State Herbarium of South Australia

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State Herbarium of South Australia
State Herbarium of South Australia.JPG
Established1954 (1954)
Location,
South Australia
,
Australia
Coordinates(-34.917256, 138.613869)
AddressHackney Rd, Adelaide SA 5000
Website www.environment.sa.gov.au/Science/Science_research/State_Herbarium

The State Herbarium of South Australia (sometimes called the South Australian Herbarium, and having the herbarium code, AD [1] ) is located in Adelaide, South Australia. It is one of several State and Commonwealth herbaria in Australia. The Department for Environment and Water is the state agency which is responsible for the Herbarium, but the Board of the Botanic Gardens and State Herbarium (established by an Act of Parliament, most recently the Botanic Gardens and State Herbarium Act 1978) is charged with its establishment and maintenance.

South Australia State of Australia

South Australia is a state in the southern central part of Australia. It covers some of the most arid parts of the country. With a total land area of 983,482 square kilometres (379,725 sq mi), it is the fourth-largest of Australia's states and territories by area, and fifth largest by population. It has a total of 1.7 million people, and its population is the second most highly centralised in Australia, after Western Australia, with more than 77 percent of South Australians living in the capital, Adelaide, or its environs. Other population centres in the state are relatively small; Mount Gambier, the second largest centre, has a population of 28,684.

Herbarium scientific collection of dried plants

A herbarium is a collection of preserved plant specimens and associated data used for scientific study.

Contents

The herbarium is responsible for eFloraSA Electronic Flora of South Australia. [2] It also produces the journal, Swainsona (formerly Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens). [3]

History

In 1954 the State Herbarium of South Australia was founded as part of the Adelaide Botanic Garden. [4] The first flora collection of the state was produced by Richard Schomburgk (1811–1891) in 1875.

Adelaide Botanic Garden botanical garden in Adelaide, South Australia

The Adelaide Botanic Garden is a 51-hectare (130-acre) public garden at the north-east corner of the Adelaide city centre, in the Adelaide Park Lands. It encompasses a fenced garden on North Terrace and behind it the Botanic Park. Work was begun on the site in 1855, with its official opening to the public on 4 October 1857.

The State Herbarium's collections include collections of Ralph Tate, John McConnell Black (via the South Australian Museum), the moss herbarium of Professor David Guthrie Catcheside (1907–1994), and the collections of the Field Naturalists Society of South Australia. [5]

Ralph Tate British botanist

Ralph Tate was a British-born botanist and geologist, who was later active in Australia.

John McConnell Black British botanist

John McConnell Black was a Scottish botanist who emigrated to Australia in 1877 and eventually documented and illustrated thousands of flora in South Australia in the early 20th century. His publications assisted many botanists and scientists in the decades that followed. He was the younger brother of theatre and hotel manager Helen Carte.

South Australian Museum museum in Australia

The South Australian Museum is a natural history museum and research institution in Adelaide, South Australia, founded in 1856 and owned by the Government of South Australia. It occupies a complex of buildings on North Terrace in the cultural precinct of the Adelaide Parklands. Plans are under way to split its Australian Aboriginal cultural collection, some of which will be housed in a new building housing these along with other works of art, in a new National Gallery for Aboriginal Art and Cultures.

Since 2000 the Herbarium has been located in the historic Tram Barn A building adjacent to the Adelaide Botanic Garden's Bicentennial Conservatory on Hackney Road, Adelaide. [5] [6]

In late 2011 the Herbarium was due to list its one millionth specimen, [7] [8] and is currently producing an on-line version of the Flora of South Australia, 5th edition. [9]

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Virtual herbarium

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Hackney, South Australia Suburb of Adelaide, South Australia

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Mount Lofty Botanic Garden botanical garden at Mount Lofty, South Australia

First opened in 1977, the crescent-shaped Mount Lofty Botanic Garden is situated on 97 hectares on the eastern slopes of Mount Lofty in the Adelaide Hills east of Adelaide in South Australia. The cooler, wetter location suits plants from temperate climates which are difficult to grow on the Adelaide Plains. Amongst the native Australian flora there are tree ferns, as well as exotic cultivated plants from cool climates including Rhododendron and Magnolia and the National Species Rose Collection. The Mount Lofty Botanic Garden, together with the Adelaide and Wittunga Botanic Gardens, is administered by the Botanic Gardens of South Australia, a State Government statutory authority.

