Guachochi

Last updated
Guachochi
City
Mexico Chihuahua location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Guachochi
Location in Chihuahua
Coordinates: 26°49′10″N107°4′12″W / 26.81944°N 107.07000°W / 26.81944; -107.07000 Coordinates: 26°49′10″N107°4′12″W / 26.81944°N 107.07000°W / 26.81944; -107.07000
CountryFlag of Mexico.svg  Mexico
State Chihuahua
Municipality Guachochi
Official Website http://www.guachochi.mx
FoundedMid-18th century
Elevation
2,400 m (7,900 ft)
Population
(2010)
  Total14,513
Postal code
33180
Area code(s) 649
DemonymGuachochiteco

Guachochi is a municipality and a city in the south-western portion of the Mexican state of Chihuahua. The city of Guachochi serves as the municipal seat for the surrounding municipality of the same name.

Mexico's states classify their settlements in a variety of fashions:

Chihuahua (state) State of Mexico

Chihuahua, officially the Estado Libre y Soberano de Chihuahua, is one of the 31 states of Mexico. It is located in Northwestern Mexico and is bordered by the states of Sonora to the west, Sinaloa to the southwest, Durango to the south, and Coahuila to the east. To the north and northeast, it has a long border with the U.S. adjacent to the U.S. states of New Mexico and Texas. Its capital city is Chihuahua City.

Contents

As of 2010, the city of Guachochi had a population of 14,513, [1] up from 12,385 in 2005. [2]

Municipality

Guachochi is one of the 67 municipalities of Chihuahua, in northern Mexico. The municipal seat lies at Guachochi. The municipality covers an area of 4,340.35 km².

Municipalities of Chihuahua Wikimedia list article

Chihuahua is a state in Northwest Mexico that is divided into 67 municipalities. According to the 2015 Mexican Intercensal Survey, Chihuahua is the 11th most populous state with 3,554,877 inhabitants and the largest by land area spanning 247,798.08 square kilometres (95,675.37 sq mi).

Mexico Country in the southern portion of North America

Mexico, officially the United Mexican States, is a country in the southern portion of North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States; to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; to the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico. Covering almost 2,000,000 square kilometres (770,000 sq mi), the nation is the fifth largest country in the Americas by total area and the 13th largest independent state in the world. With an estimated population of over 120 million people, the country is the tenth most populous state and the most populous Spanish-speaking state in the world, while being the second most populous nation in Latin America after Brazil. Mexico is a federation comprising 31 states and Mexico City, a special federal entity that is also the capital city and its most populous city. Other metropolises in the state include Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Toluca, Tijuana and León.

It was created by the State Congress on 31 December 1962, with its escision from the municipality of Batopilas.

As of 2010, the municipality had a total population of 49,689, [1] up from 45,881 as of 2005. [3]


As of 2010, the city of Guachochi had a population of 14,513. [1] Other than the city of Guachochi, the municipality had 1,508 localities, the largest of which (with 2010 populations in parentheses) was: Samachique (1,241), classified as rural. [1]

The municipality has 1,134 localities. The largest are:

NamePopulation (2005)
Guachochi12,385
Samachique 1,115
Norogachi 752
Rocheachi 729
Total Municipality45,881

History

The settlement was founded by Jesuit missionaries in the mid-18th century. In 1952 Guachochi, then only a small village, was chosen as the location of one of the first two Indigenous Centres of the National Institute of Indigenous Peoples (INI). It is the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Tarahumara. The area around Guachochi is rich in history, and old Jesuit missions are kept in several communities. Guachochi was established in the middle of the 18th century as part of a mission, whose name was Guachochi. The original mission buildings no longer exist. Tónachi, Yoquivo, the temple of Our Lady of Loreto of Yoquivo, and the temple of Our Lady of Pilar de Norogachi, in Norogachi are places where old Jesuit buildings are still conserved.

Media

Guachochi is home to XETAR-AM, a government-run community radio station that broadcasts to the local area in Spanish, Tarahumara and Tepehuano.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 "Guachochi". Catálogo de Localidades. Secretaría de Desarrollo Social (SEDESOL). Retrieved 23 April 2014.
  2. "Guachochi". Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México. Instituto Nacional para el Federalismo y el Desarrollo Municipal.
  3. "Guachochi". Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México. Instituto Nacional para el Federalismo y el Desarrollo Municipal. Retrieved 2008-09-27.