Waupun Correctional Institution

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Waupun Correctional Institution
Seal of the Wisconsin Department of Corrections.svg
Location Waupun, Wisconsin
Coordinates 43°37′47″N88°43′53″W / 43.629599°N 88.731401°W / 43.629599; -88.731401 Coordinates: 43°37′47″N88°43′53″W / 43.629599°N 88.731401°W / 43.629599; -88.731401
Status Operational
Security class Maximum
Capacity 882 males (operating)
Population 1,241 males(as of FY 2011 [1] )
Opened 1851
Managed by Wisconsin Department of Corrections
Division of Adult Institutions
Warden Brian Foster
Wisconsin State Prison Historic District

Wisconsin State Prison Exterior.jpg

Photographed by H. H. Bennett in 1893
USA Wisconsin location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Usa edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Location 200 S. Madison St
Waupun, Wisconsin
Built 1854
Architectural style Gothic Revival
NRHP reference # 91001994 [2]
Added to NRHP January 22, 1992

The Waupun Correctional Institution is a maximum security penitentiary in Waupun, Wisconsin. The prison is under the command of Warden Brian Foster.

Prison place in which people legally are physically confined and usually deprived of a range of personal freedoms

A prison, also known as a correctional facility, jail, gaol, penitentiary, detention center, remand center, or internment facility, is a facility in which inmates are forcibly confined and denied a variety of freedoms under the authority of the state. Prisons are most commonly used within a criminal justice system: people charged with crimes may be imprisoned until their trial; those pleading or being found guilty of crimes at trial may be sentenced to a specified period of imprisonment. In simplest terms, a prison can also be described as a building in which people are legally held as a punishment for a crime they have committed.

Waupun, Wisconsin City in Wisconsin, United States

Waupun is a city in Dodge and Fond du Lac counties in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. The population was 11,340 at the 2010 census. Of this, 7,864 were in Dodge County, and 3,476 were in Fond du Lac County. In Fond du Lac County, the Town of Waupun abuts the city of Waupun.

Wisconsin A north-central state of the United States of America

Wisconsin is a U.S. state located in the north-central United States, in the Midwest and Great Lakes regions. It is bordered by Minnesota to the west, Iowa to the southwest, Illinois to the south, Lake Michigan to the east, Michigan to the northeast, and Lake Superior to the north. Wisconsin is the 23rd largest state by total area and the 20th most populous. The state capital is Madison, and its largest city is Milwaukee, which is located on the western shore of Lake Michigan. The state is divided into 72 counties.

Contents

History

On July 4, 1851, Governor Nelson Dewey selected the Waupun area to be the site of the Wisconsin State Prison. A temporary structure opened in 1851. It could hold a maximum of 40 inmates, and was intended to be used only until the completion of a wing of the main prison. By December 31, 1852, 27 inmates were held there. The first permanent building was completed in 1854, and is still in use today as the South Cell Hall. According to the Commissioner of the State Prison, it was to be constructed of stone using prison labor. [3] Additions were made over the years in 1855, 1906, 1913, 1940, and 1998. The prison was added to the National Register of Historic Places as the "Wisconsin State Prison Historic District" in 1992. [4]

Nelson Dewey (1813-1889) US politician

Nelson Dewey was an American politician from the U.S. state of Wisconsin who served as the first Governor of Wisconsin.

National Register of Historic Places federal list of historic sites in the United States

The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the United States federal government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance. A property listed in the National Register, or located within a National Register Historic District, may qualify for tax incentives derived from the total value of expenses incurred preserving the property.

