Robert Bolton (Dean of Carlisle)

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Robert Bolton (1697–1763) was an English churchman, dean of Carlisle from 1735.

Dean of Carlisle

The Dean of Carlisle is based in Carlisle, UK and is the head of the Chapter of Carlisle Cathedral. There have been 39 previous incumbents and the current holder of the post is Mark Boyling.



He was born in London in April 1697. His father was a merchant in Lambeth, who died when his son was in his third year. He received his education at Kensington. He was admitted a commoner of Wadham College, Oxford on 12 April 1712, where he was subsequently elected a scholar. He graduated B.A. in 1715, and M.A. 13 June 1718. In July 1719 he was transferred to Hart Hall, and soon afterwards took holy orders. In 1722 he was chosen fellow of Dulwich College. He was a favourite with John Robinson, the bishop of London, with whom he resided for about two years. On the resignation of Joseph Butler, Bolton became preacher at the Rolls Chapel in London, 1729, on the nomination of Sir Joseph Jekyll. [1]

Lambeth district in Central London, England

Lambeth is a district in Central London, England, in the London Borough of Lambeth. It is situated 1 mile (1.6 km) south of Charing Cross. The population of the London Borough of Lambeth was 303,086 in 2011. The area experienced some slight growth in the medieval period as part of the manor of Lambeth Palace. By the Victorian era the area had seen significant development as London expanded, with dense industrial, commercial and residential buildings located adjacent to one another. The changes brought by World War II altered much of the fabric of Lambeth. Subsequent development in the late 20th and early 21st centuries has seen an increase in the number of high-rise buildings. The area is home to the International Maritime Organization.

Kensington district within the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea in central London

Kensington is a district in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, West London, England.

Wadham College, Oxford college of the University of Oxford

Wadham College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom. It is located in the centre of Oxford, at the intersection of Broad Street and Parks Road.

As fellow of Dulwich College, Bolton took up residence there on 10 March 1722, but resigned his fellowship on 1 May 1725. He then moved to Kensington, depending mainly on his personal fortune, and became close to William Whiston, from he had introductions to both Jekyll and Lord Hardwicke. Bolton was preferred to the deanery of Carlisle, and admitted 1 February 1735. Later (1738) he was instituted vicar of St. Mary's, Reading. He held both benefices together for life, and was non-resident in his deanery. He raised some money to add to poor livings in the diocese of Carlisle. [1]

William Whiston theologian, historian, mathematician

William Whiston was an English theologian, historian, and mathematician, a leading figure in the popularisation of the ideas of Isaac Newton. He is now probably best known for helping to instigate the Longitude Act in 1714 and his important translations of the Antiquities of the Jews and other works by Josephus. He was a prominent exponent of Arianism and wrote A New Theory of the Earth.

Diocese of Carlisle diocese in England

The Diocese of Carlisle was created in 1133 by Henry I out of part of the Diocese of Durham, although many people of Celtic descent in the area looked to Glasgow for spiritual leadership. The first bishop was Æthelwold, who was the king's confessor and became prior of the Augustinian priory at Nostell in Yorkshire. Carlisle was thus the only cathedral in England to be run by Augustinians instead of Benedictines. This only lasted until the reign of Henry III however, when the Augustinians in Carlisle joined the rebels who temporarily handed the city over to Scotland and elected their own bishop. When the revolt was ended, the Augustinians were expelled.

Bolton died in London on 26 November 1763, having come to town to consult Dr. Anthony Addington. He was buried in the church-porch of St. Mary's, Reading. [1]

Anthony Addington English physician

Anthony Addington was an English physician.


Bolton was popular as a preacher on special occasions, and published some sermons. His most typical work was Deity's Delay in punishing the Guilty considered on the Principles of Reason (1751). Bolton issued a collection of short works on the Choice of Company, on Intemperance in Eating and Drinking, on Pleasure, on Public Worship, and Letter to a young Nobleman on leaving School (1761 and 1762). [1]


  1. 1 2 3 4 Wikisource-logo.svg  Stephen, Leslie, ed. (1886). "Bolton, Robert (1697-1763)". Dictionary of National Biography . 5. London: Smith, Elder & Co.

Wikisource-logo.svg  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain :  Stephen, Leslie, ed. (1886). "Bolton, Robert (1697-1763)". Dictionary of National Biography . 5. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 

The public domain consists of all the creative works to which no exclusive intellectual property rights apply. Those rights may have expired, been forfeited, expressly waived, or may be inapplicable.

Leslie Stephen British author, literary critic, and first editor of the Dictionary of National Biography

Sir Leslie Stephen, was an English author, critic, historian, biographer, and mountaineer, and father of Virginia Woolf and Vanessa Bell.

<i>Dictionary of National Biography</i> multi-volume reference work

The Dictionary of National Biography (DNB) is a standard work of reference on notable figures from British history, published since 1885. The updated Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (ODNB) was published on 23 September 2004 in 60 volumes and online, with 50,113 biographical articles covering 54,922 lives.

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