Parliament of Wallonia

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Coordinates: 50°27′50.31″N4°52′24.64″E / 50.4639750°N 4.8735111°E / 50.4639750; 4.8735111

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Contents

Parliament of Wallonia

Type
Type
Leadership
President
Jean-Claude Marcourt, PS
since 13 September 2019
Structure
Seats75
Parlement wallon June 2019.png
Political groups
Government (55)

Opposition (20)

Length of term
5 years
Elections
Last election
26 May 2019
Next election
2024
Meeting place
Walloon Parliament main entrance.jpg
Saint-Gilles Hospice, Namur
Website
http://parlement.wallonie.be/

The Parliament of Wallonia (French : Parlement de Wallonie) (Walloon Parliament (French : Parlement wallon) in the decrees) is the legislative body of Wallonia, one of the three self-governing regions of Belgium (the other two being Flanders and the Brussels-Capital Region). The parliament building, the former Hospice Saint-Gilles, is situated in Namur, the capital of Wallonia, at the symbolic confluence of the Meuse and the Sambre, the two main rivers of the most inhabited parts of Wallonia, the Sillon industriel . On the other side of the Meuse, facing the Parliament, is the Élysette , the seat of the Walloon government.

French language Romance language

French is a Romance language of the Indo-European family. It descended from the Vulgar Latin of the Roman Empire, as did all Romance languages. French evolved from Gallo-Romance, the spoken Latin in Gaul, and more specifically in Northern Gaul. Its closest relatives are the other langues d'oïl—languages historically spoken in northern France and in southern Belgium, which French (Francien) has largely supplanted. French was also influenced by native Celtic languages of Northern Roman Gaul like Gallia Belgica and by the (Germanic) Frankish language of the post-Roman Frankish invaders. Today, owing to France's past overseas expansion, there are numerous French-based creole languages, most notably Haitian Creole. A French-speaking person or nation may be referred to as Francophone in both English and French.

Wallonia Region of Belgium

Wallonia is a region of Belgium. As the southern portion of the country, Wallonia is primarily French-speaking, and accounts for 55% of Belgium's territory, but only a third of its population. The Walloon Region was not merged with the French Community of Belgium, which is the political entity responsible for matters related mainly to culture and education, because the French Community of Belgium encompasses both Wallonia and the majority French-Speaking Brussels-Capital Region.

Belgium Federal constitutional monarchy in Western Europe

Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a sovereign state in Western Europe. It is bordered by the Netherlands to the north, Germany to the east, Luxembourg to the southeast, France to the southwest, and the North Sea to the northwest. It covers an area of 30,688 km2 (11,849 sq mi) and has a population of more than 11.4 million. The capital and largest city is Brussels; other major cities are Antwerp, Ghent, Charleroi and Liège.

History and names

A 1974 law on the temporary creation of regions installed a Walloon Regional Council (alongside a Flemish Regional Council), which were both abolished in 1977. At the creation of the first (permanent) regional assemblies in 1980 (second state reform), the body was also called "Walloon Regional Council" (Conseil régional wallon). Its members were the national representatives and senators elected in the Walloon Region, who thus by law held two offices simultaneously.

State reform in Belgium

State reform, in Belgium, context is the ongoing process of seeking and finding constitutional and legal solutions to the problems and tensions in the different segments of the Belgian population, mostly between the Dutch-speakers of Flanders and the French-speakers of Wallonia. In general, Belgium has evolved from a unitary state to a federal state with communities, regions, and language areas.

Chamber of Representatives (Belgium) Lower house of the federal parliament of Belgium

The Chamber of Representatives is one of the two chambers in the bicameral Federal Parliament of Belgium, the other being the Senate. It is considered to be the "lower house" of the Federal Parliament.

Senate (Belgium) upper house of the Belgian federal parliament

The Senate is one of the two chambers of the bicameral Federal Parliament of Belgium, the other being the Chamber of Representatives. It is considered to be the "upper house" of the Federal Parliament. Created in 1831 as a chamber fully equal to the Chamber of Representatives, it has undergone several reforms in the past, most notably in 1993 and the reform of 2014 following the sixth Belgian state reform. The 2014 elections were the first ones without a direct election of senators. Instead, the new Senate is completely composed of members of community and regional parliaments and co-opted members. It is a chamber of the communities and regions and serves as a platform for discussion and reflection about matters between the different language communities. The Senate now only plays a very minor role in the federal legislative process. Since the reform, it only holds about ten plenary sessions a year.

The fourth state reform (1993) transformed Belgium into a federal state and changed the "Walloon Regional Council" (Conseil régional wallon) into the "Council of the Walloon Region" (Conseil de la Région wallonne), which was directly elected for the first time on 21 May 1995. Shortly before these elections, in April 1995, the Council adopted a resolution to use the terms "Walloon Parliament" (Parlement wallon) and "Walloon deputies" (députés wallons).

A deputy is a legislator in many countries, particularly those with legislatures styled as a Chamber of Deputies or National Assembly.

