Retovje Springs is a group of springs that join to form the Big Ljubljanica River (Slovene : Velika Ljubljanica).
Slovene or Slovenian belongs to the group of South Slavic languages. It is spoken by approximately 2.5 million speakers worldwide, the majority of whom live in Slovenia. It is the first language of about 2.1 million Slovenian people and is one of the 24 official and working languages of the European Union.
The name Retovje and names like it (e.g., Retje , Dolnje Retje ) are derived from the Slovene common noun retje 'powerful karst spring' from the root *vrětje 'springing, gushing'.The generic term okence in the Slovene name of two springs at the site is a diminutive of the common noun okno (literally, 'window') in the secondary meaning 'spring, place where groundwater surfaces'.
Retje is a village in the Municipality of Loški Potok in southern Slovenia. The area is part of the traditional region of Lower Carniola and is now included in the Southeast Slovenia Statistical Region.
Dolnje Retje is a small village southeast of Velike Lašče in central Slovenia. The area is part of the traditional region of Lower Carniola and is now included in the Central Slovenia Statistical Region.
The springs are located in the Retovje Valley, a steephead valley near Verd south of Vrhnika. The springs include:
A steephead valley, steephead or blind valley is a deep, narrow, flat bottomed valley with an abrupt ending. Such closed valleys may arise in limestone or karst landscapes, where a layer of permeable rock lies above an impermeable substrate such as marl. Water flowing through a steephead valley leaves via one or more ponors or sinkholes.
Verd is a settlement south of Vrhnika in the Inner Carniola region of Slovenia. The Verd Viaduct on the A1 motorway from Ljubljana to Koper runs above the settlement.
Vrhnika is a town in Slovenia. It is the seat of the Municipality of Vrhnika. It is located on the Ljubljanica River, 21 km from Ljubljana along the A1 motorway.
Big Spring and Little Spring are the two most powerful springs in the group. After almost 1 km, the Big Ljubljanica joins the Little Ljubljanica (Slovene : Mala Ljubljanica) to form the Ljubljanica River.
The Ljubljanica, known in the Middle Ages as the Ljubija, is a river in the southern part of the Ljubljana Basin in Slovenia. The capital of Slovenia, Ljubljana, lies on the river. The Ljubljanica rises south of the town of Vrhnika and outflows in the Sava River about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) downstream from Ljubljana. Its largest affluent is the Mali Graben Canal. Including its source affluent the Little Ljubljanica, the river is 41 km (25 mi) in length. The Little Ljubljanica joins the Big Ljubljanica after 1,300 m (4,300 ft) and the river continues its course as the Ljubljanica.
The karst springs and sumps at Retovje were first studied in 1939 by the Kuščer brothers.Big Spring has been explored to a length of 270 m and a depth of 25 m, and Little Spring to a length of 305 m and depth of 45 m.
A sump or siphon is a passage in a cave that is submerged under water. A sump may be static, with no inward or outward flow, or active, with continuous through-flow. Static sumps may also be connected underwater to active stream passage. When short in length, a sump may be called a duck.
Rinka Falls is a waterfall in the Logar Valley, in the Municipality of Solčava in northern Slovenia. It is the source of the Savinja River. It has been proclaimed a natural heritage feature. Rinka Falls is one of the most beautiful and best-known waterfalls in Slovenia. It is also a popular tourist destination. With its drop of 105 metres (344 ft), it is the highest of the 20 waterfalls in the Logar Valley. The longest step has a length of 90 m (300 ft). It is visited in all seasons of the year. In the winter it is popular with ice-climbers. The best view of the waterfall is from Kamnik Saddle.
Rak Škocjan is a valley and a landscape park, part of Inner Carniola Regional Park in southwestern Slovenia. Administratively, it belongs to the settlement of Rakov Škocjan. Rak Škocjan has been protected since 1949 and is the oldest landscape park in Slovenia.
The Temenica is a river in Slovenia. It is one of the most typical influent streams of Slovenia's karst terrain.
