ITU Radio Regulations

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Basic data
Short title:ITU Radio Regulations
Long title:Radio Regulations of the
International Telecommunication Union
Type: Treaty
Legal status: International law
Jurisdiction:international
Abbreviation:RR
Treaty countries:ca. 200
Announcement:December 22, 1992
Current version:"Geneva, 2015 (WRC-15)"

The ITU Radio Regulations (short: RR) regulates on law of nations scale radiocommunication services and the utilisation of radio frequencies. It is the supplementation to the Constitution and Convention of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU Constitution and Convention). In line to the ITU Constitution and Convention and the ITU International Telecommunication Regulations (ITR), this ITU Radio Regulations belong to the basic documents of the International Telecommunication Union. The ITU Radio Regulations comprise and regulate the part of the allocated electromagnetic spectrum (also: radio frequency spectrum) from 9 kHz to 275 GHz.

The Constitution and Convention of the International Telecommunication Union is an international treaty, signed and ratified by almost all countries of the world. The treaty is the founding document of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), a specialized agency of the United Nations. The convention was concluded on 22 December 1992 in Geneva. The ITU Constitution and Convention succeeded and replaced the 1865 International Telegraph Convention.

International Telecommunication Union Specialised agency of the United Nations

The International Telecommunication Union (ITU), originally the International Telegraph Union, is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is responsible for issues that concern information and communication technologies. It is the seecond oldest international organization after the Rhine Navigation Commission (1815).

The electromagnetic spectrum is the range of frequencies of electromagnetic radiation and their respective wavelengths and photon energies.

Contents

Structure

The current approved version of the ITU Radio Regulations (addition 2012) is structured as follows:

Volume 1 – Articles

Aeronautical mobile service

Aeronautical mobile service is – according to Article 1.32 of the International Telecommunication Union´s (ITU) Radio Regulations (RR) – defined as «A mobile service between aeronautical stations and aircraft stations, or between aircraft stations, in which survival craft stations may participate; emergency position-indicating radiobeacon stations may also participate in this service on designated distress and emergency frequencies.»

A maritime mobile service is a mobile service between coast stations and ship stations, or between ship stations, or between associated on-board communication stations. The service may also be used by survival craft stations and emergency position-indicating radiobeacon stations.

Volume 2 – Appendices
Volume 3 – Resolutions and Recommendations
Volume 4 – ITU-R Recommendations incorporated by reference
Maps to be used in relation to Appendix 27

Definitions

The Radio Regulations define:

The drafting, revision and adoption of the Radio Regulations is the responsibility of the World Radiocommunication Conferences (WRCs) of the ITU, meetings of which are typically held every three or four years. Recent WRCs are:

World Radiocommunication Conference convention

World Radiocommunication Conference (WRC) is organized by ITU to review and as necessary, revise the Radio Regulations, the international treaty governing the use of the radio-frequency spectrum and the geostationary-satellite and non-geostationary-satellite orbits. It is held every three to four years. Prior to 1993, it was called the World Administrative Radio Conference (WARC); in 1992, at an Additional Plenipotentiary Conference in Geneva, the ITU was restructured, and later conferences became the WRC.

The most recent published version [2] of the Radio Regulations, the "Edition of 2015" contains the complete texts of the Radio Regulations as adopted and revised by WRC-15, including all articles, appendices, resolutions, and a subset of the recommendations issued by ITU-R (previously known as the CCIR) (those "recommendations" which have a mandatory nature, as a result of being cited in the Radio Regulations).

ITU-R one of the three sectors of the ITU

The ITU Radiocommunication Sector (ITU-R) is one of the three sectors of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and is responsible for radio communication.

Related Research Articles

Frequency allocation

Frequency allocation is the allocation and regulation of the electromagnetic spectrum into radio frequency bands, which is normally done by governments in most countries. Because radio propagation does not stop at national boundaries, governments have sought to harmonise the allocation of RF bands and their standardization.

Radio spectrum part of the electromagnetic spectrum from 3 Hz to 3000 GHz (3 THz)

The radio spectrum is the part of the electromagnetic spectrum with frequencies from 30 hertz to 300 GHz. Electromagnetic waves in this frequency range, called radio waves, are widely used in modern technology, particularly in telecommunication. To prevent interference between different users, the generation and transmission of radio waves is strictly regulated by national laws, coordinated by an international body, the International Telecommunication Union (ITU).

