Sigurd Ottovich Schmidt
|Born||15 May 1922|
|Died||22 May 2013|
|Alma mater||Moscow University|
|Institutions||Russian State University for the Humanities|
Sigurd Ottovich Schmidt (Russian Сигурд Оттович Шмидт) (15 May 1922 – 22 May 2013) was a Russian historian, ethnographer and teacher.
Sigurd Ottovich Schmidt was born on May 15, 1922 in Moscow. His father was a creator Otto Yulyevich Schmidt, and his mother was the psychoanalyst Vera Schmidt. Schmidt graduated from the Faculty of History at the Moscow University in 1944.
Vera Fedorovna Schmidt was a Russian educationist and one of the leading figures in the psychoanalytic movement in Russia during the "Silver Age". After the Russian Revolution (1917) she directed a highly innovative nursery school run on psychoanalytic principles.
In 1949, he began teaching at the Moscow Historical Archives Institute (now part of the Russian State University for the Humanities). He received his Doctor of Historical Sciences in 1965 and became an Honorary Doctor RSUH in 1970, attaining the title of 'Professor'. At the same time, starting in 1956, he worked in the Institute of History of Sciences of the USSR (now Institute of Russian History at RAS).
The Russian State University for the Humanities, is a university in Moscow, Russia with over 14,000 students. It was created in 1991 as the result of the merger of the Moscow Public University and the Moscow State Institute for History and Archives. The institute occupies a network of historic buildings along the Nikolskaya Street in Kitay-gorod, including the former Moscow Print Yard and the cells of the Zaikonospassky monastery.
From 1968 to 2006 he was Chairman of the Archaeographic Commission at the Academy of Sciences (Commission of the Institute of Slavic Studies RAS for archaeography, archival and related disciplines), after which he became its Honorary President (head of the Commission RAS is Corresponding Member S.M. Kashtanov).
The Archaeographic Commission was set up in St. Petersburg in 1834 by Platon Shirinsky-Shikhmatov, Nikolay Ustryalov, and Pavel Stroyev with the aim of publishing historical and ethnographic materials assembled by Stroyev and others in the provinces of Imperial Russia.
He was a member of the Presidential Council for especially valuable objects of Russian cultural heritage. He was also a member of many scientific and editorial boards. Schmidt chaired the All-Russia Society of Local Studies, the jury for the Nikolai Antsiferov Award, and served as the executive editor of "Archaeography Yearbook," Moscow's encyclopedia, as well as a number of other periodicals.
He was the Deputy Chairman of the Editorial Board of Library "History of Moscow, from ancient times to the present day", and the head of the Teaching and Research Center of the Historical Country Studies and Moscow Studies.
Since 1949, he also supervised the student scientific society "Source of National History".
Schmidt edited more than 500 scientific works on cultural history, historiography, archeology and archives, and many others. His works on the medieval history of Russia's 16th and 17th centuries are particularly important.
Since 1989, Schmidt has been an Honored Scientist of Russia. In 1992, he was recognized as an Academician of Russian Academy of Education, and in 1997, as a Foreign Member of the "Polish Academy of Sciences" and a Counselor of Academy of Sciences.
Schmidt is the winner of the RF "Government Prize in Education" (1999), and was awarded the insignia "For services to Moscow" (2007).
Dmitry Likhachev described him as "a scholar-historian of a broad plan, and as an organizer of science, and as a mentor of young scientists, and as a public figure, dedicating a lot of time on the protection of historical and cultural monuments, manuscripts documentary heritage." He was called "the best in our day expert on sources on the history of Russia's 16th century."
In 2009, he received the award "Triumph" in the category of "Humanities".
Beginning in 1949, he supervised the student scientific circle of Source of national history that became, as Dmitry Likhachev said, "a school not only of science but also of civil behavior for many of its members." Initially composed of S.O. Schmidt's immediate disciples, the club became one of the strongest points of attraction for students and other teachers, accumulating and enriching all of its members of collective research experience. For this reason, this circle is called the "Schmidt's School" - a high top-level school for "istochnikovedcheskie" research. Many works have been edited in this society.Italian historian Giuseppe D'Amato was one of his students.
The Russian Academy of Sciences consists of the national academy of Russia; a network of scientific research institutes from across the Russian Federation; and additional scientific and social units such as libraries, publishing units, and hospitals.
Otto Yulyevich Schmidt was a Soviet scientist, mathematician, astronomer, geophysicist, statesman, academician, Hero of the USSR, and member of the Communist Party.
Mikhail Nikolayevich Pokrovsky was a Russian Marxist historian. One of the earliest professionally trained historians to join the Russian revolutionary movement, Pokrovsky is regarded as the most influential Soviet historian of the 1920s.
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Daniel C. Waugh is a historian based at the University of Washington. He did his undergraduate work at Yale University, and in 1963 graduated with a B.A. in Physics. In 1965, he finished his Master's on the Regional Studies of the Soviet Union at Harvard University, and seven years later he completed his Ph.D. at the same institution. The same year, 1972, he began his employment at the University of Washington, and has remained there ever since. He taught in three different departments, namely the departments of History, of International Studies, and of Slavic and East European Languages and Literature until 2006. His main academic interests are Central Asia and medieval and early modern Russia, although he once focused on Ottoman history. He is the current director of the Seattle Silk Road Project and editor of the journal of the Silkroad Foundation.
Archi is a Northeast Caucasian language spoken by the Archis in the village of Archib, southern Dagestan, Russia, and the six surrounding smaller villages.
Publishing houses in the Soviet Union, were a series of publishing enterprises which existed in the Soviet Union.
Sergey Pavlovich Kurdyumov was a specialist in mathematical physics, mathematical modeling, plasma physics, complexity studies and synergetics from Moscow, Russia.
Joseph Orbeli was a Soviet-Armenian orientalist and academician, who specialized in medieval history of Southern Caucasus and administered the State Hermitage Museum in Leningrad from 1934 to 1951. Of Armenian descent, he was the founder and first president of the Armenian Academy of Sciences (1943–47).
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Alexei Petrovich Tsvetkov is a Russian poet and essayist.
Galina Gavrilovna Yershova, or Ershova is a prominent Russian academic historian, linguist, and epigrapher, who specialises in the study of the ancient civilisations, cultures, and languages of the New World. As an Americanist scholar, her area of expertise is in the field of Mesoamerican studies, and in particular that of the pre-Columbian Maya civilisation, its historical literature, and its writing system. Yershova is a former student and protégé of the famed Russian linguist and epigrapher Yuri Knorozov, renowned for his central contributions towards the decipherment of the Maya script.
Giuseppe D’Amato is an Italian historian, specializing in Russia and the former USSR, and a columnist of international politics.
Viacheslav Petrovich Volgin was a Russian historian who wrote a number of books on early forms or precursors of communism, and who became vice-president of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
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Vladimir Petrukhin is a Russian historian, archaeologist and ethnographer, Doctor of Historical Sciences, professor of History and Archives Institute of the Russian State University for the Humanities, chief research fellow of the Medieval Section of the Institute of Slavic Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Boris Zinoviyevich Falikov, born September 24, 1947 in Holmsk, Sakhalin region, Russian Federation - is a Soviet and Russian historian and publicist, specializing in the field of new religions, has a Ph.D. in history sciences, assistant professor at “Centre of Religion Studies" with Russian State University for the Humanities. He is the younger brother of the poet and writer Falikov, Illya Zenoviyevich.
Peter Yulievich Schmidt was a Russian and Soviet zoologist, ichthyologist and museum curator.