This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations . (August 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
| Member of Parliament |
10 April 1992 –12 April 2010
|Preceded by||Timothy Janman|
|Succeeded by||Jackie Doyle-Price|
|Born||24 April 1949|
London, England, UK
|Spouse(s)||Ruth Segar; 3 children|
Andrew Stuart MacKinlay (born 24 April 1949) is a British Labour Party politician, who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Thurrock from 1992 until he stepped down at the 2010 general election.
The Labour Party is a centre-left political party in the United Kingdom that has been described as an alliance of social democrats, democratic socialists and trade unionists. The party's platform emphasises greater state intervention, social justice and strengthening workers' rights.
Thurrock is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Jackie Doyle-Price, a Conservative.
The 1992 United Kingdom general election was held on Thursday 9 April 1992, to elect 651 members to the House of Commons of the United Kingdom. The election resulted in the fourth consecutive victory for the Conservative Party since 1979 and the last time that the Conservatives would win a majority at a general election until 2015. This election result took many by surprise, as opinion polling leading up to the election day had shown the Labour Party, under leader Neil Kinnock, consistently, if narrowly, ahead.
MacKinlay was educated variously at St Joseph's School, Wembley; Our Lady Immaculate Primary School, Tolworth; Salesian College (a private Catholic school at the time), now a comprehensive called Salesian School, (Highfield Road, Chertsey), and Kingston College. He worked from 1965 as a committee clerk with Surrey County Council until 1975, when he served as a union official with the National and Local Government Officers Association (NALGO). He joined NALGO in 1965. He joined the Labour Party in 1966. MacKinlay was elected councillor in 1971 in the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames and served for seven years.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with approximately 1.3 billion baptised Catholics worldwide as of 2017. As the world's oldest continuously functioning international institution, it has played a prominent role in the history and development of Western civilisation. The church is headed by the Bishop of Rome, known as the pope. Its central administration, the Holy See, is in the Vatican City, an enclave within the city of Rome in Italy.
Chertsey is a town in the Runnymede borough of Surrey, England on the right bank of the River Thames where it is met by a corollary, the Abbey River and a tributary, the River Bourne or Chertsey Bourne. It is within a narrow projection of the Greater London Urban Area, aside from the Thames bordered by Thorpe Park, junction 11 of the M25 London orbital motorway, the town of Addlestone and south-western semi-rural villages that were formerly within Chertsey. Chertsey is centred 29 kilometres (18 mi) southwest of central London, has a branch line railway station and less than 1 mile (1.6 km) north of its developed centre is the M3 (motorway).
Kingston College is a College of Further, Higher and Adult Education based in Kingston upon Thames, Greater London, England. It has four campuses in the town of Kingston. The main campus is the tallest building in the town and is based on Kingston Hall Road. The second campus is based on Richmond Road and is primarily used for the Arts. The third campus is at Anstee House on Wood Street and houses the Fashion and Media curriculum areas. The fourth, Drapers Court, is adjacent to Kingston Hall Road.
He stood unsuccessfully for Labour in the following elections:
The February 1974 United Kingdom general election was held on the 28th day of that month. The Labour Party led by former Prime Minister Harold Wilson made moderate gains, but was short of an overall majority. The Conservative Party led by incumbent Edward Heath lost 37 seats, but achieved a slightly higher share of the vote than Labour. This resulted in a hung parliament; Heath resigned when he found himself unable to form a coalition, and Wilson became Prime Minister for a second time. Labour won 301 seats, 17 short of a majority.
Surbiton was a borough constituency created for the 1955 general election and abolished for the 1997 general election, in Surrey until 1965 and thereafter in outer south-west London. It returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom by the first past the post system of election.
The October 1974 United Kingdom general election took place on Thursday 10 October 1974 to elect 635 members of the British House of Commons. It was the second general election held that year, and the first year that two general elections were held in a single year since 1910, 64 years earlier. The election resulted in the Labour Party led by Harold Wilson winning a narrow majority of just 3 seats.
In 2003, MacKinlay famously described Dr David Kelly as "chaff" during Dr. Kelly's appearance before the House of Commons Foreign Affairs Committee. The Committee was investigating issues around the British government's dossier on weapons of mass destruction in Iraq.
