Doubleday Field

Last updated
Doubleday Field
Doubleday Field exterior.jpg
Location Cooperstown, New York
Capacity 9,791
Field size Left field: 296ft
Left-center field: 336ft
Center field: 390ft
Right-center field: 350ft
Right field: 312ft
Surface Grass
Construction
Opened 1920
Expanded 1924, 1939
Tenants

MLB Hall of Fame game

Cooperstown Hawkeyes (PGCBL) (2010–2013)

Doubleday Field is a baseball stadium in Cooperstown, New York named for Abner Doubleday and located two village blocks from the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum.

Baseball Sport

Baseball is a bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a player on the fielding team, called the pitcher, throws a ball which a player on the batting team tries to hit with a bat. The objectives of the offensive team are to hit the ball into the field of play, and to run the bases—having its runners advance counter-clockwise around four bases to score what are called "runs". The objective of the defensive team is to prevent batters from becoming runners, and to prevent runners' advance around the bases. A run is scored when a runner legally advances around the bases in order and touches home plate. The team that scores the most runs by the end of the game is the winner.

Cooperstown, New York Village in New York, United States

Cooperstown is a village in and county seat of Otsego County, New York, United States. Most of the village lies within the town of Otsego, but some of the eastern part is in the town of Middlefield. It is located in the Central New York Region of New York.

Abner Doubleday Union Army general

Abner Doubleday was a career United States Army officer and Union 2-star general in the American Civil War. He fired the first shot in defense of Fort Sumter, the opening battle of the war, and had a pivotal role in the early fighting at the Battle of Gettysburg. Gettysburg was his finest hour, but his relief by Maj. Gen. George G. Meade caused lasting enmity between the two men. In San Francisco, after the war, he obtained a patent on the cable car railway that still runs there. In his final years in New Jersey, he was a prominent member and later president of the Theosophical Society.

Contents

The grounds have been used for baseball since 1920, on what was Elihu Phinney's farm. A wooden grandstand was built in 1924, later replaced by a steel and concrete grandstand built in 1939 by the Works Project Administration. [1] Subsequent expansion has increased seating capacity to 9,791 spectators. [2]

Elihu Phinney (1756–1813) was the first printer in Cooperstown, New York. In the early 1790s he lived in Canaan, Columbia County, New York, where he published the Columbian Mercury, and Canaan Repository of Rural Knowledge.

Works Progress Administration largest and most ambitious United States federal government New Deal agency

The Works Progress Administration was an American New Deal agency, employing millions of people to carry out public works projects, including the construction of public buildings and roads. It was established on May 6, 1935, by Executive Order 7034. In a much smaller project, Federal Project Number One, the WPA employed musicians, artists, writers, actors and directors in large arts, drama, media, and literacy projects. The four projects dedicated to these were: the Federal Writers’ Project (FWP), the Historical Records Survey (HRS), the Federal Theatre Project (FTP), the Federal Music Project (FMP), and the Federal Art Project (FAP). In the Historical Records Survey, for instance, many former slaves in the South were interviewed; these documents are of great importance for American history. Theater and music groups toured throughout America, and gave more than 225,000 performances. Archaeological investigations under the WPA were influential in the rediscovery of pre-Columbian Native American cultures, and the development of professional archaeology in the US.

Seating capacity number of people who can be seated in a specific space, in terms of both the physical space available, and limitations set by law

Seating capacity is the number of people who can be seated in a specific space, in terms of both the physical space available, and limitations set by law. Seating capacity can be used in the description of anything ranging from an automobile that seats two to a stadium that seats hundreds of thousands of people. The largest sporting venue in the world, the Indianapolis Motor Speedway, has a permanent seating capacity for more than 235,000 people and infield seating that raises capacity to an approximate 400,000.

Hall of Fame Game

Doubleday Field, view from behind home plate. Doubleday Field interior.jpg
Doubleday Field, view from behind home plate.

Each year from 1940 to 2008, Doubleday Field hosted the Hall of Fame Game. Originally a contest between "old-timers" teams, it later became an exhibition game between two major league squads. Traditionally, the game was held during the annual induction weekend of the nearby Baseball Hall of Fame, but in later years it was scheduled in May or June, to accommodate the participating teams' travel schedules.

