Make-up artist

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Makeup artist backstage at the Lee Matthews show, Spring/Summer 2007 Australia Fashion Week Make-up artist.jpg
Makeup artist backstage at the Lee Matthews show, Spring/Summer 2007 Australia Fashion Week
Special effects makeup techniques Dubi Preger.jpg
Special effects makeup techniques

A make-up or makeup artist (MUA) is an artist whose medium is the human body, applying makeup and prosthetics on others for theatre, television, film, fashion, magazines and other similar productions including all aspects of the modeling industry. Awards given for this profession in the entertainment industry include the Academy Award for Best Makeup and Hairstyling, [1] and entertainment industry awards such as the Emmy Awards, [2] [3] and the Golden Globes. [4] In some countries professional licenses are required by agencies in order for them to hire the MUA. Bigger production companies [5] have in-house makeup artists on their payroll although most MUA's generally are freelance and their times remain flexible depending on the projects.

Contents

Makeup techniques

A make-up artist's table. Make up artist table.jpg
A make-up artist's table.
Fashion

Fashion makeup is used in magazine photography as well as on the fashion runway. Avant-garde makeup is also an applicable technique used for projects that require experimental themes. Fashion makeup is also commonly used in television and film ranging for the natural prime look to more sophisticated applications such as color balance.

Theatrical makeup

Stage makeup is used as a method in conjunction with stage lighting to highlight the actors' faces in order to make expressions visible to the audience from moderate distances. This often includes defining the eyes and lips as well as the highlights and lowlights of the facial bones.

Special make-up effects (FX makeup)

The use of special effects techniques enhancing physical features to exhibit metaphysical characteristics[ clarification needed ] as well as fantasy makeup. The use of prosthetics and plaster casting are also required for projects that entails non-human appearances. Accents such as theatrical blood and ooze are also techniques applicable to this type of makeup.

Airbrushing

The use of an airbrush which is a small air-operated device that sprays various media some products and water-based makeup by a process of nebulization. The earliest record of this type of cosmetic application dates back to the 1925 [6] film version of Ben-Hur, it has recently been re-popularized by the advent of HDTV and digital photography, where the camera focuses on higher depths of detail. Liquid foundations that are high in coverage but thin in consistency are applied with the airbrush for full coverage without a heavy build-up of product.

Bridal makeup

Bridal makeup is a new segment in a makeup artist's repertoire. From ethnic, glamorous, to contemporary, makeup artists are now an important part of wedding planning in Asia, Europe, Africa and North America.

High definition

This is an art which involves the use of light [7] reflectors and ingredients such as minerals to give the skin a flawless finish. This was developed due to the further development of high definition [8] mediums and the cost implications of airbrush makeup.

Makeup artists in Bollywood

In 1955 the Bollywood group Cine Costume Make-Up Artist & Hair Dressers' Association (CCMAA) created a rule that did not allow women to obtain memberships as makeup artists. [9] However, in 2014 the Supreme Court of India ruled that this rule was in violation of the Indian constitutional guarantees granted under Article 14 (right to equality), 19(1)(g) (freedom to carry out any profession) and Article 21 (right to liberty). [9] The judges of the Supreme Court of India stated that the ban on women makeup artist members had no "rationale nexus" to the cause sought to be achieved and was "unacceptable, impermissible and inconsistent" with the constitutional rights guaranteed to the citizens. [9] The Court also found illegal the rule which mandated that for any artist, female or male, to work in the industry, they must have domicile status of five years in the state where they intend to work. [9] In 2015 it was announced that Charu Khurana had become the first woman to be registered by the Cine Costume Make-Up Artist & Hair Dressers' Association. [10]

In June 2014, the Cine Costume Make-Up Artist & Hair Dressers' Association (CCMAA) authorised an official protest on the movie set of Bang Bang! in protest of a foreign makeup artist, Daniel Bauer working on the movie for its lead actress, Katrina Kaif. The CCMAA and 15 of its members protested on the movie set as Daniel Bauer was not registered with the Union, despite the Union banning foreign artists working in Bollywood. The issue was resolved with the CCMAA granting Daniel Bauer full membership [11]

Notable make-up artists

Related Research Articles

Film crew

A film crew is a group of people, hired by a production company, for the purpose of producing a film or motion picture. The crew is distinguished from the cast as the cast are understood to be the actors who appear in front of the camera or provide voices for characters in the film. The crew is also separate from the producers as the producers are the ones who own a portion of either the film studio or the film's intellectual property rights. A film crew is divided into different departments, each of which specializes in a specific aspect of the production. Film crew positions have evolved over the years, spurred by technological change, but many traditional jobs date from the early 20th century and are common across jurisdictions and filmmaking cultures.

