Palace of Justice, Riga

Last updated
Latvijas Tiesu pils
Gabinete de Ministerios de Letonia, Riga, Letonia, 2012-08-07, DD 01.JPG
Brīvības bulvāris (Freedom Boulevard), Riga.
Location map Latvia Riga.png
Red pog.svg
Location within Riga
Alternative namesCabinet of Ministers Building
General information
Architectural style Neoclassical
Address36 Brīvības bulvāris
Town or city Riga
Country Latvia
Coordinates 56°57′13″N24°7′4.08″E / 56.95361°N 24.1178000°E / 56.95361; 24.1178000 Coordinates: 56°57′13″N24°7′4.08″E / 56.95361°N 24.1178000°E / 56.95361; 24.1178000
Construction started4 December 1936
Inaugurated9 December 1938
Design and construction
Architect Frīdrihs Skujiņš

The Palace of Justice (Latvian : Latvijas Tiesu pils) is a set of courthouses and administrative buildings in Riga. It is the location of sittings of the Supreme Court of Latvia, of the Cabinet of Ministers of Latvia and the headquarters of the Ministry of Justice.

Latvian language Baltic language, official in Latvia and the European Union

Latvian or Lettish is an Eastern Baltic language spoken in the Baltic region. It is the language of Latvians and the official language of Latvia as well as one of the official languages of the European Union. There are about 1.3 million native Latvian speakers in Latvia and 100,000 abroad. Altogether, 2 million, or 80% of the population of Latvia, speak Latvian. Of those, 1.16 million or 56% use it as their primary language at home. The use of the Latvian language in various areas of social life in Latvia is increasing.

Riga City in Latvia

Riga is the capital of Latvia and is home to 632,614 inhabitants (2019), which is a third of Latvia's population. Being significantly larger than other cities of Latvia, Riga is the country's primate city. It is also the largest city in the three Baltic states and is home to one tenth of the three Baltic states' combined population. The city lies on the Gulf of Riga at the mouth of the Daugava river where it meets the Baltic Sea. Riga's territory covers 307.17 km2 (118.60 sq mi) and lies 1–10 m above sea level, on a flat and sandy plain.

The Supreme Court of the Republic of Latvia is the highest level court in the three-tiered court system of Latvia. It deals with criminal, civil and administrative matters. Its oversight is determined in the Constitution, the structure and competence of the court are established by the Act On Judicial Power. The Court consists of the Civil Cases Court, three departments, administration and two divisions, located in the Palace of Justice on Brīvības Boulevard, Central Riga.




Between 1918 and 1940 the highest judicial power in Latvia was the Senate of Latvia ( Latvijas Senāts ). The building was constructed between 1936 and 1938 as a new home for the Senate and the Ministry of Justice under the authoritarian regime of Kārlis Ulmanis. The foundation stone was laid by War Minister Jānis Balodis and it was officially opened by Justice Minister Hermanis Apsītis.

Kārlis Ulmanis President of Latvia

Kārlis Augusts Vilhelms Ulmanis was one of the most prominent Latvian politicians of pre-World War II Latvia during the interwar period of independence from November 1918 to June 1940. He served four times as Prime Minister, the last time as the head of an authoritarian regime. The legacy of his dictatorship still divides public opinion in Latvia.

Jānis Balodis Latvian politician

Jānis Balodis was an army general, Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of Latvia (1919–1921), Minister of War (1931–1940) and politician who was one of the principal figures during the Latvian War of Independence and the dictatorship of Kārlis Ulmanis, when he officially was the number two of the regime as the Minister of War, Deputy Prime Minister and Vice President.

Executive building

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Old Senate chamber

During the alternating Nazi and Soviet occupations the building was home to the Reich Commissariat and the Latvian SSR Council of Ministers. Since the 1990s the usual meeting place of the Cabinet of Latvia has been the old Senate chamber.


The building is located on Brīvības bulvāris (Freedom Boulevard) at the triangular intersection of Elizabetes iela, Tērbatas iela ( Tartu street) and Brīvības. Next door is the Riga Regional Court (Rīgas apgabaltiesa).

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