Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah

Last updated
Sir Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah
1st Governor of Sindh
In office
15 August 1947 4 October 1948
Governor-General Mohammad Ali Jinnah
Khawaja Nazimuddin
Preceded byPosition Established
Succeeded by Shaikh Din Muhammad
1st & 5th Premier of Sindh
In office
28 April 1937 23 March 1938
Preceded byPosition Established
Succeeded by Allah Bux Soomro
In office
October 14, 1942 August 14, 1947
Preceded by Allah Bux Soomro
Succeeded by Muhammad Ayub Khuhro [1]
Personal details
BornJanuary 1879 [2]
Shikarpur, Sindh, British India
Died4 October 1948(1948-10-04) (aged 69)
Karachi, Pakistan
Spouse(s)
Sughra Begum (m. 1940)

Sir Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah KCSI (Urdu : غلام حسین هدايت الله , Sindhi : غلام حسين هدايت الله; January 1879 – 4 October 1948) [3] [4] was a Pakistani politician from Sindh. He held several offices in Sindh including 1st Chief Minister (1937–1938) and being re-elected as 5th Chief Minister (1942–1947). [5]

Order of the Star of India order of chivalry of the British Empire

The Most Exalted Order of the Star of India is an order of chivalry founded by Queen Victoria in 1861. The Order includes members of three classes :

  1. Knight Grand Commander (GCSI)
  2. Knight Commander (KCSI)
  3. Companion (CSI)
Sindhi language Indo-Aryan language spoken in South Asia

Sindhi is an Indo-Aryan language of the historical Sindh region in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent, spoken by the Sindhi people. It is the official language of the Pakistani province of Sindh. In India, Sindhi is one of the scheduled languages officially recognized by the central government, though Sindhi is not an official language of any of the states in India.

Chief Minister of Sindh Head of government of the Province of Sindh

A Chief Minister, is the elected head of government of Sindh province in Pakistan. Syed Murad Ali Shah is the current Chief Minister of Sindh.

Contents

Early life and education

Sir Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah was born in 1879 in Shikarpur, Sindh and received his education from Shikarpur High School, Sindh Madressah, Karachi, D. J. Sindh College, Karachi and Government Law College, Bombay. [6] [7]

Shikarpur, Sindh City in Sindh, Pakistan

ShikarpurŚikārpūr) is small city and the capital of Shikarpur District in Sindh province of Pakistan. It is situated about 29 km west of the right bank of the Indus, with a railway station, 37 km north-west of Sukkur. According to the 2017 Census of Pakistan, its population is 195,437.

Career

After completing his LL.B. in 1902, he started his legal practice in Hyderabad Sindh. He started his public career as Vice President of the Hyderabad Municipality. Hidayatullah was also the first Non-official President of the Hyderabad District Board. In 1921 he became a Member of the Bombay Legislative Council.[ citation needed ] In the same year, he was appointed a Minister in the Bombay Government, an office which he occupied till 1928 when he was made a Member of the Executive council of the Governor of Bombay. He served in this capacity until 1934. He received the title of Khan Bahadur from the British government, which also knighted him in the 1926 New Year Honours and further appointed him a Knight Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India (KCSI) in the 1933 Birthday Honours. [8] [9]

<i>Khan Bahadur</i>

Khan Bahadur - a compound of khan (leader) and Bahadur (Brave) - was a formal title of respect and honour, which was conferred exclusively on Muslim and other non-Hindu subjects of the British Indian Empire. It was a title one degree higher than the title of Khan Sahib.

The New Year Honours 1926 were appointments by King George V to various orders and honours to reward and highlight good works by members of the British Empire. They were published on 29 December 1925.

Hidayatullah served as the Chief Minister of Sindh for two separate terms. The first term was 28 April 1937 to 23 March 1938. The second term was 7 March 1941 to 14 October 1947, and served the longest tenure that any chief minister has so far held. After the independence, he became the first Governor of Sindh from 14 August 1947 to 4 October 1948. He died in office.

