The London Magazine

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The London Magazine
The LONDON MAGAZINE - May 1760 - cover.jpg
Cover of the issue "For May, 1760."
EditorSteven O'Brien
CategoriesLiterary magazine
FrequencyBimonthly
Publisher Burhan Al-Chalabi
Founder Isaac Kimber
Founded1732
CountryUnited Kingdom
Based inLondon
LanguageEnglish
Website www.thelondonmagazine.org
ISSN 0024-6085

The London Magazine is the title of six different publications that have appeared in succession since 1732. All six have focused on the arts, literature and miscellaneous topics.

Contents

1732–1785

The London Magazine, or, Gentleman's Monthly Intelligencer was founded in 1732 [1] [2] in political opposition and rivalry to the Tory-supporting Gentleman's Magazine [3] and ran for 53 years until its closure in 1785. Edward Kimber became editor in 1755, succeeding his father Isaac Kimber. [4] [5] Henry Mayo was editor from 1775 to 1783. [6] Publishers included Thomas Astley.

1820–1829

In 1820 the London Magazine was resurrected by the publishers Baldwin, Craddock & Joy under the editorship of John Scott [3] who formatted the magazine along the lines of the Edinburgh publication Blackwood's Magazine . It was during this time that the magazine published poems by William Wordsworth, Percy Bysshe Shelley, John Clare and John Keats. [3]

In September 1821 the first of two instalments of Thomas De Quincey's Confessions of an English Opium-Eater appeared in the magazine. Scott quickly began a literary row with writers forBlackwood's Magazine, in particular with John Gibson Lockhart, on various topics, including Blackwood's virulent criticism of the "Cockney School", under which Leigh Hunt and John Keats were grouped. The quarrel ended in a fatal duel between Scott and Lockhart's close friend and colleague J.H. Christie. Scott lost the duel and his life in 1821.

The London Magazine continued under the editorship of John Taylor. Its contributors included Thomas Hood, William Hazlitt and Charles Lamb. During this time Lamb published the first series of his Essays of Elia , beginning in 1820. [7] Taylor's insistent tampering with contributors' poems led many of the staff, including Lamb and Hazlitt, to abandon the magazine, which ceased publication in 1829. [8]

1840

Simpkin, Marshall and Co. published The London Magazine, Charivari, and Courrier des Dames; a Proteus in Politics, a Chameleon in Literature, and a Butterfly in the World of Bon Ton, edited by Richard Fennell. [9] The first item in the inaugural issue in February 1840 was "Behind the Scenes, with the Prologue to Our Little Drama", which begins: "[Manager Typo is discovered pacing up and down the stage ..." (image 10). [9]

1875–1879

The title was revived in November 1875 for a monthly edited by Will Williams.[ quote citation needed ] It has been described as "a society paper", [10] and as "a journal of a type more usual in Paris than London, written for the sake of its contributors rather than of the public". [11]

A significant development in this period was the arrival of William Ernest Henley, who accepted the post of editor, serving from 15 December 1877 for the closing two years (1877-1879). Henley anonymously contributed tens of his own poems to the magazine, "chiefly in old French forms," some of which have been termed "brilliant" (and were later published in a compilation by Gleeson White). [10] This period also saw the publication of Robert Louis Stevenson's short story "The New Arabian Nights" in The London. [11]

The London ceased publication with the issue dated 5 April 1879. [12] [ when? ][ dubious ][ citation needed ]

1898–1933

Cover, March 1912 London magazine.jpg
Cover, March 1912

In 1901 The Harmsworth Magazine was relaunched as The London Magazine [13] by Cecil Harmsworth, proprietor of the Daily Mail at the time. The editor was Henry Beckles Willson. Amalgamated Press continued publishing it until 1930, when it was retitled the New London Magazine. The Australian scholar Sue Thomas has referred to it as "an important informer ... of popular literary tastes in the late Victorian and Edwardian periods".[ citation needed ] Despite the acclaim it enjoyed, the magazine closed in 1933.

