2017 Darul Quran Ittifaqiyah madrasa fire

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2017 Darul Quran Ittifaqiyah madrasa fire
Date14 September 2017
Time5:10 AM (MST)
Location Kampung Datuk Keramat, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Coordinates 3°10′08″N101°43′58″E / 3.1688°N 101.7328°E / 3.1688; 101.7328 Coordinates: 3°10′08″N101°43′58″E / 3.1688°N 101.7328°E / 3.1688; 101.7328
TypeFire accident classified as murder [1]
Cause Arson that was set by outsider drug addicts after they were taunted by students in the madrasa for entering the areas to sucking drugs [2] [3]
Motive Revenge [4] [5]
Non-fatal injuries5

At around 5:10 am on 14 September 2017, a fire occurred at the Darul Quran Ittifaqiyah madrasa in Kampung Datuk Keramat, Kuala Lumpur which resulted in 23 of the madrasa residents (comprising 21 students and two teachers) killed, while five others reportedly injured. [6] [7]

Madrasa school or college, often providing an Islamic education

Madrasa is the Arabic word for any type of educational institution, secular or religious, whether for elementary instruction or higher learning. The word is variously transliterated madrasah, medresa, madrassa, madraza, medrese, etc. In the West, the word usually refers to a specific type of religious school or college for the study of the Islamic religion, though this may not be the only subject studied.

Kampung Datuk Keramat or more commonly referred to as Keramat among the locals is a large zone in the Titiwangsa constituency, falling within the boundary of the Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. It is located northeast of downtown Kuala Lumpur and borders the district of Ampang in Selangor. The Klang River runs roughly from northeast to the west and acts as a natural divider of Keramat and Ampang.

Kuala Lumpur Capital of Malaysia

Kuala Lumpur, officially the Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur and commonly known as KL, is the national capital and largest city in Malaysia. As the global city of Malaysia, it covers an area of 243 km2 (94 sq mi) and has an estimated population of 1.73 million as of 2016. Greater Kuala Lumpur, also known as the Klang Valley, is an urban agglomeration of 7.25 million people as of 2017. It is among the fastest growing metropolitan regions in Southeast Asia, in both population and economic development.



The fire started on the second and upper floors of the madrasa building, which quickly spread throughout most of the building, preventing the only entrance which trapped the occupants from escaping. Many windows were also fitted with bolted grills that made it difficult for occupants to save themselves. [6] Neighbouring witnesses reported that they were awaken at dawn by the cries of the students who were trapped inside the building and tried to save them but could not do so because the fire spread very quickly with many of them still trapped behind the metal window grills, [7] adding that those who survived managed to escape by jumping directly to the ground while others through the building water pipelines. The fire was finally contained by the fire department at around 6:40 am. [8]

Dawn time that marks the beginning of the twilight before sunrise

Dawn, from an Old English verb dagian: "to become day", is the time that marks the beginning of twilight before sunrise. It is recognized by the appearance of indirect sunlight being scattered in the atmosphere, when the centre of the Sun's disc reaches 18° below the horizon. This dawn twilight period will last until sunrise, as the diffused light becomes direct sunlight.

Fire and Rescue Department of Malaysia

The Fire and Rescue Department of Malaysia, popularly known as Bomba, is the federal fire and rescue services agency in Malaysia. The Malay term 'Bomba' is derived from the Portuguese word bombeiros which carries the same meaning.


Twenty three of the madrasa residents were killed in the incident, twenty one were students and two were teachers. Their names and ages are as follow: [9] [10]

  1. Muhammad Danieal Md Amin, age 14
  2. Ahmad Rijal Mohammad Rodzi, 13
  3. Muhammad Hasrullah Ismaik, 14
  4. Muhammad Haikal Abdullah, 12
  5. Muhammad Aidil Aqmal Mohd Zamzuri, 10
  6. Muhammaf Fahmie Abdullah, 11
  7. Muhammad Afiq Haqimie Hairulizwan, 11
  8. Muhammad Aiman Ramzanudin, 12
  9. Azkar Dariemi F. Zaska, 8
  10. Nik Muhammad Ridzuan Bin Nik Azlan
  11. Azkar Abiedi F. Zaska, 11
  12. Umar Al Khatab Helmi, 6
  13. Amiel Asyraaf Abd Rasid, 11
  14. Muhammad Nizammudin Nasrun, 13
  15. Muhammad Hafiz Iskandar Sulaiman, 11
  16. Muhammad Harris Ikhwan Mohd Sulaiman, 10
  17. Muhammad Taufik Hidayat Norazizan, 16
  18. Ahmad Harith Adam Mohd Nor Hadi, 12
  19. Muhammad Hazim Ahmad Nor, 13
  20. Muhammad Syafik Haikal Abdullah, 13
  21. Muhammad Zattulah Roslan, 11
  22. Mohd Yusuf Md, 26 (teacher)
  23. Mohd Amrul Nizam Sakarno, 25 (teacher)

