|Location||Cooperstown, New York|
|Field size|| Left field: 296ft |
Left-center field: 336ft
Center field: 390ft
Right-center field: 350ft
Right field: 312ft
MLB Hall of Fame gameCooperstown Hawkeyes (PGCBL) (2010–2013)
Doubleday Field is a baseball stadium in Cooperstown, New York named for Abner Doubleday and located two village blocks from the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum.
Baseball is a bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a player on the fielding team, called the pitcher, throws a ball which a player on the batting team tries to hit with a bat. The objectives of the offensive team are to hit the ball into the field of play, and to run the bases—having its runners advance counter-clockwise around four bases to score what are called "runs". The objective of the defensive team is to prevent batters from becoming runners, and to prevent runners' advance around the bases. A run is scored when a runner legally advances around the bases in order and touches home plate. The team that scores the most runs by the end of the game is the winner.
Cooperstown is a village in and county seat of Otsego County, New York, United States. Most of the village lies within the town of Otsego, but some of the eastern part is in the town of Middlefield. It is located in the Central New York Region of New York.
Abner Doubleday was a career United States Army officer and Union 2-star general in the American Civil War. He fired the first shot in defense of Fort Sumter, the opening battle of the war, and had a pivotal role in the early fighting at the Battle of Gettysburg. Gettysburg was his finest hour, but his relief by Maj. Gen. George G. Meade caused lasting enmity between the two men. In San Francisco, after the war, he obtained a patent on the cable car railway that still runs there. In his final years in New Jersey, he was a prominent member and later president of the Theosophical Society.
The grounds have been used for baseball since 1920, on what was Elihu Phinney's farm. A wooden grandstand was built in 1924, later replaced by a steel and concrete grandstand built in 1939 by the Works Project Administration.Subsequent expansion has increased seating capacity to 9,791 spectators.
Elihu Phinney (1756–1813) was the first printer in Cooperstown, New York. In the early 1790s he lived in Canaan, Columbia County, New York, where he published the Columbian Mercury, and Canaan Repository of Rural Knowledge.
The Works Progress Administration was an American New Deal agency, employing millions of people to carry out public works projects, including the construction of public buildings and roads. It was established on May 6, 1935, by Executive Order 7034. In a much smaller project, Federal Project Number One, the WPA employed musicians, artists, writers, actors and directors in large arts, drama, media, and literacy projects. The four projects dedicated to these were: the Federal Writers’ Project (FWP), the Historical Records Survey (HRS), the Federal Theatre Project (FTP), the Federal Music Project (FMP), and the Federal Art Project (FAP). In the Historical Records Survey, for instance, many former slaves in the South were interviewed; these documents are of great importance for American history. Theater and music groups toured throughout America, and gave more than 225,000 performances. Archaeological investigations under the WPA were influential in the rediscovery of pre-Columbian Native American cultures, and the development of professional archaeology in the US.
Seating capacity is the number of people who can be seated in a specific space, in terms of both the physical space available, and limitations set by law. Seating capacity can be used in the description of anything ranging from an automobile that seats two to a stadium that seats hundreds of thousands of people. The largest sporting venue in the world, the Indianapolis Motor Speedway, has a permanent seating capacity for more than 235,000 people and infield seating that raises capacity to an approximate 400,000.
Each year from 1940 to 2008, Doubleday Field hosted the Hall of Fame Game. Originally a contest between "old-timers" teams, it later became an exhibition game between two major league squads. Traditionally, the game was held during the annual induction weekend of the nearby Baseball Hall of Fame, but in later years it was scheduled in May or June, to accommodate the participating teams' travel schedules.
An exhibition game is a sporting event whose prize money and impact on the player's or the team's rankings is either zero or otherwise greatly reduced. In team sports, matches of this type are often used to help coaches and managers select and condition players for the competitive matches of a league season or tournament. If the players usually play in different teams in other leagues, exhibition games offer an opportunity for the players to learn to work with each other. The games can be held between separate teams or between parts of the same team.
Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball organization, the oldest of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada. A total of 30 teams play in the National League (NL) and American League (AL), with 15 teams in each league. The NL and AL were formed as separate legal entities in 1876 and 1901 respectively. After cooperating but remaining legally separate entities beginning in 1903, the leagues merged into a single organization led by the Commissioner of Baseball in 2000. The organization also oversees Minor League Baseball, which comprises 256 teams affiliated with the Major League clubs. With the World Baseball Softball Confederation, MLB manages the international World Baseball Classic tournament.
As MLB's last remaining in-season exhibition game, its results did not count in the official standings, and substitute players were generally used to avoid injury to starters. The curiosity factor of two teams from different leagues playing each other in this game outside of a World Series or spring training situation was eventually removed in 1997 with the launch of interleague play, further reducing the game's cachet.
The World Series is the annual championship series of Major League Baseball (MLB) in North America, contested since 1903 between the American League (AL) champion team and the National League (NL) champion team. The winner of the World Series championship is determined through a best-of-seven playoff, and the winning team is awarded the Commissioner's Trophy. As the series is played during the fall season in North America, it is sometimes referred to as the Fall Classic.
In Major League Baseball (MLB), spring training is a series of practices and exhibition games preceding the start of the regular season. Spring training allows new players to try out for roster and position spots, and gives established players practice time prior to competitive play. Spring training has always attracted fan attention, drawing crowds who travel to the warm climates of Arizona and Florida to enjoy the weather and watch their favorite teams play, and spring training usually coincides with spring break for many US college students.
Interleague play in Major League Baseball refers to regular-season baseball games played between an American League (AL) team and a National League (NL) team. Interleague play was first introduced in the 1997 Major League Baseball season. Prior to that, matchups between AL teams and NL teams occurred only during spring training, the All-Star Game, other exhibition games, and the World Series. Unlike modern interleague play, none of these contests, except for the World Series, counted toward official team or league records.
On January 29, 2008, Major League Baseball announced that the final Hall of Fame Game would be played on June 16, 2008 between the Chicago Cubs and San Diego Padres, citing "the inherent challenges" of scheduling teams in the modern day as the reason for ending the annual contest.However, the contest was canceled on account of rain.
The 2008 Chicago Cubs season was the 137th season of the Chicago Cubs franchise, the 133rd in the National League and the 93rd at Wrigley Field. The season began at home on March 31 against the Milwaukee Brewers. The Cubs were champions of the National League Central Division for the second year in a row, accumulating 97 regular season wins—the most since 1945. It was the first time since 1908 that the Cubs made postseason appearances in consecutive seasons.
The 2008 San Diego Padres season was the 40th season in franchise history. The Padres were attempting to win the NL West for the 3rd time in 4 years.
|Date||Winning Team||Score||Losing Team||Score||Notes|
|June 13, 1940||Chicago Cubs||10||Boston Red Sox||9||7 innings-rain|
|June 13, 1941||Cleveland Indians||2||Cincinnati Reds||1||6 innings-rain|
|August 3, 1942||St. Louis Cardinals||5||Philadelphia Athletics||2|
