Troop engagements of the American Civil War, 1862

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The following is a list of engagements that took place in 1862 during the American Civil War. During the summer and early spring of the year, Union forces gained several successes over the Confederacy, seizing control of Missouri, northern Arkansas, Kentucky, and western Tennessee, along with several coastal areas. Confederate forces defended the capital of Richmond, Virginia, from Union assaults, and then launched counteroffensives into Kentucky and Maryland, both of which end in Union victories.

Contents

History

In the Eastern Theater, the Union Army of the Potomac, commanded by Major General George B. McClellan, was transported to Fort Monroe in April to begin an offensive against Richmond, Virginia. Convinced that he was outnumbered by the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia, commanded by General Joseph E. Johnston, McClellan advanced cautiously, taking nearly a month to capture the Confederate defensive works near Yorktown and an additional month to march westward and arrive just outside Richmond. [1] Here on May 31, Johnston attacked an isolated portion of the Union army in the Battle of Seven Pines; Johnston's plan failed, due to uncoordinated attacks and to Confederate columns which failed to arrive at their assigned positions, and Johnston was wounded during the battle. [2] To replace Johnston, Confederate President Jefferson Davis choose General Robert E. Lee, who launched the Seven Days Battles in late June. While the Confederate attacks were often disjointed and several commands failed to arrive at their assigned destinations on time, Lee was still able to drive the Union army back to Harrison's Landing, forcing McClellan to give up his attempt to capture Richmond. [3] Although he had driven the Union army away from the Confederate capital, Lee was disappointed that he had failed to destroy the Union army. [4]

Lee then turned northward to deal with the Union Army of Virginia, commanded by Major General John Pope, planning to defeat Pope's army before it could unite with McClellan's army, which was arriving in northern Virginia from the Peninsula. During the Second Battle of Bull Run, Lee routed Pope's army [5] and then invaded Maryland, hoping to seize supplies from Union territory and also hoping that a major Confederate victory in Northern territory would secure foreign recognition for the Confederacy. However, McClellan attacked Lee through the passes of South Mountain and forced Lee to call off his planned invasion of Pennsylvania, instead concentrating his army behind Antietam Creek. Neither army gained a victory at the Battle of Antietam on September 17, but Lee's retreat back to Virginia gave the Union a strategic victory in the campaign. [6] During October and November, Union President Abraham Lincoln pressured McClellan to launch an aggressive campaign against Lee but McClellan refused, instead moving slowly and demanding supplies. Lincoln replaced McClellan on November 7 [7] with Major General Ambrose Burnside, who hoped to cross the Rappahannock River near Fredericksburg, Virginia in order to get between Lee and Richmond. However, delays in obtaining a pontoon bridge prevented Burnside from crossing the river until December 11, by which time Lee was able to concentrate his entire army along a series of ridges near Fredericksburg. On December 13, Burnside attacked the Confederate positions and lost heavily; two days later he retreated back across the river and went into winter quarters. [8]

Battle of Shiloh by Thure de Thulstrup. Thure de Thulstrup - Battle of Shiloh.jpg
Battle of Shiloh by Thure de Thulstrup.

In the Western Theater, the Confederate forces, commanded by General Albert S. Johnston, were forced to abandon Kentucky and much of central and western Tennessee following the loss of Fort Donelson and Fort Henry in February. The capture of the two forts turned the Union commander in the battles, Major General Ulysses S. Grant, into a national hero. [9] Johnston, following a plan proposed by his second-in-command General P. G. T. Beauregard, concentrated as many forces as he could near Corinth, Mississippi and attacked Grant's Army of the Tennessee near Shiloh Church. Although successful in driving the Union army almost into the Tennessee River on April 6, Johnston was mortally wounded during the battle, while Grant was reinforced during the night by the Army of the Ohio, commanded by Major General Don Carlos Buell. Grant then led a counterattack the following morning and drove the Confederates from the field, who then retreated back to their base at Corinth. [10] Major General Henry W. Halleck took command of the Union forces operating in western Tennessee and advanced to Corinth, where both armies settled in for a month-long siege. Fearing that a full scale Union assault on the Confederate defenses was imminent, Beauregard evacuated Corinth during the night of May 2930 without Halleck's forces finding out until the following morning. [11]