Since 1954–present

In 1954 a new periodical was given the title the London Magazine under the editorship of John Lehmann, [14] who largely continued the tradition of his previous magazine New Writing . It was endorsed by T. S. Eliot as a non-university-based periodical that would "boldly assume the existence of a public interested in serious literature". In 1961 the magazine changed hands and came under the editorship of Lehmann's fellow poet and critic Alan Ross. Publication continued until Ross's death in 2001. Under both Lehmann and Ross the magazine was published by Chatto & Windus.

In 2001 it was relaunched by Christopher Arkell, who appointed the poet and literary critic Sebastian Barker as editor. Barker retired in early 2008 and Sara-Mae Tuson took over.

In July 2009 Arkell sold the magazine to Burhan Al-Chalabi, who is now the publisher, with Steven O'Brien as editor and Lucy Binnersley as production manager. The current patrons are Lord Risby, Oliver Hylton, Stanley Johnson and Stephen Fry.

The London Magazine has been relaunched under the current editorship. It is published six times a year. It publishes both emerging and established writers from around the world. Its current contributors include Charlotte Metcalf, Christopher Ricks, Jonathan Marriott, Serena Gosden-Hood, Simon Tait, Martha Sprackland, Houman Barekat, Jennifer Croft, Jen Calleja, Fernando Sdrigotti, Rachel Bower and Will Stone.

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References

  1. HathiTrust (undated catalogue record). "The London Magazine, or, Gentleman's Monthly Intelligencer". 1732–1784(?). Retrieved 15 December 2019.
      HathiTrust Digital Library holdings: earliest 1732 (vol. 1), latest 1784 (new series, vol. 3).
  2. Elise Blanchard. "London-Based Lit Mags". The Review Review. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 4 October 2015.
  3. 1 2 3 "History". The London Magazine: Est. 1732 (thelondonmagazine.org). Retrieved 15 December 2019.
  4. Herrie, Jeffrey. "Kimber, Edward". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/15547.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  5. John Watkins (1806). A biographical, historical and chronological dictionary: containing a faithful accounts of the lives, characters and actions of the most eminent persons of all ages and all countries; including the revolutions of states and the succession of sovereign princes. Printed for Richard Phillips ... by T. Gillet. p. 559. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
  6. Stephens, John. "Mayo, Henry". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/18456.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  7. Barnett, George L. Charles Lamb: the Evolution of Elia. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1964, p. 41.
  8. Hathi Trust (undated catalogue record). "London magazine". 1820–1829. Retrieved 15 December 2019.
      HathiTrust Digital Library holdings may be complete, catalogued as three series spanning January 1820 to June 1829.
  9. 1 2 HathiTrust (undated catalogue record). "The London magazine, charivari, and courrier des dames". 1840(?). Retrieved 15 December 2019.
      HathiTrust Digital Library holdings may be complete, catalogued as two volumes spanning February to November 1840.
  10. 1 2 Gleeson White, Ed. 1888, Ballades and Rondeaus, Chants Royal, Sestinas, Villanelles, &c.: Selected with Chapter on the Various Forms (William Sharp, Gen. Series Ed.), pp. xix, 16-22, 77-82, 139-141, 169-173, 221, 251-253, and 288-290, London, England:Walter Scott Ltd., see ; Project Gutenberg online edition, see , accessed 8 May 2015.
  11. 1 2 W.P. James, 1911, "Henley, William Ernest," in Encyclopædia Britannica, 11th ed. (Hugh Chisholm & Walter Alison Phillips, Eds.), Vol. 13, Project Gutenberg part 271, see , accessed 8 May 2015.
  12. Brake, Laurel; Demoor, Marysa, eds. (2009). Dictionary of Nineteenth-century Journal in Great Britain and Ireland. Academia Press. p. 373. ISBN   9789038213408.
  13. The page headings on issue 37 Aug 1901 are "The Harmsworth London Magazine". In March 1901 (issue 32) the pages say "Harmsworth Magazine". By April 1902 (issue 45) the pages say "The London Magazine". From bound volumes.
  14. HathiTrust (undated catalogue record). "London magazine". 1954–present. Retrieved 15 December 2019.
      HathiTrust Digital Library holdings, from 1954, provide no view of page images; limited search only.