singsaker Line

The Singsaker Line was a branch of the Trondheim Tramway which ran from Øya and Elgeseter to the neighborhoods of Singsaker, parts of Tyholt and Rosenborg in Trondheim, Norway. The line branched off from the Elgeseter Line at the Student Society. It was double track until Tyholtveien, after which it ran through a loop through Rosenborg. It was served by Line 3, which continued through the city center to Trondheim Central Station.

Trolleybuses in Drammen

The Drammen trolleybus system was a system of trolleybuses in Drammen in Viken county, Norway, which operated between 15 December 1909 and 10 June 1967. The system stretched from the city center to Brakerøya, Merket and Vårveien and was operated by the companies Drammens Elektriske Bane, A/S Trikken and Drammen Kommunale Trikk. The system was well suited for Drammen, since the city has a lot of hills and cheap electricity.

Trolleybuses in Bergen

The Bergen trolleybus system serves the city of Bergen, Norway. It is the only trolleybus system still in operation in Norway and one of two trolleybus systems in Scandinavia.

Trolleybuses in Mérida

The Mérida trolleybus system was an electrified bus rapid transit system that served Mérida, Venezuela, and surrounding communities from 2007 to 2016. Its only line, which was operated by dual-mode trolleybuses, was considered to be "Line 1" of a planned three-route "Mass Transport System", of which Line 2 was also to be trolleybus and Line 3 an aerial cableway. Line 3 was originally planned as a funicular, but was changed to a cableway in 2005. Construction of line 3, the cableway, was about 50 percent complete as of May 2011, and the cableway opened for service on 14 December 2012. Construction of Line 2 never started. The operator of the system was originally named Trolmérida, but in August 2009 its name was changed to Tromerca, for Trolebús Mérida, C.A.

Trolleybuses in Wellington

Trolleybuses in Wellington were part of the Wellington public transport system from 1924 until 1932 and again from 1949 until 2017. It was the last trolleybus system operating commercially in Oceania and the last major system operating in a country where driving is on the left side of the road.

Trolleybuses in Naples

Trolleybuses in Naples provide a portion of the public transport service in the city and comune of Naples, in the region of Campania, southern Italy. Two independent trolleybus systems are in operation, both publicly owned. That of Azienda Napoletana Mobilità (ANM) opened in 1940, whereas the smaller trolleybus network of Compagnia Trasporti Pubblici di Napoli (CTP) opened in 1964. As of 2021, the ANM system has five routes – one of which are temporarily suspended – and the CTP has one. Worldwide, Naples is one of only two metropolitan areas possessing two independent trolleybus systems as of 2011, the other being São Paulo, Brazil.

Trolleybuses in Bologna

The Bologna trolleybus system is part of the public transport network of the city and comune of Bologna, in the region of Emilia-Romagna, northern Italy. While being in operation since 1991, the current system comprises five urban routes: 13, 14, 15, 32 and 33. Additional routes are presently under construction.

Trolleybuses in Modena

The Modena trolleybus system forms part of the public transport network of the city and comune of Modena, in the region of Emilia-Romagna, northern Italy.

Trolleybuses in Seattle Electric transit system serving Seattle, Washington

The Seattle trolleybus system forms part of the public transportation network in the city of Seattle, Washington, operated by King County Metro. Originally opened on April 28, 1940, the network consists of 15 routes, with 174 trolleybuses operating on 68 miles (109 km) of two-way overhead wires. As of spring 2016, the system carries riders on an average of 73,200 trips per weekday, comprising about 18 percent of King County Metro’s total daily ridership. At present in Seattle, a very common alternative term for trolleybus is trolley.

Trolleybuses in Rosario

The Rosario trolleybus system is part of the public transport network in Rosario, the largest city in the province of Santa Fe, Argentina.

Trolleybuses in Fribourg

The Fribourg trolleybus system forms part of the public transport network in Fribourg, capital of the canton of Fribourg, Switzerland. The system also serves the neighbouring municipalities of Villars-sur-Glâne and Givisiez, using one line in each case.

Trolleybuses in La Chaux-de-Fonds

The La Chaux-de-Fonds trolleybus system forms part of the public transport network in La Chaux-de-Fonds, in the canton of Neuchâtel, Switzerland.

As of 2012 there were around 300 cities or metropolitan areas where trolleybuses were operated, and more than 500 additional trolleybus systems have existed in the past. For complete lists of trolleybus systems by location, with dates of opening and closure, see List of trolleybus systems and the related lists indexed there.

Trolleybuses in Montreux/Vevey Swiss trolleybus system

The Montreux/Vevey trolleybus system, also known as the Vevey–Villeneuve trolleybus line, forms part of the public transport network in Montreux and Vevey, in the canton of Vaud, Switzerland. It comprises a single 12.75 km (7.92 mi) long trolleybus route along the length of the Riviera vaudoise on the north shore of Lake Geneva.

Trolleybuses in Schaffhausen

The Schaffhausen trolleybus system is part of the public transport network of Schaffhausen, capital city of the canton of Schaffhausen, Switzerland. It is also Switzerland's youngest and smallest such system.

Trolleybuses in Prague

Prague was the first city in Czechoslovakia to introduce modern-style trolleybuses. Only a few other trolleybus systems existed in the Czech lands previously – in České Velenice (Gmünd) and České Budějovice – using the same overhead system as the Electromote, the predecessor of all trolleybuses.

References

  1. 1 2 Aspenberg, Nils Carl (1996). Trolleybussene i Norge. Oslo: Baneforlaget.
  2. http://www.trolleymotion.eu/www/index.php?id=38&L=3/&n_ID=2378 [ dead link ]