Beauregard was relieved of command shortly afterwards, due to his health; Jefferson Davis replaced him with General Braxton Bragg. Following the Union victory at Corinth, Halleck dispersed his army across northern Mississippi, western Tennessee, and northern Alabama to protect the railroads, while sending Buell's Army of the Ohio eastward to capture Chattanogga, but problems with the Union supply lines prevented Buell from capturing the city. [12] Bragg, pondering how to counteract the Union threat, received a message from Lieutenant General Edmund Kirby Smith, commander of the Confederate Department of East Tennessee, suggesting that the two combine forces to defeat Buell and retake Kentucky. Moving his troops by rail starting the end of June, Bragg arrived at Chattanooga near the end of July; from there he advanced into Kentucky towards the Ohio River. [13] Buell moved north as well, managing to reach Louisville before Bragg did; from there he moved south towards Bragg. The two armies met in battle near Perryville, Kentucky on October 8; Bragg's forces attacked Buell's left wing but without success. Bragg retreated that night and united with Smith, intending to remain in Kentucky, but when Buell threatened his line of retreat, Bragg move south for Tennessee. [14]

The Union navy, in concert with the army, captured several more coastal areas along the Atlantic seaboard and Gulf coast. Following the Union victory at Hatteras Inlet the previous year, other parts of the North Carolina coast, including New Berne, were captured; in April, Union forces attacked and captured Fort Pulaski in Georgia following a thirty hour bombardment, cutting off Savannah from blockade runners. This victory left Wilmington, North Carolina as the only major Atlantic port to remain in Confederate hands. Several ports in Florida and along the Gulf coast were captured as well, including Apalachicola and St. Augustine in Florida and Biloxi, Mississippi. [15] In April, a Union squadron commanded by Commodore David Farragut ran past Forts Jackson and St. Philip near the mouth of the Mississippi River and forced the surrender of New Orleans, the largest Confederate port city in both population and in trade volume. [16]

In the Trans-Mississippi Theater, the Confederates launched several offensive campaigns, all of which failed. In late January, Union Major General Samuel R. Curtis maneuvered the Missouri State Guard out of the state and into northwestern Arkansas; due to a shortage of supplies, Curtis had to halt his advance in the area of Pea Ridge. In response to the Union advance, Confederate President Jefferson Davis sent Major General Earl Van Dorn to Arkansas to take command of the Confederate forces in the state. After he arrived in early March, Van Dorn launched an offensive of his own, which resulted in the two-day Battle of Pea Ridge, a Confederate defeat. After the battle, he was ordered to take his army east of the Mississippi River and join the Confederate army at Corinth, Mississippi, but he arrived too late to fight in the Battle of Shiloh. [17]

Battle of Pea Ridge, Ark., by Kurz and Allison. Battle of Pea Ridge.png
Battle of Pea Ridge, Ark., by Kurz and Allison.

In Texas, Brigadier General Henry Sibley raised a brigade of cavalry and led it into the New Mexico Territory, intending to drive the remaining Union forces from it and advance into Colorado, capturing the gold and silver mines located in the territory. He fought the main Union force in the territory, commanded by Colonel Edward R.S. Canby, at the Battle of Valverde on February 17; although the battle was a Confederate victory, Sibley failed to force Canby to surrender. Instead, Sibley continued northward, leaving Canby in his rear. Continuing northward along the Rio Grande and the Santa Fe Tail, his brigade met a Union force, which included the 1st Colorado Infantry, at Glorieta Pass on March 28. The Confederates again drove the Union force from the field, but during the battle a Union detachment burned most of the Confederate supply train, along with most of their supplies. This meant that the Confederates had to retreat back to Texas, reaching it by mid-April, losing over 1,500 men out of an original force of 3,700 men. [18]

Engagements

DateEngagementMilitary unitsLossesVictor (if applicable)
January 3 Cockpit Point, Virginia Confederate Department of Northern Virginia, Union Potomac Flotillanone [19] Inconclusive
January 5–6 Hancock, Maryland Confederate Valley District, Department of Northern Virginia, Union garrison25 total [20] Inconclusive
January 8 Roan's Tan Yard, Missouri Missouri State Guard, Union Department of the MissouriMissouri State Guard 80, Union 11 [21] USA
January 10 Middle Creek, Kentucky Confederate Army of Central Kentucky, Union Army of the OhioConfederate 65, Union 27 [22] USA
January 11 Lucas Bend, Columbus, Kentucky Confederate CSS Grampus and two steamers, Union U.S.S. Essex none [23] Inconclusive
January 19 Mill Springs, Kentucky Confederate Department No. 2, Union Army of the Ohio.Confederate 350, Union 232 [24] USA
February 6 Fort Henry, Tennessee Confederate garrison, Union navyConfederate 99, Union 47. [25] USA
February 6 Roanoke Island, North Carolina Confederate garrison, Union North Atlantic Blockading SquadronConfederate 2,643, Union 264 [26] USA
February 14–16 Fort Donelson, Tennessee Confederate garrison, Union Army of the Tennessee Confederate 17,000 (including 13,829 prisoners), Union 2,852 [27] USA
February 17Little Sugar Creek, ArkansasConfederate forces, Union Army of the SouthwestConfederate unknown, Union 33 [28] Inconclusive
February 21 Fort Craig or Valverde, New Mexico Confederate Army of New Mexico, Union Department of New Mexico Confederate 187, Union 263 [29] CSA
February 23Socorro, New MexicoConfederate 5th Texas Mounted Rifles, Union 2nd New Mexico Militiaunknown [30] CSA
March 6–8 Pea Ridge, Arkansas Confederate Army of the West and Missouri State Guard, Union Army of the Southwest Confederate 2,000, Union 1,384 [31] USA
March 8–9 Hampton Roads, Virginia Confederate gunboat CSS Virginia, Union gunboats Monitor , Minnesota , Congress , and Cumberland .Confederate 24, Union 409 [32] •Tactical: Inconclusive

