Central Province (Western Australia)

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Central Province was an electoral province of the Legislative Council of Western Australia between 1894 and 1989. It elected three members between 1894 and 1965 and two members between 1965 and 1989.

Western Australian Legislative Council upper house of the Legislature of the state of Western Australia

The Western Australian Legislative Council is the upper house of the Parliament of Western Australia, a state of Australia. It is regarded as a house of review for legislation passed by the Legislative Assembly, the lower house. The two Houses of Parliament sit in Parliament House in the state capital, Perth.

Members

Three members (1894–1965)
Member 1PartyTermMember 2PartyTermMember 3PartyTerm
  Edward Wittenoom None1894–1898  Ernest Henty None1894–1895  Hugh McKernan None1894–1896
   William Alexander None1895–1898 
    Richard Haynes None1896–1902
  William Loton None1898–1900  Frederic Whitcombe None1898–1900 
  John Drew None1900–1910  
   Con O'Brien Labor 1901–1904 
    Joseph Thomson None1902–1908
   William Patrick None1904–1910 
   Con O'Brien Labor 1908–1914
  Labor 1910–1918  Liberal 1910–1914 
   Country 1914–1916  Henry Carson Country 1914–1920
   James Hickey Labor 1916–1928 
  Joshua Mills Ind. Nat. 1918–1923  
    Thomas Moore Labor 1920–1926
  Country 1923–1924  
  Nationalist 1924  
 John Drew Labor 1924–1947  
    George Kempton Country 1926–1932
   Edmund Hall Country 1928–1947 
   Thomas Moore Labor 1932–1946
    Charles Simpson Liberal 1946–1950
   Les Logan Country 1947–1950 
  Harold Daffen Liberal 1947–1950  
  Garnet Wood Country 1950–1952  Charles Latham Country 1950–1960  Norm Baxter Country 1950–1958
  Leslie Diver Country 1952–1965  
    Charles Abbey Liberal 1958–1965
  Norm BaxterNone1960–1965 

Two members (1965–1989)
Member 1PartyTermMember 2PartyTerm
 Leslie Diver Country 1965–1971 Norm Baxter Country 1965–1983
  Harry Gayfer Nat. Country 1974–1985 
   Gordon Atkinson Liberal 1983–1984
   Eric Charlton National (WA) 1984–1985
  National 1985–1989  National 1985–1989

Related Research Articles

This is a list of members of the Western Australian Legislative Council from 16 July 1894 to 27 July 1896. The chamber had 21 seats made up of seven provinces each electing three members, on a system of rotation whereby one-third of the members would retire at each biennial election. As this was the first election of the Legislative Council under responsible government in Western Australia, following the passage of the Constitution Act Amendment Act 1893, all seats were vacant at the time of the election, and therefore the candidate with most votes in each province was elected for six years, the second-most for four years and the third-most for two years.

This is a list of members of the Western Australian Legislative Council from 22 May 1962 to 21 May 1965.

This is a list of members of the Western Australian Legislative Council from 22 May 1965 to 21 May 1968.

The Metropolitan Province was a multi-member electoral province of the Western Australian Legislative Council, located in the metropolitan region of Perth. It was created by the Constitution Acts Amendment Act 1893, and became effective on 22 May 1894 following the first council elections following the granting of responsible government to Western Australia. The seat was safe for the Liberal Party and its predecessors.

The North Metropolitan Province was a two-member electoral province of the Western Australian Legislative Council, located in metropolitan Perth. It was one of several metropolitan seats created following the enactment of the Constitution Acts Amendment Act (No.2) 1963, and became effective on 22 May 1965. At each election, held every three years, one of the two seats was vacated, and the trend in North Metropolitan reflected statewide trends and swings rather than being safe for either of the major parties.

The North-East Metropolitan Province was a two-member electoral province of the Western Australian Legislative Council, located in metropolitan Perth. It was one of several metropolitan seats created following the enactment of the Constitution Acts Amendment Act (No.2) 1963, and became effective on 22 May 1965. The province was very safe for the Labor Party, which held most or all of the component Assembly seats.

