Roads in Jamaica

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The road network in Jamaica consists of almost 21,000 kilometres (13,000  mi ) of roads, of which over 15,000 kilometres (9,300 mi) is paved. [1] The numbering scheme used covers freeways, primary (or A) roads, secondary (or B) roads, parochial roads and unclassified roads. [2] [3]

Contents

Motorways

Starting in the late 1990s the Jamaican Government (in cooperation with private investors) embarked on the Highway 2000 project to create a system of motorways, the first such access-controlled roads of their kind on the island. The project seeks ultimately to link the two main cities (Kingston and Montego Bay) and the north coast. It is being undertaken as a series of phases: [4]

On 2009-09-15 Jamaica's prime minister, Bruce Golding, announced to Parliament that Highway 2000 was to be renamed in honour of Usain Bolt. [5] Those intentions were sidelined following a news paper article claiming Bolt had rejected the proposal.

Northern Coastal Highway

1998, the Government of Jamaica and the European Commission signed the financing agreement for the third segment of the Northern Coastal Highway Improvement Project in the amount of €80 million. The Project involves the reconstruction and re-habilitation of approximately 96 km (60 mi) of road between Ocho Rios; St. Ann; and Port Antonio, Portland. Total cost of the project is €105.0 million with the GOJ contributing €25 million for land acquisition and re-settlement as well as the construction of three bridges along the segment.

The entire project consists of approximately 287 km (178 mi) of roadway and is divided into three segments. · Segment 1 – Negril to Montego Bay (approx. 71 km [44 mi]) · Segment 2 – Montego Bay to Ocho Rios (approx. 97 km [60 mi]) · Segment 3 – Ocho Rios to Fair Prospect (approx. 119 km [74 mi]) [6]

Southern Coastal Highway

Approval has been given by Cabinet for the execution of a contract between the government and China Harbour Engineering Company Ltd. for the design, improvement and construction of Sections 1A and 1B of the Southern Coastal Highway Improvement Project. This will involve work from Harbour View to Morant Bay as part of the overall Segment from Harbour View to Port Antonio.

The existing main road along this southern coastal section of the island has been in generally poor condition. The alignment, surface condition, drainage are in need of major improvement.

The Harbour View to Morant Bay section covers some 43 km (27 mi), with Morant Bay to Port Antonio approximately 65 km (40 mi). The work on the Harbour View to Morant Bay leg is estimated to cost approximately US$385 million.

Among the improvement works will be a re alignment of the White Horses Bypass to the south of the town along the sea coast rather than to the north and modification of the Morant Bay Bypass at the western and eastern ends.

A section of the highway will also be constructed to accommodate four lanes and major structures are to be built including 16 bridges, one flyover, and one subway, along with new pipe and box culverts.

Financing for the project is through the China Exim Bank. It is being accommodated in the 5-year Public Sector Investment Programmes covering the period from 2016 to 2021. [7]

A Roads

DesignationFromToViaCommentsLength
Jamaica road A1.svg A1 Kingston Lucea Spanish Town - Bog Walk - Linstead - Ewarton - Moneague - Claremont - Saint Ann's Bay - Falmouth - Montego Bay 243 kilometres (151 mi)
Jamaica road A2.svg A2 Spanish Town Savanna-la-Mar Old Harbour - May Pen - Porus - Mandeville - Santa Cruz - Black River 154 kilometres (96 mi)
Jamaica road A3.svg A3 Kingston Saint Ann's Bay Castleton - A4 junction west of Annotto Bay - Port Maria - Oracabessa - Ocho Rios 101 kilometres (63 mi)
Jamaica road A4.svg A4 Kingston A3 junction west of Annotto Bay Morant Bay - Port Morant - Golden Grove - Hectors River - Manchioneal - Boston Bay - Port Antonio - Hope Bay - Buff Bay Eastern Jamaica coast road.

