USS Octorara (1861)

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USS Octorara.jpg
Watercolor of USS Octorara by Alex Stuart.
History
US Naval Jack 36 stars.svg US flag 34 stars.svgUnited States
Name: USS Octorara
Namesake: A creek in Pennsylvania named for an Indian word meaning running water.
Builder: Brooklyn Navy Yard
Laid down: date unknown
Launched: 7 December 1861
Commissioned: 28 February 1862
Decommissioned: 5 August 1865 at New York City
Stricken: 1866 (est.)
Fate: sold, 9 November 1866
General characteristics
Displacement: 829 tons
Length: 193 ft 2 in (58.88 m)
Beam: 34 ft 6 in (10.52 m)
Draught: 4 ft 9.5 in (1.461 m)
Propulsion:
Speed: 11 knots
Complement: 102 officers and enlisted
Armament:
  • one 80-pounder Parrott rifle
  • one 9" Dahlgren smoothbore gun
  • four 24-pounder guns
Notes: Ship was double ended.

USS Octorara was a steamer acquired by the Union Navy during the American Civil War. She was used by the Navy to patrol navigable waterways of the Confederacy to prevent the South from trading with other countries.

Contents

Built at the Brooklyn Navy Yard

Octorara was launched by the Brooklyn Navy Yard 7 December 1861, sponsored by Miss Emma Hartt, daughter of Naval Constructor E. Hartt; and commissioned 28 February 1862, Lt. George Brown in command.

Civil War service

Assigned to the North Atlantic Blockade

The new double-ended, side-wheel steamer departed New York City 17 March 1862 and served briefly on blockade duty with the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron before reporting to Commander David D. Porter at Ship Island, Mississippi.

Reassigned to the Mississippi River action at Vicksburg

She acted as flagship for David Dixon Porter's Mortar Flotilla during Flag Officer David Farragut's expedition up the Mississippi River to attack Vicksburg, Mississippi. Before dawn 28 June, Porter's ships opened fire on the Confederate fortress and shelled the southern batteries while Farragut dashed by the river stronghold.

At the height of the fight, Octorara became unmanageable when her wheel ropes jammed. She drifted down stream into USS Brooklyn's line of fire. She was damaged when shells from the steam sloop of war burst off her port beam.

Repaired at Baltimore and returned to the East Coast blockade

On 24 July, en route to Baltimore, Maryland, for repairs, she captured Tubal Cain east of Savannah, Georgia, as the British blockade running steamer tried to slip into Charleston, South Carolina, with munitions.

Back in top fighting trim early in September, Octorara, commanded by Comdr. Napoleon Collins, was assigned to a "flying squadron" formed under Commodore Charles Wilkes to hunt Confederate commerce raiders CSS Alabama and CSS Florida . During the ensuing year she captured nine Confederate and British blockade runners.

Unsuccessful attack on USS Octorara by the Confederate torpedo boat St. Patrick, 28 January 1865, in Mobile Bay, Alabama. USS Octorara incident.jpg
Unsuccessful attack on USS Octorara by the Confederate torpedo boat St. Patrick, 28 January 1865, in Mobile Bay, Alabama.

West Gulf Blockading Squadron operations

On 11 September 1863 Lt. Comdr. W. W. Low relieved Comdr. Collins of command of Octorara. Arriving New Orleans, Louisiana, 19 October 1863, the steamer joined the West Gulf Blockading Squadron. From November to March 1864, she assisted in the blockade of Mobile, Alabama, bombarding Fort Powell at the entrance to Mississippi Sound 16–29 February.

On 5 August Octorara participated in the Battle of Mobile Bay, passing Fort Morgan lashed to Brooklyn. Farragut's squadron drove past the forts into the Bay, engaged and captured the Confederate ram CSS Tennessee and gunboat CSS Selma . Octorara received 17 hits during the engagement. Her casualties numbered 1 killed and 10 wounded. She continued to operate in the vicinity of Mobile until July 1865, firing on fortifications and taking part in the capture of the city 12 April 1865.

Post-war decommissioning and sale

Octorara sailed 20 July arriving New York City the 29th, decommissioned 5 August 1865 and was sold 9 November 1866.

See also

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References

This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships .The entry can be found here.