Gnaeus Manlius Vulso (consul 474 BC)

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Gnaeus Manlius Vulso
Consul of the Roman Republic
In office
474 BC 473 BC
Preceded by Publius Valerius Poplicola (consul 475 BC), Gaius Nautius Rutilus
Succeeded by Lucius Aemilius Mamercus, Vopiscus Julius Iulus
Personal details
BornUnknown
Ancient Rome
DiedUnknown
Ancient Rome

Gnaeus Manlius Vulso was Roman consul in 474 BC with Lucius Furius Medullinus Fusus.

A consul held the highest elected political office of the Roman Republic, and ancient Romans considered the consulship the highest level of the cursus honorum.

Lucius Furius Medullinus Fusus was a Roman politician in the 5th century BC, and consul in 474 BC.

Contents

The historian Livy calls him Gaius. [1] Most modern writers refer to him as Aulus, assuming that he is the same person as the decemvir of 451 BC, who is called Aulus in the Fasti Capitolini . However, the chronology of this family makes this extremely improbable, leading to the conclusion that he was in fact Gnaeus, the father of the decemvir. The praenomina Gnaeus and Gaius were often confused in early records, which would account for the appearance of that name in Livy's history.

Livy Roman historian

Titus Livius – simply rendered as Livy in English – was a Roman historian. He wrote a monumental history of Rome and the Roman people – Ab Urbe Condita Libri – covering the period from the earliest legends of Rome before the traditional foundation in 753 BC through the reign of Augustus in Livy's own lifetime. He was on familiar terms with members of the Julio-Claudian dynasty and even in friendship with Augustus, whose young grandnephew, the future emperor Claudius, he exhorted to take up the writing of history.

Decemviri A 10-man commission in the Roman Republic

The decemviri or decemvirs were any of several 10-man commissions established by the Roman Republic.

<i>Fasti Capitolini</i> inscription

The Fasti Capitolini, or Capitoline Fasti, are a list of the chief magistrates of the Roman Republic, extending from the early fifth century BC down to the reign of Augustus, the first Roman emperor. Together with similar lists found at Rome and elsewhere, they form part of a chronology referred to as the Fasti Annales, Fasti Consulares, or Consular Fasti, or occasionally just the fasti.

Life

His father's name was Gaius (or Gnaeus), and his grandfather's Publius. [2] [3] [4]

In his consulship, Manlius was assigned the war against Veii. The Veientes sued for peace, which the Romans accepted. Upon the Veientes giving tribute of corn and money for the Roman troops, a truce of forty years was agreed. As a consequence Manlius gained the honour of an ovation on his return to Rome, [5] which he celebrated on 15 March 474 BC. [6]

The ovation was a form of the Roman triumph. Ovations were granted when war was not declared between enemies on the level of nations or states; when an enemy was considered basely inferior ; or when the general conflict was resolved with little or no danger to the army itself.

In the following year, Manlius and his colleague were brought to trial by the tribune Gnaeus Genucius for failing to appoint the decemvirs to allocate the public lands. However, on the day of the trial Genucius was found dead, and as a consequence the charges were dismissed. [7] [8]

Tribune elected Roman officials

Tribune was the title of various elected officials in ancient Rome. The two most important were the tribunes of the plebs and the military tribunes. For most of Roman history, a college of ten tribunes of the plebs acted as a check on the authority of the senate and the annual magistrates, holding the power of ius intercessionis to intervene on behalf of the plebeians, and veto unfavourable legislation. There were also military tribunes, who commanded portions of the Roman army, subordinate to higher magistrates, such as the consuls and praetors, promagistrates, and their legates. Various officers within the Roman army were also known as tribunes. The title was also used for several other positions and classes in the course of Roman history.

See also

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References

  1. Livy, Ab Urbe condita , ii.54
  2. Fasti Capitolini .
  3. Smith, William, ed. (1870). "Vulso". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. 3. p. 1285
  4. Broughton, Thomas Robert Shannon; Patterson, Marcia L. (Collaborator). The Magistrates of the Roman Republic. Philological Monograph No. 15. American Philological Association.
  5. Livy, Ab Urbe condita , ii.54
  6. Fasti Triumphales
  7. Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Romaike Archaiologia, ix. 36-38.
  8. Livy, Ab Urbe condita , ii.54

PD-icon.svg  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain :  Smith, William, ed. (1870). "Vulso". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology . 3. p. 1285.

The public domain consists of all the creative works to which no exclusive intellectual property rights apply. Those rights may have expired, been forfeited, expressly waived, or may be inapplicable.

William Smith (lexicographer) English lexicographer

Sir William Smith was an English lexicographer. He also made advances in the teaching of Greek and Latin in schools.

<i>Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology</i> encyclopedia/biographical dictionary

The Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology is an encyclopedia/biographical dictionary. Edited by William Smith, the dictionary spans three volumes and 3,700 pages. It is a classic work of 19th-century lexicography. The work is a companion to Smith's Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities and Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography.

Political offices
Preceded by
Publius Valerius Poplicola,
and Gaius Nautius Rutilus
Consul of the Roman Republic
474 BC
with Lucius Furius Medullinus Fusus
Succeeded by
Lucius Aemilius Mamercus,
and Vopiscus Julius Iulus