David Christopher Kelly was a Welsh scientist and authority on biological warfare, employed by the British Ministry of Defence, and formerly a weapons inspector with the United Nations Special Commission in Iraq. He came to public attention in July 2003 when an unauthorised discussion he had off the record with BBC journalist Andrew Gilligan about the UK Government's dossier on weapons of mass destruction in Iraq was cited by Gilligan and led to a major controversy. Kelly's name became known to the media as Gilligan's source and he was called to appear on 15 July before a parliamentary Foreign Affairs Select Committee investigating the issues Gilligan had reported. Kelly was questioned aggressively about his actions. He was found dead two days later.
Chaff is the dry, scaly protective casings of the seeds of cereal grain, or similar fine, dry, scaly plant material such as scaly parts of flowers, or finely chopped straw. Chaff is indigestible by humans, but livestock can eat it and in agriculture it is used as livestock fodder, or is a waste material ploughed into the soil or burned.
Mackinlay's question was:
So in this context "chaff" is a reference to the radar countermeasure rather than to something of little value.
It emerged during Kelly's subsequent inquest that Kelly had been deeply upset by his treatment before the Committee and had privately described an MP, assumed to be MacKinlay, as an "utter bastard".MacKinlay reportedly apologised to Kelly's widow for the remark.
According to one report, in May 2007, MacKinlay made the nomination that resulted in Gordon Brown having enough nominations to be certain of not facing a contest over the leadership of the party.However, another report states that the decisive nomination was made by Tony Wright with MacKinlay yet to nominate at that point.
On 24 July 2009, he announced that he would not stand at the next General Election due to disillusionment with the way he felt other MPs had caved in to party pressure rather than standing up for their beliefs.He said that the final straw was the failure of a number of Labour MPs who had expressed support for Gary McKinnon, awaiting extradition to the U.S. on computer hacking charges, to vote for a review of the extradition treaty.
On 1 October 2009, MacKinlay accepted a public apology and libel damages from the BBC over allegations made on BBC2’s Newsnight programme that he proposed an amendment to a British government motion on expenses of MPs so he would benefit financially.
On 4 September 2009, MacKinlay supported the views of Eric Joyce on the Afghanistan war. [ clarification needed ]
Mackinlay argued that initiatives should be taken to encourage Ireland to participate in the Commonwealth.He brought forward a motion on the issue in the House of Commons. Ireland had participated in the Commonwealth in the 1930s and 40s. Mackinlay's view was that historians were wrong to say that Ireland had left the Commonwealth in 1949. This was, he said, because the Commonwealth, to the extent that it existed, was nothing like the Commonwealth of today. He felt that the London Declaration formula that permitted republics to participate in the Commonwealth had not been offered to Ireland as an option, though he felt it was not too late to do so. He argued that Ireland should be formally invited to join and that the Commonwealth was its "natural place".
He is a keen researcher on World War I history, travelling and discovering Ireland, and is an honorary patron of Tilbury Football Club. He and his wife Ruth (née Segar); have three children. While an MP, he employed his wife as his personal assistant.He is a member of the editorial board of Total Politics , a political magazine, of which his daughter, Sarah, was editor until August 2009.
He was given the Freedom of Gibraltar in 2010.
In 2019, he joined the Liberal Democrats.
MacKinlay publicly supports the abolition of the monarchy and is identified as a republican.
On 28 June 2008, it was reported by the Mail Online (Daily Mail) website that Mackinlay had received a warning from the Prime Minister's Office after MI5 discovered that he was holding meetings with a suspected Russian spy, Alexander Polyakov, officially a counsellor at the Russian Embassy in London. It was also claimed that MacKinlay had been targeted by aides of Russia's richest man, Oleg Deripaska, as a 'stooge' for use in a High Court battle.
Wyvill Richard Nicolls Raynsford, known as Nick Raynsford, is a British Labour Party politician. A government minister from 1997 to 2005, he was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Greenwich & Woolwich from 1997 to 2015, having previously been MP for Greenwich from 1992 to 1997, and for Fulham from 1986 to 1987.
