Panama State

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1863 Panama State Colombia - Panama (1886).svg
1863 Panama State
Panama State Mapa del Estado de Panama (1865).jpg
Panamá State

Following independence from Spain in 1821, Panamá State was one of the states of the Republic of Gran Colombia. [1] Created 27 February 1855 under the name Estado Federal de Panamá (Federal State of Panamá). [2] It later was recognized as Estado de la Federación in the constitution of the Granadine Confederation of 1858, [3] and in the constitution of 1863 renamed as Estado Soberano (Sovereign State of Panamá) in the national and state constitutions of 1863. [2] [4] Since 1903, most of its territory has become the Republic of Panama.

Granadine Confederation 1858-1863 federal republic in Central and South America

The Granadine Confederation was a short-lived federal republic established in 1858 as a result of a constitutional change replacing the Republic of New Granada. It consisted of the present-day nations of Colombia and Panama and parts of northwestern Brazil. In turn, the Granadine Confederation was replaced by the United States of Colombia after another constitutional change in 1863.

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History

It was the first state to form within the Granadine Confedration of 1858, due to desires for autonomy, particularly by the Istmo Province. [5] [6]

Limits

Atlantic Ocean Ocean between Europe, Africa and the Americas

The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans, with an area of about 106,460,000 square kilometers. It covers approximately 20 percent of the Earth's surface and about 29 percent of its water surface area. It separates the "Old World" from the "New World".

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Pacific Ocean Ocean between Asia and Australia in the west, the Americas in the east and Antarctica or the Southern Ocean in the south.

The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of Earth's oceanic divisions. It extends from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the Southern Ocean in the south and is bounded by Asia and Australia in the west and the Americas in the east.

Subdivisions

The state was initially divided in the same provinces that created it in 1855: [7]

Panamá Province Province in Panama

Panamá is a province of Panama. It is the location of the national capital Panama City, which also serves as its provincial capital. The governor of the province is Rafael Pino Pinto, appointed by President Varela and sworn in on 4 July 2014.

Chiriquí Province Province in Panama

Chiriquí is a province of Panama located on the western coast; it is the second most-developed province in the country, after the Panamá Province. Its capital is the city of David. It has a total area of 6,490.9 km², with a population of 416,873 as of the year 2010. The province of Chiriquí is bordered to the north by the provinces Bocas del Toro and Ngobe-Buglé, to the west by Costa Rica, to the east by the province of Veraguas, and to the south by the Pacific Ocean, specifically the Gulf of Chiriquí.

Veraguas Province Province in Panama

Veraguas is a province of Panama, located in the centre-west of the country. The capital is the city of Santiago de Veraguas. It is the only Panamanian province to border both the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. It covers 11,239.3 km² and is divided into twelve districts.

At the end of the year the territory of Azuero Province was split between Panamá Province and Chiriquí Province.

During the administration of Justo Arosemena (1856), the State was divided into 7 departments: [6]

Later, during the administration of José Leonardo Calancha (1864), reduced the number of departments to 6: [6]

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The history of Panama is about the Isthmus of Panama region's long history that occurred in Central America, from Pre-Columbian cultures, during the Spanish colonial era, through independence and the current country of Panama.

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Los Santos Province Province in Panama

Los Santos is a province of Panama, reaching from the La Villa river in the North to the Pacific Ocean in the south and east. It is part of Azuero Peninsula, bounded by province of Herrera to the north and northeast and Mariato district in Veraguas to the West. The City of Las Tablas is the capital and most populous city; seven other districts of Los Santos, Guararé, Las Tablas, Macaracas, Pedasi, Pocrí and Tonosí are under the jurisdiction of Los Santos Province Governorate. Los Santos' area is 3 809.4 km ², and its population is about 89,592 inhabitants.

Herrera Province Province in Panama

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References

Coordinates: 8°58′N79°32′W / 8.967°N 79.533°W / 8.967; -79.533