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Umbilicoplasty, sometimes referred to as "belly button surgery", is a plastic surgery procedure to modify the appearance of one's navel (or "belly button"). It may be performed as part of a tummy tuck or lower body lift operation, or it may be performed alone. [1]




Candidates typically choose the surgery because they dislike how their navel looks. They may have a protruding or inverted navel, which they may wish to change. Their navel may be as it was from birth, or it may have changed due to unrelated surgery, such as a Caesarean section.

Another fairly common reason is because of dramatic weight loss or pregnancy, which can change the shape of a belly button. Some may have experienced weight gain, weight loss, or pregnancy, causing changes to the shape of the navel. Cosmetic surgeons concede that women between 35–45 years of age opting for tummy-tucks and liposuctions immediately following childbirth constitute nearly 25% of their practice. [2]

Related Research Articles

Navel piercing Type of piercing located in, or around, the navel

A navel piercing is a type of piercing located through, in, or around, the navel. It may heal quickly and with no irritations, like an ear piercing, or may heal more like a surface piercing with the associated extended healing time. Healing usually takes around 6–9 months, or even more and as long as it is cleaned, it will heal nicely. Unlike most surface piercings, this is one of the few that do not normally reject, although the rejection rate is higher than non-surface piercings, such as ear piercing. The actual navel can only be pierced if it is an outie. For innies, the skin surrounding the navel is pierced at one or more locations. The most common form of navel piercing is through the upper rim of the navel.

Navel the belly button

The navel is a protruding, flat, or hollowed area on the abdomen at the attachment site of the umbilical cord. All placental mammals have a navel.


Abdominoplasty or "tummy tuck" is a cosmetic surgery procedure used to make the abdomen thinner and more firm. The surgery involves the removal of excess skin and fat from the middle and lower abdomen in order to tighten the muscle and fascia of the abdominal wall. This type of surgery is usually sought by patients with loose or sagging tissues after pregnancy or major weight loss.

Breast reduction Plastic surgery procedure

Reduction mammoplasty is the plastic surgery procedure for reducing the size of large breasts. In a breast reduction surgery for re-establishing a functional bust that is proportionate to the woman's body, the critical corrective consideration is the tissue viability of the nipple–areola complex (NAC), to ensure the functional sensitivity and lactational capability of the breasts. The indications for breast reduction surgery are three-fold – physical, aesthetic, and psychological – the restoration of the bust, of the woman's self-image, and of her mental health.

Waist the part of the abdomen between the rib cage and hips

The waist is the part of the abdomen between the rib cage and hips. On people with slim bodies, the waist is the narrowest part of the torso.

Reconstructive surgery Surgery to restore form and function

Reconstructive surgery is surgery performed to restore normal appearance and function to body parts malformed by a disease or medical condition.

Adjustable gastric band

A laparoscopic adjustable gastric band, commonly called a lap-band, A band, or LAGB, is an inflatable silicone device placed around the top portion of the stomach to treat obesity, intended to decrease food consumption.

Umbilical hernia Medical condition

An umbilical hernia is a health condition where the abdominal wall behind the navel is damaged. It may cause the navel to bulge outwards—the bulge consisting of abdominal fat from the greater omentum or occasionally parts of the small intestine. The bulge can often be pressed back through the hole in the abdominal wall, and may "pop out" when coughing or otherwise acting to increase intra-abdominal pressure. Treatment is surgical, and surgery may be performed for cosmetic as well as health-related reasons.

Navel fetishism

Navel fetishism, belly button fetishism, or alvinophilia is a partialism in which an individual is attracted to the human navel.

Body shape General shape of a human body

Human body shape is a complex phenomenon with sophisticated detail and function. The general shape or figure of a person is defined mainly by the molding of skeletal structures, as well as the distribution of muscles and fat. Skeletal structure grows and changes only up to the point at which a human reaches adulthood and remains essentially the same for the rest of their life. Growth is usually completed between the ages of 13 and 18, at which time the epiphyseal plates of long bones close, allowing no further growth.

A DIEP flap is a type of breast reconstruction in which blood vessels called deep inferior epigastric perforators (DIEP), as well as the skin and fat connected to them, are removed from the lower abdomen and transferred to the chest to reconstruct a breast after mastectomy without the sacrifice of any of the abdominal muscles.