Exhibition game sporting event wherein the result has no external impact

An exhibition game is a sporting event whose prize money and impact on the player's or the team's rankings is either zero or otherwise greatly reduced. In team sports, matches of this type are often used to help coaches and managers select and condition players for the competitive matches of a league season or tournament. If the players usually play in different teams in other leagues, exhibition games offer an opportunity for the players to learn to work with each other. The games can be held between separate teams or between parts of the same team.

Major League Baseball Professional baseball league

Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball organization, the oldest of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada. A total of 30 teams play in the National League (NL) and American League (AL), with 15 teams in each league. The NL and AL were formed as separate legal entities in 1876 and 1901 respectively. After cooperating but remaining legally separate entities beginning in 1903, the leagues merged into a single organization led by the Commissioner of Baseball in 2000. The organization also oversees Minor League Baseball, which comprises 256 teams affiliated with the Major League clubs. With the World Baseball Softball Confederation, MLB manages the international World Baseball Classic tournament.

As MLB's last remaining in-season exhibition game, its results did not count in the official standings, and substitute players were generally used to avoid injury to starters. The curiosity factor of two teams from different leagues playing each other in this game outside of a World Series or spring training situation was eventually removed in 1997 with the launch of interleague play, further reducing the game's cachet.

The World Series is the annual championship series of Major League Baseball (MLB) in North America, contested since 1903 between the American League (AL) champion team and the National League (NL) champion team. The winner of the World Series championship is determined through a best-of-seven playoff, and the winning team is awarded the Commissioner's Trophy. As the series is played during the fall season in North America, it is sometimes referred to as the Fall Classic.

Spring training training during the spring season, in baseball

In Major League Baseball (MLB), spring training is a series of practices and exhibition games preceding the start of the regular season. Spring training allows new players to try out for roster and position spots, and gives established players practice time prior to competitive play. Spring training has always attracted fan attention, drawing crowds who travel to the warm climates of Arizona and Florida to enjoy the weather and watch their favorite teams play, and spring training usually coincides with spring break for many US college students.

Interleague play

Interleague play in Major League Baseball refers to regular-season baseball games played between an American League (AL) team and a National League (NL) team. Interleague play was first introduced in the 1997 Major League Baseball season. Prior to that, matchups between AL teams and NL teams occurred only during spring training, the All-Star Game, other exhibition games, and the World Series. Unlike modern interleague play, none of these contests, except for the World Series, counted toward official team or league records.

On January 29, 2008, Major League Baseball announced that the final Hall of Fame Game would be played on June 16, 2008 between the Chicago Cubs and San Diego Padres, citing "the inherent challenges" of scheduling teams in the modern day as the reason for ending the annual contest. [3] However, the contest was canceled on account of rain. [4]

2008 Chicago Cubs season

The 2008 Chicago Cubs season was the 137th season of the Chicago Cubs franchise, the 133rd in the National League and the 93rd at Wrigley Field. The season began at home on March 31 against the Milwaukee Brewers. The Cubs were champions of the National League Central Division for the second year in a row, accumulating 97 regular season wins—the most since 1945. It was the first time since 1908 that the Cubs made postseason appearances in consecutive seasons.

The 2008 San Diego Padres season was the 40th season in franchise history. The Padres were attempting to win the NL West for the 3rd time in 4 years.

