Panama State

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1863 Panama State Panama in United States of Colombia.svg
1863 Panama State
Panama State
(1865 map by Agostino Codazzi) Mapa del Estado de Panama (1865).jpg
Panamá State
(1865 map by Agostino Codazzi)

Following independence from Spain in 1821, Panamá State was one of the states of the Republic of Gran Colombia. [1] Created 27 February 1855 under the name Estado Federal de Panamá (Federal State of Panamá). [2] It later was recognized as Estado de la Federación in the constitution of the Granadine Confederation of 1858, [3] and in the constitution of 1863 renamed as Estado Soberano (Sovereign State of Panamá) in the national and state constitutions of 1863. [2] [4] Since 1903, most of its territory has become the Republic of Panama.

Granadine Confederation 1858-1863 federal republic in Central and South America

The Granadine Confederation was a short-lived federal republic established in 1858 as a result of a constitutional change replacing the Republic of New Granada. It consisted of the present-day nations of Colombia and Panama and parts of northwestern Brazil. In turn, the Granadine Confederation was replaced by the United States of Colombia after another constitutional change in 1863.



It was the first state to form within the Granadine Confederation of 1858, due to desires for autonomy, particularly by the Istmo Province. [5] [6]


Atlantic Ocean Ocean between Europe, Africa and the Americas

The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans, with an area of about 106,460,000 square kilometers. It covers approximately 20 percent of Earth's surface and about 29 percent of its water surface area. It separates the "Old World" from the "New World".

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Pacific Ocean Ocean between Asia and Australia in the west, the Americas in the east and Antarctica or the Southern Ocean in the south.

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The state was initially divided in the same provinces that created it in 1855: [7]

Panamá Province Province in Panama

Panamá is a province of Panama. It is the location of the national capital Panama City, which also serves as its provincial capital. The governor of the province is Rafael Pino Pinto, appointed by President Varela and sworn in on 4 July 2014.

Chiriquí Province Province in Panama

Chiriquí is a province of Panama located on the western coast; it is the second most-developed province in the country, after the Panamá Province. Its capital is the city of David. It has a total area of 6,490.9 km², with a population of 462,056 as of the year 2019. The province of Chiriquí is bordered to the north by the provinces Bocas del Toro and Ngobe-Buglé, to the west by Costa Rica, to the east by the province of Veraguas, and to the south by the Pacific Ocean, specifically the Gulf of Chiriquí.

Veraguas Province Province in Panama

Veraguas is a province of Panama, located in the centre-west of the country. The capital is the city of Santiago de Veraguas. It is the only Panamanian province to border both the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. It covers an area of 10,587.6 km² and in 2019 it had an estimated population of 247,644.

At the end of the year the territory of Azuero Province was split between Panamá Province and Chiriquí Province.

During the administration of Justo Arosemena (1856), the State was divided into 7 departments: [6]

Later, during the administration of José Leonardo Calancha (1864), reduced the number of departments to 6: [6]

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Los Santos Province Province in Panama

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Herrera Province Province in Panama

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Chitré County and city in Herrera Province, Panama

Chitré is a city and corregimiento, the capital of the Panamanian province of Herrera. with a population of 9,092 as of 2010 but in its metropolitan area it has a population of 80,000 inhabitants. It is also the seat of Chitré District. Chitré is located about 7 km inland from the Gulf of Panama on the Azuero Peninsula. The name Chitré comes from the native tribe Chitra. In the city, there is a district, also called Chitré, which is subdivided into five corregimientos. The corregimientos are San Juan Bautista, Llano Bonito, Monagrillo, La Arena and Chitré.

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Coordinates: 8°58′N79°32′W / 8.967°N 79.533°W / 8.967; -79.533