The South-East Metropolitan Province was a two-member electoral province of the Western Australian Legislative Council, located in metropolitan Perth. It was one of several metropolitan seats created following the enactment of the Constitution Acts Amendment Act (No.2) 1963, and became effective on 22 May 1965. The province, with its mix of safe Labor and Liberal Assembly seats, also produced mixed fortunes for both parties until 1983, when a redistribution turned it into a safe Labor seat and the two sitting Liberal members successfully transferred to the new South Central Metropolitan Province seat.

The South Metropolitan Province was a two-member electoral province of the Western Australian Legislative Council, located in metropolitan Perth. It was one of several metropolitan seats created following the enactment of the Constitution Acts Amendment Act (No.2) 1963, and became effective on 22 May 1965. The province was very safe for the Labor Party, which held most or all of the component Assembly seats.

The Lower Central Province was a two-member electoral province of the Western Australian Legislative Council, located in the South West and Great Southern regions of the state. It was one of several rural seats created following the enactment of the Constitution Acts Amendment Act (No.2) 1963, and became effective on 22 May 1965. Although initially a safe seat for the Country Party, it usually only contained one safe Assembly seat for that party, and by 1983, the Liberal Party were able to maintain both seats comfortably.

The Lower North Province was a two-member electoral province of the Western Australian Legislative Council, located in the central and northern parts of the state. For nearly its entire existence, it had the lowest enrolment of any province in the Council. It was one of several rural seats created following the enactment of the Constitution Acts Amendment Act (No.2) 1963, and became effective on 22 May 1965.

Frederick Crowder (politician) Australian politician

Frederick Thomas Crowder (1850–1902) was an Australian businessman and politician and member of the Western Australian Legislative Council for two terms: in 1894–1900 representing South-East Province, and 1901–1902 representing East Province. He died in office and was succeeded by William Loton.

The Upper West Province was a two-member electoral province of the Western Australian Legislative Council, located in the Mid West region of the state. It was one of several rural seats created following the enactment of the Constitution Acts Amendment Act (No.2) 1963, and became effective on 22 May 1965.

The Lower West Province was a two-member electoral province of the Western Australian Legislative Council, located in the Peel and South West region of the state. It was one of several rural seats created following the enactment of the Constitution Acts Amendment Act (No.2) 1963, and became effective on 22 May 1965. It was consistently a safe seat for the Liberal Party who were able to maintain both seats comfortably.

Electoral regions of Western Australia multi-member electoral region of the Western Australian Legislative Council

The Western Australian Legislative Council is elected from six multi-member electoral regions, which are in turn composed of electoral districts which are used to elect the Legislative Assembly. The current number of electoral regions was established on 22 May 1989. Initially, the South West and Northern Metropolitan regions returned seven members to the Legislative Council, while the other regions each returned five members. This arrangement was changed to have each region return six members for the 2008 Western Australian election, increasing the total number of members from 34 to 36. Before 1989 electoral divisions for the Legislative Council were known as electoral provinces.

South-West Province was an electoral province of the Legislative Council of Western Australia between 1894 and 1989. It elected three members between 1894 and 1965 and two members between 1965 and 1989.

South Province was an electoral province of the Legislative Council of Western Australia between 1900 and 1989. It elected three members between 1900 and 1965 and two members between 1965 and 1989.

East Province was an electoral province of the Legislative Council of Western Australia between 1894 and 1950. It elected three members throughout its existence.

North-East Province was an electoral province of the Legislative Council of Western Australia between 1897 and 1965. It elected three members throughout its existence.

West Province was an electoral province of the Legislative Council of Western Australia between 1894 and 1989. It elected three members from 1894 to 1965 and two members from 1965 to 1989.

North Province was an electoral province of the Legislative Council of Western Australia between 1894 and 1989. It elected three members between 1894 and 1965 and two members between 1965 and 1989.

References

David William Black is a Western Australian historian. He has lectured and written extensively on Australian and Western Australian history, especially political history. He was Professor in History and Politics in the School of Social Sciences and Asian Languages at Curtin University of Technology until his retirement in 2002, and is now Professor Emeritus. He is currently Chairperson of the Parliamentary History Advisory Committee, and a Parliamentary Fellow (History).