Strategic: USA

March 14 New Berne, North Carolina Confederate garrison, Union North Carolina Expeditionary CorpsConfederate 609, Union 476 [33] USA
March 23 Kernstown, Virginia Confederate Army of the Valley, Union division, V Corps Confederate 718, Union 590 [34] •Tactical: USA

•Strategic: CSA

March 25La Villa, FloridaConfederate 4th Florida Infantry, Union 4th New Hampshire InfantryConfederate one, Union eight [35] CSA?
March 26–28 Apache Canyon and Glorieta, near Santa Fe, New Mexico Confederate Army of New Mexico, Union Department of New MexicoConfederate 227, Union 132 [36] USA
March 30 Stanwix Station, Arizona Confederate Company A, Arizona Rangers, Union cavalry from California Column Confederate none, Union 1 wounded [37] USA
April 5 – May 4 Yorktown, VirginiaConfederate Army of Northern Virginia, Union Army of the PotomacConfederate 300, Union 182 [38] Inconclusive
April 6–7 Shiloh, Tennessee Confederate Army of Mississippi, UnionArmy of West Tennessee, Army of the Ohio and U.S. Gunboats Tyler and Lexington .Confederate 10,699, Union 13,047 [39] USA
April 8 Island No. 10, Tennessee Confederate Department No. 2, Union Army of the Mississippi Confederacy 3,017 (including 3,000 prisoners), Union 51 [40] USA
April 8 Albuquerque, New Mexico Confederate Army of New Mexico, Union Department of New Mexicounknown [41] USA
April 10–11 Ft. Pulaski, Georgia Confederate garrison, Union South Carolina Expeditionary CorpsConfederate 1, Union 1 [42] USA
April 14Fort Pillow, TennesseeUnion mortar boats bombard Fort Pillownone [43] CSA
April 14Las Padillas, New MexicoConfederate detachment from Army of New Mexico, Union New Mexico militiaunknown [44] USA?
April 15 Picacho Pass, Arizona Confederate Company A, Arizona Rangers, Union company of 1st California Cavalry.Confederate 6, Union 6. [45] CSA
April 15 Peralta, New Mexico Territory Confederate Army of New Mexico, Union Department of New MexicoConfederate 33, Union unknown [46] USA
April 16–28 Forts Jackson and St. Philip, Louisiana Confederate Department No. 1, Union West Gulf Blockading SquadronConfederate 782, Union 229 [47] USA
April 19 Camden, North Carolina, also called South MillsConfederate garrison, Union detachment from North Carolina Expeditionary CorpsConfederate 25, Union 114 [48] CSA
April 25 Fort Macon, North Carolina Confederate garrison, U.S. Gunboats Daylight, Georgia, Chippewa , the bark Gemsbok, and North Carolina Expeditionary CorpsConfederate 439, Union 3 [49] USA
April 25 – May 1 New Orleans, Louisiana (surrender to Union forces)Union West Gulf Blockading Squadronnone [50] USA
April 29 – May 30 Corinth, MississippiConfederate Army of Mississippi, Union Army of the Mississippi, Army of West Tennessee, and Army of the OhioConfederate 1,000, Union 1,000 [51] USA
May 5 Williamsburg, Virginia Confederate Army of Northern Virginia, Union III and IV Corps Army of the Potomac Confederate 1,582, Union 2,283 [52] Inconclusive
May 7 West Point or Eltham's Landing, Virginia Confederate Army of Northern Virginia, Union Army of the PotomacConfederate 48, Union 186 [53] Inconclusive
May 8 McDowell, Virginia Confederate Army of the Valley and Army of the Northwest, Union Mountain Department Confederate 500, Union 256 [54] CSA
