Orthodox Church in Italy

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The Orthodox Church in Italy (Italian : Chiesa Ortodossa in Italia) is an effort to establish a national Orthodox church in Italy,[ citation needed ] bringing all the Orthodox parishes and missions under an Italian metropolitan bishop, but only some independent groups have adhered to it. This jurisdiction is registered before the Italian authorities both as Orthodox Church in Italy and Old Catholic Church in Italy [1] .

Italian language

Italian is a Romance language of the Indo-European language family. Italian descended from the Vulgar Latin of the Roman Empire and, together with Sardinian, is by most measures the closest language to it of the Romance languages. Italian is an official language in Italy, Switzerland, San Marino and Vatican City. It has an official minority status in western Istria. It formerly had official status in Albania, Malta, Monaco, Montenegro (Kotor) and Greece, and is generally understood in Corsica and Savoie. It also used to be an official language in the former Italian East Africa and Italian North Africa, where it still plays a significant role in various sectors. Italian is also spoken by large expatriate communities in the Americas and Australia. Italian is included under the languages covered by the European Charter for Regional or Minority languages in Bosnia and Herzegovina and in Romania, although Italian is neither a co-official nor a regional or a traditional language in these countries, where Italians do not represent a historical minority. In the case of Romania, Italian is listed by the Government along 10 other languages which supposedly receive a "general protection", but not between those which should be granted an "advanced or enhanced" one. Many speakers of Italian are native bilinguals of both Italian and other regional languages.

History

The church was founded in 1983 as a traditional Old Catholic church by Italian Orthodox bishop Antonio De Rosso, a former Roman Catholic priest, [2] who became bishop of Apria and Lazio under the jurisdiction of Metropolitan Kyprianos Koutsoumpas, of the Orthodox Church of Greece (Holy Synod in Resistance). In 1993, the church joined the Bulgarian Orthodox Church and in 1995, De Rosso was enthroned bishop of Ravenna and Italy.[ clarify ]

Eastern Orthodox Church Christian Church

The Eastern Orthodox Church, officially the Orthodox Catholic Church, is the second-largest Christian church, with approximately 200–260 million baptised members. It operates as a communion of autocephalous churches, each governed by its bishops in local synods, although roughly half of Eastern Orthodox Christians live in Russia. The church has no central doctrinal or governmental authority analogous to the Bishop of Rome, but the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople is recognised by all as primus inter pares of the bishops. As one of the oldest surviving religious institutions in the world, the Eastern Orthodox Church has played a prominent role in the history and culture of Eastern and Southeastern Europe, the Caucasus, and the Near East.

Antonio De Rosso was the founder of the Orthodox Church in Italy and the Metropolitan of Ravenna, L'Aquila and Italy.

Aprilia, Lazio Comune in Lazio, Italy

Aprilia[aˈpriːlja] is a city and comune (municipality) in the province of Latina, now incorporated in the conurbation of Rome, in the Lazio region of central Italy. It is the fifth town for population in the region and the tenth for its area.

After 1997, the church remained linked with Patriarch Pimen Enew  [ bg ; ru ]'s Bulgarian Orthodox Church – Alternative synod and De Rosso became Metropolitan of Ravenna and Italy.[ clarify ] During that year, the church was recognized as an autonomous church and De Rosso became a full member of the Bulgarian alternative synod.[ contradictory ] De Rosso sought fellowship with Greek Old Calendarists and the Bulgarian alternative synod.[ contradictory ] The Orthodox Church in Italy was in full communion with the Bulgarian alternative synod, the Ukrainian Orthodox Church – Kiev Patriarchate and some small churches.

The Bulgarian Orthodox Church – Alternative synod was an Eastern Orthodox Church that claimed to be the sole legitimate Orthodox Church in Bulgaria between 1996 and 2015.

After De Rosso died in 2009, the church became an association in memory of him, Associazione "Metropolita Antonio". [2]

Old Catholic Church in Italy (Nordic Catholic Church vicariate)

Since 2013, [3] the church adopted the alternative name Old Catholic Church in Italy (NCC-COI) and is a vicariate of the Nordic Catholic Church (NCC) since 2015. [4] [5] The NCC is a member church of the Union of Scranton. [6]

The Nordic Catholic Church is a church body in Norway of High Church Lutheran origin, under the auspices of the Polish National Catholic Church and Union of Scranton.

The Union of Scranton is a communion of Old Catholic churches established in 2008 by the Polish National Catholic Church (PNCC) of the United States, after the Union of Utrecht began ordaining women and blessing of same-sex unions. Since then, it has expanded to include the Nordic Catholic Church (NCC), begun by people who had separated from the Church of Norway, a Lutheran state church, in opposition to similar practices and has developed a more Catholic theology. The Nordic Catholic Church includes the Christ-Catholic Church in Germany as a daughter-church, which traces its history through the Union of Utrecht and the Polish National Catholic Church, as well as St. Severin's Abbey which is the German Province of the Order of Port Royal.

See also

Eastern Orthodoxy in Italy

Eastern Orthodoxy in Italy refers to adherents, religious communities, institutions and organizations of Eastern Orthodox Christianity in Italy. In 2014, there were 14 distinctive Eastern Orthodox jurisdictions on the territory of Italy, some of them belonging to canonical Eastern Orthodox Churches, while others are classified as independent (noncanonical). First session of the Council of Canonical Orthodox Bishops in Italy was held in 2009.