Results

DateWinning TeamScoreLosing TeamScoreNotes
June 13, 1940 Chicago Cubs 10 Boston Red Sox 97 innings-rain
June 13, 1941 Cleveland Indians 2 Cincinnati Reds 16 innings-rain
August 3, 1942 St. Louis Cardinals 5 Philadelphia Athletics 2
July 19, 1943 Brooklyn Dodgers 7 Chicago White Sox 5
July 10, 1944 Detroit Tigers vs. New York Giants, canceled-rain
1945canceled-war restrictions
June 13, 1946New York Giants9Detroit Tigers5
July 21, 1947 Boston Braves 4 New York Yankees 310 innings
July 12, 1948 St. Louis Browns 7 Philadelphia Phillies 5
June 13, 1949 Washington Senators 8 Pittsburgh Pirates 7
July 24, 1950Boston Red Sox8New York Giants5
July 23, 1951Brooklyn Dodgers9Philadelphia Athletics4
July 21, 1952Cleveland Indians4Chicago Cubs2
July 27, 1953Cincinnati Reds16Chicago White Sox6
August 9, 1954New York Yankees10Cincinnati Reds9
July 25, 1955Boston Red Sox4 Milwaukee Braves 2
July 23, 1956New York Giants11Detroit Tigers1012 innings
July 22, 1957Chicago White Sox13St. Louis Cardinals4
August 4, 1958Washington Senators5Philadelphia Phillies4
July 20, 1959 Kansas City Athletics 5Pittsburgh Pirates56 innings-rain (tie game)
June 27, 1960Chicago Cubs5Cleveland Indians0
July 24, 1961 Los Angeles Dodgers 6 Baltimore Orioles 2
July 23, 1962Milwaukee Braves vs. New York Yankees, cancelled-rain
August 5, 1963Boston Red Sox7Milwaukee Braves3
July 27, 1964 Washington Senators 6 New York Mets 4
July 26, 1965New York Yankees7Philadelphia Phillies4
July 25, 1966St. Louis Cardinals7 Minnesota Twins 5
July 24, 1967Baltimore Orioles3Cincinnati Reds0
July 22, 1968Detroit Tigers10Pittsburgh Pirates1
July 28, 1969Minnesota Twins7 Houston Astros 25 innings-rain
July 27, 1970 Montreal Expos 10Chicago White Sox6
August 9, 1971Cleveland Indians13Chicago Cubs5
August 7, 1972New York Yankees8Los Angeles Dodgers3
August 6, 1973 Texas Rangers 6Pittsburgh Pirates4
August 12, 1974 Atlanta Braves 12Chicago White Sox9
August 18, 1975Boston Red Sox11 San Francisco Giants 5
August 9, 1976 Milwaukee Brewers 9New York Mets3
August 8, 1977Minnesota Twins8Philadelphia Phillies5
August 7, 1978Detroit Tigers4New York Mets46½ innings-rain (tie game)
August 6, 1979Texas Rangers12 San Diego Padres 5
August 4, 1980Pittsburgh Pirates11Chicago White Sox8
August 3, 1981Cincinnati Reds vs. Oakland Athletics, canceled-players' strike (New York–Penn League game between Elmira Pioneers and Oneonta Yankees played instead)
August 2, 1982Chicago White Sox4New York Mets48 innings-rain (tie game)
August 1, 1983St. Louis Cardinals4Baltimore Orioles1
August 13, 1984Detroit Tigers7Atlanta Braves5
July 29, 1985Houston Astros5Boston Red Sox310 innings
August 4, 1986Texas Rangers11 Kansas City Royals 4
July 27, 1987New York Yankees3Atlanta Braves0
August 1, 1988Chicago Cubs1Cleveland Indians19 innings (tie game)
July 24, 1989Boston Red Sox vs. Cincinnati Reds, canceled-plane malfunction; Red Sox played intra-squad game
August 6, 1990Baltimore Orioles vs. Montreal Expos, canceled-rain
July 22, 1991Minnesota Twins6San Francisco Giants4
August 3, 1992New York Mets3Chicago White Sox0
August 2, 1993Cleveland Indians vs. Los Angeles Dodgers, canceled-rain
August 1, 1994 Seattle Mariners 4Philadelphia Phillies3
July 31, 1995Chicago Cubs8Detroit Tigers6
August 5, 1996 California Angels 6Montreal Expos69 innings (tie game)
August 4, 1997Los Angeles Dodgers16San Diego Padres8
July 27, 1998Baltimore Orioles7 Toronto Blue Jays 1
July 26, 1999Texas Rangers11Kansas City Royals98 innings-rain
July 24, 2000 Arizona Diamondbacks 12Cleveland Indians7
August 6, 2001Milwaukee Brewers6 Florida Marlins 2
July 29, 2002 Colorado Rockies 18Chicago White Sox10
June 16, 2003Philadelphia Phillies7 Tampa Bay Devil Rays 5With this game, every MLB club has participated
June 14, 2004Atlanta Braves10Minnesota Twins7
May 23, 2005Detroit Tigers6Boston Red Sox4
May 15, 2006Cincinnati Reds vs. Pittsburgh Pirates, canceled after 2½ innings-rain
May 21, 2007Baltimore Orioles13Toronto Blue Jays7
June 16, 2008Chicago Cubs vs. San Diego Padres, canceled-rain

