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The Orthodox Church in Italy (Italian : Chiesa Ortodossa in Italia) is an effort to establish a national Orthodox church in Italy,[ citation needed ] bringing all the Orthodox parishes and missions under an Italian metropolitan bishop, but only some independent groups have adhered to it. This jurisdiction is registered before the Italian authorities both as Orthodox Church in Italy and Old Catholic Church in Italy.
The church was founded in 1983 as a traditional Old Catholic church by Italian Orthodox bishop Antonio De Rosso, a former Roman Catholic priest, [ clarify ]who became bishop of Apria and Lazio under the jurisdiction of Metropolitan Kyprianos Koutsoumpas, of the Orthodox Church of Greece (Holy Synod in Resistance). In 1993, the church joined the Bulgarian Orthodox Church and in 1995,
After 1997, the church remained linked with Patriarch Pimen Enew [ clarify ] During that year, the church was recognized as an autonomous church and De Rosso became a full member of the Bulgarian alternative synod.[ contradictory ] De Rosso sought fellowship with Greek Old Calendarists and the Bulgarian alternative synod.[ contradictory ] The Orthodox Church in Italy was in full communion with the Bulgarian alternative synod, the Ukrainian Orthodox Church – Kiev Patriarchate and some small churches.'s Bulgarian Orthodox Church – Alternative synod
After De Rosso died in 2009, the church became an association in memory of him, Associazione "Metropolita Antonio".
Since 2013 [update] , the church adopted the alternative name Old Catholic Church in Italy (NCC-COI) and is a vicariate of the Nordic Catholic Church (NCC) since 2015 [update] . The NCC is a member church of the Union of Scranton.
The Eastern Orthodox Church, like the Catholic Church, claims to be the One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church.
The Polish National Catholic Church (PNCC) is a Christian church based in the United States and founded by Polish-Americans. The PNCC is not in full communion with the Roman Catholic Church; it seeks full communion with the Holy See, although it differs theologically in several respects. A sister church in Poland, the Polish-Catholic Church of Republic of Poland, is a member of the Old Catholic Union of Utrecht and is also not in communion with the Holy See; at the same time, the PNCC is neither in communion with the Union of Utrecht, but rather the Union of Scranton. The Polish National Catholic Church welcomes people of all ethnic, racial, and social backgrounds.
The Eritrean Catholic Church is a Metropolitan sui iuris Eastern particular church headquartered in Asmara, Eritrea. It was established in 2015 by separation of its territory from that of the Ethiopian Catholic Church and the setting up in that territory of a new sui iuris metropolitan Eastern Catholic Church. It follows the Ge'ez form of the Alexandrian liturgical rite.
The Church of Our Lady of the Rosary, Asmara is a Roman Catholic church built in early 1920s in Asmara, when was the capital of Italian Eritrea. Often called "the cathedral", it is a large Lombard Romanesque style church in the centre of the city, built in 1923 to serve as the principal church of the Apostolic Vicariate of Eritrea.
The Ethiopian Catholic Church is a Metropolitan sui iuris Eastern particular church within the Catholic Church, established in 1930 in Ethiopia.
Eastern Orthodoxy in Italy refers to adherents, religious communities, institutions and organizations of Eastern Orthodox Christianity in Italy. In 2014, there were 14 distinctive Eastern Orthodox jurisdictions on the territory of Italy, some of them belonging to canonical Eastern Orthodox Churches, while others are classified as independent (noncanonical). First session of the Council of Canonical Orthodox Bishops in Italy was held in 2009.
Antonio De Rosso was an Italian priest and Christian leader who successively belonged to various Christian denominations. After initial priestly service in the Catholic Church, he changed several affiliations. Eventually, he became Eastern Orthodox bishop (1986), founder of the Orthodox Church in Italy (1991), Metropolitan of Ravenna and Italy (1997-2009), and Archbishop of L'Aquila (2009). He was associated with various independent (noncanonical) jurisdictions. Main goal of his religious activity was to create a national church in Italy.
Eastern Orthodoxy in Montenegro refers to adherents, religious communities, institutions and organizations of Eastern Orthodox Christianity in Montenegro. It is the largest Christian denomination in the country. According to the latest census of 2011, 446,858 citizens of Montenegro (72.07%) registered as Eastern Orthodox Christians. The majority of Eastern Orthodox people in Montenegro are adherents of the Serbian Orthodox Church. A minor percentage supports the noncanonical and unrecognized Montenegrin Orthodox Church.
Eritrea is a multi-religious country; Eritrea has two dominant religions, the majority being Christianity and a sizable minority being Islam. According to the Pew Research Center (PRC) estimated that 62% of the population was Christian, around 36% is Muslim., being 1% followers of Christianity, mostly followers of Oriental Orthodoxy and, to a lesser extent Roman Catholicism-Eritrean Catholicism, and P'ent'ay Evangelicalism.
Western Rite Orthodoxy, Western Orthodoxy, or Orthodox Western Rite are terms used to describe congregations that are within the autocephalous churches of the canonical Orthodox Christian Church. These congregations have used western liturgical forms such as the ancient Gregorian Liturgy, the Sarum, the Mozarabic and Gallican Liturgies. Some congregations use what has become known simply as the English Liturgy, which is derived from the Anglican Book of Common Prayer; albeit, with some modification to the text to emphasize Orthodox theological teaching. The Western Rite that exists today has been heavily influenced by the life and work of Julian Joseph Overbeck.
The Diocese of Asti is a Roman Catholic ecclesiastical territory in Piedmont, northern Italy, centered in the city of Asti. It has been a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Turin since 1515. Previous to that, it was a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Milan.
Dimitri (Dimitrios) Salachas was the Apostolic Exarch of the Greek Byzantine Catholic Church.
The Nordic Catholic Church is a church body in Norway of High Church Lutheran origin, under the auspices of the Polish National Catholic Church and Union of Scranton.
In the Schism of Montaner between 1967 and 1969, almost all residents of the Italian village of Montaner renounced Catholicism and embraced the Eastern Orthodox Church. This was due to a disagreement with the bishop of Vittorio Veneto, Albino Luciani, the future Pope John Paul I, over the appointment of the local priest.
The Union of Scranton is a communion of Old Catholic churches established in 2008 by the Polish National Catholic Church (PNCC) of the United States, after the Union of Utrecht began ordaining women and blessing of same-sex unions. Since then, it has expanded to include the Nordic Catholic Church (NCC), begun by people who had separated from the Church of Norway, a Lutheran state church, in opposition to similar practices and has developed a more Catholic theology. The Nordic Catholic Church includes the Christ-Catholic Church in Germany as a daughter-church, which traces its history through the Union of Utrecht and the Polish National Catholic Church, as well as St. Severin's Abbey which is the German Province of the Order of Port Royal.
Matteo Maria Zuppi is an Italian prelate of the Catholic Church who has been Archbishop of Bologna since 12 December 2015.
Kidane Mehret Cathedral is a Catholic church located on Adi Quala Street, Asmara, Eritrea. The cathedral is in the Eritrean Catholic Archeparchy of Asmara.
Allan Amoguis is an Italian bishop, serving as the head prelate of The Christian Patriarchate of East Asia.
The Parishes of the Moscow Patriarchate in the Italian Republic is a subdivision of the Russian Orthodox Church which covers the territory of Italy, Malta and San Marino.
Metropolitan Anthony, is the primate of the Patriarchal Exarchate in Western Europe of the Russian Orthodox Church. He holds the title of "Metropolitan of Chersonesus and Western Europe".
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