Wattenbach (Inn)

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Wattenbach
Wattenbach mit Kalkwand.jpg
Other name(s) Wattenerbach
Country Austria, Tyrol
Physical characteristics
Main source near Tuxer Alpen
River mouth Inn River near Wattens
47°18′02″N11°35′30″E / 47.3006°N 11.5917°E / 47.3006; 11.5917 Coordinates: 47°18′02″N11°35′30″E / 47.3006°N 11.5917°E / 47.3006; 11.5917
Length 11.5 km (7.1 mi) [1]
Basin features
Progression InnDanubeBlack Sea

The Wattenbach or Wattenerbach has its origins in the Tux Prealps. The Mölsbach and Lizumbach streams merge in the valley bottom near Walchen Camp (Lager Walchen) at a height of 1,410 m to form the Wattenbach. It then flows from the Lizum almost due north though the Wattental valley. After 11.5 kilometres it empties near Wattens into the River Inn.

Wattental valley

The Wattental is a southern side valley of the Inn valley.

Wattens Place in Tyrol, Austria

Wattens is a market town of the Innsbruck-Land District in the Austrian state of Tyrol. It is chiefly known as home of the Swarovski crystal glass company.

Inn (river) river in Switzerland, Austria and Germany, a right tributary of the Danube

The Inn is a river in Switzerland, Austria and Germany. It is a right tributary of the Danube and is 518 kilometres (322 mi) long. The highest point of its drainage basin is the summit of Piz Bernina, at 4,049 metres (13,284 ft). The Engadine, the valley of the En, is the only Swiss valley whose waters end up in the Black Sea.

Contents

Water quality

Until the brook reaches Wattens the water has Grade A quality. The small village Wattenberg diverts their wastewater into the sewage works of the village Fritzens. The water of the Wattenbach is used for Swarovski and Watten paper. Although the water is cleaned through several sewage treatment plants the Inn River suffers from the polluted water. Only the heavy metal pollution could be reduced strongly. Several constructed defence structures have also successfully been avoiding high water.

Swarovski company

Swarovski is an Austrian producer of lead glass headquartered in Wattens, Austria. The company is split into three major industry areas: the Swarovski Crystal Business, that primarily produces lead glass jewelry and accessories; Swarovski Optik, which produces optical instruments such as telescopes, telescopic sights for rifles, and binoculars; and Tyrolit, a manufacturer of grinding, sawing, drilling, and dressing tools, as well as a supplier of tools and machines.

Usage

Nine power plants use the water furthermore intensively and the water also is used by industry facilities. Therefore, sometimes very little water runs and the brook is threatened by desiccation.

Desiccation state of extreme dryness, or the process of extreme drying

Desiccation is the state of extreme dryness, or the process of extreme drying. A desiccant is a hygroscopic substance that induces or sustains such a state in its local vicinity in a moderately sealed container.

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The Wattentaler Lizum is the name of the head of the Wattental valley which branches off the lower Inn valley near Wattens. Lizum' means "alpine pasture at the head of the valley" in Tyrolese. The Wattentaler Lizum lies at the eastern end of the valley in the municipality of Wattenberg.

References