International Day Against DRM

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International Day Against DRM
Genova-9-luglio-2017-DayAgainstDRM-Richard-Stallman (5).png
Richard Stallman during the 2017 International Day Against DRM in Genoa
Statusactive
GenreEducational activities and activist demonstrations and happenings
FrequencyAnnually
Inaugurated2006 (2006)
FounderDefective by Design / Free Software Foundation
Patron(s)Defective by Design / Free Software Foundation
Website www.dayagainstdrm.org
Activists protesting Sony's DRM restrictions in Dhaka on the 2016 Day Against DRM Anti DRM in dhaka-1.jpg
Activists protesting Sony's DRM restrictions in Dhaka on the 2016 Day Against DRM
Day Against DRM graffiti in 2006 in Florida 2006 anti-DRM graffiti in Florida.jpg
Day Against DRM graffiti in 2006 in Florida

International Day Against DRM (IDAD), sometimes called just Day Against DRM or anti-DRM day, is a grassroots international observance of protests against digital rights management (DRM) technology. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] The event is intended as "a counterpoint to the pro-DRM message broadcast by powerful media and software companies" [3] and aims to draw attention to DRM's anti-consumer aspects. [5]

Contents

Background

International Day Against DRM has been also described as a reaction against the lobbyist-dominated World Intellectual Property Day of the World Intellectual Property Organization, which promotes DRM. [6] World Intellectual Property Day has been criticized by the activists from civil society organizations such as IP Justice and the Electronic Information for Libraries who consider it one-sided propaganda as the marketing materials associated with the event, provided by WIPO, "come across as unrepresentative of other views and events". [7] Michael Geist, a law professor at the University of Ottawa, noted that "World Intellectual Property Day has become little more than a lobbyist day". [8]

Activism

This recurring event has been organized annually since 2006, and has been first introduced by the Defective by Design initiative. [9] Various activities related to the event happen around the world, organized by anti-DRM grassroots activists and organizations. [2] [3] [10] During the International Day Against DRM, there are discussions and promotions of DRM-free media and technology. [1] Consumers are encouraged to switch to DRM-free alternatives. [11] Companies that agree with the criticism of DRM have been known to offer discounts on products like DRM-free ebooks. [12] In 2008 Defective by Design announced 35 consecutive Days Against DRM, each one warning the public against a different DRM-related product or service. [13]

This event has been endorsed by a number of civil society organizations [3] such as the Free Software Foundation (creator of the Defective by Design initiative), [9] [14] Creative Commons, [15] the Document Foundation, [16] the Electronic Freedom Foundation, [17] the Open Rights Group, [18] Public Knowledge, [19] and companies like O'Reilly Media, [20] iFixIt [21] and Packt. [10]

See also

Related Research Articles

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Open Source Initiative Non-profit organization promoting open-source software

The Open Source Initiative (OSI) is a California public benefit corporation, with 501(c)(3) tax-exempt status, founded in 1998. It promotes the usage of open source software.

Free Software Foundation Europe Foundation promoting Free Software movement

The Free Software Foundation Europe (FSFE) is an eingetragener Verein under German law founded in 2001 to support all aspects of the free software movement in Europe, with registered chapters in several European countries. It is the European sister organization of the US-based Free Software Foundation (FSF). FSF and FSFE are financially and legally separate entities.

Software Freedom Day

Software Freedom Day (SFD) is an annual worldwide celebration of Free Software organized by the Digital Freedom Foundation (DFF). SFD is a public education effort with the aim of increasing awareness of Free Software and its virtues, and encouraging its use.

Free and open-source software Software whose source code is available and which is permissively licensed

Free and open-source software (FOSS) is software that can be classified as both free software and open-source software. That is, anyone is freely licensed to use, copy, study, and change the software in any way, and the source code is openly shared so that people are encouraged to voluntarily improve the design of the software. This is in contrast to proprietary software, where the software is under restrictive copyright licensing and the source code is usually hidden from the users.

World Intellectual Property Day Day to raise awareness of intellectual property

World Intellectual Property Day is observed annually on 26 April. The event was established by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in 2000 to "raise awareness of how patents, copyright, trademarks and designs impact on daily life" and "to celebrate creativity, and the contribution made by creators and innovators to the development of societies across the globe". 26 April was chosen as the date for World Intellectual Property Day because it coincides with the date on which the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization entered into force in 1970.

Free-culture movement Social movement promoting the freedom to distribute and modify the creative works of others

The free-culture movement is a social movement that promotes the freedom to distribute and modify the creative works of others in the form of free content or open content without compensation to, or the consent of, the work's original creators, by using the Internet and other forms of media.

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Richard Matthew Stallman, also known by his initials, rms, is an American free software movement activist and programmer. He campaigns for software to be distributed in a manner such that its users receive the freedoms to use, study, distribute, and modify that software. Software that ensures these freedoms is termed free software. Stallman launched the GNU Project, founded the Free Software Foundation, developed the GNU Compiler Collection and GNU Emacs, and wrote the GNU General Public License.