Botanic Park, Adelaide botanical garden in Adelaide, South Australia

Botanic Park, part of Park 11, is a 34 hectare park in the Northeast Parklands of the South Australian capital of Adelaide. The park is bordered by Hackney Road and Frome Road. The University of South Australia, University of Adelaide, and the old Royal Adelaide Hospital are next to this park. The park also abuts the Adelaide Zoo and River Torrens.

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National Herbarium of Victoria herbarium situated within the Royal Botanic Gardens, Melbourne, Australia

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<i>Swainsona greyana</i> species of plant

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<i>Swainsona behriana</i> species of plant

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The conservation and restoration of herbaria includes the preventative care, repair, and restoration of herbarium specimens. Collections of dried plant specimens are collected from their native habitats, identified by experts, pressed, and mounted onto archival paper. Care is taken to make sure major morphological characteristics are visible. Herbaria documentation provides a record of botanical diversity. This is becoming increasingly important as habitats continue to be destroyed and climate change alters growth ranges and patterns of plant life.

The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) is an online resource that allows access to plant specimen data held by various Australian and New Zealand herbaria. It is part of the Atlas of Living Australia (ALA), and was formed by the amalgamation of Australia's Virtual Herbarium and NZ Virtual Herbarium. As of 12 August 2014, more than five million specimens of the 8 million and upwards specimens available from participating institutions have been databased.

Patricia Kern Holmgren botanist

Patricia Holmgren is an American botanist. Holmgren's main botanical interests are the flora of the U.S. intermountain west and the genera Tiarella and Thlaspi. Holmgren was the director of the herbarium at the New York Botanical Garden from 1981–2000, and editor of Index Herbariorum from 1974–2008.

FloraNT is a public access web-based database of the Flora of the Northern Territory. It provides authoritative scientific information on some 4300 native taxa, including descriptions, maps, images, conservation status, nomenclatural details together with names used by various aboriginal groups. Alien taxa are also recorded. Users can access fact sheets on species and some details of the specimens held in the Northern Territory Herbarium, together with keys, and some regional factsheets.

References

  1. Holmgren, P.K. & Holmgren, N.H. 1998 (continuously updated). "Index Herbariorum: A global directory of public herbaria and associated staff". New York: New York Botanical Garden. Retrieved 18 June 2008.
  2. eFloraSA Electronic flora of South Australia Retrieved 19 July 2019.
  3. Swainsona formerly Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens. Retrieved 19 July 2019
  4. Botanic Gardens of Adelaide and State Herbarium; South Australia. Dept. for Environment and Heritage; Board of the Botanic Gardens and State Herbarium (2009), Gardens for life : Botanic Gardens and State Herbarium of South Australia : strategic plan 2009–2012, Dept. for Environment and Heritage, retrieved 27 December 2011
  5. 1 2 State Herbarium history Department of Environment & Natural Resources. Accessed 27 December 2011.
  6. Hackney Tram Depot Goes Green – Botanic Garden Takeover Archived 2011-04-23 at the Wayback Machine Postcards, Channel 9. Accessed 27 December 2011.
  7. Millionth find could be a new species ABC News, 27 December 2011. Accessed 27 December 2011.
  8. Fungus that is one in a million The Advertiser 27 December 2011. Accessed 27 December 2011.
  9. Flora of South Australia, 5th edition Department of Environment & Natural Resources. Accessed 27 December 2011.

Coordinates: 34°55′03″S138°36′50″E / 34.9174°S 138.6139°E / -34.9174; 138.6139