Tuthmose (Viceroy of Kush)

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Viceroy of Kush
Predecessor Merymose
Successor Amenhotep called Huy
Dynasty 18th Dynasty
Pharaoh Akhenaten

Tuthmose was the Viceroy of Kush during the reign of Akhenaten. Tuthmose was given the titles King's Son of Kush, Overseer of the Gold Lands of Amun, Overseer of masons, Overseer of the borderlands of His Majesty, and Fan-bearer on the King's right. [1]

The former Kingdom of Kerma in Nubia, was a province of Ancient Egypt from the 16th century BCE to eleventh century BCE. During this period, the polity was ruled by a viceroy who reported directly to the Egyptian Pharaoh. It is believed that the Egyptian 25th Dynasty were descendants of these viceroys, and so were the dynasties that ruled independent Kush until the fourth century CE.

Akhenaten 18th dynasty pharaoh

Akhenaten, known before the fifth year of his reign as Amenhotep IV, was an ancient Egyptian pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty who ruled for 17 years and died perhaps in 1336 BC or 1334 BC. He is noted for abandoning traditional Egyptian polytheism and introducing worship centered on the Aten, which is sometimes described as monolatristic, henotheistic, or even quasi-monotheistic. An early inscription likens the Aten to the sun as compared to stars, and later official language avoids calling the Aten a god, giving the solar deity a status above mere gods.

In year 12 of Akhenaten, Tuthmose was ordered to put down a rebellion by some of the Nubians, according to a stela set up at Buhen. Here were found the fragments of the stela mentioning this rebellion and a viceroy of Kush. The latters name is lost but it seems likely that it was Tuthmose as he is so far the only known viceroy of Kush datable under Akhenaten. [2]

Nubia region along the Nile river, which is located in northern Sudan and southern Egypt

Nubia is a region along the Nile river encompassing the area between Aswan in southern Egypt and Khartoum in central Sudan. It was the seat of one of the earliest civilizations of ancient Africa, with a history that can be traced from at least 2500 BC onward with the Kerma culture. The latter was conquered by the New Kingdom of Egypt under pharaoh Thutmose I around 1500 BC. Nubia was home to several empires, most prominently the kingdom of Kush, which conquered Egypt during the 8th century BC during the reign of Piye and ruled the country as its Twenty-fifth Dynasty.

Buhen fortress

Buhen was an ancient Egyptian settlement situated on the West bank of the Nile below the Second Cataract in what is now Northern State, Sudan. It is now submerged in Lake Nubia. On the East bank, across the river, there was another ancient settlement, where the town of Wadi Halfa now stands.

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Ay Egyptian Pharaoh

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Bek (sculptor) Ancient Egyptian sculptor

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Ahmose called Turo was Viceroy of Kush under Amenhotep I and Thutmose I.

Merymose viceroy of Kush

Merymose, also Mermose or Merimes, was a Viceroy of Kush under Amenhotep III. He served for almost the entire four decades of that reign.

Amenhotep called Huy Viceroy of Kush

Amenhotep called Huy was Viceroy of Kush under Tutankhamen. He was the successor of Tuthmosis, who served under Akhenaten. He would later be succeeded by Paser I.

Amenemopet (Viceroy of Kush) Viceroy of Kush

Amenemopet served as Viceroy of Kush during the reign of Seti I.

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Paser II was the son of the High Priest of Min and Isis named Minmose. Paser came from a very well-connected family. One uncle was the High Priest of Amun Wennenefer and another uncle was the troop commander of Kush named Pennesuttawy. Through Wennenefer, Paser was related to Amenemone, Amenemope and Hori, the High Priest of Anhur.

Huy was Viceroy of Kush during the reign of Ramesses II. He may have served either before or after Setau. Huy was also Mayor of Tjarw and a royal messenger to the Hatti.

Paser I was the Viceroy of Kush during the reigns of Ay and likely Horemheb. Reisner mentions that the only datable inscriptions for Paser belong to the reign of Ay. The next known Viceroy however is Amenemopet, who is dated to the reign of Seti I. Hence it's possible that Paser I served during the reigns of Ay, Horemheb

Seti (Viceroy of Kush) Viceroy of Kush

The Viceroy of Kush Seti is attested in year 1 of Siptah. Seti is also mentioned on some monuments of his son Amenemhab. Amenemhab was the son of Seti and the Lady Amenemtaiauw. Seti held the titles fan-bearer on the king's right, and king's scribe of the letters of the Pharaoh. His son Amenemheb served as Head Bowman, Charioteer of His Majesty, and Overseer of the Southern Lands.

Hori II is a son of Hori I and also served as Viceroy of Kush. Their tombs have been found in Tell Basta. Hori II may have been the father of a later Viceroy named Wentawat.

Wentawat Viceroy of Kush

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The Theban Tomb TT383 is located in Qurnet Murai, part of the Theban Necropolis, on the west bank of the Nile, opposite to Luxor. It is the burial place of the Ancient Egyptian Viceroy of Kush named Merymose, who lived during the 18th and served under Amenhotep III.

Usersatet viceroy of Kush

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Amenhotep was an Ancient Egyptian official with the title king's son of Kush. In this function he was the main administrator of the Nubian provinces. Amenhotep was in office under Thutmosis IV. He appears with his main title in a rock inscription on the island of Sehel. Here he also bears the titles overseer of the cattle of Amun, overseer of works in Upper and Lower Egypt, chief of the stalls of his majesty, overseer of the southern foreign lands and king's scribe. The inscription is not dated by a king's name. However, there is a stela in the Ashmolean Museum in Oxford belonging to a king's son, overseer of the cattle of Amun and confident of Kush, perhaps belonging to the same person. The stela shows the names of king Thutmosis IV. In case both monuments belong to the same person, Amenhotep was in office under this king. Amenhotep is also known from a statue found at Deir el Medineh.

Nakhtmin or Minnakht is the name of several Ancient Egyptian Officials


  1. George A. Reisner, "The Viceroys of Ethiopia", Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 6, No. 1. (Jan., 1920), pp. 38-39.
  2. H. S. Smith: The Fortress of Buhen, The Inscriptions, London 1976, ISBN   0307-5109  Parameter error in {{ isbn }}: Invalid ISBN., pp. 124-129, plates XXIX, LXXV, 3,4