|Former County constituency |
for the House of Commons
|Number of members||two|
The constituency of Gloucestershire was a UK Parliamentary constituency. After it was abolished under the 1832 Electoral Reform Act, two new constituencies, West Gloucestershire and East Gloucestershire, were created.
Gloucestershire was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England, then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1832. It was represented by two Knights of the Shire.
The constituency consisted of the historic county of Gloucestershire, excluding the part of the city of Bristol in the geographical county. Bristol had the status of a county of itself after 1373. Although Gloucestershire contained a number of other parliamentary boroughs, each of which elected two MPs in its own right for part of the period when Gloucestershire was a constituency, these were not excluded from the county constituency. Owning property within such boroughs could confer a vote at the county election. This was not the case, though, for Bristol.
Roman numerals are used to differentiate MPs with the same name, who are not holders of a title with different succession numbers. It is not suggested that the people involved would have used Roman numerals in this way.
Constituency created (1290)
(Source: Roskell, 1992)
|Election||First Member||Second Member|
|1386||Sir Thomas FitzNichol||William Hervy|
|1388(Feb)||Sir John Berkeley||William Hayberer|
|1388(Sept)||Sir John Berkeley||Sir Laurence Sebrooke|
|1390(Jan)||Sir John Cheyne||Sir Laurence Sebrooke|
|1390(Nov)||Sir Gilbert Denys||Thomas Berkeley|
|1391||Sir Maurice Berkeley||Robert Whittington|
|1393||Sir John Cheyne||Sir Thomas FitzNichol|
|1394||Sir John Cheyne||Sir Henry de la River|
|1395||Sir Thomas FitzNichol||Sir Gilbert Denys|
|1397(Jan)||Sir Thomas Butler||Sir John Berkeley|
|1397(Sept)||Hugh Mortimer||John Browning|
|1399||Sir John Cheyne||Sir Thomas FitzNichol|
|1401||John Browning||Sir Thomas FitzNichol|
|1402||Sir Maurice Russell||Sir Thomas FitzNichol|
|1404(Jan)||Sir Maurice Russell||Robert Whittington|
|1404(Oct)||Richard Mawarden||James Clifford|
|1406||Sir Thomas FitzNichol||Robert Whittington|
|1407||Sir Thomas FitzNichol||Thomas Mille|
|1410||Sir John Drayton||unknown|
|1411||Thomas Mille||Robert Whittington|
|1413(May)||Sir Thomas FitzNichol||Sir John Pauncefoot|
|1414(April)||Robert Whittington||John Greville|
|1414(Nov)||Sir Thomas FitzNichol||John Browning|
|1415||Sir Thomas FitzNichol||Robert Poyntz|
|1417||Robert Poyntz||Robert Greyndore|
|1419||John Greville||William Tracy|
|1420||Robert Greyndore||Guy Whittington|
|1421(May)||John Greville||Guy Whittington|
|1421(Dec)||(Sir) John Blaket||Sir John Pauncefoot|
|Parliament||First Member||Second Member|
|1422 (Oct)||John Grevell||Robert Stranshawe|
|1423 (Oct)||John Grevell||Robert Stranshawe|
|1425 (Apr)||Sir Maurice Berkeley||John Grevell|
|1426 (Jan)||Robert Stranshawe||Robert Greyndore|
|1427 (Sep)||John Grevell||Guy Whittington|
|1429 (July)||John Langley||?|
|1430 (Dec)||Nicholas Poyntz||Giles Brugges or Bridges|
|1432 (Apr)||John Langley||Guy Whittington|
|1433 (Jun)||Robert Greyndore||Robert Stranshawe|
|1435 (Jul)||John Langley||Thomas Mill|
|1436 (Dec)||John Langley||John Cassy|
|1442 (Jan)||William Tracy||John Langley|
|1447 (Jan)||Thomas Pauncefoot||John Cassy|
|1449 (Jan)||Thomas Mill||Thomas Pauncefoot|
|1449 (Oct)||William Gyfford||Thomas Derehurst|
|1450 (Oct)||John Barre||John Kemmyse|
|1455 (Jun)||Giles Brugges or Bridges||William Whittington|
|1460 (Sep)||Thomas Yonge||Thomas Bridges|
|1467 (May)||Maurice Berkeley||Thomas Herbert senior|
|1472 (Aug)||Sir Richard Beauchamp||Thomas Lymryk|
|1478 (Jan)||Thomas Cokesey||John Twynyho|
|1491 (Sep)||Sir Edmond Montfort||Thomas Morton|
(Source: Bindoff (1982))
|Parliament of 1510-23||No names known||No names known|
|Parliament of 1529||Sir William Kingston||Sir John Brydges|
|Parliament of 1536||Not known||Not known|
|Parliament of 1539||Sir William Kingston||Anthony Kingston|
|Parliament of 1542||?Sir Anthony Kingston||Not known|