May 10 Plum Run Bend, Tennessee Confederate River Defense Fleet, Union Mississippi River SquadronConfederate four ships disabled, Union two ships sunk [55] [56] CSA
May 15 Fort Darling, James River, Virginia Confederate garrison, U.S. Gunboats Galena , Port Royal , Naugatuck , Monitor , and Aroostook .Confederate 15, Union 24 [57] CSA
May 15–17 Princeton, West Virginia Confederate Army of East Kentucky, Union District of the Kanawha, Mountain DepartmentConfederate 16, Union 129 [58] CSA
May 19 Whitney's Lane, Arkansas Confederate Trans-Mississippi Department, Union Army of the SouthwestConfederate 150, Union 45 [59] USA
May 23 Front Royal, Virginia Confederate Army of the Valley, Union Department of the ShenandoahConfederate 56, Union 904 [60] CSA
May 23Fort Craig, New MexicoConfederate detachment Army of New Mexico, Union 3rd U.S. Cavalry Confederate unknown, Union 3 wounded [61] USA
May 25 Winchester, Virginia Confederate Army of the Valley, Union Department of the ShenandoahConfederate 400, Union 2,019 [62] CSA
May 27 Hanover Courthouse, Virginia Confederate brigade, Army of Northern VirginiaConfederate 746, Union 355 [63] USA
May 27Dragoon Springs, ArizonaConfederate Company A, Arizona Rangers, Chiricahuasunknown [64] CSA?
May 31 – June 1 Seven Pines and Fair Oaks, Virginia Confederate Army of Northern Virginia, Union Army of the Potomac.Confederate 6,100, Union 5,000 [65] USA
June 5 Tranter's Creek, North Carolina Confederate 44th North Carolina Infantry, Union 24th Massachusetts Infantry40 total [66] USA
June 6 Memphis, Tennessee Confederate River Defense Fleet, Union Mississippi Flotilla.Confederate 180, Union 1 [67] USA
June 6 Good's Farm near Harrisonburg, Virginia Detachments from Confederate Army of the Valley District and Union Mountain DepartmentConfederate 67, Union 63 [68] CSA
June 7 8 Chattanooga I, TennesseeConfederate and Union forcesConfederate 3, Union unknown [69] USA
June 8 Cross Keys or Union Church, Virginia Confederate Army of the Valley, Union Mountain DepartmentConfederate 288, Union 684 [70] CSA
June 9 Port Republic, Virginia Confederate Army of the Valley, Union Department of the RappahannockConfederate 800, Union 800–1,000 [71] CSA
June 16 Secessionville, James Island, South CarolinaConfederate Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida, Union Department of the South Confederate 204, Union 683 [72] CSA
June 17 St. Charles, White River, ArkansasConfederate garrison, Union Gunboats Lexington, Mound City, Conestoga, and St. Louis.Confederate 40, Union 160 [59] USA
June 21 Simmon's Bluff, South CarolinaConfederate Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida, Union Department of the Southnone [73] USA
June 26 – July 1 The Seven Days Battles, Virginia : Including engagements known as Oak Grove, Virginia on the 25, Mechanicsville on the 26, Gaines' Mills on the 27, Garnett's and Golding's Farm on the 27 and 28, Savage Station on the 29, White Oak Swamp and Glendale on the 30, and Malvern Hill on July 1.Confederate Army of Northern Virginia, Union Army of the PotomacConfederate 20,614, Union 15,849 [74] Overall: CSA