|July 19, 1943||Brooklyn Dodgers||7||Chicago White Sox||5|
|July 10, 1944||Detroit Tigers vs. New York Giants, canceled-rain|
|June 13, 1946||New York Giants||9||Detroit Tigers||5|
|July 21, 1947||Boston Braves||4||New York Yankees||3||10 innings|
|July 12, 1948||St. Louis Browns||7||Philadelphia Phillies||5|
|June 13, 1949||Washington Senators||8||Pittsburgh Pirates||7|
|July 24, 1950||Boston Red Sox||8||New York Giants||5|
|July 23, 1951||Brooklyn Dodgers||9||Philadelphia Athletics||4|
|July 21, 1952||Cleveland Indians||4||Chicago Cubs||2|
|July 27, 1953||Cincinnati Reds||16||Chicago White Sox||6|
|August 9, 1954||New York Yankees||10||Cincinnati Reds||9|
|July 25, 1955||Boston Red Sox||4||Milwaukee Braves||2|
|July 23, 1956||New York Giants||11||Detroit Tigers||10||12 innings|
|July 22, 1957||Chicago White Sox||13||St. Louis Cardinals||4|
|August 4, 1958||Washington Senators||5||Philadelphia Phillies||4|
|July 20, 1959||Kansas City Athletics||5||Pittsburgh Pirates||5||6 innings-rain (tie game)|
|June 27, 1960||Chicago Cubs||5||Cleveland Indians||0|
|July 24, 1961||Los Angeles Dodgers||6||Baltimore Orioles||2|
|July 23, 1962||Milwaukee Braves vs. New York Yankees, cancelled-rain|
|August 5, 1963||Boston Red Sox||7||Milwaukee Braves||3|
|July 27, 1964||Washington Senators||6||New York Mets||4|
|July 26, 1965||New York Yankees||7||Philadelphia Phillies||4|
|July 25, 1966||St. Louis Cardinals||7||Minnesota Twins||5|
|July 24, 1967||Baltimore Orioles||3||Cincinnati Reds||0|
|July 22, 1968||Detroit Tigers||10||Pittsburgh Pirates||1|
|July 28, 1969||Minnesota Twins||7||Houston Astros||2||5 innings-rain|
|July 27, 1970||Montreal Expos||10||Chicago White Sox||6|
|August 9, 1971||Cleveland Indians||13||Chicago Cubs||5|
|August 7, 1972||New York Yankees||8||Los Angeles Dodgers||3|
|August 6, 1973||Texas Rangers||6||Pittsburgh Pirates||4|
|August 12, 1974||Atlanta Braves||12||Chicago White Sox||9|
|August 18, 1975||Boston Red Sox||11||San Francisco Giants||5|
|August 9, 1976||Milwaukee Brewers||9||New York Mets||3|
|August 8, 1977||Minnesota Twins||8||Philadelphia Phillies||5|
|August 7, 1978||Detroit Tigers||4||New York Mets||4||6½ innings-rain (tie game)|
|August 6, 1979||Texas Rangers||12||San Diego Padres||5|
|August 4, 1980||Pittsburgh Pirates||11||Chicago White Sox||8|
|August 3, 1981||Cincinnati Reds vs. Oakland Athletics, canceled-players' strike (New York–Penn League game between Elmira Pioneers and Oneonta Yankees played instead)|
|August 2, 1982||Chicago White Sox||4||New York Mets||4||8 innings-rain (tie game)|
|August 1, 1983||St. Louis Cardinals||4||Baltimore Orioles||1|
|August 13, 1984||Detroit Tigers||7||Atlanta Braves||5|
|July 29, 1985||Houston Astros||5||Boston Red Sox||3||10 innings|
|August 4, 1986||Texas Rangers||11||Kansas City Royals||4|
|July 27, 1987||New York Yankees||3||Atlanta Braves||0|
|August 1, 1988||Chicago Cubs||1||Cleveland Indians||1||9 innings (tie game)|
|July 24, 1989||Boston Red Sox vs. Cincinnati Reds, canceled-plane malfunction; Red Sox played intra-squad game|
|August 6, 1990||Baltimore Orioles vs. Montreal Expos, canceled-rain|
|July 22, 1991||Minnesota Twins||6||San Francisco Giants||4|
|August 3, 1992||New York Mets||3||Chicago White Sox||0|
|August 2, 1993||Cleveland Indians vs. Los Angeles Dodgers, canceled-rain|
|August 1, 1994||Seattle Mariners||4||Philadelphia Phillies||3|
|July 31, 1995||Chicago Cubs||8||Detroit Tigers||6|
|August 5, 1996||California Angels||6||Montreal Expos||6||9 innings (tie game)|
|August 4, 1997||Los Angeles Dodgers||16||San Diego Padres||8|
|July 27, 1998||Baltimore Orioles||7||Toronto Blue Jays||1|
|July 26, 1999||Texas Rangers||11||Kansas City Royals||9||8 innings-rain|
|July 24, 2000||Arizona Diamondbacks||12||Cleveland Indians||7|
|August 6, 2001||Milwaukee Brewers||6||Florida Marlins||2|
|July 29, 2002||Colorado Rockies||18||Chicago White Sox||10|
|June 16, 2003||Philadelphia Phillies||7||Tampa Bay Devil Rays||5||With this game, every MLB club has participated|
