|Group 1 race|
|Location||Caulfield Racecourse, Melbourne, Australia|
|Race type||Thoroughbred - Flat racing|
|Sponsor||Carlton Draught (2022)|
|Distance||2,400 metres (1.5 miles)|
|Qualification||Horses three years old and older|
|Bonuses||Winner ballot exemption from the Melbourne Cup|
The Caulfield Cup is a Melbourne Racing Club Group 1 Thoroughbred horse race held under handicap conditions, although the Melbourne Racing Club is in the process of turning the race into weight for age (WFA) conditions.  This is for all horses aged three years old and older. It takes place over a distance of 2400 metres at the Caulfield Racecourse, Melbourne, Australia in mid October. The prize money is A$5,000,000. 
The race has become one of Australia's richest Thoroughbred horse races. The race is held annually on the third Saturday in October, the third day and final day of the Caulfield Carnival. Performances in the Caulfield Cup are one of the possible qualification methods for a run in the Melbourne Cup which is held 16 days later.
During World War II the race was run at Flemington Racecourse and in 1943 the race was run in divisions. 
The field is limited to 18 starters with four emergency entries which is decided by a ballot system. The prize money, wins and placings in lead up races are among the major factors that determine the eligibility of a horse. Automatic entry is awarded to winners of the Toorak Handicap, Herbert Power Stakes and the Mornington Cup. 
The following thoroughbreds have won two Caulfield Cups.
The following thoroughbreds have won the Caulfield-Melbourne Cup double in the same year.
|2022||Durston ||Michael Dee||Chris Waller||2:33.68|
|2021||Incentivise ||Brett Prebble||Peter Moody||2:30.88|
|2020||Verry Elleegant ||Mark Zahra||Chris Waller||2:31.97|
|2019||Mer De Glace ||Damian Lane||Hisashi Shimizu||2:30.16|
|2018||Best Solution ||Pat Cosgrave||Saeed bin Suroor||2.33.72|
|2017||Boom Time ||Cory Parish||David and Ben Hayes & Tom Dabernig||2:27.66|
|2016||Jameka ||Nicholas Hall||Ciaron Maher||2:28.88|
|2015||Mongolian Khan ||Opie Bosson||Murray Baker||2:27.76|
|2014||Admire Rakti ||Zac Purton||Tomoyuki Yumeda||2:32.12|
|2013||Fawkner ||Nicholas Hall||Robert Hickmott||2:29.10|
|2012||Dunaden ||Craig Williams||Mikel Delzangles||2:28.82|
|2011||Southern Speed ||Craig Williams||Leon MacDonald & Andrew Gluyas||2:28.44|
|2010||Descarado ||Chris Munce||Gai Waterhouse||2:35.69|
|2009||Viewed ||Brad Rawiller||Bart Cummings||2:29.70|
|2008||All The Good ||Kerrin McEvoy||Saeed bin Suroor||2:27.45|
|2007||Master O'Reilly ||Vlad Duric||Danny O'Brien||2:26.15|
|2006||Tawqeet ||Dwayne Dunn||David Hayes||2:27.69|
|2005||Railings ||Greg Childs||John Hawkes||2:27.96|
|2004||Elvstroem ||Nash Rawiller||Tony Vasil||2:31.37|
|2003||Mummify ||Danny Nikolic||Lee Freedman||2:25.98|
|2002||Northerly ||Greg Childs||Fred R. Kersley||2:30.38|
|2001||Ethereal ||Scott Seamer||Sheila Laxon||2:30.93|
|2000||Diatribe ||Jim Cassidy||George Hanlon||2:25.32|
|1999||Sky Heights ||Damien Oliver||Colin Alderson||2:30.10|
|1998||Taufan's Melody ||Ray Cochrane||Lady Herries||2:30.16|
|1997||Might And Power ||Jim Cassidy||Jack Denham||2:26.20|
|1996||Arctic Scent ||Brent Stanley||Jim Mason||2:30.27|
|1995||Doriemus ||Damien Oliver||Lee Freedman||2:28.10|
|1994||Paris Lane ||Damien Oliver||Lee Freedman||2:26.50|
|1993||Fraar ||Peter Hutchinson||David Hayes||2:28.00|
|1992||Mannerism ||Damien Oliver||Lee Freedman||2:34.90|
|1991||Let's Elope ||Steven King||Bart Cummings||2:30.30|
|1990||Sydeston ||Mick Dittman||Bob Hoysted||2:31.60|
|1989||Cole Diesel ||Michael Kerr||Greg Mance||2:27.20|
|1988||Imposera ||Brian York||Ross McDonald||2:29.40|
† Run in divisions 
¶ Won by Protest 
‡ Dead heat
In March 2015, BMW Australia and the Melbourne Racing Club announced a reunion in partnership, effective as of August 1, 2015  after the eight-year partnership ended in 2014.
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