|Full name||William James Mallon|
|Born||February 2, 1952|
Paterson, New Jersey
|Height||5 ft 10 in (1.78 m)|
|Weight||165 lb (75 kg; 11.8 st)|
|Sporting nationality||United States|
|Former tour(s)||PGA Tour|
|Best results in major championships|
|U.S. Open||53rd: 1977|
|The Open Championship||DNP|
William James Mallon (born February 2, 1952) is an American orthopedic surgeon, former professional golfer and a leading authority on the history of the Olympic Games.
Born in Paterson, New Jersey,Mallon studied at Duke University and graduated magna cum laude with an A.B. in math and physics. While at Duke he played collegiate golf and was a two-time All-American, twice voted to the Outstanding College Athletes of America and was a two-time participant in the NCAA tournament. He won over 40 amateur tournaments including two victories in both the Massachusetts and New England Amateur Championships and one Mid-Atlantic title.
Mallon turned professional in 1975and joined the PGA Tour after qualifying at Q-school in the fall of 1975. He played four seasons, 1976–79, posting three top-10 finishes with a best finish of tied for 5th at the 1977 Joe Garagiola-Tucson Open. He played in the 1977 U.S. Open and was twice in the top 100 on the money list.
After leaving the PGA Tour he returned to Duke University to study medicine graduating as an M.D. in 1984. He was a resident at Duke University medical center between 1984 and 1990 and is now the Associate Consulting Professor of Orthopaedics as well as having his own practice. He specializes in complex reconstructive shoulder and elbow surgery and is a fellow of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, a member of the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons, where he served as vice-president in 2012 and will be president in 2014, and a member of the advisory council of the Institute of Preventative Sports Medicine. He has written widely on the subject of sporting injuries and has been the medical editor of Golf Digest since 1987. Previously North American editor of the Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery , he has been editor of that publication in 2009.
Mallon is also a leading authority on the history of the Olympic Games and has written 24 books on the subject. He was a co-founder and later president of the International Society of Olympic Historians and was historical consultant to the organizing committees of both the Atlanta and Sydney Olympics. Mallon has also been a consultant statistician to the International Olympic Committee and was awarded the Olympic Order in silver in 2001 for his services to the Olympic movement.
At the 1900 Summer Olympics, five equestrian events were contested. The competition was held from 29 May to 2 June at the Place de Breteuil in the 7th arrondissement of Paris, as part of the Exposition Universelle in Paris. The equestrian events were organised by the Société Hippique Française and titled as the Concours Hippique International, with competitors from eight countries competing in three jumping and two driving events.
Lauri "Tahko" Pihkala was the inventor of pesäpallo, the Finnish variant of baseball. In 1969 he became one of the first persons to receive an honorary doctorate in Sport Sciences from the University of Jyväskylä, together with president Urho Kekkonen and Professor Kaarina Kari.
One competitor from Italy was present at the 1896 Summer Olympics. He competed in shooting. Italy was one of four nations present that won no medals; Sweden, Chile and Bulgaria were the others. Italy's competitor, Rivabella, entered one event in the shooting program.
Finland competed at the Summer Olympic Games for the first time at the 1908 Summer Olympics in London, United Kingdom. The Grand Duchy of Finland was part of the Russian Empire at the time, but Finland had become a sovereign member of the International Olympic Committee in 1907.
Ragnar Olof Jakob Stenberg was a Finnish sprinter and a sports leader.
Elmer Konstantin Niklander was a Finnish athlete who competed in throwing events, winning the gold medal in the 1920 discus throw and three other Olympic medals and 44 Finnish championships.
Aarne Ihamo Salovaara was a Finnish athlete, who won two Olympic medals and two Finnish championships.
Johan Valdemar "Juho" Halme was a Finnish track and field athlete who competed in the 1908 and 1912 Summer Olympics and won six Finnish championships in various events in 1907–1916. He died during the Finnish Civil War.
Armas Johannes Pesonen was a Finnish track and field athlete, who competed at the 1908 Summer Olympics.
Jalmari Verneri Sauli was a Finnish writer and track and field athlete who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics.
Evert Brynolf Jakobsson was a Finnish javelin thrower who competed at the 1908 Summer Olympics.
Jarl Gustaf Anian Jakobsson was a Finnish track and field athlete who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics.
Gustaf Richard Nyman was a Finnish sport shooter, who competed in the 1908 and the 1912 Summer Olympics, and won a world championship bronze.
Boules was on the Summer Olympic Games programme in 1900. Boules events have generally not been classified as official, although the IOC has never decided which events were "Olympic" and which were not. As with the sport of croquet, generally regarded as "official", boules satisfied three of four retrospective criteria — restriction to amateurs, open to all nations, open to all competitors and without handicapping. As with croquet, there were only French players.
Emil Michael Nässling was a Finnish sports shooter, who competed at the 1908 Summer Olympics, and won one Finnish national championship gold.
Frans Reinold Nässling was a Finnish sports shooter, who competed at the 1908 and 1920 Summer Olympics, and won three Finnish national championship golds.
Hugo Alarik Jonsson was a Finnish swimmer, who competed at the 1908 Summer Olympics.
John Gustav Henriksson was a Finnish swimmer, who competed in two events at the 1908 Summer Olympics.
Herman Edvard Cederberg was a Finnish swimmer, who competed at the 1908 and the 1912 Summer Olympics.
Lauri Wilskman was a Finnish track and field athlete, who competed at the 1908 Summer Olympics.