Lord-in-waiting

Last updated

Lords-in-waiting (male) or baronesses-in-waiting (female) are peers who hold office in the Royal Household of the sovereign of the United Kingdom. [1] In the official Court Circular they are styled "Lord in Waiting" or "Baroness in Waiting" (without hyphenation).

Contents

There are two kinds of lord-in-waiting: political appointees by the government of the day who serve as junior government whips in the House of Lords (the senior whips have the positions of Captain of the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen-at-Arms and Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard); and non-political appointments by the monarch (who, if they have a seat in the House of Lords, sit as crossbenchers). Lords-in-waiting (whether political or non-political) may be called upon periodically to represent the sovereign; for example, one of their number is regularly called upon to greet visiting heads of state on arrival at an airport at the start of a state or official visit, and they may then play a role in accompanying them for the duration of their stay. (For instance, on 3 June 2019 lord-in-waiting Viscount Brookeborough was in attendance at Stansted Airport to welcome U.S. president Donald Trump and First Lady Melania Trump on behalf of the Queen; he and Viscountess Brookeborough then remained "specially attached" to the Trumps for the duration of their visit.) [2] They are also occasionally in attendance on other state or royal occasions. "Extra" lords-in-waiting may also be appointed, supernumerary to the regular appointees, who fulfil a similar role; for example, the Baroness Rawlings, whose appointment as a government whip (and baroness-in-waiting) ceased in 2012, has since then served as an extra baroness-in-waiting, [3] and has continued to represent the Queen on certain occasions (for example on 27 February 2019 she was present at RAF Northolt to welcome the King and Queen of Jordan, while at the same time another baroness-in-waiting, Baroness Manzoor, was present at Heathrow Airport to welcome the President of Slovenia). [4]

In addition, the honour of serving as a permanent lord-in-waiting is occasionally bestowed on very senior courtiers following their retirement. A permanent lord-in-waiting may also represent the sovereign, as often happens at funerals or memorial services for former courtiers.

Political appointments

Most baronesses and lords-in-waiting serve as government whips in the House of Lords. Being members of the government, they are appointed by the sovereign on the recommendation of the Prime Minister and invariably relinquish their position when there is a change of government.

Currently, there are seven lords and baronesses-in-waiting who serve as junior whips in the House of Lords: [5]

PortfolioNameSince
Lords-in-waiting The Viscount Younger of Leckie 14 May 2015
The Lord Parkinson of Whitley Bay 13 February 2020
The Lord Sharpe of Epsom 8 October 2021
Baronesses-in-waiting The Baroness Chisholm of Owlpen 15 September 2021
The Baroness Bloomfield of Hinton Waldrist 29 July 2019
The Baroness Scott of Bybrook 13 February 2020
The Baroness Penn 19 March 2020

Non-political appointments

Alongside the political appointees two non-political lords-in-waiting are always appointed, [1] at the personal discretion of the sovereign (distinguished from their political counterparts by the designation 'Personal Lord in Waiting'). [6]

Those currently serving in this capacity are: [7]

PortfolioNameSince
Personal lord-in-waiting The Viscount Brookeborough [8] 1 May 1997
The Viscount Hood 30 July 2008

Additional appointments

Any additional appointees are termed extra lords or baronesses-in-waiting.

Those currently serving in this capacity are: [9]

PortfolioNameSince
Extra baroness-in-waiting The Baroness Rawlings 2012
Extra lord-in-waiting The Lord St John of Bletso 19 March 1998

Permanent lords-in-waiting

Permanent lords-in-waiting are retired senior officials of the Royal Household. Those serving in this capacity include: [10]

PortfolioNameSinceFormerly
Permanent lord-in-waiting The Earl Peel 1 April 2021Former Lord Chamberlain
The Lord Geidt 4 March 2019Former Private Secretary to The Queen
The Lord Janvrin 13 November 2007Former Private Secretary to The Queen
The Lord Luce 16 July 2007Former Lord Chamberlain
The Lord Camoys c.2001Former Lord Chamberlain
The Earl of Airlie 17 December 1997Former Lord Chamberlain

Related Research Articles

House of Lords Upper house in the Parliament of the United Kingdom

The House of Lords, formally The Right Honourable the Lords Spiritual and Temporal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in Parliament assembled, is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Membership is by appointment, heredity or official function. Like the House of Commons, it meets in the Palace of Westminster.

Lord Steward Official of the British Royal Household

The Lord Steward or Lord Steward of the Household is an official of the Royal Household in England. He is always a peer. Until 1924, he was always a member of the Government. Until 1782, the office was one of considerable political importance and carried Cabinet rank.

State Opening of Parliament Ceremonial event marking the beginning of a session of the UK Parliament

The State Opening of Parliament is an event which formally marks the beginning of a session of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It includes a speech from the throne known as the Queen's Speech.

To kiss hands is a constitutional term used in the United Kingdom to refer to the formal installation of Crown-appointed British government ministers to their office.

The Chief Whip is a political leader whose task is to ensure the whipping system that tries to ensure that members of the party attend and vote as the party leadership desires.