Breznica pod Lubnikom is a village in the Municipality of Škofja Loka in the Upper Carniola region of Slovenia.
Orehovica is a small settlement south of Podnanos in the upper Vipava Valley in the Municipality of Vipava in the Littoral region of Slovenia.
Grčarevec is a village between Planina and Kalce in the Municipality of Logatec in the Inner Carniola region of Slovenia. In addition to the main settlement of the village, it also comprises the hamlets of Grčarevski Vrh to the north along the road to Kalce, and Kališe in the forest to the northeast.
Podgrad is a settlement east of the capital Ljubljana in central Slovenia. It belongs to the City Municipality of Ljubljana. It lies on the right bank of the Ljubljanica River at the entrance into the Besnica Valley. The Ljubljanica in turn flows into the Sava immediately northeast of the settlement core. The railway line from Ljubljana to Zidani Most runs through the settlement. The area was part of the traditional region of Lower Carniola and is now included with the rest of the municipality in the Central Slovenia Statistical Region.
Moste is a former village in the east-central part of Ljubljana, the capital of Slovenia. It was part of the traditional region of Upper Carniola and is now included with the rest of the municipality in the Central Slovenia Statistical Region.
Močilnik Springs is the best-known source of the Ljubljanica River.
Spodnja Hrušica is a formerly independent settlement southeast of the capital Ljubljana in central Slovenia. It belongs to the City Municipality of Ljubljana. It was part of the traditional region of Lower Carniola and is now included with the rest of the municipality in the Central Slovenia Statistical Region.
Zgornja Hrušica is a formerly independent settlement southeast of the capital Ljubljana in central Slovenia. It belongs to the City Municipality of Ljubljana. It was part of the traditional region of Lower Carniola and is now included with the rest of the municipality in the Central Slovenia Statistical Region.
Studenec is a formerly independent settlement in the southeast part of the capital Ljubljana in central Slovenia. It belongs to the City Municipality of Ljubljana. It was part of the traditional region of Upper Carniola and is now included with the rest of the municipality in the Central Slovenia Statistical Region.
Slape is a formerly independent settlement in the eastern part of the capital Ljubljana in central Slovenia. It was part of the traditional region of Upper Carniola and is now included with the rest of the municipality in the Central Slovenia Statistical Region.
Retje nad Trbovljami is a settlement in the Municipality of Trbovlje in central Slovenia. It stands on a limestone ridge south of Trbovlje and is included with the rest of the municipality in the Central Sava Statistical Region. Historically, the settlement included the hamlets of Bevško, Dobrna, Glažuta, Na Pesku, and Za Savo.
Obrh Creek is a losing stream that originates and terminates in the Lož Karst Field in the Municipality of Loška Dolina. It is a watercourse in the Ljubljanica watershed. It is created by the confluence of Little Obrh Creek and Big Obrh Creek ; the latter is fed by two tributaries: Brežiček Creek and Viševek Brežiček Creek. The confluence, at which point it is simply named Obrh, lies west of the village of Pudob. In the northwest, limestone part of the karst field, Obrh Creek starts to drain into many sinkholes, and higher water flows into 850-meter (2,790 ft) Golobina Cave. The stream re-emerges at the spring of the Stržen River 2 kilometers (1.2 mi) to the northwest on the southeast edge of the Cerknica Karst Field.
The Besnica is a stream that flows through the Besnica Valley east of Ljubljana. It flows through the scattered settlement of Besnica and empties into the Ljubljanica at Podgrad as its last right tributary just before it joins the Sava River. In the past, this was also the quadruple confluence of the stream with the Sava, Kamnik Bistrica, and Ljubljanica rivers.
The Račna Karst Field is a karst field in the northern edge of the Lower Carniolan karst area, south of Grosuplje, Slovenia. It has rich natural and cultural value. Because of its ecological significance, it is anticipated that a nature park will be established there and that it will be included in the Natura 2000 program.
The Menina Pasture Plateau is a pre-Alpine karst plateau in Slovenia.
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