---------------

Oak Grove:

Inconclusive

---------------

Mechanicsville:

•Tactical: USA

•Strategic: CSA

---------------

Gaines' Mill:

CSA

---------------

Garnett's and Golding's Farm:

Inconclusive

----------------

Savage Station:

Inconclusive

----------------

White Oak Swamp:

Inconclusive

----------------

Glendale:

Inconclusive

----------------

Malvern Hill:

•Tactical: USA

July 3Evelington Heights, Virginia (near Harrison's Landing)Confederate cavalry from Army of Northern Virginia, Union Army of the Potomacnone [75] USA
July 7 Cache River, ArkansasConfederate cavalry, Union Army of the SouthwestConfederate 272, Union 63 [76] USA
July 13 Murfreesboro, Tennessee Confederate cavalry, Union garrisonConfederate 150, Union 1,200 [69] CSA
July 15 Apache Pass, New Mexico Territory (modern-day Arizona)Apaches, Union California Columnunknown [77] USA
August 5 Baton Rouge, Louisiana Confederate Army of West Tennessee, Union Department of the GulfConfederate 478, Union 371 [78] USA
August 6–9 Kirksville, Missouri Missouri State Guard, Union cavalry.Confederate 368, Union 88 [79] USA
August 9 Cedar Mountain, Virginia Confederate Left Wing, Army of Northern Virginia, Union Army of Virginia Confederate 1,400, Union 2,500 [80] CSA
August 11 Independence, Missouri Missouri State Guard, Union garrison.Missouri State Guard unknown, Union 344 [81] CSA
August 15–16 Lone Jack, Missouri Confederate and Union cavalryConfederate unknown, Union 272 [82] CSA
August 19 New Ulm, Minnesota Dakotas, Union civiliansDakotas unknown, civilians 59 [83] USA
August 22Big Hill, KentuckyCavalry from Confederate Department of East Tennessee and Union Army of the OhioConfederate 16, Union 270 [84] CSA
August 20–22 Fort Ridgely, Minnesota Mdewakanton Dakotas, Union garrisonMdewakanton Dakotas unknown, Union 26 [85] USA
August 23 New Ulm, Minnesota Dakotas, Union civilians, militiaDakotas unknown, Civilians, Minnesota militia 10 killed, 50 wounded [83] USA
August 23–25 Rappahannock Station, Virginia Confederate Army of Northern Virginia, Union Army of Virginia 225 total [86] Inconclusive
August 26–27 Manassas Station, Virginia Confederate Left Wing, Army of Northern Virginia, Union detachments from Army of Virginia and Army of the PotomacConfederate 173, Union 1,144 [87] [88] [89] CSA
August 28 Thoroughfare Gap, Virginia Confederate Right Wing, Army of Northern Virginia, Union detachment, Army of Virginia100 total [86] CSA
August 28 30 Second Battle of Bull Run or Manassas, Virginia Confederate Army of Northern Virginia, Union Army of Virginia (with units of Army of the Potomac attached)Confederate 3,353, Union 13,826 [90] CSA
August 30 Richmond, Kentucky Confederate Department of East Tennessee, Union Army of the OhioConfederate 603, Union 5,600 [91] CSA
August 30Bolivar, TennesseeDetachments from Confederate Army of the West and Union Army of the MississippiConfederate 100, Union 87 [92] Inconclusive?
September 1 Chantilly, Virginia Confederate Left Wing, Army of Northern Virginia, Union Army of Virginia and Army of the PotomacConfederate 800, Union 1,300: [93] Inconclusive
September 1 Denmark, MississippiDetachments of Confederate Army of the West and Union Army of the MississippiConfederate 288, Union 88 [94] USA
September 2 3 Birch Coulee, Minnesota Dakotas, Union Department of the NorthwestDakotas unknown, Union 19 [95] Dakota
September 3 6 Fort Abercrombie, Minnesota Dakotas, Yanktons, and Yanktonais, Union Company D, 5th Minnesota InfantryDakotas unknown, Union five [96] USA?
September 12 15 Harper's Ferry, Virginia Confederate Left Wing, Army of Northern Virginia, Union garrisonConfederate 286, Union 12,719 (including 12,500 captured) [97] CSA
September 14 Turner's and Crampton's Gap, South Mountain, Maryland Confederate Army of Northern Virginia, Union Army of the PotomacConfederate 2,300, Union 2,325 [98] USA
September 14 16 Munfordville, Kentucky Confederate Army of Mississippi, Union garrisonConfederate 285, Union 4,148 [99] CSA
September 17 Antietam, Maryland Confederate Army of Northern Virginia, Union Army of the PotomacConfederate 10,300, Union 12,400 [100] •Tactical: Inconclusive

•Strategic: USA

September 19 20 Iuka, Mississippi Confederate Army of the West, Union Army of the Mississippi Confederate 594, Union 790 [101] USA
September 20 Blackford's Ford, Sheppardstown, Virginia Confederate Army of Northern Virginia, Union V Corps, Army of the PotomacConfederate 291, Union 363 [102] CSA
September 23 Wood Lake, Minnesota Dakotas, Union Department of the NorthwestDakotas 25, Union 41 [103] USA
September 30 Newtonia, Missouri Confederate and Union cavalryConfederate 78, Union 245 [104] CSA
October 1 3 St. John's Bluff, Florida Confederate Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida, Union Department of the South unknown [105] USA
October 3–4 Corinth, Mississippi Confederate Army of West Tennessee, Union Army of the Mississippi.Confederate 4,312, Union 2,520 [106] USA
October 5 Hatchie's Bridge or Davis Bridge, Tennessee Confederate Army of West Tennessee, Union Army of the MississippiConfederate 337, Union 570 [107] USA
October 8 Perryville, Kentucky Confederate Army of Mississippi, Union Army of the Ohio Confederate 3,396, Union 4,211 [108] •Strategic: USA
October 22 Old Fort Wayne, Indian Territory Confederate cavalry, Union division Army of the FrontierConfederate 60–100, Union 10 [109] USA
October 31–November 2 Bloomfield and Union, Loudoun County, Virginia Cavalry from Confederate Army of the Potomac and Union Army of the Potomac.Confederate 18, Union 12 [110] Inconclusive
November 2Philomont, VirginiaCavalry from Confederate Army of Northern Virginia and Union Army of the Potomac.Confederate 13, Union 15 [111] [112] USA?
November 27Yellville, ArkansasConfederate garrison, Union cavalry Army of the FrontierConfederate 60 (all prisoners), Union none [113] USA
November 28 Cane Hill, Arkansas Confederate cavalry, Trans-Mississippi Department, Union 1st Division Army of the Frontier.Confederate 80, Union 44 [114] •Tactical: CSA
December 4Reed's Mountain, ArkansasCavalry from Confederate I Corps, Trans-Mississippi Department and Union Army of the Frontierunknown [115] •Tactical: USA