Partition of India partition of British India into the independent states of India and Pakistan in 1947

The Partition of India was the division of British India in 1947 which accompanied the creation of two independent dominions, India and Pakistan. The Dominion of India is today the Republic of India and Dominion of Pakistan, the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and the People's Republic of Bangladesh. The partition involved the division of two provinces, Bengal and the Punjab, based on district-wise Hindu or Muslim majorities. It also involved the division of the British Indian Army, the Royal Indian Navy, the Indian Civil Service, the railways, and the central treasury, between the two new dominions. The partition was set forth in the Indian Independence Act 1947 and resulted in the dissolution of the British Raj, or Crown rule in India. The two self-governing countries of India and Pakistan legally came into existence at midnight on 14–15 August 1947.

The Governor of Sindh is the appointed head of the province of Sindh, Pakistan. The Office of the Governor as the head of the province is largely a ceremonial position; the executive powers lie with the Chief Minister and the Chief Secretary of Sindh.

As a Minister, Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah was associated with the famous 'Sukkur Barrage project' which contributed so much to the prosperity of Sindh in later years. Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah, along with Khan Bahadur Muhammad Ayub Khuhro, Syed Miran Shah and Sir Shah Nawaz Bhutto, represented Sindh in the Round Table Conferences in London. They convinced the Chairman of the 'Committee on Sindh' that Sindh was not to be a deficit province and had sufficient revenue and administrative capability to be a full fledged province. Sindh was separated from Bombay and its first assembly came into being in 1937.

After the separation of Sindh from Bombay, Sir Ghulam Hussain became the first Chief Minister and remained so until 1947 with two short breaks when Allah Bux Soomro and Mir Bande Ali Talpur had formed their Governments. Sir Ghulam Hussain became the Chief Minister of Sindh three times.

In 1938, the Sindh Assembly passed a resolution demanding a separate homeland for the Muslims of India. In 1943, the Sindh Government became the first Provincial Assembly of the sub-continent to pass an official resolution in favour of the creation of Pakistan. When the Muslim League in 1946 decided on a policy of renunciation of titles conferred by the British Government, Sir Ghulam renounced his British titles and honorifics.

After independence Sir Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah earned the unique distinction of being the only Pakistani Governor of a Province in Pakistan as all other Governors were British. This shows the faith and trust the Quaid-e-Azam laid in him.

Within a month of the passing away of the Quaid-e-Azam, Sir Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah the "Grand Old Man of Sindh" died in Karachi on 4 October 1948.

Related Research Articles

Nazim Hussain Siddiqui served as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan, from 31 December 2003 to 29 June 2005.

Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi former Caretaker Prime Minister of Pakistan

Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi was a Pakistani politician, and was Prime Minister of Pakistan in an acting capacity for three months, from 6 August 1990 to 6 November 1990. Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi's ancestors were Murids of the Pir's of Sarhandi.

Ghulam Ali Allana known as G. Allana was a friend and biographer of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, founder of Pakistan. He was an English-language Pakistani poet and also a counselor and friend to Fatima Jinnah, Muhammad Ali Jinnah's sister.

Sir Shah Nawaz Bhutto,, CIE, OBE, OBI, was a politician and a member of Bhutto family hailing from Larkana in Sindh province of British India, which is now part of Pakistan.

Shikarpur District District in Sindh, Pakistan

Shikarpur district (Sindhi:شڪارپور) :, is a district in the Sindh province of Pakistan. The city of Shikarpur is the District, there are four (04) Sub-Divisions, locally called (Taluka) Lakhi Ghulam Shah, Garhi Yasin, Khanpur and Shikarpur itself. It is spread over an area of 2,512 km2 According to census 2017 total population of District Shikarpur is 1231481. In Total population males are 634985, female are 596477 and Shemale / Transgender are 19. Average annual growth rate is 1.78 from 1998 to 2017. The East India Company occupied Sindh in 1843; They formed three districts in Sindh administratively; 1.Hyderabad 2. Karachi 3.Shikarpur.

Naseer Ahmad Faruqui Pakistani academic

Naseer Ahmad Faruqui OBE, SPk, HQA was a prominent civil servant of Pakistan and prior to that in British India.

Ahmed Hussain A. Kazi Tamgha-e-Pakistan Award was a civil servant of Pakistan and senior advocate of the Pakistan Supreme Court, who shaped the internal revenue, economic and industrialization policies during the 1970s.