Fixed-satellite service

Fixed-satellite service is – according to article 1.21 of the International Telecommunication Union's (ITU) Radio Regulations (RR) – defined as A radiocommunication service between earth stations at given positions, when one or more satellites are used; the given position may be a specified fixed point or any fixed point within specified areas; in some cases this service includes satellite-to-satellite links, which may also be operated in the inter-satellite service; the fixed-satellite service may also include feeder links for other space radiocommunication services.

The World Administrative Radio Conference (WARC) was a technical conference of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) where delegates from member nations of the ITU met to revise or amend the entire international Radio Regulations pertaining to all telecommunication services throughout the world. The conference was held in Geneva, Switzerland, with preparatory conferences held in Panama City, Panama.

Mobile service is – in line to ITU Radio Regulations – a radiocommunication service between mobile and land stations, or between mobile stations (CV).

Meteorological aids service

Meteorological aids service is – according to Article 1.50 of the International Telecommunication Union´s (ITU) Radio Regulations (RR) – defined as «A radiocommunication service used for meteorological, including hydrological, observations and exploration.»

Meteorological-satellite service

Meteorological-satellite service is – according to Article 1.52 of the International Telecommunication Union´s (ITU) Radio Regulations (RR) – defined as « An earth exploration-satellite service for meteorological purposes.»

Earth exploration-satellite service

Earth exploration-satellite service is – according to Article 1.51 of the International Telecommunication Union´s (ITU) Radio Regulations (RR) – defined as «A radiocommunication service between earth stations and one or more space stations, which may include links between space stations, in which:

Space operation service

Space operation service is – according to Article 1.23 of the International Telecommunication Union's (ITU) Radio Regulations (RR) – defined as «A radiocommunication service concerned exclusively with the operation of spacecraft, in particular space tracking, space telemetry and space telecommand. These functions will normally be provided within the service in which the space station is operating.»

Standard frequency and time signal service

Standard frequency and time signal service is – according to Article 1.53 of the International Telecommunication Union's (ITU) Radio Regulations (RR) – defined as «A radiocommunication service for scientific, technical and other purposes, providing the transmission of specified frequencies, time signals, or both, of stated high precision, intended for general reception

Space research service radiocommunication service in which spacecraft or other objects in space are used for research purposes

Space research service is – according to Article 1.55 of the International Telecommunication Union´s (ITU) Radio Regulations (RR) – defined as «A radiocommunication service in which spacecraft or other objects in space are used for scientific or technological research purposes

Land mobile-satellite service

Land mobile-satellite service is – according to Article 1.27 of the International Telecommunication Union´s (ITU) Radio Regulations (RR) – defined as «A mobile-satellite service in which mobile earth stations are located on land.»

Aeronautical mobile-satellite service

Aeronautical mobile-satellite service is – according to Article 1.35 of the International Telecommunication Union´s (ITU) Radio Regulations (RR) – defined as «A mobile-satellite service in which mobile earth stations are located on board aircraft; survival craft stations and emergency position-indicating radiobeacon stations may also participate in this service. . »

Aeronautical mobile (R) service

Aeronautical mobile (R) service is – according to Article 1.33 of the International Telecommunication Union´s (ITU) Radio Regulations (RR) – defined as «An aeronautical mobile service reserved for communications relating to safety and regularity of flight, primarily along national or international civil air routes.»

Aeronautical mobile (OR) service

Aeronautical mobile (OR) service is – according to Article 1.34 of the International Telecommunication Union´s (ITU) Radio Regulations (RR) – defined as «An aeronautical mobile service intended for communications, including those relating to flight coordination, primarily outside national or international civil air routes

Aeronautical mobile-satellite (R) service

Aeronautical mobile-satellite (R)° service is – according to Article 1.36 of the International Telecommunication Union´s (ITU) Radio Regulations (RR) – defined as «An aeronautical mobile-satellite service reserved for communications relating to safety and regularity of flights, primarily along national or international civil air routes

Aeronautical mobile-satellite (OR) service

Aeronautical mobile-satellite (OR)°° service is – according to Article 1.37 of the International Telecommunication Union´s (ITU) Radio Regulations (RR) – defined as «An aeronautical mobile-satellite service reserved for communications relating to safety and regularity of flights, primarily outside national or international civil air routes

Broadcasting-satellite service

Broadcasting-satellite service is – according to Article 1.39 of the International Telecommunication Union's (ITU) Radio Regulations (RR) – defined as «A radiocommunication service in which signals transmitted or retransmitted by space stations are intended for direct reception by the general public. In the broadcasting-satellite service, the term “direct reception” shall encompass both individual reception and community reception

References

National and Regional Radio Regulatory Agencies