Tivoization is the creation of a system that incorporates software under the terms of a copyleft software license, but uses hardware restrictions or digital rights management to prevent users from running modified versions of the software on that hardware. Richard Stallman coined the term in reference to TiVo's use of GNU GPL licensed software on the TiVo brand digital video recorders (DVR), which actively blocks users from running modified software on its hardware by design. Stallman believes this practice denies users some of the freedom that the GNU General Public License was designed to protect. The Free Software Foundation refers to tivoized hardware as "tyrant devices".

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Digital rights management (DRM) tools or technological protection measures (TPM) are a set of access control technologies for restricting the use of proprietary hardware and copyrighted works. DRM technologies try to control the use, modification, and distribution of copyrighted works, as well as systems within devices that enforce these policies.

GNU General Public License Series of free software licenses

The GNU General Public License is a series of widely used free software licenses that guarantee end users the freedom to run, study, share, and modify the software. The licenses were originally written by Richard Stallman, founder of the Free Software Foundation (FSF), for the GNU Project, and grant the recipients of a computer program the rights of the Free Software Definition. The GPL series are all copyleft licenses, which means that any derivative work must be distributed under the same or equivalent license terms. This is in distinction to permissive software licenses, of which the BSD licenses and the MIT License are widely used, less restrictive examples. GPL was the first copyleft license for general use.

GNU Free Documentation License Copyleft license primarily for free software documentation

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The Free Software Foundation (FSF) is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization founded by Richard Stallman on October 4, 1985, to support the free software movement, which promotes the universal freedom to study, distribute, create, and modify computer software, with the organization's preference for software being distributed under copyleft terms, such as with its own GNU General Public License. The FSF was incorporated in Boston, Massachusetts, US, where it is also based.

<i>Free Software, Free Society</i> Selected essays of Richard Stallman

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References

  1. 1 2 "International Day Against DRM 2018 – September 18th | Defective by Design". www.defectivebydesign.org. Retrieved 2019-04-26.
  2. 1 2 Noyes, Katherine; Linux, PCWorld | PT About |; News, Open-Source; advice (2012-05-04). "Four Ways to Celebrate 'Day Against DRM' Today". PCWorld. Retrieved 2019-04-26.
  3. 1 2 3 4 "Allies join Defective by Design for the tenth anniversary of the International Day Against DRM — Free Software Foundation — working together for free software". www.fsf.org. Retrieved 2019-04-26.
  4. Berlind, David. "October 3, 2006: DRM lovers' day of reckoning?". ZDNet. Retrieved 2019-04-26.
  5. 1 2 "International Day Against DRM Celebrates its 12th Anniversary". TorrentFreak. 2018-09-18. Retrieved 2019-04-26.
  6. "Organize your community for digital freedom on May 3rd | Defective by Design". www.defectivebydesign.org. Retrieved 2019-04-29.
  7. Sandra Bangasser, 2009, Multilateral Institutions and the Recontextualization of Political Marketing: How the World Intellectual Property Organization’s Outreach Efforts Reflect Changing Audiences. Dissertiation.
  8. "World Intellectual Property Day". Michael Geist. 2007-04-26. Retrieved 2019-04-26.
  9. 1 2 "FSF takes international day of action for a Day Without DRM on September 18th — Free Software Foundation — working together for free software". www.fsf.org. Retrieved 2019-04-26.
  10. 1 2 Gall, Richard (2018-09-18). "Day Against DRM is back. And its timing couldn't be better". Packt Hub. Retrieved 2019-04-29.
  11. Noyes, Katherine; business, PCWorld | PT About | Smart tech advice for your small (2011-05-04). "It's Time to Give Digital Rights Management the Boot". PCWorld. Retrieved 2019-04-29.
  12. "Allies join Defective by Design for the tenth anniversary of the International Day Against DRM — Free Software Foundation — working together for free software". www.fsf.org. Retrieved 2019-04-29.
  13. "Tuesday, May 4th is first Day Against DRM". Geek.com. 2010-02-26. Archived from the original on 2019-04-26. Retrieved 2019-04-26.
  14. "Join CC in supporting the International Day Against DRM". Creative Commons. 2016-05-03. Retrieved 2019-04-26.
  15. "#IDAD, International Day Against DRM". The Document Foundation Blog. 2018-09-18. Retrieved 2019-04-26.
  16. Higgins, Parker (2012-05-04). "Make Every Day a Day Against DRM". Electronic Frontier Foundation. Retrieved 2019-04-26.
  17. "Open Rights Group – 30 things we can do about DRM". Open Rights Group. Retrieved 2019-04-29.
  18. Meloy, Sean. "Public Knowledge Participates in the International Day Against DRM". Public Knowledge. Retrieved 2019-04-29.
  19. Laurent, Simon St (2016-05-03). "Stop the DRM virus". O'Reilly Media. Retrieved 2019-04-29.
  20. "Take a Stand Against DRM". iFixit. Retrieved 2019-04-29.