|Tribe:|| Collabieae |
Pfitzer Entw. Nat. Anord. Orch.: 100 (1887)
Collabieae is a tribe of orchids in the subfamily Epidendroideae.
The taxonomy of the Orchidaceae has evolved slowly during the last 250 years, starting with Carl Linnaeus who in 1753 recognized eight genera. De Jussieu recognized the Orchidaceae as a separate family in his Genera Plantarum in 1789. Olof Swartz recognized 25 genera in 1800. Louis Claude Richard provided us in 1817 with the descriptive terminology of the orchids.. The next step was taken in 1830-1840 by John Lindley, who recognized four subfamilies. He is generally recognized as the father of orchid taxonomy. The next important step was taken by George Bentham with a new classification, recognizing subtribes for the first time. This classification was first presented in a paper that Bentham read to the Royal Society in 1881. Then it was published in 1883 in the final volume of Genera Plantarum. The next great contributors were Pfitzer (1887), Schlechter (1926), Mansfeld (1937), Dressler and Dodson (1960), Garay, Vermeulen (1966), again Dressler (1981). and Burns-Balogh and Funk (1986). Dressler's 1993 book had considerable influence on later work.
Epidendroideae is a subfamily of plants in the orchid family, Orchidaceae. Epidendroideae is larger than all the other orchid subfamilies together, comprising more than 15,000 species in 576 genera. Most epidendroid orchids are tropical epiphytes, typically with pseudobulbs. There are, however, some terrestrials such as Epipactis and even a few myco-heterotrophs, which are parasitic upon mycorrhizal fungi.
The Cymbidieae is a tribe of plants within the family Orchidaceae.
Vanilloideae is one of the subfamilies of orchids belonging to the large family Orchidaceae.
Coelia is a genus of orchids. It had previously been tentatively classified as the only genus of the subtribe Coeliinae of the tribe Epidendreae.
Arethuseae is a mid-sized tribe of orchids in the subfamily Epidendroideae. This tribe was initially categorized by John Lindley in 1840. Its largest subtribes are Arethusinae and Coelogyninae.
An alliance is an informal grouping used in biological taxonomy. The term "alliance" is not a taxonomic rank defined in any of the nomenclature codes. It is used for any group of species, genera or tribes to which authors wish to refer, that have at some time provisionally been considered to be closely related.
The tribe Epidendreae of the Orchidaceae comprises six subtribes:
Dendrobieae is a tribe in the subfamily Epidendroideae, in the family Orchidaceae. The Dendrobieae are mostly tropical, epiphytic orchids which contain pseudobulbs.
Calypsoinae is an orchid subtribe in the tribe Epidendreae of subfamily Epidendroideae. It has previously been recognized as tribe Calypsoeae in the subfamily Epidendroideae.
Triphoreae is an orchid tribe in the subfamily Epidendroideae.
Gastrodieae is an orchid tribe in the subfamily Epidendroideae.
Eulophiinae is an orchid subtribe in the tribe Cymbidieae. It comprises 270 species divided into nine genera, with the genus Eulophia comprising 60% of these species.
Malaxideae is an orchid tribe in the subfamily Epidendroideae.
Malaxidinae is an subtribe of orchids in the tribe Malaxideae of the subfamily Epidendroideae.
Neottieae is an orchid tribe in the subfamily Epidendroideae. It contains six genera and over 200 species distributed mainly in temperate and subtropical zones of the northern hemisphere. All its members are terrestrial plants, hinting at an early branching with Epidendroideae which is largely an epiphytic group. Neottieae is likely to be the result of a single temperate radiation of epidendroids, although it appears that some lineages in this tribe have crept back into the tropics.
Podochileae is an orchid tribe in the subfamily Epidendroideae.
Cymbidiinae is an orchid subtribe in the tribe Cymbidieae. The subtribe is named after the genus Cymbidium, the boat orchids. It also contains the largest known species of orchids, Grammatophyllum speciosum.
Nervilieae is an orchid tribe in the subfamily Epidendroideae.
Tropidieae is an orchid tribe in the subfamily Epidendroideae.