Annibaldi family

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The Annibaldi were a powerful baronal family of Rome and the Lazio in the Middle Ages. It began to rise to prominence in the 13th century with the favour of Popes Gregory IX and Alexander IV, in the hollow left by the Counts of Tusculum. In the late years of the same century they were however overwhelmed by the Caetani.

Rome Capital city and comune in Italy

Rome is the capital city and a special comune of Italy. Rome also serves as the capital of the Lazio region. With 2,872,800 residents in 1,285 km2 (496.1 sq mi), it is also the country's most populated comune. It is the fourth most populous city in the European Union by population within city limits. It is the centre of the Metropolitan City of Rome, which has a population of 4,355,725 residents, thus making it the most populous metropolitan city in Italy. Rome is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, within Lazio (Latium), along the shores of the Tiber. The Vatican City is an independent country inside the city boundaries of Rome, the only existing example of a country within a city: for this reason Rome has been often defined as capital of two states.

Lazio Region of Italy

Lazio is one of the 20 administrative regions of Italy. Situated in the central peninsular section of the country, it has almost 5.9 million inhabitants – making it the second most populated region of Italy – and its GDP of more than 170 billion euros per annum means that it has the nation's second largest regional economy. The capital of Lazio is Rome, which is also Italy's capital and the country's largest city.

Middle Ages Period of European history from the 5th through the 15th centuries

In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages lasted from the 5th to the 15th century. It began with the fall of the Western Roman Empire and merged into the Renaissance and the Age of Discovery. The Middle Ages is the middle period of the three traditional divisions of Western history: classical antiquity, the medieval period, and the modern period. The medieval period is itself subdivided into the Early, High, and Late Middle Ages.

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The family's most outstanding figure was Riccardo Annibaldi (1210-1276), [1] who was created cardinal in 1237 by Gregory IX, [2] and bought the fief of Molara. Other family lines than that originated by Riccardo where those of Monte Compatri, Castel Zancato and of the Colosseum. Riccardo was the first protector of the Augustinian Order.

Monte Compatri Comune in Latium, Italy

Monte Compatri is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Rome in the Italian region Latium, located about 20 kilometres (12 mi) southeast of Rome on the Alban Hills. It is one of the Castelli Romani.

Colosseum Amphitheatre in Rome

The Colosseum or Coliseum, also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre, is an oval amphitheatre in the centre of the city of Rome, Italy. Built of travertine, tuff, and brick-faced concrete, it is the largest amphitheatre ever built. The Colosseum is situated just east of the Roman Forum. Construction began under the emperor Vespasian in AD 72, and was completed in AD 80 under his successor and heir Titus. Further modifications were made during the reign of Domitian (81–96). These three emperors are known as the Flavian dynasty, and the amphitheatre was named in Latin for its association with their family name (Flavius).

Another cardinal of the family was Annibaldo degli Annibaldi, OP (1230c.-1272c.), who completed his preliminary studies at the Santa Sabina studium conventuale, and later was sent to the studium generale of the Dominican Order at Paris c. 1255. [3] Annibaldo was an associate of Albertus Magnus and Thomas Aquinas. Thomas dedicated his Catena aurea, which was written while he lived at the Santa Sabina studium, to Annibaldo Annibaldi. Annibaldo was named Master of the Sacred Palace by Pope Innocent IV in 1246. He was named a cardinal in the Consistory of May, 1262, and died in 1272. [4]

Annibale Annibaldi, also known as Annibaldo degli Annibaldi, was an Italian Catholic theologian,

Santa Sabina historical church on the Aventine Hill in Rome

The Basilica of Saint Sabina is a historic church on the Aventine Hill in Rome, Italy. It is a titular minor basilica and mother church of the Roman Catholic Order of Preachers, better known as the Dominicans. Santa Sabina is perched high above the Tiber river to the north and the Circus Maximus to the east. It is next to the small public park of Giardino degli Aranci, which has a scenic terrace overlooking Rome. It is a short distance from the headquarters of the Knights of Malta.

<i>Studium generale</i> Latin locution with what was called the institution of higher education in the Middle Ages

Studium generale is the old customary name for a medieval university in medieval Europe.

See also

Notes

    1. Agostino Paravicini Bagliani, Cardinali di curia e "familiae" cardinalizie. Dal 1227 al 1254 Volume I, p. 149, says that he died on September 4, 1276. According to the "Liber Annualium di S. Spirito in Saxia," his anniversary was on October 4: P. Egidi (ed.), Necrologi e libri affini della Provincia romana, I, 152.
    2. Conradus Eubel, Hierarchia catholica medii aevi I, editio altera (Monasterii 1913), p. 6.
    3. "D'altra parte, fonti anche antiche affermano che l'A., entrato ancor giovane tra i domenicani nel convento romano di S. Sabina, dopo i primi studi - verosimilmente già sacerdote - fu inviato per i gradi accademici a Parigi e qui la sua presenza è accertata solo dopo il 1255." http://www.treccani.it/enciclopedia/annibaldo-annibaldi_(Dizionario-Biografico)/ Accessed June 22, 2011
    4. Conradus Eubel, Hierarchia catholica medii aevi I, editio altera (Monasterii 1913), p. 8. Antonio Senensi, OP, Chronicon Fratrum Ordinis Praedicatorum (Paris 1585) 114 and 157: "Hoc tempore etiam frater Annibaldus Romanus ex magistro sacri Palatii, per Urbanum Quartum Cardinalis factus, sub titulo 12 Apostol. vir fuit eruditionis eximiae, & vitae probatissimae. Obiit in Vrbe Veteri, anno Domini 1272, et ibi requescit in conventu nostro."

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