Rose Castle is a 16,244 square feet (1,509.1 m2) fortified house in Cumbria, England, on a site that was home to the bishops of Carlisle from 1230 to 2009. It is within the parish of Dalston, 1.5 miles (2.4 km) from Dalston itself. The architects Anthony Salvin and Thomas Rickman were responsible for the alterations which took place in the 19th century.
A manor house was historically the main residence of the lord of the manor. The house formed the administrative centre of a manor in the European feudal system; within its great hall were held the lord's manorial courts, communal meals with manorial tenants and great banquets. The term is today loosely applied to various country houses, frequently dating from the late medieval era, which formerly housed the gentry.
Cumbria is a ceremonial and non-metropolitan county in North West England. The county and Cumbria County Council, its local government, came into existence in 1974 after the passage of the Local Government Act 1972. Cumbria's county town is Carlisle, in the north of the county, and the only other major urban area is Barrow-in-Furness on the southwestern tip of the county.
The Bishop of Carlisle is the Ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of Carlisle in the Province of York.
The historical importance of Rose Castle is shown by its Grade I listing by Historic England.
A listed building, or listed structure, is one that has been placed on one of the four statutory lists maintained by Historic England in England, Historic Environment Scotland in Scotland, Cadw in Wales, and the Northern Ireland Environment Agency in Northern Ireland.
Historic England is an executive non-departmental public body of the British Government sponsored by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS). It is tasked with protecting the historical environment of England by preserving and listing historic buildings, ancient monuments and advising central and local government.
In September 2015, Rose Castle was listed for sale, with a sale price in excess of £2,950,000.It has since been purchased with the aim to turn it into an international centre of reconciliation.
There are over 9000 Grade I listed buildings in England. This page is a list of these buildings in the county of Cumbria, sub-divided by district.
Dalston is a civil parish in the Carlisle district of Cumbria, England. It contains 93 buildings that are recorded in the National Heritage List for England. Of these, three are listed at Grade I, the highest of the three grades, four are at Grade II*, the middle grade, and the others are at Grade II, the lowest grade. The parish contains the village of Dalston and smaller scattered settlements, including Stockdalewath, Raughton Head, Cumdivock, Cardew, Hawkesdale, Buckabank, and Gaitsgill, but is mainly rural. The most important building in the parish is Rose Castle, a fortified house that later became the residence of the bishops of Carlisle. Most of the listed buildings are houses and associated structures, farmhouses and farm buildings. The other listed buildings include churches, bridges, public houses, a boundary stone, a former threshing mill, a former workhouse, a village hall, two war memorials, and a commemorative seat.
The Tullie House Museum and Art Gallery is a museum in Carlisle, Cumbria, in England. Opened by the Carlisle Corporation in 1893, the original building is a converted Jacobean mansion, with extensions added when it was converted. At first the building contained the museum and also a library, an art school and a technical school.
The City of Carlisle is a local government district of Cumbria, England, with the status of a city and non-metropolitan district. It is named after its largest settlement, Carlisle, but covers a far larger area which includes the towns of Brampton and Longtown, as well as outlying villages including Dalston, Scotby and Wetheral. The city has a population of 107,524. and an area of 1,039.97 square kilometres (402 sq mi), making it the largest city in England by area.
St Cuthbert Without, or simply St Cuthbert, is a civil parish within the City of Carlisle in Cumbria, England.
Dalton Castle is a grade I listed 14th-century peel tower situated in Dalton-in-Furness, Cumbria, England, and in the ownership of the National Trust. It was constructed by the monks of Furness Abbey for the protection of the nearby market town, and was the building from which the Abbot administered the area and dispensed justice.
Stanwix is a district of Carlisle, Cumbria in North West England. The ward population had a population taken at the 2011 census of 5,934. It is located on the north side of River Eden, across from Carlisle city centre. Although long counted as a suburb it did not officially become part of the city until 1912 when part of the civil parish of Stanwix became part of the parish, city and municipal borough of Carlisle. Further areas were added to the city, which was by then a county borough, in 1934 and 1951. The remaining part of the parish was eventually renamed Stanwix Rural in 1966.