Investigations and arrests

Investigations were then conducted by police and firefighters to find the cause of fire. Initially, the firefighters thought it may be due to short circuit [11] but after a full investigation and through CCTVs outside the building, several suspects were identified to have infiltrated the area at around 3:10 am. Through other CCTVs footage retrieved from five nearest petrol stations, the intruding suspects had earlier seen buying petrol at one of the station at 1:30 am in a Yamaha Lagenda motorcycle. [12] [13] Around seven suspects were identified by police to be involved and most of them were apprehended on 16 September and detained at Jinjang Police Station lock-up. [13] Survivors were detained at the Ministry of Defence tent set outside the madrasa before being placed in secret premises around Keramat earlier on 15 September. The number of survivors were also kept confidential. Only the closest relatives are allowed to enter the premises to protect them from being approached by the public. Kuala Lumpur police chief Amar Singh concluded in a special press conference that the suspects were believed to have committed the crime out of revenge due to incidents of taunts among the students of the madrasa and the suspects. According to him, six out of seven suspects were tested positive for drugs and two of them had previous criminal records relating to the offence of rioting and stealing vehicles. All suspects are aged between 11 and 18 years old. [2] [3]

Royal Malaysia Police

The Royal Malaysia Police, is a (primarily) uniformed federal police force in Malaysia. The force is a centralised organisation. Its headquarters are located at Bukit Aman, Kuala Lumpur. The police force is led by an Inspector-General of Police (IGP) who, as of 4 May 2019, is Abdul Hamid Bador.

Short circuit Electrical circuit with negligible impedance

A short circuit is an electrical circuit that allows a current to travel along an unintended path with no or very low electrical impedance. This results in an excessive current flowing through the circuit. The opposite of a short circuit is an "open circuit", which is an infinite resistance between two nodes. It is common to misuse "short circuit" to describe any electrical malfunction, regardless of the actual problem.

Filling station Facility which sells gasoline

A filling station is a facility that sells fuel and engine lubricants for motor vehicles. The most common fuels sold in the 2010s are gasoline and diesel fuel. A filling station that sells only electric energy is also known as a charging station, while a typical filling station can also be known as a fueling or gasoline station, gasbar (Canada), gasoline stand or SS (Japan), petrol pump or petrol bunk, garage, petrol station, service station, servo (Australia), or fuel station.


The tragedy has gained considerable attentions among the government, the public as well as from media abroad. Al Jazeera described the incident as "the most devastating fire in Malaysia since the beginning of the year". [14]

Al Jazeera is a Qatari state-funded broadcaster in Doha, Qatar, owned by the Al Jazeera Media Network. Initially launched as an Arabic news and current-affairs satellite TV channel, Al Jazeera has since expanded into a network with several outlets, including the Internet and specialty television channels in multiple languages.


The tragedy has been widely covered by leaders from both sides of the parties. Yang di-Pertuan Agong, Sultan Muhammad V and Prime Minister Najib Razak had visited the scene. [15] Najib has sent condolences to all victims involved and urged all madrasa to comply with safety standards and regulations to ensure similar incidents do not recur in the future. [16] [17] Deputy Prime Minister Ahmad Zahid Hamidi was the first to arrive at the scene in the afternoon after the incident. He mentioned the lack of control and training of madrasas that led to various incidents such as fires, torture and the opening of illegal madrasas as well the appointment of an ustaz without any legal certification or qualification. Former Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad expressed his disappointment as the incident seemed to indicate that no lesson was taken from a similar incident in 1989. [18]

Yang di-Pertuan Agong head of state and elective constitutional monarch of Malaysia

The Yang di-Pertuan Agong, also known as the Supreme Head or the King, is the constitutional monarch and head of state of Malaysia. The office was established in 1957, when the Federation of Malaya gained independence from the United Kingdom. Malaysia is a constitutional monarchy with an elected monarch as head of state. The Yang di-Pertuan Agong is one of the few elected monarchs in the world.

Sultan Muhammad V is the current Sultan of Kelantan and served as the 15th Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia from 13 December 2016 to 6 January 2019. He was proclaimed Sultan of Kelantan on 13 September 2010, succeeding his father, Sultan Ismail Petra, who was deemed incapacitated by illness. He was proclaimed Yang di-Pertuan Agong on 13 December 2016. In an unprecedented move, Muhammad V became the first Yang di-Pertuan Agong to step down from the throne, effective 6 January 2019 while his term should have ended on 12 December 2021.

Najib Razak Malaysian politician

Dato' Sri Haji Mohammad Najib bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak is a Malaysian politician who served as the 6th Prime Minister of Malaysia from 2009 to 2018. He was the former President of the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), the leading party in Malaysia's Barisan Nasional (BN) coalition, which maintained control of Malaysia's government as a parliamentary majority for more than sixty years until the coalition's defeat in the 2018 general election.

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