Liposuction Procedure used in plastic surgery to remove unwanted fat

Liposuction, or simply lipo, is a type of fat-removal procedure used in plastic surgery. Evidence does not support an effect on weight beyond a couple of months and does not appear to affect obesity-related problems. In the United States, liposuction is the most common cosmetic surgery.

Android fat distribution

Android fat distribution describes the distribution of human adipose tissue mainly around the buttocks and upper body, in areas such as the abdomen, chest, shoulder and nape of the neck. This pattern may lead to an "apple-shaped" body or central obesity, and is more common in males than in females. Thus, the android fat distribution of men is about 48.6%, which is 10.3% higher than that of premenopausal women. In other cases, an ovoid shape forms which does not differentiate between men and women. Generally during early adulthood, females tend to have a more peripheral fat distribution such that their fat is evenly distributed over their body. However, it has been found that as females age, bear children and approach menopause, this distribution shifts towards the android pattern of fat distribution resulting in a 42.1% increase in android body fat distribution in postmenstrual women. This could potentially provide evolutionary advantages such as lowering a woman's center of gravity making her more stable when carrying offspring.

A lady's navel or woman's navel is a type of sweet pastry from Turkey. They are made from balls of choux pastry which are given a dimple, deep-fried and then soaked in syrup. Although the original form of the pastry apparently bore little resemblance to a woman's navel other than the depressed point or dimple in the center, many modern versions, especially ones created in the United States and United Kingdom since the 1990s, have been intentionally designed to resemble a woman's belly button. Features included for this visual and sensory effect include placing dark-colored powder, often cocoa powder, inside the dimple to resemble dirt or gunk inside the belly button, moulding the interior of the dimple itself to somewhat resemble lumps of umbilical cord tissue, and even inserting either edible or inedible decorations around the dimple to represent navel piercing jewelry.

Dr. Miami American plastic surgeon

Michael Salzhauer is an American celebrity doctor who practices plastic surgery. He is active on social media as Dr. Miami, has been on reality TV, has recorded a song, and written a children's book. He runs a plastic surgery practice in Bay Harbor Islands, Florida.

The cultural views of the navel vary significantly. In some cultures the navel is seen as sexually and culturally significant, and its exposure has been subject to a variety of cultural norms and taboos, based on concepts of modesty. The views, customs and fashions relating to the navel change from time to time, and such exposure has become more widely acceptable, as reflected in design of clothing.

Alfredo Hoyos, M.D is a Colombian plastic surgeon who created High-definition liposuction and other advanced body contouring techniques in plastic surgery. He specializes in Plastic Surgery, Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, Maxillofacial surgery, and Hand Surgery. He is also a medical illustrator, painter and sculptor. Dr. Hoyos is featured as a speaker of different companies of the most innovative technologies in the field, not only in Colombia., his natal country, also worldwide. He is also featured in the Aesthetics & Beauty Magazine. Chief and creator of TOTAL DEFINER brand that is an integral programs that show surgeons in the different scenarios of the medical field, how optimize their practice and their team. “THE MOST COMPLETE GUIDE FOR PLASTIC SURGEONS”


Lipotuck is a procedure trademarked in 2006, by Dr. A. H. Ahmadi. The procedure is a single cosmetic surgery combining abdominoplasty and liposuction.

Excess skin

Excess skin is an effect of surplus skin and fat after expansion during pregnancy or adipositas and following a massive and considerable weight loss. Further reasons can be aging effects, genetic disorders or an intentional expansion for skin reconstruction.

Fat removal procedures are used mostly in cosmetic surgery with the intention of removing unwanted adipose tissue. The procedure may be invasive, as with liposuction, or noninvasive using laser therapy, radiofrequency, ultrasound or cold (cryoablation) to reduce fat, sometimes in combination with injections.


  1. ""Scarless" umbilicoplasty: a new umbilicoplasty technique and a review of the English language literature". Ann Plast Surg. 63: 15–20. Jul 2009. doi:10.1097/SAP.0b013e3181877b60. PMID   19546666.
  2. Radha Sharma (Jul 21, 2008). "Tummy tuck in labour room is the new fad". The Times of India . Archived from the original on February 3, 2014. Retrieved 21 March 2012.