Watervliet Shaker Village (Ohio)

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Watervliet Shaker Village was a Shaker community located in Kettering, Ohio from 1806-1900. Its spiritual name was Vale of Peace and it was within the Union Village bishopric, or governing body. [1] [2]

Shakers Christian monastic denomination

The United Society of Believers in Christ's Second Appearing, more commonly known as the Shakers, is a millenarian nontrinitarian restorationist Christian sect founded around the year 1747 in England and then organized in the United States in the 1780s. They were initially known as "Shaking Quakers" because of their ecstatic behavior during worship services. Espousing egalitarian ideals, women took on spiritual leadership roles alongside men, including founding leaders such as Jane Wardley, Mother Ann Lee, and Mother Lucy Wright. The Shakers emigrated from England in the 1770s and settled in Revolutionary colonial America, with an initial settlement at Watervliet, New York. They practice a celibate and communal lifestyle, pacifism, uniform charismatic worship, and their model of equality of the sexes, which they institutionalized in their society in the 1780s. They are also known for their simple living, architecture, technological innovation, and furniture.

Kettering, Ohio City in Ohio, United States

Kettering is a city in Montgomery and Greene counties in the U.S. state of Ohio, almost entirely in Montgomery County. It is a suburb of Dayton. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 56,163, making it the largest suburb in the Dayton Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Union Village Shaker settlement

The Union Village Shaker settlement was a village organized by Shakers in Turtlecreek Township, Warren County, Ohio.

The community was founded by many discontented members of the Beulah Presbyterian church and was named for the first Shaker community in the United States, Watervliet Shaker village in New York. The village at its peak had 100 residents, and it spanned 800 acres, 640 of which were in Montgomery and the remainder on the other side of County Line Road in Greene County. It produced and sold farm produce, garden seeds, and stocking yarn. [3]

Watervliet Shaker Historic District United States national historic site

Watervliet Shaker Historic District, in Colonie, New York, is the site of the first Shaker community. It was established in 1776. The primary Shaker community, the Mount Lebanon Shaker Society, was started a bit later. Watervliet's historic 1848 Shaker meetinghouse has been restored and is used for public events, such as concerts.

Montgomery County, Ohio County in the United States

Montgomery County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 535,153, making it the fifth-most populous county in Ohio. The county seat is Dayton. The county was named in honor of Richard Montgomery, an American Revolutionary War general killed in 1775 while attempting to capture Quebec City, Canada.

Greene County, Ohio County in the United States

Greene County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 161,573. Its county seat is Xenia. The county was established on March 24, 1803 and named for General Nathanael Greene, an officer in the Revolutionary War.

The village closed in 1900 and the remaining residents moved to the Union Village Shaker settlement in Lebanon, Ohio. The village was sold to the State of Ohio. It was a State Hospital Farm until 1981 when the land in Montgomery County was deeded to the Miami Research Foundation. The land in Greene County had primarily been used for Mount Saint John. [3]

Lebanon, Ohio City in Ohio, United States

Lebanon is a city in and the county seat of Warren County, Ohio, United States, in the state's southwestern region, within the Cincinnati metropolitan area. The population was 20,033 at the 2010 census. The city has a symphony orchestra and chorus.

Papers, diaries, photographs and books of the village history are archived at the Dayton Metro Library in the "Shakers Collection". Five key individuals are mentioned: William J. Hamilton, Issachar Bates, Richard McNemar, Nancy Moore and Stephen Ball. [4]

Issachar Bates American composer

Issachar Bates was among the most prolific poets and song writers among the early 19th century Shakers. Several of his songs, poems, and ballads are known outside of the Shaker movement, including "Rights of Conscience," written around 1808 and included in the Shakers' first printed hymnbook, Millennial Praises, and "Come Life, Shaker Life", written between 1835 and 1837.

Richard McNemar Presbyterian preacher, revivalist preacher, writer, and a historian

Richard McNemar was a Presbyterian-turned-Shaker preacher, revivalist preacher, writer, and a historian of the early nineteenth century. He published the Shakers’ first printed bound book and is considered by historians as the father of Shaker literature. He started the Shaker colonies of Union Village Shaker settlement in Ohio and Shaker village of Pleasant Hill in Kentucky. He is the most prolific composer of Shaker hymns and anthems.

There is a historic marker was installed in 2003 in Kettering just 788 feet north of Research Park Boulevard and County Line Road to mark the location of the one-time Shaker village. [3]

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The Greater Dayton Regional Transit Authority, formerly known as the Miami Valley RTA, is a public transit agency that generally serves the greater Dayton, Ohio area. The GDRTA serves communities within Montgomery County and parts of Greene County, Ohio, USA. There are 31 routes. RTA operates diesel and electric trolley buses seven days a week, 21 hours a day, and provides services to many citizens within the area. RTA's current executive director is Mark Donaghy.

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Whitewater Shaker Settlement United States national historic site

The Whitewater Shaker Settlement is a former Shaker settlement near New Haven in Crosby Township, Hamilton County, Ohio, United States. Established in 1824 and closed in 1916, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1974 as a historic district.

Mount Lebanon Shaker Society United States national historic site

Mount Lebanon Shaker Society, also known as New Lebanon Shaker Society, was a communal settlement of Shakers in New Lebanon, New York. The earliest converts began to "gather in" at that location in 1782 and built their first meetinghouse in 1785. The early Shaker Ministry, including Joseph Meacham and Lucy Wright, the architects of Shakers' gender-balanced government, lived there.

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John Patterson MacLean American minister, archaeologist and historian

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Early chronology of Shakers

The Early chronology of Shakers is a list of important events. It mainly focuses on the period from 1774 when the Shakers emigrated from England to colonial America.

Shaker communities Settlements of the Shakers

The Shakers are a sect of Christianity which practices celibacy, communal living, confession of sin, egalitarianism, and pacifism. After starting in England, the Shakers left that country for the English colonies in North America in 1774. As they gained converts, the Shakers established numerous communities in the late-18th century through the entire 19th century. The first villages organized in Upstate New York and the New England states, and, through Shaker missionary efforts, Shaker communities appeared in the Midwestern states. Communities of Shakers were governed by area bishoprics and within the communities individuals were grouped into "family" units and worked together to manage daily activities. By 1836 eighteen major, long-term societies were founded, comprising some sixty families, along with a failed commune in Indiana. Many smaller, short-lived communities were established over the course of the 19th century, including two failed ventures into the Southeastern United States and an urban community in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The Shakers peaked in population by the 1840s and early 1850s, with a membership between 4,000 and 9,000. Growth in membership began to stagnate by the mid 1850s. In the turmoil of the American Civil War and subsequent Industrial Revolution, Shakerism went into severe decline. As the number of living Shakers diminished, Shaker communes were disbanded or otherwise ceased to exist. Some of their buildings and sites have become museums, and many are historic districts under the National Register of Historic Places. The only active community is Sabbathday Lake Shaker Village in Maine, which is composed of at least three active members.

References

  1. Whitewater Shaker Settlement. Shaker Historic Trail. National Park Service. Retrieved March 25, 2014.
  2. Stephen J. Paterwic. The A to Z of the Shakers . Scarecrow Press; 28 September 2009. ISBN   978-0-8108-7056-7. p. 229.
  3. 1 2 3 Marker #6-57 Watervliet Shaker Community. Remarkable Ohio: Marking Ohio's History. The Ohio Historical Society. Retrieved March 26, 2014.
  4. Shaker Collection, Dayton Metro Library. OhioLINK. Retrieved March 26, 2014.