Paul Peter Murphy, Baron Murphy of Torfaen, KCMCO, KSG, PC is a British Labour Party politician who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Torfaen from 1987 to 2015, and served in the Cabinet from 1999-2005 and again from 2007-2008 in the roles of Northern Irish and Welsh Secretary. Prior to joining the Cabinet he held the position of Minister of State for Northern Ireland from February 1997 until 1999. He was nominated for a life peerage in the 2015 Dissolution Honours.
Norman John Baker is a Liberal Democrat politician in the United Kingdom who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Lewes in East Sussex from the 1997 general election to his defeat in 2015.
Andrew James MacKay is a British Conservative Party politician who served as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Birmingham Stechford from 1977 to 1979, East Berkshire from 1983 to 1997 and for Bracknell in Berkshire from 1997 to 2010.
Adam Paterson Ingram is a British Labour Party politician, who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for East Kilbride, Strathaven and Lesmahagow from 1987 to 2010.
Sir Hugh Nigel Edward Bayley is a British Labour Party politician who was Member of Parliament for York Central until 2015, having held the predecessor City of York seat from 1992 to the 2010 general election, when boundary changes took effect.
Kelvin Peter Hopkins is a British politician. He was first elected as the Labour Member of Parliament for Luton North in 1997. Hopkins was suspended by the Labour Party on Thursday 2 November 2017, after an investigation was launched into allegations of sexual misconduct made against him; he has denied the allegations. He is a supporter of pro-Brexit group Leave Means Leave.
Dennis Andrew Canavan is a Scottish politician. He was the Member of Parliament for Falkirk West from 1974 to 2000, first as a member of the Labour Party, and then as an Independent. He then served as an Independent Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) for Falkirk West from 1999 to 2007.
Denis MacShane is a British former Labour Party politician. He was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Rotherham from 1994 to his resignation in 2012 and served in the Labour Government as Minister of State for Europe from 2002 until 2005.
Andrew Hartley Dismore is a British Labour and Co-operative Party politician who has been the Member of the London Assembly for Barnet and Camden since 2012, and was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Hendon from 1997 until 2010.
James Francis "Jim" Murphy is a Scottish former politician who was Leader of the Scottish Labour Party between 2014–15 and a Cabinet Minister in the UK Government. He was the Member of Parliament for East Renfrewshire from 1997 until he lost his seat in 2015.
Timothy Paul Loughton, is a British Conservative Party politician and former banker, who has been Member of Parliament (MP) for East Worthing and Shoreham since the 1997 general election. Loughton was the Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Children and Families from 2010–2012. In September 2016, Loughton was confirmed as the Acting Chairman of the Home Affairs Select Committee following the resignation of Keith Vaz until being replaced by Yvette Cooper the following month. He has been a keen supporter of Leave Means Leave, a pro-Brexit group.
Margaret Olivia Hillier is a British Labour Co-operative politician who was first elected as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Hackney South and Shoreditch at the 2005 general election, and was a junior government minister (2007–10) and was succeeded by Caroline Flint as Shadow Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change in the Labour Party October 2011 reshuffle.
Sir Michael Alan Penning is a British Conservative Party politician, who has served as Member of Parliament for Hemel Hempstead since 2005.
Craig Mackinlay is a Conservative Party politician and businessman. Since May 2015, he was the Member of Parliament (MP) for South Thanet. He was re-elected in the general election of June 2017.
Luciana Clare Goldsmith, known as Luciana Berger, is a British politician serving as an independent Member of Parliament (MP) for Liverpool Wavertree since 2010.
Pamela Nash is a British Labour Party politician, who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Airdrie and Shotts between 2010 and 2015. She is currently the Chief Executive of Scotland in Union, a campaign group opposed to Scottish independence.
The Labour Party in Northern Ireland (LPNI) is the regional section of the UK Labour Party that operates in Northern Ireland. The Labour Party is not a registered political party in Northern Ireland and does not currently contest elections.
Paul Masterton is a Scottish Conservative politician who was elected at the 2017 snap general election as the Member of Parliament (MP) for East Renfrewshire. Masterton had previously stood as a candidate for the Scottish Parliament at the 2016 Scottish Parliament election.
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Member of Parliament for Thurrock |