Corby Castle is an ancestral home of the Howard family situated on the southern edge of the village of Great Corby in northern Cumbria, England.
Appleby Castle is in the town of Appleby-in-Westmorland overlooking the River Eden. It consists of a 12th-century castle keep which is known as Caesar's Tower, and a mansion house. These, together with their associated buildings, are set in a courtyard surrounded by curtain walls. Caesar's Tower and the mansion house are each recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade I listed building. The uninhabited parts of the castle are a scheduled ancient monument.
Cockermouth Castle is in the town of Cockermouth in Cumbria on a site by the junction of the Rivers Cocker and Derwent. It is a grade I listed building and a Scheduled Ancient Monument.
Dalston is a large village and civil parish within the Carlisle district of Cumbria, England. It is situated on the B5299 road about four miles (6 km) south-south-west of Carlisle city centre, and approximately five miles (8 km) from Junction 42 of the M6 motorway.
Waitby is a small village and civil parish in the Eden district of Cumbria, England. The parish contains two small villages, Waitby and Smardale, plus the small hamlets of Riddlesay, Stripes and Leases, all of which are in the farmed and enclosured northern part at an elevation of around 200–300m. The southern half of the parish is mostly heath and unused for agriculture, it rises to Smardale fell; which it includes, at elevations between 300 and 400m. The civil parish of Ravenstonedale forms the boundary to the south. The western border with Crosby Garrett civil parish is formed by Scandal Beck. To the north and east lie Soulby and Kirkby Stephen civil parishes respectively. The population of the civil parish as measured at the 2011 Census was less than 100. Details are included in the parish of Crosby Garrett.
Stockdalewath is a small village in Cumbria, approximately 7.5 miles south of Carlisle in the extreme northwest of England. It is located on the River Roe, and is in the civil parish of Dalston.
St Laurence's Church is in the village of Morland, Cumbria, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Appleby, the archdeaconry of Carlisle, and the diocese of Carlisle. Its benefice is united with those of St Mary, Thrimby, St Barnabas, Great Strickland, and St Cuthbert, Cliburn. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade I listed building. It has the only Anglo-Saxon tower in Cumbria.
Dixon's Chimney and Shaddon Mill was built in Shaddongate, Carlisle, Cumbria, England, by Peter Dixon in 1836. The architect Richard Tattersall was from Manchester. Shaddon Mill was a cotton factory, the chimney of which became famous due to its height. The chimney was built to be tall enough to prevent the large amounts of smoke generated by the factory becoming noxious to the rest of the city. In its day Shaddon Mill was the largest cotton mill in England and had the 8th largest chimney in the world. Shaddon Mill became listed in 1949 and the chimney was listed in 1972. Peter Dixon and Sons Ltd. provided work for 8000 people in their four mills in the area.
Millom Castle is an ancient building at Millom in Cumbria. It is a Grade I listed building and scheduled ancient monument.
Dalston Hall is a fortified country house at Dalston in Cumbria. It is a Grade II* listed building.
Cardew House is a country house at Cardew near Thursby in Cumbria. It is a Grade II listed building.
Askerton is a civil parish in the Carlisle district of Cumbria, England. It contains eight listed buildings that are recorded in the National Heritage List for England. Of these, one is listed at Grade I, the highest of the three grades, and the others are at Grade II, the lowest grade. The parish includes the village of Kirkcambeck and is otherwise rural. The major building in the parish is Askerton Castle, a fortified house; this and buildings associated with it are listed. The other listed buildings are the Anglican parish church of St Kentigern, houses, one of which is a ruin, and a reconstructed arch.
Kirklinton Middle is a civil parish in City of Carlisle district, Cumbria, England. At the 2011 census it had a population of 384.
Waterhead is a civil parish in Carlisle district, Cumbria, England. At the 2011 census it had a population of 130.
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A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.
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