Montenegrin Orthodox Church An Orthodox Christian church active in Montenegro

The Montenegrin Orthodox Church is an Orthodox Christian church active in Montenegro that is not canonically recognized by the other Eastern Orthodox Churches.

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Eastern Orthodox Church organization

The Eastern Orthodox Church, like the Catholic Church, claims to be the One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church.

Polish National Catholic Church Christian church based in the United States

The Polish National Catholic Church (PNCC) is a Christian church based in the United States and founded by Polish-Americans. The PNCC is not in full communion with the Roman Catholic Church; it seeks full communion with the Holy See, although it differs theologically in several important respects. A sister church in Poland, the Polish Catholic Church, is a member of the Old Catholic Union of Utrecht and is also not in communion with the Holy See; at the same time, the PNCC is neither in communion with the Union of Utrecht, but rather the Union of Scranton. The Polish National Catholic Church welcomes people of all ethnic, racial, and social backgrounds.

Eritrean Catholic Church Metropolitan sui iuris Eastern particular church

The Eritrean Catholic Church is a Metropolitan sui iuris Eastern particular church headquartered in Asmara, Eritrea. It was established in 2015 by separation of its territory from that of the Ethiopian Catholic Church and the setting up in that territory of a new sui iuris metropolitan Eastern Catholic Church. It follows the Ge'ez form of the Alexandrian liturgical rite.

Church of Our Lady of the Rosary, Asmara church in Asmara, Eritrea

The Church of Our Lady of the Rosary, Asmara is a Roman Catholic church in Asmara, Eritrea. Often called "the cathedral", it is a large Lombard Romanesque style church in the centre of the city, built in 1923 to serve as the principal church of the Apostolic Vicariate of Eritrea.

Ethiopian Catholic Church Metropolitan sui iuris Eastern particular church within the Catholic Church

The Ethiopian Catholic Church is a Metropolitan sui iuris Eastern particular church within the Catholic Church, established in 1930 in Ethiopia.

Eastern Orthodoxy in Montenegro

Eastern Orthodoxy in Montenegro refers to adherents, religious communities, institutions and organizations of Eastern Orthodox Christianity in Montenegro. It is the largest Christian denomination in the country. According to the latest census of 2011, 446,858 citizens of Montenegro (72.07%) registered as Eastern Orthodox Christians. The majority of Eastern Orthodox people in Montenegro are adherents of the Serbian Orthodox Church. A minor percentage supports the noncanonical and unrecognized Montenegrin Orthodox Church.

Christianity in Eritrea

Eritrea is a multi-religious country; Eritrea has two dominant religions Islam and Christianity.According to the United States Department of State (USDoS) estimated that 50% of the population was Christian, around 48% was Muslim. According to the Pew Research Center, 62.9% are followers of Christianity, mostly followers of Orthodox Christianity and, to a lesser extent, Roman Catholicism and Eritrean Catholicism.

Roman Catholic Diocese of Asti diocese of the Catholic Church

The Diocese of Asti is a Roman Catholic ecclesiastical territory in Piedmont, northern Italy, centered in the city of Asti. It has been a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Turin since 1515. Previous to that, it was a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Milan.

Dimitri Salachas Apostolic Exarch of Greece

Dimitri (Dimitrios) Salachas was the Apostolic Exarch of the Greek Byzantine Catholic Church.

Military Ordinariate of the Dominican Republic

The Military Bishopric of the Dominican Republic is a military ordinariate (quasi-diocese) of the Roman Catholic Church.

Schism of Montaner

The term Schism of Montaner refers to events between 1967 and 1969. Almost all the residents of Montaner, a frazione in the municipality of Sarmede in the Province of Treviso, Italy, decided to renounce Catholicism and embrace the Orthodox religion, because they had great disagreement with their bishop of Vittorio Veneto, Monsignor Albino Luciani, the future Pope John Paul I.

Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church Oriental Orthodox church

The Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church is an Oriental Orthodox church with its headquarters in Asmara, Eritrea. Its autocephaly was recognised by Shenouda III, Pope of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria after Eritrea gained its independence from Ethiopia in 1993.

Allan Amoguis

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References

  1. Una Chiesa Ortodossa dalle radici italiane.
  2. 1 2 Zoccatelli, PierLuigi; Introvigne, Massimo (2016-05-02). "La Chiesa Ortodossa in Italia". cesnur.com (in Italian). Turin, IT: Center for Studies on New Religions. Archived from the original on 2016-05-02. Retrieved 2016-05-02.
  3. "Comunicato stampa" (Press release) (in Italian). Chiesa Ortodossa in Italia, Associazione "Metropolita Antonio". 2013-11-20. Archived from the original on 2014-02-22 via comunicati.net.
  4. "Un giorno importante per la Chiesa" [An important day for the church]. www.chiesavecchiocattolica.it (in Italian). Rome, IT: Chiesa Vecchio-Cattolica in Italia. 2015-02-28. Archived from the original on 2016-03-10. Retrieved 2016-05-02.
  5. "Clergy directory". nordiccatholic.com. Nordic Catholic Church. Archived from the original on 2016-03-24.
  6. "The Union of Scranton: a union of churches in communion with the Polish National Catholic Church". unionofscranton.org. Scranton, PA: Union of Scranton. Archived from the original on 2016-03-21. Retrieved 2016-05-01.