Lady-in-waiting Female personal assistant to a high-ranking noblewoman or royal

A lady-in-waiting or court lady is a female personal assistant at a Court, attending on a royal woman or a high-ranking noblewoman. Historically, in Europe, a lady-in-waiting was often a noblewoman, but of lower rank than the woman to whom she attended. Although she may either have been a retainer or may not have received compensation for the service she rendered, a lady-in-waiting was considered more of a secretary, courtier or companion to her mistress than a servant.

John Attlee, 3rd Earl Attlee British peer and hereditary member of the House of Lords (born 1956)

John Richard Attlee, 3rd Earl Attlee, styled Viscount Prestwood between 1967 and 1991, is a British Conservative Party peer and member of the House of Lords. He is the grandson of Clement Attlee, the Labour Prime Minister, who was the first Earl Attlee.

An equerry is an officer of honour. Historically, it was a senior attendant with responsibilities for the horses of a person of rank. In contemporary use, it is a personal attendant, usually upon a sovereign, a member of a royal family, or a national representative. The role is equivalent to an aide-de-camp, but the term is now prevalent only in the Commonwealth of Nations.

Lord Speaker Presiding officer of the British House of Lords

The Lord Speaker is the presiding officer, chairman and highest authority of the House of Lords in the Parliament of the United Kingdom. The office is analogous to the Speaker of the House of Commons: the Lord Speaker is elected by the members of the House of Lords and is expected to be politically impartial.

Rupert Ponsonby, 7th Baron de Mauley

Lieutenant Colonel Rupert Charles Ponsonby, 7th Baron de Mauley,, is a British hereditary peer, former Parliamentary Under-Secretary at the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs and retired Territorial Army officer.

Steve Bassam, Baron Bassam of Brighton British Labour Co-op politician, life peer

John Steven Bassam, Baron Bassam of Brighton, PC is a British Labour and Co-operative politician and a member of the House of Lords.

A grace-and-favour home is a residential property owned by a monarch by virtue of his or her position as head of state and leased, often rent-free, to persons as part of an employment package or in gratitude for past services rendered.

Alan Brooke, 3rd Viscount Brookeborough

Alan Henry Brooke, 3rd Viscount Brookeborough,, is a Northern Irish peer and landowner. He is one of the 92 hereditary peers who remain in the House of Lords; he sits as a crossbencher. He is the current Lord Lieutenant of Fermanagh.

Oliver Eden, 8th Baron Henley British Conservative politician

Oliver Michael Robert Eden, 8th Baron Henley, 6th Baron Northington PC, is a British hereditary peer and politician, who is a Conservative member of the House of Lords. He has served in a number of ministerial positions in the governments of Margaret Thatcher, John Major, David Cameron and Theresa May, most recently as Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State at the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy.

Peregrine Cust, 6th Baron Brownlow

Peregrine Francis Adelbert Cust, 6th Baron Brownlow, often known as Perry Brownlow, was a British peer and courtier. He was the son of Adelbert Salusbury Cockayne Cust, 5th Baron Brownlow, and his wife Maud Buckle.

Charles Stourton, 26th Baron Mowbray

Charles Edward Stourton, 23rd Baron Stourton, 27th Baron Segrave, 26th Baron Mowbray was an English peer. He sat on the Conservative benches in the House of Lords and was a Conservative whip in government and in opposition from 1967 to 1980. He was one of the 92 hereditary peers elected to keep their seat in the reformed House of Lords under the House of Lords Act 1999.

John Brocklehurst, 1st Baron Ranksborough

John Fielden Brocklehurst, 1st Baron Ranksborough, was a British soldier, courtier and Liberal politician.

Royal Households of the United Kingdom Members of staff who work for the royal family in their households

The Royal Households of the United Kingdom are the collective departments that support members of the British Royal Family. Many members of the Royal Family who undertake public duties have separate households. They vary considerably in size, from the large Royal Household that supports the Sovereign to the household of the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, with fewer members.

State Procession at the State Opening of Parliament

The State Opening of Parliament includes a State Procession, a formal display of the Sovereign, dignified by a sizeable entourage made up of Great Officers of State, members of the Royal Family and of the Royal Household. The State Procession is now confined to the interior of the Palace of Westminster, but in earlier centuries it followed an outdoor route to and from Westminster Abbey.

State and official visits to the United Kingdom

State and official visits to the United Kingdom are formal visits by the head of state of one country to the United Kingdom, during which the British Sovereign acts as official host of the visitor. It is a royal event that involves all the assets in the Civil Service, the Royal Household and the Household Division. It also involves other members of the Royal family and is centred in London, the national capital. Invitations for state visits are sent by the Royal Household with supervision by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office.

References

  1. 1 2 Tomlinson, Richard (20 Dec 1992). "They also serve, who only ush". Independent.
  2. Court Circular, Buckingham Palace, 3 June 2019.
  3. UK Parliament website biographical page
  4. Court Circular, Buckingham Palace, 27 February 2019.
  5. "Her Majesty's Government: HM Household". gov.uk. Retrieved 10 January 2022.
  6. E.g. Court Circular, Buckingham Palace, 30 July 2008
  7. Court Circular, Buckingham Palace
  8. Biography on UK Parliament website
  9. Court Circular, Buckingham Palace
  10. Court Circular, Buckingham Palace