Catamaran Cruisers Ltd v Williams

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Catamaran Cruisers Ltd v Williams
Court Employment Appeal Tribunal
Citation(s) [1994] IRLR 384

Catamaran Cruisers Ltd v Williams [1994] IRLR 384 is a UK labour law case, concerning redundancy.



Catamaran Cruises Ltd did ferries and pleasure cruises on the Thames. French owners bought it following a near insolvency. The TGWU representatives had agreed new contract terms, offered to all employees. Seven claimants refused the new terms and were dismissed.

The Tribunal held the reason for offering the new terms was financial exigency, business efficiency and profitability and that the dismissals were unfair.


Tudor Evans J held that a broader balancing test for what was ‘fair’ was appropriate under ERA 1996 s 98(4) and that this dismissal was fair. He quoted with approval Balcombe J in Chubb Fire Security Ltd v Harper [1] and said the following.


  1. [1983] IRLR 311

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