|Battle of Kalyan|
|Part of Imperial Maratha Conquests|
|Commanders and leaders|
|Casualties and losses|
The Battle of Kalyan occurred between the Mughal Empire and Maratha Empire between 1682 and 1683. Bahadur Khan of the Mughal Empire defeated the Maratha army and took over Kalyan. The Marathas attempted a counter offensive, but failed and they were repulsed by Mughal forces.
Baji Rao I was a general of the Maratha Empire in India. He served as the Peshwa to the 4th Maratha Chhatrapati (Emperor) Shahu from 1720 until his death. Bajirao was Peshwa in the Ashta Pradhan of Shahu. He is also known by the name Bajirao Ballal.
The Maratha Empire or the Maratha Confederacy was a power that dominated a large portion of the Indian subcontinent in the 18th century. The empire formally existed from 1674 with the coronation of Shivaji as the Chhatrapati and ended in 1818 with the defeat of Peshwa Bajirao II by the hands of the British East India Company. The Marathas are credited to a large extent for ending Mughal rule in India.
Nasir-ud-Din Muḥammad Shah was Mughal emperor from 1719 to 1748. He was son of Khujista Akhtar, the fourth son of Bahadur Shah I. With the help of the Sayyid brothers, he ascended the throne at the young age of 17. He later got rid of them with the help of Asaf Jah I – Syed Hussain Ali Khan was murdered at Fatehpur Sikri in 1720 and Syed Hassan Ali Khan Barha was fatally poisoned in 1722. Muhammad Shah was a great patron of the arts, including musical, cultural and administrative developments. His pen-name was Sadā Rangīla(Ever Joyous) and he is often referred to as "Muhammad Shah Rangila", also sometimes as "Bahadur Shah Rangila" after his grand father Bahadur Shah I.
Sinhagad is a hill fortress located at around 35 km southwest of the city of Pune, India. Some of the information available at this fort suggests that the fort could have been built 2000 years ago. The caves and the carvings in the Kaundinyeshwar temple stand as proofs for the same.
Balaji Vishwanath Bhat (1662–1720), better known as Peshwa Balaji Vishwanath, was the 5th Peshwa and the first of a series of hereditary Peshwas hailing from the Bhat family who gained effective control of the Maratha Empire during the 18th century. Balaji Vishwanath assisted a young Maratha Emperor Shahu to consolidate his grip on a kingdom that had been racked by civil war and persistently intruded on by the Mughals under Aurangzeb. He was called "the Second Founder of the Maratha State." Later, his son Bajirao I became the Peshwa.
The Maratha Conquests were a series of conquests in the Indian subcontinent which led to the building of the Maratha Empire. These conquests were started by Chatrapati Shivaji in 1659 from the victory at the Battle of Pratapgad against Bijapur. The empire was interrupted by the Mughal conquests of south India by Emperor Aurangzeb and lost its independence as well as execution of their kings which continued until the death of Bahadur Shah I in 1712.
The Battle of Mandsaur took place in Mandsaur, India between the Maratha Empire troops, commanded by Malharrao Holkar, and Jaisingh of Amber, in which Jaisingh was defeated in February, 1733. Malhar Rao Holkar then conquered Bundelkhand and Bundi.
The First Battle of Delhi took place on 28 March 1737 between the Maratha Empire and the Mughal Empire. It was part of the Later Mughal-Maratha Wars (1728-1763).
Prabalgad is a fort located between Matheran and Panvel and comes under the Raigad District in the state of Maharashtra, India.
The Battle of Bhopal, was fought on 24 December 1737 in Bhopal between the Maratha Empire and the combined army of the Nizam and several Mughal generals.
The Battle of Chaksana occurred between the Mughal and Maratha empires in 1788. The battle ended with the Maratha's retreating.
The First Battle of Katwa occurred between Bengal and Maratha Empire in 1742. The Marathas initially attacked and captured Katwa and Hooghly in Bengal. The Nawab of Bengal Alivardi Khan responded with a direct attack on the Maratha camp at Katwa in nightfall and the entire Maratha army was evacuated out of Bengal on 17 September 1742 believing a much larger force had charged them.
The Battle of Khelna occurred between the Mughal Empire and Maratha Empire between 1701-1702. Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb ordered for the Fort of Khelna to be besieged. Mughal General Asad Khan launched an offensive and besieged the fortress. After about a three-month siege, Maratha commander, Parashurampant surrendered under the condition that his life would be saved.
The Battle of Purandar was fought between the Mughal Empire and Maratha Empire in 1665. The Mughal Emperor, Aurangzeb, sent his general Jai Singh to besiege Shivaji's fortress at Purandar. After Mughal forces killed Maratha General Murarbaji on June 2nd, 1665, Shivaji surrendered and gave up 23 of his fortresses. Most of the fortresses were later recaptured by Marathas.
The Battle of Raigarh occurred between the Mughal Empire and Maratha Empire in 1689. Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb ordered his General Zulfiqar Khan to capture the Maratha king, Rajaram. Mughal forces attacked Raigarh and the fortress fell, however Rajaram escaped before that happened.
The Battle of Rajgad (1703-1704) was fought on between the Mughal Empire and the Maratha Empire. Mughal Emperor, Aurangzeb, ordered for Hamiduddin Khan and Tarbiyat Khan to attack the Rajgad fortress once again, which was being held by Santaji Silimkar. The Mughals devastated the fortress and inflicted massive damage on the Maratha position. Eventually the majority of the fort was captured, but the Marathas surrendered shortly after.
The Battle of Sangamner was fought between the Mughal Empire and Maratha Empire in 1679. This was the last battle in which the Maratha King Shivaji Maharaj fought. The Mughals had ambushed Shivaji Maharaj with a large force when he was returning from the sack of Jalna. The Marathas engaged in battle with the Mughals for three days until Maratha General, Sidhoji Nimbalkar was killed alongside 2,000 Maratha soldiers. The Marathas were largely decimated, however Shivaji Maharaj managed to escape with 500 men.
The Battle of Satara was fought between the Mughal Empire and Maratha Empire between 1699–1700. Mughal Emperor, Aurangzeb ordered for an attack on the fort of Satara. The Mughals destroyed major parts of the fortress and Maratha commander Subhanji surrendered on April 21, 1700.
The Battle of Torna was fought on between the Mughal Empire and the Maratha Empire. Mughal Emperor, Aurangzeb ordered to besiege the fortress of Torna where Mughal Generals, Muhammad Amin Khan and Tarbiyat Khan stormed into Torna and defeated the Marathas. In recognition of the difficult defense the Mughals had to overcome to capture this fort, Aurangzeb renamed it as Futulgaib.
Delhi was established and Initially ruled by Tanwar/Tomar dynasty under the leadership of king Anangpal Tanwar.