Giuseppe di Giugno

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Giuseppe Di Giugno (born 1937 in Benghazi) is an Italian physicist. He graduated with a degree in physics from Rome University in 1961.


Particle physics

From 1961 until 1975, Di Giugno was a researcher in the field of matter-antimatter interactions at the National Laboratory of Nuclear Physics at Frascati and at European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) at Geneva. [1] He was actively involved in the design and realization of ADA, the first electron-positron storage ring. [2]

He served as an associate professor first of "Physics Laboratory II" and then of "Structure of Matter" at the Physics Institute of Naples University from 1963 until 1975.[ citation needed ]


IRCAM machine room in 1989.jpg
Sogitec 4X (center)
on IRCAM's machine room in 1989

Between 1970 and 1973, he progressively abandoned research on particle physics and turned his attention principally to electroacoustics and digital sound. He created a research center at the Naples University Physics Institute, where he developed numerous analog and digital systems controlled by a PDP11 computer for realtime generation and sound processing. In 1974, he met Luciano Berio, who invited him to IRCAM in Paris to create an Electroacoustic Centre; this marked the beginning of a collaboration that continued until 2000. At IRCAM, guided by the musical ideas of Pierre Boulez, di Giugno developed several prototypes of digital machines that in 1979 were consolidated in the "4X" system. This was the first entirely digital music workstation and it opened new horizons for music composition and performance. This system was used by Boulez, Nono and Stockhausen. To a certain extent it was a reference point for later digital instruments.

In 1988, Di Giugno returned to Italy to assume the direction of the IRIS research laboratory of the Bontempi-Farfisa group where, through 1999, he continued research in the field of large musical workstations, coordinating a Design Centre for the realization of specialized microprocessors handling digital sound signals.

The "MARS" work station and the "SMART" spatializer were realized during that period. Both systems were widely used at the time. Personal computers allow real-time emulation of the old hardware system. [3]

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Antimatter Material composed of antiparticles of the corresponding particles of ordinary matter

In modern physics, antimatter is defined as matter that is composed of the antiparticles of the corresponding particles of "ordinary" matter. Minuscule numbers of antiparticles are generated daily at particle accelerators—total production has been only a few nanograms (ng)—and in natural processes like cosmic ray collisions and some types of radioactive decay, but only a tiny fraction of these have successfully been bound together in experiments to form anti-atoms. No macroscopic amount of antimatter has ever been assembled due to the extreme cost and difficulty of production and handling.

Particle physics Branch of physics

Particle physics is a branch of physics that studies the nature of the particles that constitute matter and radiation. Although the word particle can refer to various types of very small objects, particle physics usually investigates the irreducibly smallest detectable particles and the fundamental interactions necessary to explain their behaviour.

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  1. "People: Sandro Vitale 1932-2001". CERN Courier. 41 (4): 34–35. May 2001.
  2. Bernadini, Carlo (June 2004). "AdA: The First Electron-Positron Collider". Phys. Perspect. 6 (2): 156–183. Bibcode:2004PhP.....6..156B. doi:10.1007/s00016-003-0202-y.
  3. A one card 64 channel digital synthesizer Author: Giuseppe Di Giugno; Hal Alles Publisher: Paris : IRCAM, Centre Georges Pompidou, [1978] Series: Rapports IRCAM, 78/4.