Airbrush Small, air-operated tool that sprays various media by a process of nebulization

An airbrush is a small, air-operated tool that sprays various media, most often paint but also ink and dye, and foundation by a process of nebulization. Spray painting developed from the airbrush and is considered to employ a type of airbrush.

<i>Nip/Tuck</i> 2003 American television drama series

Nip/Tuck is an American medical drama television series created by Ryan Murphy that aired on FX in the United States from July 22, 2003, to March 3, 2010. The series, which also incorporates elements of crime drama, black comedy, family drama, satire, and psychological thriller, focuses on "McNamara/Troy", a cutting-edge, controversial plastic surgery center, and follows the personal and professional lives of its founders Dr. Sean McNamara and Dr. Christian Troy. Each episode features graphic, partial depictions of the plastic surgeries on one or more patients, as well as developments in the doctors' personal lives. Focus is also given to McNamara/Troy's anesthesiologist Dr. Liz Cruz, Christian's many sexual partners, and Sean's family. With the exception of the pilot, each episode of the series is named after the patient(s) scheduled to receive plastic surgery.

Manish Malhotra Couturier

Manish Malhotra is a former Indian fashion designer turned costume designer and stylist, widely known for his works in Bollywood, Telugu cinema, Tamil cinema, Hollywood, and television. In 1998, he ventured into modelling and runway fashion designing with his couture Reverie-Manish Malhotra. He received appreciation for his glamorous ensembles using traditional colours, craftsmanship, textures and embroideries presented at his first runway show in November 1999. In 2005, he launched his couture label Manish Malhotra which offers bridal, couture, diffusion and men's wear collections and retails at two stores in Mumbai and New Delhi. The label also retails at multi-brand boutiques across India and in Dubai.

Michael George Westmore I is an American make-up artist best known for his work in various Star Trek productions, winning nine Emmy Awards, and is a member of the Westmore family. He won the Academy Award for Make-up in 1985 for his work on the film Mask. His career began at Universal Studios in 1961, and spanned four decades, including working for the CIA creating make-up kits for spies overseas.

The Primetime Emmy Award is an American award bestowed by the Academy of Television Arts & Sciences (ATAS) in recognition of excellence in American primetime television programming. The award categories are divided into three classes: the regular Primetime Emmy Awards, the Primetime Creative Arts Emmy Awards to honor technical and other similar behind-the-scenes achievements, and the Primetime Engineering Emmy Awards for recognizing significant contributions to the engineering and technological aspects of television. First given out in 1949, the award was originally referred to as simply the "Emmy Award" until the International Emmy Award and the Daytime Emmy Award were created in the early 1970s to expand the Emmy to other sectors of the television industry.

Cinema Makeup School

Cinema Makeup School is a private, for-profit makeup training school located in Los Angeles. The school was founded in 1993. Specialties include beauty make-up for film and television as well as fashion and editorial purposes, hairstyling, airbrushing and bodypainting, character make-up, special make-up effects and prosthetics, creature maquette sculpture and digital makeup effects design, along with Advanced Lab Techniques and Advanced Beauty Techniques.

Kasta sari A style of sari draping.

The Kaashtha sari is a style of sari draping is very similar to the way the Maharashtrian dhoti is worn. The word Kaashtha refers to the sari being tucked at the back. Since this sari is usually worn by using a single nine yard cloth, it is also referred to as Nauvari which means Nine Yards. Sakachcha sari is another term commonly used to refer to this style of sari. It is referred to as Akanda Vastra, which means it doesn't need any other attire to support it. In fact, this attire holds utmost importance as women across different walks of life have worn it. It is not just worn at religious and cultural events, but women have fought wars in the past and still work in farmlands wearing this.

Christien Tinsley is an American make-up artist.

Airbrush makeup

Airbrush makeup is makeup sprayed onto the skin using an airbrush machine instead of being applied with sponges, brushes, fingers, or other methods. A typical airbrush system uses a compressor to create airflow through a hose connected to a trigger-controlled spray painting gun. The airbrush pressure can be adjusted to apply various types of makeup, such as lighter, heavier, or more detailed styles. Airbrushes are used in film, theater, bridal makeup, and sunless tanning. Airbrush systems designed for personal, in-home use are usually smaller and work at a lower pressure than systems used in professional applications.