Aftab Ghulam Nabi Kazi Pakistnai bureaucrat

Aftab Ghulam Nabi KaziSPk, SK, also known as AGN Kazi, was a Pakistani civil servant and a bureaucrat during the Cold War and during the post cold war. Kazi was born in Sindh, Bombay Presidency, in 1919 to an academic family. He started his career in the Indian Civil Service in 1944 and served as the Deputy Commissioner of Bihar and Orissa. After the partition of India, Kazi migrated to Pakistan and joined the Provincial Government of Sindh, and held positions such as Secretary of Finance and Secretary to the Governor.

Jhirk also spelt as Jerruck is a small town on the right bank of River Indus, in district Thatta, province of Sindh, Pakistan.

Muhammad Yusuf Abdullah Haroon was a politician from Sindh, Pakistan.

Miran Mohammad Shah second speaker of the Sindh Assembly in British India

Syed Miran Mohammad Shah was the second speaker of the Sindh Assembly before and after the independence of Pakistan. He was a Sindh member in the Bombay Legislative Assembly before Sindh became a province in 1936. After the accession of Sindh to Pakistan in 1947, he became the first speaker of the Sindh Assembly. He remained speaker of Sindh Legislative Assembly and Minister for the Government of Sindh. Miran Mohammad Shah also served as the first ambassador of Pakistan to Spain after the independence of Pakistan.

Mutawakkil Kazi Pakistani economist

Dr Mutawakkil Kazi was a Pakistani civil servant and economist.

Ghulam Haider Wyne Pakistani politician

Ghulam Haider Wyne was a well-known politician of Pakistan. His family migrated from India to Pakistan in 1947 after the independence. He was the Leader of the Opposition (Pakistan) and former chief minister of Pakistan's most populous province Punjab. He held chief minister's position from 1990 to 1993, when President Ghulam Ishaq Khan dissolved the Constituent Assembly and removed his government in 1993 from Punjab along with Nawaz Sharif's governments in Pakistan. He was brutally murdered near Mian Channu while doing the rounds of his election campaign in 1993.

Raees Ghulam Muhammad Khan Bhurgri (Barrister),(1878-1924) was one of the pioneers of the Pakistan Movement.

Sheikh Din Muhammad was a Pakistani politician who served as the 2nd Governor of Sindh after the death of Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah on 4 October, 1948 to 19 November, 1949. Sheikh Din was born in Jhang on 5 June, 1897.

Maulana Ghulam Mohammad Grami was born on 30 December 1920 in Mehar, Dadu District, Sindh. He belonged with the Laghari Baloch tribe of the Sindh. He was an eminent scholar, journalist and poet. He died on 15 September 1976.

Noor Muhammad Lakhir was a Sindhi nationalist, educationist, freedom fighter, social activist, and pioneer of Noor Muhammad High School and the Muslim Hostel in Hyderabad, Sindh.

Fatima Sughra, also known as Begum Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah, Sughra Begum, Begum Hidayatullah and Lady Hidayatullah was a Pakistani activist and figure in Pakistani politics. She was the wife of Sir Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah. She became known when she pulled off the Union Jack from the civil secretariat Lahore, and replaced it with the flag of Muslim League.

References

  1. Khan, Jan. "Wrongs in the first year of Pakistan".
  2. "Sir Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah Collection". sindharchives.gov.pk. Sindh Archives. Retrieved 6 April 2019.
  3. Hidayatullah, G.H. "Sir Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah". Story of Pakistan. Shikarpur.
  4. Hidayat, Ahmed. "Sir Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah – Brief Profile".
  5. Safi, Khan. "Sir ghulam hussain hidayatullah".
  6. Misaal, Ali. "Sindh politicians". Entertainmentillustratedmagazine. pp. 1–2.
  7. Hidayatullah, Ghulam Hussain. "Sindh politicians". androidillustrated. Retrieved 8 November 2015.
  8. "No. 33119". The London Gazette (Supplement). 29 December 1925. p. 3.
  9. "No. 33119". The London Gazette (Supplement). 2 June 1933. p. 3803.
Political offices
Preceded by
Sindh province reconstituted
Chief Minister of Sindh
28 April 1937 – 23 March 1938
Succeeded by
Khan Bahadur Allah Bux Soomro
Preceded by
Khan Bahadur Allah Bux Soomro
2nd term
7 March 1941 – 14 October 1942
Succeeded by
Khan Bahadur Muhammad Ayub Khuhro