Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah

Last updated
Sir Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah
1st Governor of Sindh
In office
15 August 1947 4 October 1948
Governor-General Mohammad Ali Jinnah
Khawaja Nazimuddin
Preceded byPosition Established
Succeeded by Shaikh Din Muhammad
1st & 5th Premier of Sindh
In office
28 April 1937 23 March 1938
Preceded byPosition Established
Succeeded by Allah Bux Soomro
In office
October 14, 1942 August 14, 1947
Preceded by Allah Bux Soomro
Succeeded by Muhammad Ayub Khuhro [1]
Personal details
BornJanuary 1879 [2]
Shikarpur, Sindh, British India
Died4 October 1948(1948-10-04) (aged 69)
Karachi, Pakistan
Sughra Begum (m. 1940)

Sir Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah KCSI (Urdu : غلام حسین هدايت الله , Sindhi : غلام حسين هدايت الله; January 1879 – 4 October 1948) [3] [4] was a Pakistani politician from Sindh. He held several offices in Sindh including 1st Chief Minister (1937–1938) and being re-elected as 5th Chief Minister (1942–1947). [5]

Order of the Star of India order of chivalry of the British Empire

The Most Exalted Order of the Star of India is an order of chivalry founded by Queen Victoria in 1861. The Order includes members of three classes :

  1. Knight Grand Commander (GCSI)
  2. Knight Commander (KCSI)
  3. Companion (CSI)
Sindhi language Indo-Aryan language spoken in South Asia

Sindhi is an Indo-Aryan language of the historical Sindh region in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent, spoken by the Sindhi people. It is the official language of the Pakistani province of Sindh. In India, Sindhi is one of the scheduled languages officially recognized by the central government, though Sindhi is not an official language of any of the states in India.

Chief Minister of Sindh Head of government of the Province of Sindh

A Chief Minister, is the elected head of government of Sindh province in Pakistan. Syed Murad Ali Shah is the current Chief Minister of Sindh.


Early life and education

Sir Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah was born in 1879 in Shikarpur, Sindh and received his education from Shikarpur High School, Sindh Madressah, Karachi, D. J. Sindh College, Karachi and Government Law College, Bombay. [6] [7]

Shikarpur, Sindh City in Sindh, Pakistan

ShikarpurŚikārpūr) is small city and the capital of Shikarpur District in Sindh province of Pakistan. It is situated about 29 km west of the right bank of the Indus, with a railway station, 37 km north-west of Sukkur. According to the 2017 Census of Pakistan, its population is 195,437.


After completing his LL.B. in 1902, he started his legal practice in Hyderabad Sindh. He started his public career as Vice President of the Hyderabad Municipality. Hidayatullah was also the first Non-official President of the Hyderabad District Board. In 1921 he became a Member of the Bombay Legislative Council.[ citation needed ] In the same year, he was appointed a Minister in the Bombay Government, an office which he occupied till 1928 when he was made a Member of the Executive council of the Governor of Bombay. He served in this capacity until 1934. He received the title of Khan Bahadur from the British government, which also knighted him in the 1926 New Year Honours and further appointed him a Knight Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India (KCSI) in the 1933 Birthday Honours. [8] [9]

<i>Khan Bahadur</i>

Khan Bahadur - a compound of khan (leader) and Bahadur (Brave) - was a formal title of respect and honour, which was conferred exclusively on Muslim and other non-Hindu subjects of the British Indian Empire. It was a title one degree higher than the title of Khan Sahib.

The New Year Honours 1926 were appointments by King George V to various orders and honours to reward and highlight good works by members of the British Empire. They were published on 29 December 1925.

Hidayatullah served as the Chief Minister of Sindh for two separate terms. The first term was 28 April 1937 to 23 March 1938. The second term was 7 March 1941 to 14 October 1947, and served the longest tenure that any chief minister has so far held. After the independence, he became the first Governor of Sindh from 14 August 1947 to 4 October 1948. He died in office.

Partition of India partition of British India into the independent states of India and Pakistan in 1947

The Partition of India was the division of British India in 1947 which accompanied the creation of two independent dominions, India and Pakistan. The Dominion of India is today the Republic of India and Dominion of Pakistan, the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and the People's Republic of Bangladesh. The partition involved the division of two provinces, Bengal and the Punjab, based on district-wise Hindu or Muslim majorities. It also involved the division of the British Indian Army, the Royal Indian Navy, the Indian Civil Service, the railways, and the central treasury, between the two new dominions. The partition was set forth in the Indian Independence Act 1947 and resulted in the dissolution of the British Raj, or Crown rule in India. The two self-governing countries of India and Pakistan legally came into existence at midnight on 14–15 August 1947.

The Governor of Sindh is the appointed head of the province of Sindh, Pakistan. The Office of the Governor as the head of the province is largely a ceremonial position; the executive powers lie with the Chief Minister and the Chief Secretary of Sindh.

As a Minister, Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah was associated with the famous 'Sukkur Barrage project' which contributed so much to the prosperity of Sindh in later years. Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah, along with Khan Bahadur Muhammad Ayub Khuhro, Syed Miran Shah and Sir Shah Nawaz Bhutto, represented Sindh in the Round Table Conferences in London. They convinced the Chairman of the 'Committee on Sindh' that Sindh was not to be a deficit province and had sufficient revenue and administrative capability to be a full fledged province. Sindh was separated from Bombay and its first assembly came into being in 1937.

After the separation of Sindh from Bombay, Sir Ghulam Hussain became the first Chief Minister and remained so until 1947 with two short breaks when Allah Bux Soomro and Mir Bande Ali Talpur had formed their Governments. Sir Ghulam Hussain became the Chief Minister of Sindh three times.

In 1938, the Sindh Assembly passed a resolution demanding a separate homeland for the Muslims of India. In 1943, the Sindh Government became the first Provincial Assembly of the sub-continent to pass an official resolution in favour of the creation of Pakistan. When the Muslim League in 1946 decided on a policy of renunciation of titles conferred by the British Government, Sir Ghulam renounced his British titles and honorifics.

After independence Sir Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah earned the unique distinction of being the only Pakistani Governor of a Province in Pakistan as all other Governors were British. This shows the faith and trust the Quaid-e-Azam laid in him.

Within a month of the passing away of the Quaid-e-Azam, Sir Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah the "Grand Old Man of Sindh" died in Karachi on 4 October 1948.

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  1. Khan, Jan. "Wrongs in the first year of Pakistan".
  2. "Sir Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah Collection". Sindh Archives. Retrieved 6 April 2019.
  3. Hidayatullah, G.H. "Sir Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah". Story of Pakistan. Shikarpur.
  4. Hidayat, Ahmed. "Sir Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah – Brief Profile".
  5. Safi, Khan. "Sir ghulam hussain hidayatullah".
  6. Misaal, Ali. "Sindh politicians". Entertainmentillustratedmagazine. pp. 1–2.
  7. Hidayatullah, Ghulam Hussain. "Sindh politicians". androidillustrated. Retrieved 8 November 2015.
  8. "No. 33119". The London Gazette (Supplement). 29 December 1925. p. 3.
  9. "No. 33119". The London Gazette (Supplement). 2 June 1933. p. 3803.
Political offices
Preceded by
Sindh province reconstituted
Chief Minister of Sindh
28 April 1937 – 23 March 1938
Succeeded by
Khan Bahadur Allah Bux Soomro
Preceded by
Khan Bahadur Allah Bux Soomro
2nd term
7 March 1941 – 14 October 1942
Succeeded by
Khan Bahadur Muhammad Ayub Khuhro