Martin Valley ( Coordinates: ) is a valley trending northeast–southwest across the northern portion of Barff Peninsula, South Georgia, between Rookery Bay and Cumberland East Bay. The valley has been known locally as "Three Lakes Valley" a name duplicated by the Three Lakes Valley on Signy Island, so it was given a new name, applied by the UK Antarctic Place-Names Committee in 1988, after Stephen J. Martin, British Antarctic Survey Station Commander at Grytviken, 1980–82.
A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.
Barff Peninsula is a peninsula forming the east margin of Cumberland East Bay, South Georgia, extending northwest from Sörling Valley 8 miles (13 km) to Barff Point. It was probably first seen by the British expedition under James Cook in 1775. The peninsula takes its name from its northern extremity, Barff Point. It contains the O'connor Peak.
South Georgia is an island in the southern Atlantic Ocean that is part of the British Overseas territory of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands. The main settlement is Grytviken. South Georgia is 167.4 kilometres (104 mi) long and 1.4 to 37 km wide. It is about 830 km (520 mi) northeast of Coronation Island and 550 km (340 mi) northwest from Zavodovski Island, the nearest South Sandwich island.
Alexandra Mountains is a group of low, separated mountains in the north portion of Edward VII Peninsula, just southwest of Sulzberger Bay in Marie Byrd Land, Antarctica. Discovered in January–February 1902 by the British National Antarctic Expedition during an exploratory cruise of the Discovery along the Ross Ice Shelf. Named for Alexandra, then Queen of the United Kingdom.
Thatcher Peninsula is a mountainous peninsula in north-central South Georgia terminating to the north in Mai Point, rising between Cumberland West Bay to the west, and Cumberland East Bay and Moraine Fjord to the east; bounded to the southwest and south by Lyell Glacier and Hamberg Glacier. King Edward Cove on the east side of the peninsula is the site of the British Antarctic Survey (BAS) Grytviken station and the disused whaling station of the same name.
King Edward Cove is a sheltered cove immediately southwest of Mount Duse, in the west side of Cumberland East Bay, South Georgia. This cove, frequented by early sealers at South Georgia, was charted by the Swedish Antarctic Expedition, 1901–04, under Otto Nordenskiöld. It was named in about 1906 for King Edward VII of the United Kingdom.
Cumberland East Bay is a bay forming the eastern arm of Cumberland Bay, South Georgia. It is entered between Sappho Point and Barff Point, where it is nearly 3 miles (4.8 km) wide, and extends 8 miles (13 km) in a southeast direction. This feature was surveyed by the Swedish Antarctic Expedition, 1901–04, who named it "South Bay". It was remapped during 1926–29 by Discovery Investigations personnel and renamed "East Cumberland Bay", which is more descriptive of its geographic position. The shortened form "East Bay" was simultaneously used. Following the South Georgia Survey, 1951–52, the UK Antarctic Place-Names Committee proposed that the name be altered to Cumberland East Bay and that all other names be rejected. This change brings together information about the whole of Cumberland Bay in one place in indexes, and will avoid confusion with East Bay in Prince Olav Harbour, South Georgia.
Mount Fraser is a mountain, 1,610 metres (5,280 ft) high, standing on the south coast of South Georgia immediately north of Novosilski Bay. It was surveyed by the South Georgia Survey in the period 1951–57, and named by the UK Antarctic Place-Names Committee for Francis C. Fraser, a British zoologist who was a member of the scientific staff at the Discovery Investigations Marine Station, Grytviken, 1926–27, 1928–29, and 1930, and who also worked on the Discovery in 1927 and on the Discovery II between 1929 and 1931.
Lyell Glacier is a glacier flowing in a northerly direction to Harpon Bay at the southeast head of Cumberland West Bay, South Georgia. It was mapped by the Swedish Antarctic Expedition, 1901–04, under Otto Nordenskjöld, who named it for Sir Charles Lyell, an eminent British geologist.
Geikie Glacier is a glacier which flows northeast to Mercer Bay, at the southwest end of Cumberland West Bay, South Georgia. It was first charted by the Swedish Antarctic Expedition, 1901–04, under Otto Nordenskiöld, who named it after Sir Archibald Geikie, a noted Scottish geologist and Director-General of the Geological Survey of Great Britain, 1882–1901.
Greene Peninsula is a mountainous peninsula between Moraine Fjord and Cumberland East Bay, South Georgia. It was named by the UK Antarctic Place-Names Committee in 1979 after Stanley Wilson Greene, a British bryologist working in South Georgia from 1960; with the British Antarctic Survey, 1969–74, and the Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, Penicuik, from 1974.
Sörling Valley is an ice-free valley between Cumberland East Bay and Hound Bay on the north side of South Georgia. Surveyed by the SGS in the period 1951–57. Named by the United Kingdom Antarctic Place-Names Committee (UK-APC) for Erik Sörling of the Riksmuseum, Stockholm, who made zoological collections in South Georgia in 1904–05. Nearby features include Ellerbeck Peak, a mountain on the south side of the valley.