|June 14, 2004||Atlanta Braves||10||Minnesota Twins||7|
|May 23, 2005||Detroit Tigers||6||Boston Red Sox||4|
|May 15, 2006||Cincinnati Reds vs. Pittsburgh Pirates, canceled after 2½ innings-rain|
|May 21, 2007||Baltimore Orioles||13||Toronto Blue Jays||7|
|June 16, 2008||Chicago Cubs vs. San Diego Padres, canceled-rain|
In November 2008, the Hall of Fame and the MLB Players Alumni Association announced the creation of the Hall of Fame Classic, an exhibition game involving Hall of Famers and other retired MLB players to be played on Father's Day weekend, and in recent years on the Saturday before Memorial Day. The inaugural Hall of Fame Classic was played on Sunday, June 21, 2009.The Hall of Fame game lasts seven innings or two hours, (whichever comes first). In addition to the game, there is a home run derby beforehand.
Father's Day is a celebration honoring fathers and celebrating fatherhood, paternal bonds, and the influence of fathers in society. In Catholic Europe, it has been celebrated on March 19 since the Middle Ages. This celebration was brought by the Spanish and Portuguese to Latin America, where March 19 is often still used for it, though many countries in Europe and the Americas have adopted the U.S. date, which is the third Sunday of June. It is celebrated on various days in many parts of the world, most commonly in the months of March, April and June. It complements similar celebrations honoring family members, such as Mother's Day, Siblings Day, and Grandparents' Day.
Memorial Day is a federal holiday in the United States for remembering and honoring persons who have died while serving in the United States Armed Forces. The holiday, which is currently observed every year on the last Monday of May, was most recently held on May 28, 2018. Memorial Day was previously observed on May 30 from 1868 to 1970.
The Cooperstown Classic was an International League regular season game played in honor of the 125th anniversary of the league in 2008. The game was held on a Sunday afternoon in may between the Rochester Red Wings and the Syracuse Chiefs. The game was the third of a four-game series in which the Chiefs were the home team. The crowd for the game was very respectable and Major League Hall of Fame member Carlton Fisk threw out the first pitch. The game was postponed after the second inning after a rain delay in which Syracuse lead 1-0 and went on to win the following day in its completion at Alliance Bank Stadium. In an attempt to give the fans another game, the Cooperstown Classic Two was played on a Sunday in June 2009. This game was played between the Pawtucket Red Sox and the home team Syracuse Chiefs. The game was played in full with the Red Sox winning 15-3. This game was not played after that but many have expressed interest in it after the demise of the MLB Hall Of Fame Game in 2008.
Doubleday Field is used primarily for amateur and American Legion ball; The Legends of Baseball rents out Doubleday for three weeks over the summer. The Cooperstown Hawkeyes of the Perfect Game Collegiate Baseball League use the field during the summer, while Play at the Plate Baseball also has an annual event at Doubleday Field every September.
No professional team has ever called the stadium home, although in 1996 the Northeast League considered placing a franchise in Cooperstown; this idea was rejected because Doubleday Field has no lights, a necessity for a team in a pro league. Also, some felt that Cooperstown should be the home of all baseball, and not just one team. However, the New York–Penn League has played an annual regular-season game at Doubleday Field since 1991, with the team based in nearby Oneonta serving as the home team through 2009. (The team was known as the Oneonta Yankees until 1999, when they switched affiliations to become the Oneonta Tigers in 1999. The franchise moved to Connecticut in 2010, but has continued to host the Cooperstown game.)