B Roads

DesignationFromToViaCommentsLength
B1 Cross Roads Buff Bay Newcastle
B2 Bog Walk White Hall Riversdale - Troja - Richmond - Highgate 37 kilometres (23 mi) [8]
B3 May Pen Runaway Bay 85 kilometres (53 mi) [8]
B4 Trout Hall Walderston Frankfield 26 kilometres (16 mi) [8]
B5 Shooters Hill Jackson Town Christiana - Albert Town 71 kilometres (44 mi) [8]
B6 Montpelier Shooters Hill Balaclava - Maggotty - Y.S. River 87 kilometres (54 mi) [8]
B7 Shettlewood Baptist (A2 N of Black River) Happy Grove - Newmarket - Struie 39 kilometres (24 mi) [8]
B8 Ferris Cross (A2 E of Savanna-la-Mar) Reading (A1 W of Montego Bay) Whithorn - Shettlewood - Montpelier 35 kilometres (22 mi) [8]
B9 Lucea Savanna-la-Mar Frome 32 kilometres (20 mi) [8]
B10 Oxford Duncans Clark's Town
B11 Falmouth Green Park (old A1 3.2 kilometres (2 mi) north of Claremont) Clark's Town - Jackson Town - Stewart Town - Brown's Town 68 kilometres (42 mi) [9]
B12 Freetown (A2 E of May Pen) Toll Gate (A2 W of May Pen) Lionel Town Forms a rough semi circle S of May Pen, predominantly near the coast.
B13 Linstead Oracabessa Guy's Hill - Gayle
B15 [10] Montego Bay Falmouth Adelphi - Wakefield - Martha Brae

Parochial Roads

Parochial roads are a local responsibility, being maintained by parish councils. They are too numerous to list individually.

Unclassified Roads

Unclassified roads are a local responsibility, being maintained by parish councils. They are too numerous to list individually

See also

Related Research Articles

Transport in Jamaica consists of roadways, railways, ship and air transport, with roadways forming the backbone of the island's internal transport system.

Montego Bay City in Cornwall, Jamaica

Montego Bay is the capital of the parish of St. James in Jamaica. The city is the fourth-largest urban area in the country by population, after Kingston, Spanish Town, and Portmore, all of which form the Greater Kingston Metropolitan Area, home to over half a million people. As a result, Montego Bay is the second-largest anglophone city in the Caribbean, after Kingston.

Spanish Town Town in Middlesex, Jamaica

Spanish Town is the capital and the largest town in the parish of St. Catherine in the historic county of Middlesex, Jamaica. It was the Spanish and British capital of Jamaica from 1534 until 1872. The town is home to numerous memorials, the national archives, and one of the oldest Anglican churches outside England.

Saint Ann Parish Parish of Jamaica

Saint Ann is the largest parish in Jamaica. It is situated on the north coast of the island, in the county of Middlesex, roughly halfway between the eastern and western ends of the island. It is often called "the Garden Parish of Jamaica" on account of its natural floral beauty. Its capital is Saint Ann's Bay. Saint Ann comprises New Seville, the first Spanish Settlement in Jamaica.

Ocho Rios Town in Middlesex, Jamaica

Ocho Rios is a town in the parish of Saint Ann on the north coast of Jamaica, and is more widely referred to as Ochi by locals. Beginning as a sleepy fishing village, Ocho Rios has seen explosive growth in the last decade to become a popular tourist destination featuring duty-free shopping, a cruise-ship terminal, world-renowned tourist attractions and several beaches and acclaimed resorts. In addition to being a port of call for cruise ships, Ocho Rios also hosts cargo ships at the Reynolds Pier for the exportation of sugar, limestone, and in the past, bauxite. The estimated population of the town in 2011 was 16,671, which is nearly 10% of the total population of St. Ann. The town is served by both the Donald Sangster International Airport and the Ian Fleming International Airport. Scuba diving and other water sports are offered in the town's vicinity.

Ontario Highway 17 Ontario provincial highway

King's Highway 17, more commonly known as Highway 17, is a provincially maintained highway and the primary route of the Trans-Canada Highway through the Canadian province of Ontario. It begins at the Manitoba boundary, 50 km (31 mi) west of Kenora, and the main section ends where Highway 417 begins just west of Arnprior. A small disconnected signed section of the highway still remains within the Ottawa Region between County Road 29 and Grants Side Rd. This makes it Ontario's longest highway.

Saint Catherine Parish Parish of Jamaica

St Catherine is a parish in the south east of Jamaica. It is located in the county of Middlesex, and is one of the island's largest and most economically valued parishes because of its many resources. It includes the first capital of Jamaica, Spanish Town, originally known as San Jago de la Vega or Santiago de la Vega.

Saint James Parish, Jamaica Parish of Jamaica

St. James is a suburban parish, located on the north-west end of the island of Jamaica in the county of Cornwall. Its capital is Montego Bay. Montego Bay was officially named the second city of Jamaica, behind Kingston, in 1981, although Montego Bay became a city in 1980 through an act of the Jamaican Parliament. The parish is the birthplace of the Right Excellent Samuel Sharpe, one of Jamaica's seven National Heroes.