Hall of Fame Classic

In November 2008, the Hall of Fame and the MLB Players Alumni Association announced the creation of the Hall of Fame Classic, an exhibition game involving Hall of Famers and other retired MLB players to be played on Father's Day weekend, and in recent years on the Saturday before Memorial Day. The inaugural Hall of Fame Classic was played on Sunday, June 21, 2009. [5] The Hall of Fame game lasts seven innings or two hours, (whichever comes first). In addition to the game, there is a home run derby beforehand. [6]

Fathers Day celebration honoring fathers

Father's Day is a celebration honoring fathers and celebrating fatherhood, paternal bonds, and the influence of fathers in society. In Catholic Europe, it has been celebrated on March 19 since the Middle Ages. This celebration was brought by the Spanish and Portuguese to Latin America, where March 19 is often still used for it, though many countries in Europe and the Americas have adopted the U.S. date, which is the third Sunday of June. It is celebrated on various days in many parts of the world, most commonly in the months of March, April and June. It complements similar celebrations honoring family members, such as Mother's Day, Siblings Day, and Grandparents' Day.

Memorial Day United States Federal Holiday remembering those who died in military service

Memorial Day is a federal holiday in the United States for remembering and honoring persons who have died while serving in the United States Armed Forces. The holiday, which is currently observed every year on the last Monday of May, was most recently held on May 28, 2018. Memorial Day was previously observed on May 30 from 1868 to 1970.

Cooperstown Classic

The Cooperstown Classic was an International League regular season game played in honor of the 125th anniversary of the league in 2008. The game was held on a Sunday afternoon in may between the Rochester Red Wings and the Syracuse Chiefs. The game was the third of a four-game series in which the Chiefs were the home team. The crowd for the game was very respectable and Major League Hall of Fame member Carlton Fisk threw out the first pitch. The game was postponed after the second inning after a rain delay in which Syracuse lead 1-0 and went on to win the following day in its completion at Alliance Bank Stadium. In an attempt to give the fans another game, the Cooperstown Classic Two was played on a Sunday in June 2009. This game was played between the Pawtucket Red Sox and the home team Syracuse Chiefs. The game was played in full with the Red Sox winning 15-3. This game was not played after that but many have expressed interest in it after the demise of the MLB Hall Of Fame Game in 2008.

Other uses

Doubleday Field is used primarily for amateur and American Legion ball; The Legends of Baseball rents out Doubleday for three weeks over the summer. The Cooperstown Hawkeyes of the Perfect Game Collegiate Baseball League use the field during the summer, while Play at the Plate Baseball also has an annual event at Doubleday Field every September.

No professional team has ever called the stadium home, although in 1996 the Northeast League considered placing a franchise in Cooperstown; this idea was rejected because Doubleday Field has no lights, a necessity for a team in a pro league. Also, some felt that Cooperstown should be the home of all baseball, and not just one team. However, the New York–Penn League has played an annual regular-season game at Doubleday Field since 1991, with the team based in nearby Oneonta serving as the home team through 2009. (The team was known as the Oneonta Yankees until 1999, when they switched affiliations to become the Oneonta Tigers in 1999. The franchise moved to Connecticut in 2010, but has continued to host the Cooperstown game.)

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References

  1. "12 WPA Projects that Still Exist". How Stuff Works. Publications International, Ltd. Retrieved 2009-03-11.
  2. "Cooperstown Connection: Doubleday Field, A Diamond in the Pasture". Archived from the original on 2005-12-14. Retrieved 2012-05-07.
  3. "Baseball Hall of Fame Game in Cooperstown will end after this year". Archived from the original on February 2, 2008.
  4. Kekis, John (2008-06-18). "Final Hall of Fame Game canceled by rain". Yahoo! Sports. Associated Press. Retrieved 2008-06-16.[ dead link ]
  5. O'Connell, Jack (2008-11-17). "New Hall tradition to feature legends". MLB.com . Retrieved 2009-04-01.
  6. "Hall of Fame Classic-Baseball Hall of Fame". baseballhall.org. Baseball Hall of Fame. Retrieved July 16, 2018.

Coordinates: 42°41′57.4″N74°55′36″W / 42.699278°N 74.92667°W / 42.699278; -74.92667