Tenzin Delek Rinpoche

Last updated

Thupten with Tenzin Delek image Thupten with Tenzin Delek image.jpg
Thupten with Tenzin Delek image

Lithang Tulku Tenzin Delek Rinpoche or Tenzing Deleg (Tibetan : བསྟན་འཛིན་བདེ་ལེགས་, Wylie : Bstan 'dzin bde legs) (1950 – 2015) was a Tibetan Buddhist leader from Garze, Sichuan. He is also known for working to develop social, medical, educational and religious institutions for Tibetan nomads in eastern Tibet, as an advocate for environmental conservation in the face of indiscriminate logging and mining projects, and as a mediator between Tibetans and Chinese. [1]

Contents

Personal life

Rinpoche was born in Lithang, Tibet.

On April 7, 2002 he was arrested during a raid on Jamyang Choekhorling in Garze, Sichuan, China, and accused of being involved in a bomb attack on April 3, 2002 on the central square of Sichuan's provincial capital, Chengdu. [2] [3]

He was convicted for alleged involvement in a series of unsolved bombings in his region by the Chinese authorities and sentenced to death in December 2002 along with Lobsang Dhondup, a 28-year-old assistant of his. Lobsang was executed almost immediately in late January 2003, [4] marking the first execution of a Tibetan for political crimes in 20 years. Tenzin Delek's trial began on November 29, 2002 before the Local Court in Garze and was sentenced to death with a two-year execution adjournment. Overseas human rights groups and United Nations human rights experts protested that the case against him was seriously flawed, that he did not receive a fair trial, and was mistreated in detention. [4]

His sentence was commuted to life imprisonment on 26 January 2005. Many overseas advocates of Tenzin Delek Rinpoche continued to fight for a retrial.

In November 2009, 40,000 Tibetans in Tenzin Delek Rinpoche's home area signed a petition asking for a re-trial. They staged a hunger strike at the county seat of Lithang for a few days, which led to the temporary arrest of about 70 Tibetans. [5]

He died on 12 July 2015 in Chengdu, China at the age of 65. [6] Prior to his death Tibetans and rights groups had called for his release on medical parole. [7] His death was followed by calls for the release of his body in order to determine the cause of death and carry out traditional funeral rites; one protest was met by China's security forces opening fire, injuring several Tibetans. [8] Chinese authorities cremated the body without an autopsy. [9]

Statement by Tenzin Delek

"Since I am a Tibetan, I have always been sincere and devoted to the interests and well-being of Tibetan people. That is the real reason why the Chinese do not like me and framed me. That is why they are going to take my precious life even though I am innocent." [1] [10]

See also

Related Research Articles

Ganden Tripa title of the spiritual leader of the Gelug school of Tibetan Buddhism

The Ganden Tripa or Gaden Tripa is the title of the spiritual leader of the Gelug school of Tibetan Buddhism, the school that controlled central Tibet from the mid-17th century until the 1950s. The 103rd Ganden Tripa, Jetsun Lobsang Tenzin died in office on 21 April 2017. Jangtse Choejey Kyabje Jetsun Lobsang Tenzin Palsangpo is the current Ganden Tripa.

Akong Rinpoche Tibetan lama, teacher and tulku

Chöje Akong Tulku Rinpoche was a tulku in the Kagyu school of Tibetan Buddhism and a founder of the Samye Ling Monastery in Scotland.

Kelzang Gyatso (1708–1757), also spelled Kalzang Gyatso, Kelsang Gyatso and Kezang Gyatso, was the 7th Dalai Lama of Tibet.

Free Tibet (FT) is a non-profit, non-governmental organisation, founded in 1987 and based in London, England. FT, according to their mission statement, advocates for “a free Tibet in which Tibetans are able to determine their own future and the human rights of all are respected.”

Garzê Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture Autonomous prefectures in Sichuan, Peoples Republic of China

Garzê Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture also known as Ganzi — is an autonomous prefecture of China occupying the western arm of Sichuan. It is sometimes spelled "Kardzé" and "Garzin" by non-government sources.

Lobsang Tenzin Prime Minister of Tibet

Lobsang Tenzin, better known by the titles Professor Venerable Samdhong Rinpoche and to Tibetans as the 5th Samdhong Rinpoche, was the previous prime minister, of the Central Tibetan Administration, or Tibetan government-in-exile, which is based in Dharamshala, India; Lobsang Sangay was elected to this position in April 2011.

Reting Rinpoche

Reting Rinpoche was a title held by abbots of Reting Monastery, a Buddhist monastery in central Tibet.

Runggye Adak Tibetan activist

Runggye Adak is a Tibetan man who was arrested and charged with state subversion against the People's Republic of China after making a series of public political statements at a festival in eastern Tibet, on August 1, 2007.

Gaocheng, Sichuan Town in Sichuan, China

Litang Town is the administrative centre of Litang County in the southwest of the Garzê Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in Sichuan Province of China.

