Lennoxlove House

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Lennoxlove House
Lennoxlove House - geograph.org.uk - 37990.jpg
Lennoxlove, with the original tower house of Lethington in the foreground
Coordinates 55°56′20″N2°46′40″W / 55.9389°N 2.7778°W / 55.9389; -2.7778 Coordinates: 55°56′20″N2°46′40″W / 55.9389°N 2.7778°W / 55.9389; -2.7778
Listed Building – Category A
Official nameLennoxlove House or Lethington
Designated5 February 1971
Reference no. LB10814
Official nameLennoxlove (Lethington)
CriteriaHistorical
Architectural
Designated1 July 1987
Reference no. GDL00259
East Lothian UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Location in East Lothian

Lennoxlove House is a historic house set in woodlands half a mile south of Haddington in East Lothian, Scotland. The house comprises a 15th-century tower, originally known as Lethington Castle, and has been extended several times, principally in the 17th, 19th and 20th centuries. The house is protected as a category A listed building, and is described by Historic Scotland as "one of Scotland's most ancient and notable houses." [1] The wooded estate is included on the Inventory of Gardens and Designed Landscapes in Scotland, the national listing of significant gardens. [2]

Contents

It is now the seat of the Duke of Hamilton and Brandon.

History

The lands of Lethington were acquired by Robert Maitland of Thirlestane in 1345. The Maitland family constructed the earliest part of the building, the L-plan tower house at the south-west of the building. [1] Mary of Guise stayed at Lethington in 1548 when she came to see Haddington with Piero Strozzi. The following year it was burned by the English troops who were then occupying Haddington. Prominent members of the Maitland family included the poet Richard Maitland (1496–1586), his son William Maitland of Lethington (1525–1573), Secretary of State to Mary, Queen of Scots, and his son James Maitland of Lethington (b.1568). It was then acquired by his uncle, John Maitland, 1st Lord Maitland of Thirlestane (1537–1595), it was said in an underhanded manner. Sir John Scot of Scotstarvet, writing in the seventeenth century, commented thus: "Yet the conquest he made of the barony of Liddington [Lethington] from his brother's son, James Maitland, was not thought lawful nor conscientious." James Maitland had become a Catholic and was obliged to leave Scotland. James VI of Scotland visited John Maitland, who was Chancellor of Scotland, at Lethington on 28 April 1593 to persuade him to return to court. [3]

In 1674, Lennoxlove is said to have been the first Scottish estate to practice "enclosure", dividing the ground into evenly sized rectangular fields. [4]

The coach house was built around 1676, to designs by Sir William Bruce. [1] Lethington remained in the Maitland family until after the death of John Maitland, 1st Duke of Lauderdale (1616–1682) who was born there. [5]

Lennoxlove

The property was purchased by the trustees of Frances Teresa Stuart, Duchess of Richmond and Lennox following her death in 1702 for the benefit of her "neare and deare kinsman the said Walter Stuart". Walter Stuart was the eldest son of Alexander, 5th Lord Blantyre, the first cousin, twice removed, of the duchess, and was to become the 6th Lord Blantyre on the death of his father in 1704. The Duchess had stipulated that the property be called "Lennox's Love to Blantyre", this was subsequently shortened to Lennoxlove. It remained in the ownership of the Blantyre-Stewarts for almost two centuries. When the 12th Lord Blantyre died in 1900 without male heirs, the property passed into the ownership of his daughter, Ellen Stewart, and her husband Sir David Baird, 3rd Baronet of Newbyth, Prestonkirk. Their younger son, Major William Baird, commissioned the architect Sir Robert Lorimer to oversee extensive refurbishment of the house in 1912.

Lennoxlove is now the seat of the Dukes of Hamilton, having been purchased by the 14th Duke in 1946. It is open to the public during the summer, accommodates corporate events and weddings, and can be rented privately by groups.

Lennoxlove Book Festival

This festival was started in November 2009, and it is being continued in November 2010.[ citation needed ]

South facade of Lennoxlove House Lethington2.jpg
South façade of Lennoxlove House

Art collection

Lennoxlove is home to one of Scotland's most important collections of portraits, including works by Anthony van Dyck, Canaletto, Sir Peter Lely, Sir Godfrey Kneller, Sir Henry Raeburn, and others. It also houses important pieces of furniture, porcelain and other fine artefacts, many of which came from the now demolished Hamilton Palace in Lanarkshire. The collections include the Boulle cabinet given to the Duchess by King Charles II and a silver jewellery box that belonged to Mary, Queen of Scots, that purportedly held the Casket letters showing her complicity in the murder of Lord Darnley, together with her death mask. There is also the map and compass carried by Rudolf Hess, Adolf Hitler's deputy, who flew to Scotland in 1941 on a mission to involve the 14th Duke of Hamilton in helping negotiate peace between Britain and Germany.

The very rare and important 17-piece Lennoxlove toilet service in silver-gilt can now be seen in the National Museum of Scotland in Edinburgh. It was discovered in its custom travelling-case in a tower room of the house shortly after it changed hands in 1900. It was made in Paris, almost certainly for Frances Teresa Stuart, Duchess of Richmond and Lennox (1647-1702). The pieces come from a number of different makers and years, and the service was assembled around 1672. [6]

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References

  1. 1 2 3 Historic Environment Scotland. "LENNOXLOVE HOUSE OR LETHINGTON (Category A Listed Building) (LB10814)" . Retrieved 20 December 2018.
  2. Historic Environment Scotland. "LENNOXLOVE (LETHINGTON) (GDL00259)" . Retrieved 20 December 2018.
  3. Calendar State Papers Scotland, vol. 11 (Edinburgh, 1936), p. 82.
  4. Scottish Garden Buildings by Tim Buxbaum p.11
  5. Yorke, Philip Chesney (1911). "Lauderdale, John Maitland, Duke of"  . Encyclopædia Britannica . Vol. 16 (11th ed.). pp. 279–280.
  6. "The Lennoxlove service". National Museum of Scotland. Retrieved 24 September 2022.