Alberta Provincial Highway No. 1, commonly referred to as Highway 1, is a major east–west highway in Southern Alberta that forms the southern mainline of the Trans-Canada Highway. It runs from the British Columbia border near Lake Louise through Calgary to the Saskatchewan border east of Medicine Hat. It continues as Highway 1 into both provinces. It spans approximately 534 km (332 mi) from Alberta's border with British Columbia in the west to its border with Saskatchewan in the east. The route is a divided 4-lane expressway throughout the province with the exception of a section in central Calgary where it is an arterial thoroughfare and Urban Boulevard carrying 4 to 6 lanes. The highway is a freeway between the Sunshine exit near the town of Banff and Home Road in Calgary. Other rural sections have at grade intersections with Interchanges only at busier junctions. Twinning of the final 8.5 km (5.3 mi) of Highway 1 between Lake Louise and the British Columbia border was completed by Parks Canada and opened to traffic on June 12, 2014 making the whole length of Alberta Highway 1 a divided minimum 4-lane route.

State Highway 1 (New Zealand) Road in New Zealand

State Highway 1 is the longest and most significant road in the New Zealand road network, running the length of both main islands. It appears on road maps as SH 1 and on road signs as a white number 1 on a red shield, but it has the official designations SH 1N in the North Island, SH 1S in the South Island.

Roman Catholic Diocese of Montego Bay

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Montego Bay is a Latin suffragan diocese of the Roman Catholic Church located on the northwest part of the island of Jamaica, in the Caribbean ecclesiastical province of the Metropolitan Archdiocese of Kingston, yet depends on the missionary Roman Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples.

Rail transport in Jamaica

The Railways of Jamaica, constructed from 1845, were the second British Colony after Canada's Champlain and St Lawrence Railroad of 1836 to receive a railway system. Construction started only twenty years after the Stockton & Darlington Railway commenced operations in the United Kingdom.

National Highway 10 (India, old numbering)

National Highway 10 was a National Highway, length 403 km (250 mi), in North India that originated at Delhi and ended at the town of Fazilka in Punjab near the Indo-Pak Border.

The Kingston to Montego Bay railway was the main railway in Jamaica, which from 1845 to 1992 linked the capital Kingston with the second city Montego Bay, passing en route most of the major towns.

Montego Bay railway station

Montego Bay railway station opened in 1894 and closed in 1992 when all passenger services in Jamaica abruptly ceased. It served the Kingston to Montego Bay main line with branches from May pen to Frankfield, Spanish Town to Ewarton, Bog Walk to Port Antonio and Linstead to New Works. It was 112.75 miles (181.45 km) from the Kingston terminus.

Ewarton Town in St Catherine, Jamaica

Ewarton is a town in the parish of Saint Catherine, Jamaica.

Highway 2000 is a highway in Jamaica connecting Kingston, with Montego Bay and Ocho Rios, passing through the parishes of St. Catherine, Saint Ann, Clarendon and proposed sections through St. James, Saint Elizabeth, Westmoreland, Hanover. The highway is operated by the Jamaica Infrastructure Operators and developed by Trans-Jamaica Highway Limited through contractors CHEC and Bouygues Construction.

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Jamaica

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Jamaica refers to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and its members in Jamaica. In 1980, there were 85 members in Jamaica. In 2019, there were 6,668 members in 18 congregations.

References

  1. The CIA World Factbook - Jamaica Retrieved 27 June 2007.
  2. Annual Transport Statistics Report: Jamaica in Figures 2003-2004 Archived 15 March 2013 at the Wayback Machine , Ministry of Transport and Works, July 2005.
  3. UK Directorate of Overseas Surveys 1:50,000 map of Jamaica Sheets A to M variously dated 1958-1972.
  4. Highway 2000: Project Schedule Retrieved 25 March 2007.
  5. "Usain Bolt gets OJ - Highway 2000 renamed in sprint star's honour". Jamaica Weekly Gleaner. Kingston, Jamaica: Gleaner Company. 3, 022. 20 September 2009.
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 "Jamaica Road Trips".
  7. Jamaica road map, Texaco, 1972.
  8. UK Directorate of Overseas Surveys 1:50,000 map of Jamaica sheet C, 1959.

Sources