Quinta Gameros

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Quinta Gameros
Quinta Gameros, Chihuahua.jpg
General information
Type Mansion
Architectural style Art Nouveau,
Eclectic Belle Époque
Location Chihuahua City, Chihuahua
Mexico
AddressPaseo Bolívar 401, Historic Center of Chihuahua City (31000)
Current tenantsCentro Cultural Universitario Quinta Gameros
Construction started1907
Completed1910
Owner Universidad Autonoma de Chihuahua
Design and construction
ArchitectJulio Corredor Latorre
Website
Official site

The Quinta Gameros (English: Gameros Country House) is a mansion in Chihuahua, Chihuahua. The building is an Historic National Monument of Mexico. Quinta Gameros currently houses the Centro Cultural Universitario Quinta Gameros, a regional museum of Mexico.

Chihuahua City City in Chihuahua, Mexico

The city of Chihuahua is the state capital of the Mexican state of Chihuahua. As of 2017, the city of Chihuahua had a population of 878,062 inhabitants. while the metropolitan area had a population of 1,036,806 inhabitants.

Contents

History

The mansion was built for Manuel Gameros Ronquillo, a member of the Porfirian elite. Construction started in October 1907 and finished in November 1910, just as the Mexican Revolution was commencing. Gameros and his family fled to the United States in 1913. Afterwards, Francisco Villa assumed the Governorship of Chihuahua and set out to redistribute the property of opposition families, including the Gameros'. Quinta Gameros was given to Venustiano Carranza as his personal residence and office in April 1914. Following a dispute with Villa, Carranza left the city and the Quinta Gameros would go on to be used for various purposes during the war, including as government offices and as a military hospital.

Mexican Revolution major nationwide armed struggle in Mexico between 1910 and 1920

The Mexican Revolution, also known as the Mexican Civil War, was a major armed struggle, lasting roughly from 1910 to 1920, that radically transformed Mexican culture and government. Although recent research has focused on local and regional aspects of the Revolution, it was a genuinely national revolution. Its outbreak in 1910 resulted from the failure of the 35-year-long regime of Porfirio Díaz to find a managed solution to the presidential succession. This meant there was a political crisis among competing elites and the opportunity for agrarian insurrection. Wealthy landowner Francisco I. Madero challenged Díaz in the 1910 presidential election, and following the rigged results, revolted under the Plan of San Luis Potosí. Armed conflict ousted Díaz from power; a new election was held in 1911, bringing Madero to the presidency.

Governor of Chihuahua chief executive of the Mexican state of Chihuahua

According to the Political Constitution of the Free and Sovereign State of Chihuahua, Executive Power in that Mexican state resides with a single individual, the Constitutional Governor of the Free and Sovereign State of Chihuahua, who is chosen for a period of six years and cannot for any reason be re-elected. The term of governor begins on October 4 of the year of the election and finishes on October 3 after six years have elapsed. Gubernatorial elections are held two years prior to presidential elections.

Venustiano Carranza Mexican politician and president of Mexico

Venustiano Carranza Garza was one of the main leaders of the Mexican Revolution, whose victorious northern revolutionary Constitutionalist Army defeated the counter-revolutionary regime of Victoriano Huerta and then defeated fellow revolutionaries after Huerta's ouster. He secured power in Mexico, serving as head of state from 1915–1917. With the promulgation of a new revolutionary Mexican Constitution of 1917, he was elected president, serving from 1917 to 1920.

Side view of the building. Fachada lateral de la Quinta Gameros 2.JPG
Side view of the building.

In 1921, the government of President Álvaro Obregón returned many of the confiscated properties to their former owners. The Gameros family returned and occupied the residence until 1926, when it was sold to the Government of the State of Chihuahua. The state government used the building as tribunal for the State Supreme Court and as offices for the Department of Education. As a result, the building was known as the Palacio de Justicia y Educación Pública.

Álvaro Obregón Mexican politician, president of Mexico

Álvaro Obregón Salido was a general in the Mexican Revolution, who became President of Mexico from 1920 to 1924. He supported Sonora's decision to follow Governor of Coahuila Venustiano Carranza as leader of a revolution against the Huerta regime. Carranza appointed Obregón commander of the revolutionary forces in northwestern Mexico and in 1915 appointed him as his minister of war. In 1920, Obregón launched a revolt against Carranza, in which Carranza was assassinated; he won the subsequent election with overwhelming support.