•Strategic: CSA

December 7 Prairie Grove, Arkansas Confederate I Corps, Trans-Mississippi Department, Union Army of the Frontier.Confederate 1,483, Union 1,251 [116] USA
December 7 Hartsville, Tennessee Confederate cavalry, Union detachment from Army of the Cumberland.Confederate 139, Union 2,096 [117] CSA
December 13 Fredericksburg, Virginia Confederate Army of Northern Virginia, Union Army of the Potomac Confederate 5,300, Union 12,600 [118] CSA
December 14 Kinston, North Carolina Confederate brigade, Union Department of North Carolina.Confederate 525, Union 160 [119] USA
December 16 White Hall, North Carolina Confederate cavalry, Union Department of North Carolina150 total [120] Inconclusive
December 17 Goldsboro Bridge, North Carolina Confederate brigade, Union Department of North Carolina220 total [121] USA
December 27-29 Chickasaw Bayou, Mississippi Confederate Army of Vicksburg, Union XVII Corps Confederate 187, Union 1,176 [122] CSA
December 30 Parker's Cross Roads, Tennessee Confederate Forrest's Cavalry Corps, Union infantry and artilleryConfederate 500, Union 237 [123] CSA
December 31 – January 2 Murfreesboro' or Stone River, Tennessee Confederate Army of Tennessee, Union Army of the Cumberland Confederate 10,000, Union 13,000 [124] USA

See also

Notes

  1. Foote, pp. 273, 399.
  2. Foote, pp. 410, 444450.
  3. Foote, pp. 451, 481514.
  4. Burton, p. 391.
  5. Foote, pp. 590, 633641.
  6. Foote, pp. 668669, 703.
  7. Foote, pp. 751754.
  8. Kennedy, pp. 144148.
  9. Foote, pp. 214217, 305.
  10. Foote, pp. 319320, 333348.
  11. Foote, pp. 381385.
  12. Foote, pp. 390, 558.
  13. Foote, pp. 572575.
  14. Foote, pp. 732740.
  15. Foote, pp. 351353.
  16. Foote, pp. 353370.
  17. Foote, pp. 278293.
  18. Foote, pp. 296305.
  19. Kennedy, p. 1819.
  20. Kennedy, p. 74.
  21. Kennedy, p. 27.
  22. Kennedy, p. 30.
  23. Wegner, p. 30.
  24. Kennedy, p. 32.
  25. Kennedy, p. 44
  26. Kennedy, p. 60.
  27. Kennedy, p. 48.
  28. Shea & Hess, pp. 4243.
  29. Kennedy, p. 39.
  30. Frazier, p. 183.
  31. Shea & Hess, pp. 270271.
  32. Kennedy, p. 88.
  33. Chaitin, p. 37.
  34. Kennedy, p. 78.
  35. Sheppard, p. 50.
  36. Kennedy, p. 44.
  37. Frazier, p. 207.
  38. Kennedy, p. 90.
  39. Kennedy, p. 52.
  40. Kennedy, p. 56.
  41. Frazier, pp. 237238.
  42. Kennedy, p. 66.
  43. Long, 1971, p. 200.
  44. Frazier, pp. 241242.
  45. Frazier, p. 258.
  46. Frazier, p. 248.
  47. Kennedy, p. 58
  48. Kennedy, pp. 6162.
  49. Kennedy, p. 61
  50. Kennedy, p. 59.
  51. Kennedy, pp. 5256.
  52. Sears, p. 82.
  53. Sears, p. 86.
  54. Cozzens (2008), p. 273.
  55. Long, 1972, pp. 4041.
  56. Long, 1971, pp. 209210.
  57. Sears, p. 94.
  58. Kennedy, p. 80
  59. 1 2 Kennedy, p. 38.
  60. Kennedy, p. 81
  61. Frazier, p. 271.
  62. Kennedy, p. 82.
  63. Kennedy, p. 92
  64. Frazier, p. 271
  65. Kennedy, p. 93.
  66. Kennedy, p. 62
  67. Kennedy, p. 57.
  68. Cozzens (2008), p. 439.
  69. 1 2 Kennedy, p. 122.
  70. Kennedy, p. 84.
  71. Kennedy, p. 87.
  72. Kennedy, p. 69.
  73. Kennedy, p. 70.
  74. Burton p. 386.
  75. Burton, pp. 282283.
  76. Shea & Hess, pp. 302303.
  77. Josephy, p. 274.
  78. "Battle Summary: Baton Rouge, LA". Archived from the original on 2015-03-04.
  79. Kennedy, p. 133.
  80. Kennedy, p. 107.
  81. Kennedy, p. 133
  82. Kennedy, pp. 133134.
  83. 1 2 Josephy, p. 121.
  84. Bennett, p. 19.
  85. Kennedy, p. 135.
  86. 1 2 Kennedy, p. 108.
  87. Naisawald, pp. 64, 69.
  88. Cheeks, p. 55.
  89. Hennessy, p. 115.
  90. Kennedy, p. 111.
  91. Bennett, p. 50.
  92. Cozzens (1997), p. 47.
  93. Kennedy, p. 112.
  94. Cozzens (1997), p. 48.
  95. Josephy, pp. 129130.
  96. Josephy, pp. 131132.
  97. Kennedy, p. 115.
  98. Kennedy, p. 117.
  99. Kennedy, p. 123.
  100. Kennedy, p. 120.
  101. Kennedy, p. 129.
  102. Kennedy, p. 121.
  103. Josephy, p. 136.
  104. Kennedy, p. 134.
  105. Kennedy, p. 140.
  106. Cozzens (1997), pp. 305306.
  107. Cozzens (1997), p. 292.
  108. Kennedy, p. 127.
  109. Shea, p. 40.
  110. Longacre, pp. 154155.
  111. Longacre, p. 154.
  112. Long, 1971, p. 284.
  113. Shea, p. 74.
  114. Shea, p. 104.
  115. Shea, pp. 123124.
  116. Shea, p. 261.
  117. Kennedy, p. 150.
  118. Kennedy, p. 149.
  119. Barrett, p. 144.
  120. Barrett, p. 146.
  121. Kennedy, p. 63.
  122. Kennedy, p. 156.
  123. Wills, p. 97.
  124. Kennedy, p. 154.