Crist Ballas is a make-up artist for film and television. Ballas owns and operates Metamorphosis Make-Up Arts; a make-up and prosthetic laboratory located in Minneapolis Minnesota.

Raven (drag queen) American drag queen and television personality

David Petruschin, best known as Raven, is an American drag queen, make-up artist, and reality television personality from Riverside, California. Raven was a fixture in the Southern California nightclub scene before gaining international prominence for appearing in both the second season of RuPaul's Drag Race and the first season of All Stars. Raven placed as the runner-up on both seasons. He also served as a "professor" during all three seasons of RuPaul's Drag U. Petruschin has been RuPaul's makeup artist since Drag Race's ninth season and has since become a creative producer of both installments, All Stars and Drag Race. For his make-up work on the show, Petruschin received the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Makeup for a Multi-Camera Series or Special (Non-Prosthetic) in 2020.

Nick Dudman is a British make-up effects and creature designer for motion pictures.

J. Roy Helland is a make-up artist.

Joel Harlow is an American make-up artist. He works steadily in many high-profile films.

Julie Hewett is an American makeup artist. She first began working in the field with the 1987 film The Whales of August and since then has gone on to work with films such as American Beauty, Spider-Man 2, Ocean's Eleven and The Artist. Hewett has her own cosmetics company, Julie Hewett Los Angeles.

Christopher Allen Nelson is an American make-up artist, VFX artist, writer and actor. He is best known for his makeup and stylings for films such as Halloween, Kill Bill: Vol. 1, Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl, Kill Bill: Vol. 2, Sin City, Thor: The Dark World, The Amazing Spider-Man, World War Z, Inherent Vice, Deadpool, Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2 and Suicide Squad (2016) has earned him numerous awards and nominations. He also played the groom of Beatrix "Black Mamba" Kiddo in Kill Bill: Volume 2 and the cop with brownies in Halloween.

Kazu Hiro is a Japanese-born American special make-up effects artist and visual artist. He won the Academy Award for Best Makeup and Hairstyling for the biographical films Darkest Hour (2017) and Bombshell (2019) after earning nominations for the comedies Click (2006) and Norbit (2007).

Daniel Bauer is an Australian-born, Mumbai-based make-up artist and hairstylist known for his red carpet makeup work of Bollywood celebrities, his work for the Lakme Fashion Week and his makeup and hair styling academy.

The British Academy Television Craft Award for Best Make-Up & Hair Design is one of the categories presented by the British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) within the British Academy Television Craft Awards, the craft awards were established in 2000 with their own, separate ceremony as a way to spotlight technical achievements, without being overshadowed by the main production categories. According to the BAFTA website, the eligibility of this category is "limited to artists directly responsible for the make up and hair design in the programme."

References

  1. "82nd Academy Awards Oscar Nominees for Make-up". Makeup Mag. Archived from the original on 2012-07-16. Retrieved 2010-02-05.
  2. "Emmy Awards Nominations Announced". Makeup Mag. Archived from the original on 2012-09-13. Retrieved 2010-02-05.
  3. "61st Emmy for Makeup Nominees". Fox News Idaho. Retrieved 2010-02-05.
  4. "67th Golden Globe Awards Tina Fey Make Up Break Down". pursebuzz. Archived from the original on 2010-01-22. Retrieved 2010-02-05.
  5. "Revisiting the 2009 Make-up Oscar Contenders". Makeup Mag. Archived from the original on 2011-07-14. Retrieved 2010-02-05.
  6. "AIRBRUSH FOUNDATION MAKE-UP". Airbrush Body Art. Retrieved 2010-02-05.
  7. "Top High Definition Makeup". Makeup.com. Archived from the original on 2009-04-07. Retrieved 2010-02-05.
  8. Elsworth, Catherine (2005-12-03). "Are they ready for a high-definition close-up?". Telegraph.co.uk. Telegraph Media Group Limited. Retrieved 2007-10-15.
  9. 1 2 3 4 Samyabrata Ray Goswami (2014-11-11). "Women get makeup justice". Telegraphindia.com. Retrieved 2015-04-21.
  10. Amit Anand Choudhary (April 21, 2015). "Bollywood make-up artists' group inducts first woman after SC rap". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 2015-04-21.
  11. "Salman Khan comes to Katrina Kaif's rescue". hindustantimes.com. 28 June 2014. Retrieved 31 March 2018.