18th Biennial Report

In 1918, Warden Henry Town reported a decrease in the prison population over a two-year period. The number had dropped from 906 in 1916 to 853 in 1918. Between 20 and 30 percent of that number were employed outside of the prison. They lived in bunkhouses or at a residence at one of the prison's farms. Foreman and superintendents supervised their work instead of armed guards, but nine prisoners did escape, with only two being apprehended. In the spring and summer of 1917, the prison operated six road construction camps with approximately 15 workers per camp. Prisoners were also assigned to construction projects, such as the Industrial Home for Women at Taycheedah and the Southern Wisconsin Home for the Feeble Minded and Epileptic at Union Grove, Wisconsin. In 1918, the prison did not assign any men for road work. Instead, more were scheduled for farm labor to support the war effort. The Wisconsin State Prison operated a number of farms as part of its rehabilitation program for prisoners. It owned 367 acres of land in the town of Chester, 400 acres in the town of Trenton, and rented 960 acres with another 657 acres arranged to be rented by October 1, 1918. Total farm revenues reported on June 30, 1918 were $32,151.84, which was used to offset the costs of running the prison. The prison also operated a cannery for the farm products, a shoe factory, and planned to construct a license plate factory. [5]

Taycheedah Correctional Institution

Taycheedah Correctional Institution is a prison in Fond du Lac, Wisconsin near the Town of Taycheedah. Established in 1921, it was known as Wisconsin Home for Women until 1975. The facility houses maximum-security and medium-security adult females, with an average population of 763 as of June 2007.

Taycheedah, Wisconsin Town in Wisconsin, United States

Taycheedah is a town in Fond du Lac County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 3,666 at the 2000 census. The census-designated places of St. Peter and Taycheedah and the unincorporated communities of Bergen Beach, Gladstone Beach, Hopokoekau Beach, Linden Beach, Minawa Beach, Peebles, Silica, and Welling Beach are located in the town. The unincorporated community of Malone is also located partially in the town.

Union Grove, Wisconsin Village in Wisconsin, United States

Union Grove is a village in Racine County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 4,322 at the 2000 census and 4,915 at the 2010 census.

26th Biennial Report

26 years later, Warden Oscar Lee reported that as of June 30, 1934, the male population of the prison increased to 1664 inmates, with 438 of them assigned to work outside the prison. Ten outdoor camps were in operation, three of them logging operations. Lee argued that "The value to the inmates, both physical and mental, because of the fresh air and sunshine, the clean, wholesome outdoor work, and the semi-freedom of the camps, cannot be estimated in dollars and cents." He also reported that the prison began using less harsh punishment for violating rules. Prisoners were no longer handcuffed to cell doors. Lee boasted that "Corporal punishment is a thing of the past, stripes and red uniforms following suit." Likewise, enhanced opportunities to earn an education were also reported. By 1934, inmates could attend class 40 hours per week at eight hours per day. 148 men enrolled, and a University of Wisconsin employee directed the educational system there. Teachers were from the prison population. A new apprenticeship program was also initiated that combined school work with work in the machine and sheet metal shops. Twenty inmates enrolled, and they spent half their day in a shop and the other half in school. Prison guards worked between 11 and 12 hours per shift, and Warden Lee proposed to have that number reduced to eight. [6]

Other information

There has never been an execution in the prison, as Wisconsin abolished capital punishment the year before construction of the facility. [7]

On December 3, 2001, Warden Gary Mcaughtry (retired 2004) hired the first Pagan Priestess (Rev. Jamyi J. Witch SMW) to serve as one of the institution's two acting chaplains. [8] [9]

An illustration of the Waupun facility, from the 1885 edition of the Wisconsin Blue Book. Waupun State Prison 1895.jpeg
An illustration of the Waupun facility, from the 1885 edition of the Wisconsin Blue Book.

See also

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References

  1. http://www.wi-doc.com/WCI%20FY11%20Annual%20Report.pdf
  2. National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places . National Park Service.
  3. Henry Brown. Report of the Commissioner of the State Prison of the State of Wisconsin. Madison: Brown & Carpenter, 1853.
  4. Waupun Correctional Institution
  5. Henry Town. 18th Biennial Report: Wisconsin State Prison. Waupun, Wis.: 1918.
  6. Lee, Oscar. Twenty-Sixth Biennial Report of the Wisconsin State Prison. Waupun, WI, 1934.
  7. History of Department of Corrections
  8. JS Online: Wiccan defends right to be chaplain
  9. JS Online: Rite of passage: Wiccan is new state prison chaplain