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Army of Tennessee Field army of the Confederate States Army

The Army of Tennessee was the principal Confederate army operating between the Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi River during the American Civil War. It was formed in late 1862 and fought until the end of the war in 1865, participating in most of the significant battles in the Western Theater.

The following is a list of engagements that took place in 1861 during the American Civil War.

Chickamauga campaign

The Chickamauga campaign of the American Civil War was a series of battles fought in northwestern Georgia from August 21 to September 20, 1863, between the Union Army of the Cumberland and Confederate Army of Tennessee. The campaign started successfully for Union commander William S. Rosecrans, with the Union army occupying the vital city of Chattanooga and forcing the Confederates to retreat into northern Georgia. But a Confederate attack at the Battle of Chickamauga forced Rosecrans to retreat back into Chattanooga and allowed the Confederates to lay siege to the Union forces.

Second Battle of Corinth Major battle of the American Civil War

The second Battle of Corinth was fought October 3–4, 1862, in Corinth, Mississippi. For the second time in the Iuka-Corinth Campaign, Union Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans defeated a Confederate army, this time one under Maj. Gen. Earl Van Dorn.

Battle of Iuka 1862 battle of the American Civil War

The Battle of Iuka was fought on September 19, 1862, in Iuka, Mississippi, during the American Civil War. In the opening battle of the Iuka-Corinth Campaign, Union Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans stopped the advance of the Confederate Army of the West commanded by Maj. Gen. Sterling Price.

Siege of Corinth Major battle of the American Civil War

The siege of Corinth was an American Civil War engagement lasting from April 29 to May 30, 1862, in Corinth, Mississippi. A collection of Union forces under the overall command of Major General Henry Halleck engaged in a month-long siege of the city, whose Confederate occupants were commanded by General P.G.T. Beauregard. The siege resulted in the capture of the town by Federal forces.

Troop engagements of the American Civil War, 1863

The following engagements took place in the year 1863 during the American Civil War. During the year, Union forces captured the Confederate cities of Vicksburg and Port Hudson, giving them complete control over the Mississippi River, while forcing Confederates out of the North following the Battle of Gettysburg.

Army of the West (1862) Confederate States military unit

The Army of the West, also known as the Trans-Mississippi District, was a formation of the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War that was a part of the Army of Mississippi. It saw action in the Battle of Pea Ridge, Battle of Corinth, and Battle of Iuka and consisted of about 20,000 personnel.

Western Theater of the American Civil War Military operations in Alabama, Georgia, Florida, Mississippi, North Carolina, Kentucky, South Carolina and Tennessee, and Louisiana east of the Mississippi

The Western Theater of the American Civil War encompassed major military operations in the states of Alabama, Georgia, Florida, Mississippi, North Carolina, Kentucky, South Carolina and Tennessee, as well as Louisiana east of the Mississippi River. Operations on the coasts of these states, except for Mobile Bay, are considered part of the Lower Seaboard Theater. Most other operations east of the Appalachian Mountains are part of the Eastern Theater. Operations west of the Mississippi River took place in the Trans-Mississippi Theater.

