Charles I of Monaco(died 15 August 1357), Lord of Monaco, was a 14th century soldier and noble. He was a member of the Grimaldi dynasty.
The oldest son of Rainier I by his first wife, Salvatica del Carretto, Charles was forced to flee into exile following the Rock of Monaco falling into Genoese control on April 10, 1301.
He was appointed Admiral of France.
After thirty years of Genoese rule, Charles retook the Rock on 12 September 1331, and ruled until his death, when the Rock was again conquered by the Genoese army.
Also he was Baron of San Demetrio, in the Kingdom of Naples.
In 1346 he acquired the Lordship of Menton and, in 1355, he conquered the Lordship of Roquebrune.
On 29 June 1352, Charles designed a co-rulership of Monaco between his uncle Antonio (his father's youngest brother), and his own sons, Rainier II and Gabriele.
Charles I married Lucchina Spinola , a daughter of Girardo Spinola, Lord of Dertonne. They had eight children:
The House of Grimaldi is associated with the history of the Republic of Genoa, and of the Principality of Monaco. The Grimaldi dynasty is a princely house originating in Genoa, founded by the Genoese leader of the Guelphs, Francesco Grimaldi, who in 1297 took the lordship of Monaco along with his soldiers dressed as Franciscans. In that principality his successors have reigned to the present day. During much of the Ancien Regime the family spent much of its time in the French court, where from 1642 they used their French title of Duke of Valentinois.
Honoré II was Prince of Monaco from 1604 to 1662. He was the first to be called Prince, but started his reign as Lord of Monaco.
Francesco Grimaldi, called il Malizia, was the Genoese leader of the Guelphs who captured the Rock of Monaco on the night of 8 January 1297. He was the son of Guglielmo Grimaldi by his wife Giacobina or Giacoba, a Genoese noble.
Grimaldo Canella was the youngest son of Otto Canella and Consul of Genoa in 1162, 1170, and 1184. Grimaldo is considered the progenitor and eponym of the House of Grimaldi.
Rainier I of Monaco (1267–1314) was the first sovereign Grimaldi ruler of the area now known as Monaco. He also held the title of Lord of Cagnes. Cagnes was the town where in 1309 he established a stronghold, today known as the Château Grimaldi.
Rainier II, Lord of Monaco (1350–1407), was the monarch of Monaco from June 29, 1352 to August 15, 1357. He was the son of Charles I, Lord of Monaco, and Lucchina Spinola. He ruled jointly with his father Charles I, Lord of Monaco, his father's uncle Antonio, Lord of Monaco and his brother Gabriele, Lord of Monaco. He yielded Monaco to the besieging Genoese for 20,000 fl. but retained Menton and Roquebrune.
The Prince's Palace of Monaco is the official residence of the Sovereign Prince of Monaco. Built in 1191 as a Genoese fortress, during its long and often dramatic history it has been bombarded and besieged by many foreign powers. Since the end of the 13th century, it has been the stronghold and home of the Grimaldi family who first captured it in 1297. The Grimaldi ruled the area first as feudal lords, and from the 17th century as sovereign princes, but their power was often derived from fragile agreements with their larger and stronger neighbours.
Luca Grimaldi was a Genoese troubadour and Guelph politician and diplomat. None of his poetic work survives.
Francesco II Gattilusio was the second Gattilusio lord of Lesbos, from 1384 to his death. He was the third son of Francesco I Gattilusio and Maria Palaiologina, the sister of the Byzantine emperor John V Palaiologos.
The Zaccaria family was an ancient and noble Genoese dynasty that had great importance in the development and consolidation of the Republic of Genoa in the thirteenth century and in the following period. The Zaccarias were characterized by, according to scholarly handwritten documents of the time, having broad intelligence and their effective way of maintaining political power through manipulation.
Charles II was Lord of Monaco from 7 October 1581 to 17 May 1589.
Lucien became Lord of Monaco on 11 October 1505, having murdered his predecessor and brother, Jean II, and held that sovereignty until his death.
Gabriele Adorno (1320–1383) was the fourth Doge of Genoa. A member of the Adorno family, he was elected on 14 March 1363 to succeed Simone Boccanegra, who had died in office. He remained in the position until 13 August 1370, when he was deposed by the people of Genoa. He was succeeded by Domenico di Campofregoso.
Claudine or Claudia was Lady regnant of Monaco between 1457 and 1458, and the Lady consort of Monaco by marriage to Lord Lambert of Monaco.
Ercole Grimaldi, Marquis of Baux was a member of the House of Grimaldi. He was the first Monegasque prince and heir apparent to the first Monegasque sovereign prince, Honoré II. Dying at the age of 27, Baux was replaced as heir apparent by his son Louis who succeeded Honoré II.
Ippolita Trivulzio was the Princess of Monaco by marriage to Honoré II of Monaco, and was the first Monegasque consort to bear the title of Princess.
Pomellina Fregoso was Lady Consort of Monaco by marriage to Jean I, Lord of Monaco, and the mother of Lord Catalan. She served as regent of Monaco several times during the absence of her husband, as well as between 1457 and March 1458, as the guardian of her granddaughter Claudine, Lady of Monaco. She was thus the first woman to rule Monaco.
Antonio Grimaldi was Lord of Monaco from 1352 until 1357. He was the youngest brother of Rainier I of Monaco, Lord of Cagnes. He ruled jointly with his nephew Charles I and his nephew's sons, Rainier II and Gabriele.
Gabriele Grimaldi was Lord of Monaco from 1352 until 1357. He was the son of Charles I and Lucchina Spinola. He ruled jointly with his father Charles I, his father's paternal uncle Antonio and his brother Rainier II.
Spinetta Malaspina II, Duke of Gravina in Apulia was an Italian nobleman. Son of Galeotto I Malaspina, he was the third Marquis of Fosdinovo.