|Parliament of 1545||Sir Anthony Kingston||Nicholas Arnold|
|Parliament of 1547||Sir Anthony Kingston||Sir Nicholas Poyntz|
|Parliament of 1553(Mar)||Sir Anthony Kingston||Sir Nicholas Arnold|
|Parliament of 1553(Oct)||Sir Edmund Brydges||Sir Anthony Hungerford|
|Parliament of 1554(Apr)||Sir Giles Poole||Nicholas Wykes|
|Parliament of 1554(Nov)||Arthur Porter||William Rede|
|Parliament of 1555||Sir Anthony Kingston||Sir Nicholas Arnold|
|Parliament of 1558||Sir Henry Jerningham||Sir Walter Denys|
|Parliament||First Member||Second Member|
|1563 (Jan)||Nicholas Welshe or Walsh||Richard Denys|
|1571 (Apr)||Sir Giles Poole||Sir Nicholas Poyntz|
|1572 (Apr)||Hon. Giles Bridges||Sir Nicholas Arnold|
|1581||Sir Thomas Porter|
|1584 (Nov)||Sir John Darcy||Hon. William Bruges or Bridges|
|1586 (Oct)||Hon. William Bridges||Sir William Wynter|
|1588 (Dec)||Sir Thomas Throckmorton||Edward Wynter|
|1593 (Jan)||Sir Henry Poole||Sir John Pointz|
|1597 (Sep)||Sir John Tracy||Sir John Hungerford|
|1601 (Sep)||Sir Edward Wynter||John Throckmorton|
|1604 (Mar)||Hon. Sir Thomas Berkeley|| Sir Richard Berkeley, died in office |
and replaced 30 May 1604 by John Throckmorton
|1614 (Mar)||Sir William Cooke||Richard Berkeley|
|1620 (Dec)||Sir Robert Tracy||Maurice Berkeley|
|1624 (Feb)|| Sir Thomas Estcourt, died in office |
and replaced 20 Oct 1624 by Sir Maurice Berkeley
|1625(May)||Sir Maurice Berkeley||John Dutton|
|1626 (Jan)||Sir Robert Tracy||Sir Robert Pointz|
|1628 (Mar)||Sir Robert Pointz||Nathaniel Stephens|
|1629–1640||No Parliaments summoned|
|Election||First member||First party||Second member||Second party|
|1640, April||Sir Robert Tracy||Royalist||Sir Robert Cooke||Parliamentarian|
|1640, November||Nathaniel Stephens||Parliamentarian||John Dutton 1||Royalist|
|c. 1644||Sir John Seymour 2||Parliamentarian|
|Gloucestershire's representation was increased to 3 nominated MPs in Barebones Parliament|
|1653||John Crofts; William Neast; Robert Holmes|
|Gloucestershire's representation was increased to 5 elected MPs in the First and Second Parliaments of the Protectorate|
|1654||George Berkeley; Matthew Hale; John Howe; Christopher Guise; Sylvanus Wood|
|1656||George Berkeley; John Howe; John Crofts; Baynham Throckmorton; William Neast|
|Gloucestershire's representation was decreased to 2 MPs in the Third Parliament of the Protectorate and thereafter|
|1659, January||John Grobham Howe I||John Stephens|
|1660, April 18||Edward Stephens||Matthew Hale|
|1661, April 17||John Grobham Howe I||Sir Baynham Throckmorton, 2nd Bt 3|
|1664, December 21||Sir Baynham Throckmorton, 3rd Bt|
|1679, February 26||Sir John Guise, 2nd Bt||Sir Ralph Dutton, Bt|
|1685, March 18||Marquess of Worcester||Sir Robert Atkyns|
|1689, January 18||Sir John Guise, 2nd Bt||Whig||Sir Ralph Dutton, Bt||Whig|
|1695, December 11||Thomas Stephens I||Whig|
|1698, August 3||John Grobham Howe II||Tory||Sir Richard Cocks, Bt||Whig|
|1701, December 3||Maynard Colchester||Whig|
|1702, August 6||John Grobham Howe II||Tory|
|1705, May 16||Sir John Guise, 3rd Bt||Whig|
|1708, May 12||Matthew Moreton||Whig|
|1710, October 25||John Symes Berkeley||Tory|
|1713, September 23||Thomas Stephens II||Whig|
|1715, February 9||Matthew Moreton||Whig|
|1720, March 30||Hon. Henry Berkeley|
|1720, June 22||Edmund Bray|
|1722, March 28||Kinard de la Bere|
|1727, September 6||Sir John Dutton, Bt|
|1734, May 8||Thomas Chester||Tory||Benjamin Bathurst||Tory|
|1741, May 12||Norborne Berkeley|
|1763, April 27||Thomas Tracy|
|1763, November 23||Edward Southwell|
|1770, August 6||Sir William Guise, Bt|
|1776, May 6||William Bromley-Chester||Tory 4|
|1781, January 24||James Dutton|
|1783, April 28||Hon. George Cranfield Berkeley||Whig 5|
|1784, April 12||Thomas Master||Tory 5|
|1796, June 2||Marquess of Worcester||Tory|
|1803, November 14||Lord Edward Somerset||Tory|
|1810, May 18||Viscount Dursley|
|1811, February 7||Sir Berkeley Guise, Bt||Whig|
|1831, May 10||Hon. Henry Reynolds-Moreton||Whig|
|Constituency abolished (1832)|
|Whig||George Cranfield Berkeley||2,873||49.6||n/a|
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