Citizens Bank Park is a baseball stadium located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, within the city's South Philadelphia Sports Complex. It is the home of the Philadelphia Phillies, the city's Major League Baseball (MLB) franchise. It opened April 3, 2004, and hosted its first regular-season baseball game on April 12 of the same year, with the Phillies losing to the Cincinnati Reds, 4–1.
Oracle Park is a baseball park located in the South Beach neighborhood of San Francisco, California. Since 2000, it has served as the home of the San Francisco Giants, the city's Major League Baseball (MLB) franchise. Originally named Pacific Bell Park, then SBC Park in 2003 after SBC Communications acquired Pacific Bell, the stadium was then christened AT&T Park in 2006, after SBC acquired AT&T and took on the name. The current name was adopted in 2019. The park stands along the San Francisco Bay, a segment of which is named McCovey Cove in honor of former Giants player Willie McCovey.
Labatt Memorial Park is a baseball stadium near the forks of the Thames River in central London, Ontario, Canada. It is 8.7 acres (35,000 m2) in size, has 5,200 seats and a natural grass field. From home plate to centre field the distance is 402 feet (123 m); from home plate to left and right field down the lines, it is 330 feet (100 m).
BB&T Ballpark at Historic Bowman Field is a minor league baseball stadium in Williamsport, Pennsylvania, in the United States. It is home to the Williamsport Crosscutters of the New York–Penn League. Official seating capacity is 2,366. Opened in 1926, Bowman Field is the second-oldest ballpark in minor league baseball. It is also the home field for the Wildcats of the Pennsylvania College of Technology.
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The Oneonta Tigers was a minor league baseball team located in Oneonta, New York. They were members of the New York–Penn League. The Tigers were the Short-Season A classification affiliate of the Detroit Tigers, and played their home games at Damaschke Field. The team was relocated to Norwich, Connecticut, for the 2010 season.
The Auburn Doubledays are a Minor League Baseball team of the New York–Penn League (NYPL) and the Class A Short Season affiliate of the Washington Nationals. They are located in Auburn, New York, and play their home games at Leo Pinckney Field at Falcon Park which opened in 1995 and seats 2,800 people. They previously played at the original Falcon Park which was built in 1927 on the same site. The team is owned and operated by Auburn Community Baseball.
LECOM Park is a baseball field located in Bradenton, Florida. It is the spring training home of the Pittsburgh Pirates and is named after 15-year naming rights deal was signed with the Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine, which has its main campus in Erie, Pennsylvania and also a campus in Bradenton. It was formerly known as McKechnie Field, named for Bradenton resident and Baseball Hall of Fame great Bill McKechnie, who led the Pirates in 1925 and the Cincinnati Reds in 1940 to World Series titles. He was also a coach of the Cleveland Indians in 1948. Several notable members of the Baseball Hall of Fame, such as Roberto Clemente, Willie Stargell, Bill Mazeroski, Babe Ruth, Ted Williams and Mike Schmidt, have played at LECOM Park during their careers. The stadium also hosts minor league baseball games for the Bradenton Marauders, the Pirates' High-A club in the Florida State League.
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Busch Stadium, also referred to informally as "New Busch Stadium" or "Busch Stadium III", is a baseball park located in St. Louis, Missouri, the home of the St. Louis Cardinals, the city's Major League Baseball (MLB) franchise. The stadium has a seating capacity of 44,494, and contains 3,706 club seats and 61 luxury suites. It replaced Busch Memorial Stadium and occupies a portion of that stadium's former footprint. A commercial area, dubbed Ballpark Village, was built adjacent to the stadium over the remainder of the former stadium's footprint.
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MacArthur Stadium was a stadium in Syracuse, New York. Opened in 1934 as Municipal Stadium, it was used primarily for baseball and was the home of Syracuse Chiefs before they moved to P&C Stadium, in 1997. The ballpark had an initial capacity of 8,416 people; its capacity was increased to 10,006 before it was renamed in honor of General Douglas MacArthur in 1942. The stadium was razed in 1997 to provide a parking lot for the newly built P&C Stadium.
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