Sikyong leader of the Central Tibetan Administration

The Sikyong is the head of the Central Tibetan Administration, a Tibetan exile organisation also known as the Tibetan Government-in-Exile. The title was created in 2012. On April 26, 2017, internal circular from Kashag announced that Sikyong would be rendered in English as 'President' of the Central Tibetan Administration

2008 Sichuan riots

In Sichuan province, in an area incorporating the traditional Tibetan areas Kham and Amdo, Tibetan monks and police clashed in riots on 16 March in Ngawa county after the monks staged a protest. It formed part of the 2008 Tibetan unrest and was one of two major events to happen in Sichuan during 2008, the other being the 2008 Sichuan earthquake in May 2008.

Lobsang Gyatso (monk) Tibetan monk

Lobsang Gyatso (1928–1997) was a Tibetan monk who founded the Institute of Buddhist Dialectics in India.

Tashi delek is a Tibetan expression used in greeting, congratulation, and good-luck wishes. It is also used in Bhutan in the same way. "Tashi delek" is associated with Losar, the festival of the lunisolar new year.

Ngawa County County in Sichuan, Peoples Republic of China

Ngawa County, or Aba or Ngaba, is a county in the northwest of Sichuan Province, China. It is under the administration of the Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture. It is located in the remote northwestern part of the prefecture, on the border with Qinghai and Gansu. The county seat is Ngawa Town.

Garzê Town Township in Sichuan, China

Garzê or Gānzī, is a town and county seat in Garzê County, Garzê Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in western Sichuan Province, China. Despite Garzê Prefecture being named after the town, the prefecture capital is actually Kangding, 365 km to the southeast. As of 2010, Garzê was home to 16,920 inhabitants. Garzê is an ethnic Tibetan township and is located in the historical Tibetan region of Kham. It contains the 15th century Kandze Monastery, home to over 500 Gelugpa monks.

Sershul Monastery (སེར་ཤུལ་དགོན།) is situated on the Tibetan Plateau at an elevation of 4,000 metres (13,000 ft). The Tibetan Buddhist monastery is located in the Garzê Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture of Sichuan Province, near where the borders of the Tibet Autonomous Region and Qinghai Province meet.

Yarchen Gar, officially known as Yaqên Orgyän Temple, is a Buddhist monastery complex in Sichuan, China. It lies in an isolated valley 4000 m above sea level in Pelyul County in the Garzê Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture. The monastery is associated with the Nyingma tradition of Tibetan Buddhism. With an estimated more than 10,000 sangha members now, it's the largest concentration of monastics in the world; the majority are female.

Phuntsog self-immolation incident

The Phuntsog self-immolation incident occurred when a Tibetan Buddhist monk by the name of Rigzin Phuntsog self-immolated on March 16, 2011 in Ngawa County, Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan province, People's Republic of China. This was followed by another self-immolation incident on September 26, 2011. By March 2012, more than thirty other Tibetans had self-immolated as a protest against Chinese rule of Tibet.

Kyabje Rinpoche

Kyabje Khensur Kangurwa Lobsang Thubten Rinpoche, was a Buddhist monk, Abbot of Sera Jey Monastery, and the founder of Tibetan Buddhist Institute (Adelaide). Khensur means "former abbot" and Rinpoche means "precious teacher".

References

  1. 1 2 Free Tibetan Heroes: Tenzin Delek Rinpoche International Tibet Network.
  2. Tibetan Monk: Tenzin Deleg Rinpoche International Society for Human Rights.
  3. Miscarriage of Justice? The trial of Tenzin Deleg Rinpoche and related arrests Amnesty International, 30 September, 2009.
  4. 1 2 Petition to Save Tibetan Monk Tenzin Deleg Rinpoche, Prisoner in China AsiaNews, 29 January, 2007.
  5. Free Tibetan Heroes: Tenzin Delek Rinpoche International Tibet Network.
  6. Wee, Sui-Lee (13 July 2015). "High-profile Tibetan monk dies in prison in China". Reuters. Retrieved 13 July 2015.
  7. Watt, Louise (14 July 2015). "Tibetan lama Tenzin Delek Rinpoche dies in Chinese prison". AP. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
  8. Segalov, Michael (14 July 2015). "Chinese police 'open fire, beat protesters and use tear gas' on Tibetan activists". The Independent. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
  9. "China Cremates Prominent Tibetan Monk Against Family's Wishes". The New York Times. Reuters. 16 July 2015. Retrieved 16 July 2015. Chinese authorities cremated the body of a prominent Tibetan monk on Thursday, his sister said, denying family members custody of his remains amid suspicions over the cause of his death
  10. Transcript of recording of Tenzin Delek Rinpoche obtained from the detention center in Dartsedo, the capital of Kardze Tibet Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan province, on January 20, 2003. Radio Free Asia received the recording the following morning.