Eastern Theater of the American Civil War Military operations in Virginia, Maryland and Pennsylvania

The Eastern Theater of the American Civil War consisted of the major military and naval operations in the states of Virginia, West Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania, the District of Columbia, and the coastal fortifications and seaports of North Carolina.

Confederate Heartland Offensive Confederate military campaign during the American Civil War

The Confederate Heartland Offensive, also known as the Kentucky Campaign, was an American Civil War campaign conducted by the Confederate States Army in Tennessee and Kentucky where Generals Braxton Bragg and Edmund Kirby Smith tried to draw neutral Kentucky into the Confederacy by outflanking Union troops under Major General Don Carlos Buell. Though they scored some successes, notably a tactical win at Perryville, they soon retreated, leaving Kentucky primarily under Union control for the rest of the war.

Confederate Army of West Tennessee Military unit

The Army of West Tennessee was a short-lived Confederate army led by Maj. Gen. Earl Van Dorn, which fought principally in the Second Battle of Corinth.

The 4th Missouri Infantry Regiment was formed on April 28, 1862, and served in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. The infantry regiment did not see action at the Battle of Farmington on May 9, and the Battle of Iuka on September 19 despite being part of the Confederate force present at those battles. As part of Brigadier General Martin E. Green's brigade, the regiment participated in three charges against Union lines on October 3, 1862, during the Second Battle of Corinth. The following day, the regiment, along with the rest of Green's brigade, attacked the new Union lines. Despite initial success, the attack was repulsed by a Union counterattack. The regiment ceased to exist as a separate unit when it was combined with the 1st Missouri Infantry Regiment on November 7, 1862, to form the 1st and 4th Missouri Infantry Regiment (Consolidated).

The 3rd Missouri Infantry Regiment served in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. The infantry regiment was officially mustered into service on January 17, 1862. It fought at the Battle of Pea Ridge in Arkansas in March before being transferred across the Mississippi River. While stationed at Corinth, Mississippi, the regiment played a minor role in the Battle of Farmington before the evacuation of the town. In September, the unit saw light action at the Battle of Iuka before being heavily engaged during the Second Battle of Corinth as the Confederates attempted to retake the town in October. In early 1863, the regiment was transferred to Grand Gulf, Mississippi, in order to strengthen the defenses of the Mississippi River at that point. At the Battle of Grand Gulf on April 29, the unit helped repulse a Union Navy attack against the Confederate defensive works. After elements of the Union Army of the Tennessee landed below Grand Gulf, the regiment fought in a delaying action at the Battle of Port Gibson on May 1.

Hiram Bledsoe's Missouri Battery was an artillery battery that served in the Missouri State Guard and the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. The battery was formed when the Missouri State Guard was formed as a pro-secession state militia unit in response to the Camp Jackson affair. As part of the Missouri State Guard, the unit was engaged in the Engagement near Carthage and the Battle of Wilson's Creek during mid-1861, before fighting at the Battle of Dry Wood Creek and the Siege of Lexington later that year when Major General Sterling Price led the Guard northwards towards the Missouri River. After the Missouri State Guard retreated into Arkansas in early 1862, Bledsoe's Battery served during the Confederate defeat at the Battle of Pea Ridge in March. The battery, as part of the Army of the West, transferred across the Mississippi River into Tennessee in April, where it left the Guard to enter Confederate service on April 21.

Barrett's Missouri Battery was an artillery battery that served in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. After entering Confederate service on April 1, 1862, the unit was armed with two 6-pounder smoothboore cannons and two 12-pounder howitzers and was commanded by Captain Overton W. Barrett. It was present during the Siege of Corinth, but saw no action. During the Battle of Perryville in October 1862, Barrett's battery provided artillery support for a Confederate brigade. After spending the next several months moving around Tennessee, the battery supported a Confederate attack during the Battle of Stones River in December. The 1863 Chickamauga campaign brought light action for the unit, which also fought in the Battle of Missionary Ridge. When the Confederates retreated after the Missionary Ridge fighting, Barrett's battery was part of the Confederate rear guard at the Battle of Ringgold Gap, earning the praise of Patrick R. Cleburne. Rearmed with four 12-pounder howitzers, the unit was action in the 1864 Atlanta campaign as part of the Confederate reserve artillery, although two of the cannons were lost to attrition. On April 16, 1865, the battery ceased to exist when its flag, cannons, and most of its members were captured during the Battle of Columbus, Georgia. As of January 2021, its battle flag is part of the collection of the Missouri State Museum.

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