Dibble Glacier in Antarctica is a prominent channel glacier flowing from the continental ice and terminating in a prominent tongue at the east side of Davis Bay. It was delineated from air photos taken by U.S. Navy Operation Highjump (1946–47), and named by the Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names for Jonas Dibble, ship's carpenter on the sloop Peacock of the United States Exploring Expedition (1838–42) under Charles Wilkes. Dibble is credited with leaving his sick bed and working 24 hours without relief with other carpenters to repair a broken rudder on the Peacock, when the ship was partially crushed in an ice bay in 151°19′E and forced to retire northward.
Hamberg Glacier is a glacier which flows in an east-northeasterly direction from the northeast side of Mount Sugartop to the west side of the head of Moraine Fjord, South Georgia. It was charted by the Swedish Antarctic Expedition, 1901–04, under Otto Nordenskiöld, who named it for Axel Hamberg, a Swedish geographer, mineralogist and Arctic explorer.
Kjerulf Glacier, Norwegian: Kjerulfbreen, is a glacier 7 nautical miles (13 km) long flowing west from Mount Sugartop to the east side of Newark Bay, on the south coast of South Georgia. It was mapped by Olaf Holtedahl during his visit to South Georgia in 1927–28, and named by him for Norwegian geologist Theodor Kjerulf, Professor of Mineralogy at the University of Christiania.
Birley Glacier is a glacier, at least 10 nautical miles (19 km) long, flowing west into the eastern extremity of Barilari Bay north of Vardun Point, on the west coast of Graham Land. First seen and roughly surveyed in 1909 by the French Antarctic Expedition under Jean-Baptiste Charcot, it was re-surveyed in 1935–36 by the British Graham Land Expedition (BGLE) under John Rymill, and later named for Kenneth P. Birley, who contributed toward the cost of the BGLE, 1934–37.
Walter Glacier is a glacier flowing east-northeast, merging with the south side of Moran Glacier to enter Schokalsky Bay, situated in the northeast portion of Alexander Island, Antarctica. The glacier was named by the Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names for Lieutenant Commander Howard J. Walter, U.S. Navy, LC-130 aircraft commander, Squadron VXE-6, Operation Deepfreeze, 1970 and 1971.
Junction Valley is a valley sloping eastward from Echo Pass to Hestesletten on the west side of Cumberland East Bay, South Georgia. The name Junction Valley was originally applied by the Swedish Antarctic Expedition under Otto Nordenskiöld, 1901–04, to a valley joining Cumberland East Bay with Cumberland West Bay. The summit of this valley was later named Echo Pass. The original name has therefore been restricted to the eastern valley, and Sphagnum Valley has been applied to the western part.
Penguin River is a small meandering stream which flows in a general northeast direction from Hamberg Lakes to the coast close south of Horse Head in Cumberland East Bay, South Georgia. It was first surveyed by the Swedish Antarctic Expedition under Nordenskjold from 1901–04, and was named by Carl Skottsberg, botanist with the expedition.
Lönnberg Valley is an ice-free valley between Hound Bay and Nordenskjöld Glacier on the north coast of South Georgia. It was surveyed by the South Georgia Survey in the period 1951–57, and named by the UK Antarctic Place-Names Committee for Professor Einar Lönnberg, a Swedish zoologist, who was responsible for preparing a report on Erik Sörling's 1904–05 zoological collections from South Georgia.
Sørlle Buttress is a mountain rising above 1,370 metres (4,490 ft), between Mount Spaaman and Three Brothers in the Allardyce Range of South Georgia. It was surveyed by the South Georgia Survey in the period 1951-57 and named by the United Kingdom Antarctic Place-Names Committee for Petter Sørlle (1884–1922), a Norwegian whaling captain and inventor who, in 1922, took out a patent for his whaling slipway. Sørlle was the first manager of the United Whalers station at Stromness.
Hope Point is a rocky bluff, 20 metres (70 ft) high, which forms the north side of the entrance to King Edward Cove, on the west side of Cumberland East Bay, South Georgia. It was charted by the Swedish Antarctic Expedition under Otto Nordenskiöld, 1901–04, and named for H.W.W. Hope, who directed a 1920 survey of King Edward Cove by personnel on HMS Dartmouth. Hope Point is the site of a monument in commemoration of Sir Ernest Shackleton.
Horse Head is a jagged, rocky point with conspicuous cliffs 10 metres (30 ft) high, situated 0.3 nautical miles (0.6 km) north of the mouth of Penguin River, in Cumberland East Bay, South Georgia. The profile of the cliff is said to resemble a horse's head. It was first surveyed by the Swedish Antarctic Expedition, 1901–04, under Otto Nordenskiöld. The name Horse Head, recommended by the UK Antarctic Place-Names Committee in 1954, is an English form of "Hestes Hode", applied by sealers and whalers.
The United States Geological Survey is a scientific agency of the United States government. The scientists of the USGS study the landscape of the United States, its natural resources, and the natural hazards that threaten it. The organization has four major science disciplines, concerning biology, geography, geology, and hydrology. The USGS is a fact-finding research organization with no regulatory responsibility.
The Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) is a database that contains name and locative information about more than two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its territories. It is a type of gazetteer. GNIS was developed by the United States Geological Survey in cooperation with the United States Board on Geographic Names (BGN) to promote the standardization of feature names.
|This South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|