A 2005 constitutional amendment revised the official terminology for all community and regional councils into community and regional parliaments, changing the "Council of the Walloon Region" into the "Walloon Parliament" (Parlement wallon).

In 2015, the Parliament opted to use the term "Parliament of Wallonia" (Parlement de Wallonie) instead of "Walloon Parliament".

Composition

All members of the Parliament of Wallonia are also members of the Parliament of the French Community, except for German-speaking members (currently Monika Dethier-Neumann  [ de ] and Edmund Stoffels  [ de ]) who represent the German-speaking population and are advisory members of the Parliament of the German-speaking Community.

Parliament of the French Community belgian enterprise

The Parliament of the French Community is the legislative assembly of the French Community of Belgium based in the Quartier Royal. It consists of all 75 members of the Walloon Parliament except German-speaking members who are substituted by French-speaking members from the same party, and 19 members elected by the French linguistic group of the Parliament of the Brussels-Capital Region within the former body. These members are elected for a term of five years.

Parliament of the German-speaking Community Belgian parliament

The Parliament of the German-speaking Community is the legislative assembly of the German-speaking Community of Belgium located in Eupen.

The parliament exercises several functions:

In Belgium, a decree is a form of legislation passed by community or regional parliaments, except by the Brussels Parliament.

Compositions

2019-2024 (current)

AffiliationMembers
  Parti Socialiste ("Socialist Party")23
  Mouvement Réformateur ("Reformist Movement")20
  Ecolo ("Environmentalist")12
  Parti du Travail de Belgique ("Workers' Party of Belgium")10
  Centre démocrate humaniste ("Humanist Democratic Centre")10
 Total75

2014-2019

This is the composition of the Walloon Parliament following the 2014 regional election.

AffiliationMembers
  Parti Socialiste ("Socialist Party")30
  Mouvement Réformateur ("Reformist Movement")25
  Centre démocrate humaniste ("Humanist Democratic Centre")13
  Ecolo ("Environmentalist")4
  Parti du Travail de Belgique ("Workers' Party of Belgium")2
  Parti populaire ("People's Party")1
 Total
75

2009-2014

This is the composition of the Walloon Parliament following the 2009 regional election. The PS, Ecolo and CDH formed together a government.

Seat division of the Parliament after the elections of 2009 Walloon Parliament (2009).svg
Seat division of the Parliament after the elections of 2009
AffiliationMembers
  Parti Socialiste ("Socialist Party")29
  Mouvement Réformateur ("Reformist Movement")19
  Ecolo ("Environmentalist")14
  Centre démocrate humaniste ("Humanist Democratic Centre")13
 Total
75

2004-2009

This was the composition of the Walloon Parliament following the 2004 regional election. The PS and CDH formed together a government.

Seat division of the Parliament after the elections of 2004 Walloon Parliament (2004).svg
Seat division of the Parliament after the elections of 2004
AffiliationMembers
  Parti Socialiste ("Socialist Party")34
  Mouvement Réformateur ("Reformist Movement")20
  Centre démocrate humaniste ("Humanist Democratic Centre")14
  Front National ("National Front")4
  Ecolo ("Environmentalist")3
 Total
75

1999-2004

This was the composition of the Walloon Parliament following the 1999 regional election. The PS, Ecolo and PRL formed together a government.

Seat division of the Parliament after the elections of 1999 Walloon Parliament (1999).svg
Seat division of the Parliament after the elections of 1999
AffiliationMembers
  Parti Socialiste ("Socialist Party")25
  Parti Réformateur Libéral ("Reformist Movement")
with Front Démocratique des Francophones ("Democratic Front of the Francophones")
21
  Ecolo ("Environmentalist")14
  Parti Social Chrétien ("Christian Socialist Party")14
  Front National ("National Front")1
 Total
75

1995–1999

83016192
EcoloPSPSCPRL + FDFFN

1999–2004

142514211
EcoloPSPSCPRL + FDFFN

2004–2009

33414204
EcoloPSCDHMRFN

2009–2014

14291319
EcoloPSCDHMR

2014–present

243013251
PTB–GO!EcoloPSCDHMRPP

Constituencies

The Walloon Parliament is the only Belgian parliament which still uses arrondissement-based constituencies. The federal Chamber of Representatives and the Flemish Parliament both merged theirs into larger province-based constituencies.

A January 2018 law merged both Luxembourg constituencies and reformed the Hainaut constituencies (* = boundaries changed), following a successful challenge by Ecolo to the Constitutional Court that constituencies with too few seats are unrepresentative.

ProvinceConstituency 1995 & 1999 2004 & 2009 2014 2019
Liège Liège 1413
Verviers 6
Huy-Waremme 4
Hainaut Charleroi 10910 *
Thuin 3
Tournai-Ath-Mouscron 77 *
Mons 655 *
Soignies 45 *
Walloon Brabant Nivelles 78
Namur Namur 67
Dinant-Philippeville 34
Luxembourg Arlon-Marche-Bastogne 36
Neufchâteau-Virton 2

See also

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