Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds

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The Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds
AEWA Agreement Logo.jpg
Official Logo
Drafted16 June 1995 (1995-06-16)
Location The Hague
Effective1 November 1999 (1999-11-01)
DepositaryGovernment of The Netherlands [1]

The Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds, or African-Eurasian Waterbird Agreement (AEWA) is an independent international treaty developed under the auspices of the United Nations Environment Programme's Convention on Migratory Species. It was founded to coordinate efforts to conserve bird species migrating between European and African nations, and its current scope stretches from the Arctic to South Africa, encompassing the Canadian archipelago and the Middle East as well as Europe and Africa.

United Nations Environment Programme Programme of the United Nations

The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is a programme of the United Nations that coordinates the organization's environmental activities and assists developing countries in implementing environmentally sound policies and practices. It was founded by Maurice Strong, its first director, as a result of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment in June 1972 and has overall responsibility for environmental problems among United Nations agencies; however, international talks on specialized issues, such as addressing climate change or combating desertification, are overseen by other UN organizations, like the Bonn-based Secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification. UNEP's activities cover a wide range of issues regarding the atmosphere, marine and terrestrial ecosystems, environmental governance and green economy. It has played a significant role in developing international environmental conventions, promoting environmental science and information and illustrating the way those can be implemented in conjunction with policy, working on the development and implementation of policy with national governments, regional institutions in conjunction with environmental non-governmental organizations (NGOs). UNEP has also been active in funding and implementing environment related development projects.


The agreement focuses on bird species that depend on wetlands for at least part of their lifecycle and cross international borders in their migration patterns. It currently covers 254 species. [2]



The Parties meet every few years. So far there have been seven meetings:


Ban on lead shot

The use of lead shot over wetlands has been banned by the signatories to the convention on account of the poisoning it causes. [3] [4]

Shot (pellet) Type of ammunition

Shot is a collective term for small balls or pellets, often made of lead. These were the original projectiles for shotguns and are still fired primarily from shotguns and less commonly from riot guns and grenade launchers, although shot shells are available in many pistol calibers in a configuration called "bird shot", "rat-shot", or "snake shot". Lead shot is also used for a variety of other purposes such as filling cavities with dense material for weight/balance. Some versions may be plated with other metals. Lead shot was originally made by pouring molten lead through screens into water, forming what was known as "swan shot", and, later, more economically mass-produced at higher quality using a shot tower. The Bliemeister method has supplanted the shot tower method since the early 1960s.

Animal lead poisoning is a veterinary condition and pathology caused by increased levels of the heavy metal lead in animal's body.

See also

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  1. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 1 December 2017. Retrieved 19 November 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 6 December 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. "Protecting Waterfowl From Lead in Wetlands: A Practical Guide to the Lead Shot Regulations in Northern Ireland" (PDF). Ireland: Countryside Alliance. 24 April 2009. Archived from the original (pdf) on 27 February 2013. Retrieved 24 March 2013.
  4. "Phasing Out The Use of Lead Shot For Hunting in Wetlands: Experiences Made and Lessons Learned By AEWA Range States" (pdf). AEWA. 5 November 2009: 3. Retrieved 25 March 2013.Cite journal requires |journal= (help)