On 8 December 1954, Governor Óscar Soto Maynez decreed the creation of the University of Chihuahua and earmarked the Quinta Gameros as the headquarters of the rectory and for the schools of Engineering, Law, and Music. A Museo Regional de Chihuahua was inaugurated on 22 November 1961 by President Adolfo López Mateos. On 19 October 1968, the University became autonomous from the state, and Quinta Gameros passed on to form part of its patrimony. In 1971, an agreement was signed between UACH, INAH and Pedro Fossas Requena for the Requena Furniture Collection to become a permanent exhibition. In September 1991, the Museo Regional Quinta Gameros became the Centro Cultural Universitario Quinta Gameros.

Adolfo López Mateos President of Mexico

Adolfo López Mateos was a Mexican politician who became a member of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), after earlier opposing its precursor in 1929. He was elected President of Mexico, serving from 1958 to 1964.

Design

One of the statues at the main entrance. Quinta Gameros - Chihuahua, Chihuahua - 09.JPG
One of the statues at the main entrance.

The main architectural style is Art Nouveau. [1] A Belle Époque mansion, [2] it also includes details of Rococo, Beaux-Arts architecture and Second Empire architecture. [1] The mansion was built by the Colombian architect Julio Corredor Latorre, in a French style popular among the Francophile Cientificos. [1]

Art Nouveau Style of art & architecture about 1890 to 1910

Art Nouveau is an international style of art, architecture and applied art, especially the decorative arts. It was most popular between 1890 and 1910. A reaction to the academic art of the 19th century, it was inspired by natural forms and structures, particularly the curved lines of plants and flowers.

<i>Belle Époque</i> period in European history, 1871 to 1914

The Belle Époque or La Belle Époque was a period of Western history. It is conventionally dated from the end of the Franco-Prussian War in 1871 to the outbreak of World War I in 1914. Occurring during the era of the French Third Republic, it was a period characterized by optimism, regional peace, economic prosperity, an apex of colonial empires, and technological, scientific, and cultural innovations. In the climate of the period, especially in Paris, the arts flourished. Many masterpieces of literature, music, theater, and visual art gained recognition. The Belle Époque was named in retrospect when it began to be considered a "Golden Age" in contrast to the horrors of World War I. The Belle Epoque was a period in which, according to historian R.R. Palmer, "European civilization achieved its greatest power in global politics, and also exerted its maximum influence upon peoples outside Europe."

Rococo 18th-century artistic movement and style

Rococo, less commonly roccoco, or "Late Baroque", is an exceptionally ornamental and theatrical style of decoration which combines asymmetry, scrolling curves, gilding, white and pastel colors, sculpted molding, and trompe l'oeil frescoes to create the illusions of surprise, motion and drama. It first appeared in France and Italy in the 1730s and spread to Central Europe in the 1750s and 1760s. It is often described as the final expression of the Baroque movement.

It is surrounded by gardens on three of its four sides. [2] At the main entrance there are four female statues stationed between the columns of the portico. [1] The two sets of steps leading to the main entrance frame a small fountain depicting fishing boys. The façade is composed of floral, animal and human details primarily made from cantera. [1] The house has a semibasement, ground level, first floor, and garret. [1] The building has a 10,760 sq. ft. floor area. [2]

Portico Type of porch

A portico is a porch leading to the entrance of a building, or extended as a colonnade, with a roof structure over a walkway, supported by columns or enclosed by walls. This idea was widely used in ancient Greece and has influenced many cultures, including most Western cultures.

Cantera stone is a quarried, volcanic rock that is mined in various regions of Mexico and Central America. Its name derives from the Spanish word for quarry. Its properties allow for detailed carving and cutting. It is used in hotels, shopping malls, office buildings, and custom homes throughout the world, and has stood for centuries in many cathedrals, haciendas and other buildings throughout Latin America. The stone can absorbs air and humidity without expansion, so it can be used in wet areas. It is often used to create tables, fireplaces, wall tiles, pool areas, and columns.

Garret

A garret is a habitable attic or small and often dismal or cramped living space at the top of a house or larger residential building. In the days before lifts (elevators) this was the least prestigious position in a building. In this era, the garret often had sloping ceilings.

The ground floor has a double staircase and a Tiffany stained glass window. [2] The main bedrooms, living room, dining hall and reception hall are on the first floor. [1] The walls are decorated with oil paintings and the doorways with floral reliefs in wood made by European artists who were living in Mexico City. Both the ground and first floors have parquet floors. [1] The house is filled with the Art Nouveau furniture from the Requena Furniture Collection. [1]

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 María Orozco. "Quinta Gameros". México Desconocido. Retrieved 7 January 2015.
  2. 1 2 3 4 Burian, Edward (2015). The Architecture and Cities of Northern Mexico from Independence to the Present. University of Texas Press. ISBN   9781477307236 . Retrieved 18 October 2016.

Coordinates: 28°37′56″N106°04′25″W / 28.6322°N 106.0736°W / 28.6322; -106.0736